Above: Map of Korea, 1836
Image in the Public Domain
SAINT JOHN YI YON-ON (1823-JANUARY 21, 1867)
Roman Catholic Catechist and Martyr in Korea
St. John Yi Yon-On is one of the 103 Martyrs of Korea.
St. John Yi, born at Hongju, Chungcheongnam province in 1823, came from a wealthy farming family. The Korean dynasty persecuted Roman Catholicism, introduced into the kingdom in 1784. Since Roman Catholicism forbade the veneration of ancestors, it was at odds with traditional Korean Confucianism. Royal persecutions of Roman Catholicism occurred in 1801, 1839, 1846, and 1866-1867. The husband and catechist sought to avoid persecution by moving to the remote village of Mungyeong, in Gyeongsangbuk province, south of Seoul. There he converted about 30 families. In November 1866 the police raided the village and captured our saint. They tortured him, but he refused to renounce his faith. Authorities beheaded him at Daegu on January 21, 1867.
Pope Paul VI declared St. John Yi a Venerable and a Blessed in 1968. Pope John Paul II canonized our saint in 1984. St. John Yi has become the second patron saint of the Archdiocese of Daegu; Our Lady of Lourdes is the first.
KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR
NOVEMBER 23, 2016 COMMON ERA
THE FEAST OF JOHN KENNETH PFOHL, SR., U.S. MORAVIAN BISHOP; HIS WIFE, HARRIET ELIZABETH “BESSIE” WHITTINGTON PFOHL, U.S. MORAVIAN MUSICIAN; AND THEIR SON, JAMES CHRISTIAN PFOHL, SR., U.S. MORAVIAN MUSICIAN
THE FEAST OF CASPAR FRIEDRICH NACHTENHOFER, GERMAN LUTHERAN MUSICIAN, LITURGIST, AND HYMN WRITER
THE FEAST OF SAINT CLEMENT OF ROME, BISHOP
THE FEAST OF SAINT COLUMBAN, ROMAN CATHOLIC ABBOT
Almighty God, you gave to your servant St. John Yi Yon-On
boldness to confess his faith to the rulers of this world, and courage to die for this faith:
Grant that we may always be ready to give a reason for the hope that is in us,
and to suffer gladly for the sake of our Lord Jesus Christ;
who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, forever and ever. Amen.
2 Esdras 2:42-48
Psalm 126 or 121
1 Peter 3:14-18, 22
–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men: Celebrating the Saints (2010), page 713