Above: Migrant Workers Cutting Cabbages Near Lake Harbor, Florida, 1939
Image Source = Library of Congress
“My Father was a Wandering Aramean”
FEBRUARY 14, 2016
Deuteronomy 26:1-11 (New Revised Standard Version):
When you have come into the land that the LORD your God is giving you as an inheritance to possess, and you possess it, and settle in it, you shall take some of the first of all the fruit of the ground, which you harvest from the land that the LORD your God is giving you, and you shall put it in a basket and go to the place that the LORD your God will choose as a dwelling for his name. You shall go to the priest who is in office at that time, and say to him,
Today I declare to the LORD your God that I have come into the land that the LORD swore to our ancestors to give us.
When the priest takes the basket from your hand and sets it down before the altar of the LORD your God, you shall make this response before the LORD your God:
A wandering Aramean was my ancestor; he went down into Egypt and lived there as an alien, few in number, and there he became a great nation, mighty and populous. When the Egyptians treated us harshly and afflicted us, by imposing hard labor on us, we cried to the LORD, the God of our ancestors; the LORD heard our voice and saw our affliction, our toil, and our oppression. The LORD brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm, with a terrifying display of power, and with signs and wonders; and he brought us into this place and gave us this land, a land flowing with milk and honey. So now I bring the first of the fruit of the ground that you, O LORD, have given me.
You shall set it down before the LORD your God and bow down before the LORD your God. Then you, together with the Levites and the aliens who reside among you, shall celebrate with all the bounty that the LORD your God has given to you and to your house.
Psalm 91 (1979 Book of Common Prayer):
1 He who dwells in the shelter of the Most High,
abides under the shadow of the Almighty.
2 He shall say to the LORD,
“You are my refuge and my stronghold,
my God in whom I put my trust.”
3 He shall deliver you from the snare of the hunter,
and from the deadly pestilence.
4 He shall cover you with his pinions,
and you shall find refuge under his wings.
5 You shall not be afraid of any terror by night,
nor of the arrow that flies by day;
6 Of the plague that stalks in the darkness,
nor of the sickness that lays waste at mid-day.
7 A thousand shall fall at your side
and ten thousand at your right hand,
but it shall not come near you.
8 Your eyes have only to behold
to see the reward of the wicked.
9 Because you have made the LORD your refuge,
and the Most High your habitation,
10 There shall no evil happen to you,
neither shall any plague come near your dwelling.
11 He shall give his angels charge over you,
to keep you in all his ways.
12 They shall bear you in their hands,
lest you dash your foot against a stone.
13 You shall tread upon the lion and adder;
you shall trample the young lion and the serpent under your feet.
14 Because he is bound to me in love,
therefore I will deliver him;
I will protect him, because he knows my name.
15 He shall call upon me, and I will answer him;
I am with him in trouble;
I will rescue him and bring him to honor.
16 With long life will I satisfy him,
and show him my salvation.
Romans 10:5-15 (New Revised Standard Version):
Moses writes concerning the righteousness that comes from the law, that
the person who does these things will live by them.
But the righteousness that comes from faith says,
Do not say in your heart, “Who will ascend into heaven?”
(that is, to bring Christ down)
“Who will descend into the abyss?”
(that is, to bring Christ up from the dead). But what does it say?
The word is near you,
on your lips and in your heart
(that is, the word of faith that we proclaim); because if you confess with your lips that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. For one believes with the heart and so is justified, and one confesses with the mouth and so is saved. The scripture says,
No one who believes in him will be put to shame.
For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek; the same Lord is Lord of all and is generous to all who call on him. For,
Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved.
But how are they to call on one in whom they have not believed? And how are they to believe in one of whom they have never heard? And how are they to hear without someone to proclaim him? And how are they to proclaim him unless they are sent? As it is written,
How beautiful are the feet of those who bring good news!
Luke 4:1-13 (New Revised Standard Version):
Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit in the wilderness, where for forty days he was tempted by the devil. He ate nothing at all during those days, and when they were over, he was famished. The devil said to him,
If you are the Son of God, command this stone to become a loaf of bread.
Jesus answered him,
It is written, “One does not live by bread alone.”
Then the devil led him up and showed him in an instant all the kingdoms of the world. And the devil said to him,
To you I will give their glory and all this authority; for it has been given over to me, and I give it to anyone I please. If you, then, will worship me, it will all be yours.
Jesus answered him,
It is written,
“Worship the Lord your God,
and serve him only.”
Then the devil took him to Jerusalem, and placed him on the pinnacle of the temple, saying to him,
If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down from here, for it is written,
“He will command his angels concerning you,
to protect you,”
“On their hands they will bear you up,
so that you will not dash your foot against a stone.”
Jesus answered him,
It is said, ”Do not put the Lord your God to the test.”
When the devil had finished every test, he departed from him until an opportune time.
Almighty God, whose blessed Son was led by the Spirit to be tempted by Satan: Come quickly to help us who are assaulted by many temptations; and, as you know the weaknesses of each of us, let each one find you mighty to save; through Jesus Christ your Son our Lord, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and for ever. Amen.
Some Related Posts:
First Sunday in Lent, Year A:
First Sunday in Lent, Year B:
Matthew 4 (Parallel to Luke 4):
Prayer of Praise and Adoration:
Prayer of Confession:
Prayer of Dedication:
Surely, this commandment that I am commanding you today is not too hard for you, nor it is far away. It is not in the heavens, that you should say, “Who will go up to heaven for us, and get it for us what we may hear it and observe it?” Neither is it beyond the sea, that you should say, “Who will cross to the other side of the sea for us, and get it so that we may hear it and observe it?” No, the word is very near to you; it is in your mouth and in your heart for you to observe.
–Deuteronomy 30:11-14, New Revised Standard Version–Catholic Edition
Among the benefits of having converted my Bible study program into a lectionary-based blogging project is covering texts repeatedly–usually in different combinations. Thus parallels, contrasts, similarities, and shades of meaning emerge. Nevertheless, a frustration arises: Sometimes I have difficulty not being redundant in my analysis. Sometimes I am redundant in my analysis. So, when I read the Lukan version of the temptation of Jesus, I ask myself how I can avoid repeating what I have already written.
The readings fit together nicely. Luke 4:1-13 quotes Psalm 91:11-12. Moses, in Deuteronomy 26:1-11, reminds the descendants of escaped slaves what God has done for them before they enter the Promised Land. God is like what God has done. Such grace requires of its recipients a favorable response to both God and fellow human beings. Paul, in Romans 10:5-13, provides one of the famous passages about there being no distinction between Jews and Gentiles in Jesus. Salvation is available to all via Jesus, who resisted temptations successfully.
The word of God is in each of us. The Word of God has made the word of God manifest. Jesus, of course, is the Word of God. The word of God is everything God says–from our temporal perspective, has said, is saying, and will say. We have benefited much from grace, so we must not hoard it for ourselves. My ancestor was not a wandering Aramean; no, he was a Virginia farmer with eighteen children, most of whom did not live to adulthood. But the principle holds. There are “wandering Arameans” wherever we turn. May we resist the temptation to treat them and to think of them scornfully. God also loves them. The word of God is also within them.
KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR
MAY 7, 2012 COMMON ERA
THE FEAST OF SAINT DOMITION OF HUY, ROMAN CATHOLIC ARCHBISHOP
THE FEAST OF HARRIET STARR CANNON, COFOUNDER OF THE COMMUNITY OF SAITN MARY
THE FEAST OF SAINT ROSE VENERINI, FOUNDER OF THE VENERINI SISTERS
THE FEAST OF SAINT THEODARD OF NARBONNE, ROMAN CATHOLIC ARCHBISHOP, AND SAINTS JUSTUS AND PASTOR, MARTYRS