Feast of Blesseds Jan Adalbert Balicki and Ladislaus Findysz (March 15)   Leave a comment

poland-1935

Above:  Map of Poland, 1935

Image Scanned from Rand McNally World Atlas and International Gazetteer–Special Household Edition

Scan by Kenneth Randolph Taylor

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

BLESSED JAN ADALBERT BALICKI (JANUARY 25, 1869-MARCH 15, 1948)

Roman Catholic Priest in Poland

His feast day = March 15

mentor of 

BLESSED LADISLAUS FINDYSZ (NOVEMBER 13, 1907-AUGUST 21, 1964)

Roman Catholic Priest and Martyr in Poland

His feast transferred from August 21

++++++++++++++++++++

Among my purposes in renovating my Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days is to emphasize relationships and influences.  These two saints fit that bill well.

Jan Adalbert Balicki, born at Staromiescie, Poland, on January 25, 1869, came from a poor and devout family.  His education at Rzeszow instilled a love of Polish culture in him.  Balicki matriculated at the major seminary at Przemysl in September 1888.  He, ordained to the priesthood on July 20, 1892, served briefly as an assistant parish priest at Polna, where he developed a reputation as a skilled homilist and as a man of prayer.  From 1893 to 1897 he studied the theology of St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) at the Pontifical Gregorian Institute.

Balicki’s vocation was to work at the major seminary at Przemysl and to guide the spiritual formation of priests.  In 1897 he became Professor of Dogmatic Theology there.  Eventually he spent three years as the Prefect of Studies.  Then he became the Vice Rector in 1927 and the Rector the following year.  Balicki, citing health problems, resigned in 1934.  Yet he continued to live on the premises and to hear confessions and to offer spiritual direction to seminarians.

+++++

Ladislaus Findysz was among those Balicki guided spiritually.  Findysz, born at Kroscienko Nizne, near Krosno, Poland, on December 13, 1907, also came from a poor and devout family.  The Felician Sisters educated the young saint, who joined the Marian Solidarity.  He matriculated at the major seminary at Przemysl in 1927.  Findysz, ordained to the priesthood on June 19, 1932, was an assistant parish priest at the following places:

  1. Boryslaw (now in the Ukraine), 1932-1935;
  2. Drohobycz (now in the Ukraine), 1935-1937;
  3. Strzyoro, 1937-1940; and
  4. Jaslo, 1940-1941.

+++++

In 1939, as part of the partition of Poland, the boundary between German and Soviet zones passed through Przemysl.  Balicki remained in the Soviet zone and hoped to keep the major seminary operational.  He had to relocate the seminary and himself to the episcopal residence.  After World War II, in Soviet-dominated Poland, Balicki struggled with failing health.  He died of pneumonia and tuberculosis at Przemysl on March 15, 1948.  He was 79 years old.

poland-1945

Above:  Map of Poland, Post-World War II

Scanned from Your Post-World War II Supplement (no earlier than 1949) to Hammond’s New Era Atlas of the World (1945)

Scan by Kenneth Randolph Taylor

Balicki had written a study of mystical prayer, four stages of which he identified:

  1. Prayer of quiet,
  2. Prayer of simple union,
  3. Ecstatic union, and
  4. Perfect union.

He also identified seven steps for progress in the spiritual life:

  1. Serious approach to life,
  2. Readiness to be critical of oneself,
  3. Unshakable confidence in prayer,
  4. Joy of spirit,
  5. Love for suffering,
  6. Praise of divine mercy, and
  7. Continuous self-amendment.

Pope John Paul II declared Balicki a Venerable in 1994 and a Blessed in 2002.

+++++

Findysz operated out of Nowy Zmigrod, Poland, from 1941 until his death, with a few exceptions.  In 1941 he became the parish administrator there.  Eventually he became the parish priest.  It was a tumultuous era, one defined by World War II and the Cold War.  In October 1944 the German Army, retreating westward, expelled the inhabitants of the town.  Findysz returned the following year; his purposes were to rebuild the parish and to minister to war refugees.  The secret police of the Soviet-dominated Polish government kept him under surveillance from 1946 to 1964, when he died.  Our saint, an honorary canon in 1946, received orders from the government to cease teaching the catechism in 1952.  That government, to make his ministry more difficult, forced Findysz to live outside his parish in 1952 and 1954.  In 1957 he became the Vice Dean of the deanery; his title changed to Dean five years later.

The final blow fell in 1963.  That year Findysz began Conciliar Works of Charity, a campaign of writing letters to encourage parishioners to return to the Church.  This led to his arrest (on November 25, 1963) on the charge of forcing religion on the parishioners.  The result of the show trial (December 16 and 17) was a sentence of 30 months in prison.  His health was already failing; our saint required surgery for cancer of the esophagus.  Authorities guaranteed that he did not receive that procedure.  Finally they released him in February 1964; his health had broken and his cancer had become inoperable.  Findysz died, aged 56 years, at Nowy Zmigrod, on August 21, 1964.

The Roman Catholic Church classifies him as a martyr.

Pope John Paul II declared Findysz a Venerable in 2004.  Pope Benedict XVI beatified him the following year.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

JANUARY 20, 2017 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT FABIAN, BISHOP OF ROME AND MARTYR

THE FEAST OF SAINTS DEICOLA AND GALL, ROMAN CATHOLIC MONKS; AND OTHMAR, ROMAN CATHOLIC ABBOT AT SAINT GALLEN

THE FEAST OF SAINTS EUTHYMIUS THE GREAT AND THEOCRISTUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC ABBOTS

THE FEAST OF HARRIET AUBER, ANGLICAN HYMN WRITER

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Almighty God, we praise you for your servants Blessed Jan Adalbert Balicki and Blessed Ladislaus Findysz,

through whom you have called the church to its tasks and renewed its life.

Raise up in our own day teachers and prophets inspired by your Spirit,

whose voices will give strength to your church and proclaim the reality of your reign,

through Jesus Christ, our Savior and Lord, who lives and reigns

with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.  Amen.

Jeremiah 1:4-10

Psalm 46

1 Corinthians 3:11-23

Mark 10:35-45

–Adapted from Evangelical Lutheran Worship (2006), page 60

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: