Above: Map of Europe in 1648
Image in the Public Domain
TOBIAS CLAUSNITZER (FEBRUARY 5, 1619-MAY 7, 1684)
German Lutheran Minister and Hymn Writer
The world of Tobias Clausnitzer was different from mine in many ways. Perhaps the most germane difference was, that in his society, there was no separation between church and state. Religious toleration was rare in his Europe, and religious warfare was common. Thus the international Thirty Years’ War, which caused many needless deaths and drove the Moravian Church underground, occurred between 1618 and 1648.
That background information proves crucial to understanding some events in our saint’s life. Books tell me of two sermons he preached in the context of the war. The first, at St. Thomas Church, Leipzig, on Reminiscere Sunday (the Second Sunday in Lent) in 1645, celebrated the accession of Queen Christina of Sweden (reigned 1632-1654). (He had been the chaplain to a Swedish regiment since the previous year.) And, on January 1, 1849, Clausnitzer preached at Weiden, Bavaria, in celebration of the Peace of Westphalia (1648).
After the war Clausnitzer served the churches at Weiden and Pergstein–two towns yet one parish. He did this from 1849 to his death (at Weiden) on May 7, 1684. Along the way he also wrote hymns, three of which survive. I have located English translations for two of these; they are available at my GATHERED PRAYERS weblog. For the third hymn I have found a German title and an English title, but no English text. Our saint’s other postwar work included service as a member of the local consistory, or Lutheran state church court, and a time as inspector of the district.
KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR
JANUARY 2, 2015 COMMON ERA
THE NINTH DAY OF CHRISTMAS
THE FEAST OF JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH, COMPOSER
THE FEAST OF SABINE BARING-GOULD, ANGLICAN PRIEST AND HYMN WRITER
THE FEAST OF SAINT SERAPHIM OF SAROV, RUSSIAN ORTHODOX MONK
THE FEAST OF VEDANAYAGAM SAMUEL AZARIAH, ANGLICAN BISHOP OF DORNAKAL
Dear God of beauty,
you have granted literary ability and spiritual sensitivity to
Tobias Clausnitzer and others, who have composed hymn texts.
May we, as you guide us,
find worthy hymn texts to be icons,
through which we see you.
In the Name of God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Amen.
Sirach/Ecclesiasticus 44:1-3a, 5-15
KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR
APRIL 20, 2013 COMMON ERA
THE FEAST OF SAINTS AMATOR OF AUXERRE AND GERMANUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOPS; SAINT MAMERTINUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC ABBOT; AND SAINT MARCIAN OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC MONK
THE FEAST OF JOHANNES BUGENHAGEN, GERMAN LUTHERAN PASTOR
THE FEAST OF SAINT MARCELLINUS OF EMBRUN, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP
THE FEAST OF OLAVUS AND LAURENTIUS PETRI, RENEWERS OF THE CHURCH