Above: The Vatican Flag
SAINT BERNARD OF PARMA (DIED 1133)
Roman Catholic Abbot, Cardinal, and Bishop
His feast transferred from December 4
One should not speak casually and therefore inaccurately of government interference with the church. Facts matter, or at least they should. The life of St. Bernard of Parma (died 1133) did run afoul of politics in the 1100s and cause two periods of exile. Those events did constitute unmistakable state interference with the church.
St. Bernard was born to the Uberti family, Florentine nobility. He became Abbot of San Salvio monastery then general-superior of the Vallombrosans. Pope Urban II (reigned 1088-1099) elevated him to the College of Cardinals in 1097. Then the saint became Bishop of Parma in 1106. As bishop he supported the reforms of the late Pope Gregory VII (reigned 1073-1085) and opposed antipope Sylvester IV (reigned 1105-1111). Partisans of Sylvester IV exiled the saint for this reason.
St. Bernard, back in Parma, resumed his duties. Years later, in 1127, he went into a second exile. This time the cause was politics surrounding the German royal succession. Rome and St. Bernard favored Lothair II (reigned 1125-1127 and 1135-1137). But there was another claimant, Conrad III (reigned 1127-1135 and 1138-1152). Fortunately, the saint’s exile ended. He died at Parma in 1133.
KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR
NOVEMBER 13, 2012 COMMON ERA
THE FEAST OF SAINT BRICE OF TOURS, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP
THE FEAST OF SAINT ABBO OF FLEURY, ROMAN CATHOLIC ABBOT
THE FEAST OF JOSEPH CARDINAL BERNARDIN, ROMAN CATHOLIC ARCHBISHOP OF CHICAGO
THE FEAST OF SAINT NICHOLAS TAVELIC AND HIS COMPANIONS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYRS
Almighty God, you have raised up faithful bishops of your church, including Saint Bernard of Parma.
May the memory of his life be a source of joy for us and a bulwark of our faith,
so that we may serve and confess your name before the world,
through Jesus Christ, our Savior and Lord, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit,
one God, now and forever. Amen.
Ezekiel 34:11-16 or Acts 20:17-35
1 Peter 5:1-4 or Ephesians 3:14-21
John 21:15-17 0r Matthew 24:42-47
—Evangelical Lutheran Worship (2006), page 60