Archive for October 25, 2016

Feast of Paul Speratus (December 13)   1 comment

paul-speratus

Above:  Paul Speratus

Image in the Public Domain

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FEAST OF PAUL SPERATUS (DECEMBER 13, 1484-AUGUST 12, 1551)

German Lutheran Bishop, Liturgist, and Hymn Writer

Also known as Paul Hoffer, Paul Offer, and Paulus Speratus

Paul Speratus was an influential German Lutheran minister and liturgist.

Our saint’s name at birth (at Rothlen Castle, Ellswangen, Swabia, now in the Federal Republic of Germany) was Paul Hoffer or Paul Offer; Paulus Speratus was the Latinized version of his name.  In 1502 Hoffer/Offer matriculated at the University of Freiburg (now in the Federal Republic of Germany).  He studied subsequently at Paris and at various universities in Italy.

Hoffer/Offer/Speratus was a Roman Catholic priest who converted to Lutheranism.  He, ordained a priest prior to 1518, became a preacher at Dinkelsbuhl, Bavaria (now the Federal Republic of Germany) in 1518.  There he began to read early theological works by Martin Luther.  Our saint served at Wurzburg (now in the Federal Republic of Germany) in 1519 and at Salzburg (in Austria) in 1520, but had to leave each place because of his increasingly Lutheran theology and his outspokenness about it.  Speratus left for Vienna in Autumn 1520, to work on a Doctor of Divinity degree.  In 1522 he had become one of the first Roman Catholic priests to marry in the sixteenth century.  His wife was Anna.  On January 15, 1522, our saint preached a sermon in favor of marriage and of justification by faith.  The theological faculty of the University of Vienna forced him to leave and the Church excommunicated him.

Speratus, newly and fully Protestant, began the next phase of his life.  He moved to Ofen (now in Hungary) briefly before relocating to Iglau, Moravia (now Jihlava, Czech Republic), where he preached at the cloister church.  In 1523 King Ludwig II of Bohemia (reigned 1516-1526) incarcerated him for 12 weeks and condemned him to death.  Our saint got to live, however; all he had to do was leave Moravia and never return.  In 1523 Speratus went to Wittenberg (now in the Federal Republic of Germany).  There he helped Luther prepare Etlich Christlich Lider (1524), the first Lutheran hymnal.  Among the hymns was our saint’s text (translated into English in more recent hymnals as “Salvation Unto Us Is Come“), which Speratus wrote either in prison or shortly after his release.  Our saint also translated Luther’s Formula Missae (1523) into German.

Speratus became an important figure beyond Wittenberg.  In May 1525, with Luther’s help, he became the court preacher for Duke Albrecht at Konigsberg, East Prussia (now Kaliningrad, Russia).  Our saint drew up the liturgy and canons of the Prussian Church in 1526, the same year he became the clerical commissioner, charged with ensuring adherence to them in local congregations.  Then, in 1531, Speratus became the bishop of Pomerania, with his headquarters at Marienwerder (now Kwidzyn, Poland).  He served in that capacity for the rest of his life.

Speratus died at Marienwerder on August 12, 1551.  He was 66 years old.

Those of us who enjoy religious freedom should (A) give thanks to God for that fact and (B) refrain from trivializing the circumstances of those who lack it by confusing our minor frustrations for infringements on religious freedom.  We ought to do more, of course, but we should definitely do those two things.  We have the account of Paul Speratus, incarcerated, nearly executed, and ultimately exiled for being a Protestant in Moravia when the monarch was a Roman Catholic.  Certainly nothing any government with jurisdiction over me does anything like that or threatens to do so, fortunately.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

OCTOBER 25, 2016 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF HERBERT STANLEY OAKELEY, COMPOSER

THE FEAST OF SAINT PROCLUS, ARCHBISHOP OF CONSTANTINOPLE; AND SAINT RUSTICUS, BISHOP OF NARBONNE

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Holy God, whose majesty surpasses all human definitions and capacity to grasp,

thank you for those (especially Paul Speratus)

who have nurtured and encouraged the reverent worship of you.

May their work inspire us to worship you in knowledge, truth, and beauty.

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 25:1-8

Psalm 145

Revelation 15:1-4

John 4:19-26

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 27, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JAMES INTERCISUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR

THE FEAST OF HENRY SLOANE COFFIN, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN THEOLOGIAN

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Feast of Blesseds Bartholomew Buonpedoni and Vivaldus (December 12)   Leave a comment

bartholomew-buonpedoni

Above:  Blessed Bartholomew Buonpedoni

Image in the Public Domain

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BLESSED BARTHOLOMEW BUONPEDONI (DIED IN 300)

Roman Catholic Priest

friend of

BLESSED VIVALDUS (DIED IN 300)

Assistant of Blessed Bartholomew Buonpedoni

Also known as Blessed Ubaldo or Gualdo

His feast transferred from May 11

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Blessed Bartholomew Buonpedoni, a native of San Gemainino, Italy, worked as a lay servant to the Benedictines at Pisa before becoming a priest at the age of 30 years.  He served at a parish in Peccioli.  There Buonpedoni converted Blessed Vivaldus and took him into his home.  Eventually Buonpedoni contracted leprosy.  He, assisted by Vivaldus, ministered to lepers for 20 years.  Vivaldus also tended to his friend and mentor in particular.

The love of Christ was evident in the actions of these two saints.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

OCTOBER 25, 2016 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF HERBERT STANLEY OAKELEY, COMPOSER

THE FEAST OF SAINT PROCLUS, ARCHBISHOP OF CONSTANTINOPLE; AND SAINT RUSTICUS, BISHOP OF NARBONNE

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Almighty God, you have surrounded us with a great cloud of witnesses:

Grant that we, encouraged by the good example of your servants

Blessed Bartholomew Buonpedoni and Blessed Vivaldus,

may persevere in running the race that is set before us,

until at last we may with them attain to your eternal joy;

through Jesus Christ, the pioneer and perfecter of our faith,

who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit,

one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

Micah 6:6-8

Psalm 15

Hebrews 12:1-2

Matthew 25:31-40

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), page 724

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Feast of Blessed Ludwik Bartosik (December 12)   Leave a comment

ludwik-bartosik

Above:  Blessed Ludwik Bartosik

Image in the Public Domain

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BLESSED LUDWIK BARTOSIK (AUGUST 21, 1909-DECEMBER 12/13, 1941)

Roman Catholic Priest and Martyr

Blessed Ludwik Bartosik was a confessor and a martyr.

Our saint, a native of Kokanin, Poland, came from an impoverished family.  His parents were Wiktoria Tomczyk and Wojciech Bartosik, a shoemaker.  The parish priest helped Ludwik obtain a good education, fortunately.  Our saint joined the Order of Friars Minor Conventual and took the name “Pius” in 1926.  He studied at Franciscan seminaries in Poland.  Bartosik, ordained to the priesthood and became a confessor at the abbey at Krosno, Poland, in 1935.  The following year, at the request of St. Maximilian Kolbe, he transferred to the abbey at Niepokalanow, Poland, in late 1936.  He wrote a volume of Mariology, edited church magazines, and served as a confessor to his fellow friars.

Bartosik’s life changed on September 19, 1939, after the invasion of Poland.  Eventually he wound up at Auschwitz, where he heard the confessions of many of his fellow prisoners.  During the night of December 12 and 13, 1941, guards tortured him to death.

Pope John Paul II beatified Bartosik in 1999.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

OCTOBER 25, 2016 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF HERBERT STANLEY OAKELEY, COMPOSER

THE FEAST OF SAINT PROCLUS, ARCHBISHOP OF CONSTANTINOPLE; AND SAINT RUSTICUS, BISHOP OF NARBONNE

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Gracious God, in every age you have sent men and women

who have given their lives in witness to your love and truth.

Inspire us with the memory of Blessed Ludwik Bartosik,

whose faithfulness led to the way of the cross,

and give us courage to bear full witness with our lives

to your Son’s victory over sin and death,

for he lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit,

one God, now and forever.  Amen.

Ezekiel 20:40-42

Psalm 5

Revelation 6:9-11

Mark 8:34-38

–Adapted from Evangelical Lutheran Worship (2006), page 59

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Feast of Alicia Domon and Her Companions (December 12)   Leave a comment

domon-and-duquet

Above:  Sisters Leonie Duquet and Alice Domon

Image in the Public Domain

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ALICIA DOMON (SEPTEMBER 23, 1937-DECEMBER 18/19, 1977)

Roman Catholic Nun and Martyr in Argentina

Sister Alicia Domon opposed the brutal military dictatorship of Argentina and supported human rights, much to her peril.

Domon, born at Charquemont, France, on September 23, 1937, joined the Paris Foreign Missions Society.  The Society sent her to Argentina in 1967.  She and her sister nuns lived and worked among the poor of Buenos Aires.  She, in particular, taught the catechism to mentally retarded children.

The military coup of 1976 brought to power a government that targeted its own citizenry and caused many civilians to disappear.  Domon became involved with the Mothers of the Disappeared, much to the chagrin of the conservative Roman Catholic hierarchy, which remained silent.  On December 8, 1977, plain clothes agents of the government arrested Domon and twelve other women.  On the following day authorities apprehended Sister Leonie Duquet, who shared an address with Domon.  For a week and a half military personnel incarcerated, tortured, humiliated, and interrogated the women.  They they threw them out of airplanes over the Atlantic Ocean.  Certain officers made jokes about “flying nuns.”

To care about human rights is not an option; it is a divine commandment.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

OCTOBER 25, 2016 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF HERBERT STANLEY OAKELEY, COMPOSER

THE FEAST OF SAINT PROCLUS, ARCHBISHOP OF CONSTANTINOPLE; AND SAINT RUSTICUS, BISHOP OF NARBONNE

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Almighty God, by whose grace and power your holy martyrs

Sister Alicia Domon and her companions

triumphed over suffering and was faithful even to death:

Grant us, who now remember them in thanksgiving,

to be so faithful in our witness to you in this world,

that we may receive with them the crown of life;

through Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns

with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

Sirach (Ecclesiasticus) 51:1-12

Psalm 116 or 116:1-8

Revelation 7:13-17

Luke 12:2-12

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), page 714

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