Archive for the ‘December 30’ Category

Feast of George Wallace Briggs (December 30)   Leave a comment

Above:  The Flag of England

Image in the Public Domain

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

GEORGE WALLACE BRIGGS (DECEMBER 15, 1875-DECEMBER 30, 1959)

Anglican Priest and Hymn Writer

Also known as G. W. Briggs

George Wallace Briggs comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via The Methodist Hymnal (1966).

Briggs, an Anglican priest, left a fine legacy in hymnody.  He, born in Kirkby, Nottingham County, England, on December 15, 1875, studied at Emmanuel College, Cambridge.  After graduating with honors in 1897, he became a priest in The Church of England.  Our saint’s first assignment was to a poor congregation in Wakefield, Yorkshire.  Briggs left that post to become a chaplain in the Royal Navy (1902-1909).  His naval background was evident in a hymn, “Christ is the World’s True Light,” in which he described Jesus as the world’s

Captain of salvation.

Briggs, who married Constance Emily Barrow in 1909, had five children with her.  He served as the Vicar of St. Andrew’s Church, Norwich (1909-1918), the Rector of Loughsborough (1918-1927), the Canon of Leicester (1927-1934), and the Canon of Worcester (1934-1956).  Then Briggs retired.

Briggs wrote.  He composed books of prayers for children.  Our saint wrote at least 22 hymns and helped to found the Hymn Society of Great Britain and Ireland.  Constance reported that Briggs wrote hymns and never dated them.  He contributed hymns for hymnals, thus establishing the date of publication, but not of composition.

Briggs, aged 84 years, died in Hindhead, Surrey, on December 30, 1959.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

MAY 29, 2020 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF PERCY DEARMER, ANGLICAN CANON AND TRANSLATOR AND AUTHOR OF HYMNS

THE FEAST OF SAINT BONA OF PISA, ROMAN CATHOLIC MYSTIC AND PILGRIM

THE FEAST OF JIRI TRANOVSKY, LUTHER OF THE SLAVS AND FATHER OF SLOVAK HYMNODY

THE FEAST OF RUBY MIDDLETON FORSYTHE, AFRICAN-AMERICAN EPISCOPAL EDUCATOR

THE FEAST OF SAINT MARY THERESA LEDÓCHOWSKA, FOUNDRESS OF THE MISSIONARY SISTERS OF SAINT PETER CLAVER, AND “MOTHER OF THE AFRICAN MISSIONS;” AND HER SISTER, SAINT URSULA LEDÓCHOWSKA, FOUNDRESS OF THE CONGREGATION OF THE URSULINES OF THE AGONIZING HEART OF JESUS (GRAY URSULINES)

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Dear God of beauty,

you have granted literary ability and spiritual sensitivity to

George Wallace Briggs and others, who have composed hymn texts.

May we, as you guide us,

find worthy hymn texts to be icons,

through which we see you.

In the Name of God:  Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.  Amen.

Sirach/Ecclesiasticus 44:1-3a, 5-15

Psalm 147

Revelation 5:11-14

Luke 2:8-20

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

APRIL 20, 2013 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINTS AMATOR OF AUXERRE AND GERMANUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOPS; SAINT MAMERTINUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC ABBOT; AND SAINT MARCIAN OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC MONK

THE FEAST OF JOHANNES BUGENHAGEN, GERMAN LUTHERAN PASTOR

THE FEAST OF SAINT MARCELLINUS OF EMBRUN, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP

THE FEAST OF OLAVUS AND LAURENTIUS PETRI, RENEWERS OF THE CHURCH

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Feast of John Main (December 30)   Leave a comment

Above:  John Main, O.S.B.

Fair Use Image

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

DOUGLAS WILLIAM VICTOR MAIN (JANUARY 21, 1926-DECEMBER 30, 1982)

Anglo-Canadian Roman Catholic Priest and Monk

John Main comes to this, my Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via Robert Ellsberg, All Saints:  Daily Reflections on Saints, Prophets, and Witnesses for Our Time (1997).

Douglas Main struggled with identifying his vocation for a time yet found and embraced it.  Our saint, born in London, England, on January 21, 1926, was a son of David and Eileen.  In his twenties, Main, intent on becoming a priest, joined the Canons Regular of Lateran and commenced theological studies.  He eventually left the order because of strong doubts, though.

For a time Main was a civil servant, specifically, a member of the British Colonial Service.  He joined the Service in 1954, after having studied law at Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland, and graduating.  While stationed in Kuala Lumpur, Malaya, Main met a Hindu swami, who gave him a Christian mantra to use while meditating.  Our saint taught law at Trinity College from 1956 to 1959.  Then he resumed religious life.

Main joined the Order of Saint Benedict at Ealing Abbey, London, as John, in 1959.  Ordained to the priesthood in 1963, our saint served as the headmaster of St. Anselm’s Abbey School, Washington, D.C., from 1970 to 1974.  During this time, he studied prayer, according to writings of Desert Fathers, including St. John Cassian (c.360-c.435).  Main noticed compatibility between Christian and Eastern styles of meditation during these studies.  Our saint, back at Ealing Abbey, starting in 1974, started Christian meditation groups.  He continued this work at the new monastery in Montreal, beginning in 1977.

Main, aged 56 years, died in Montreal on December 30, 1982.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

JULY 5, 2019 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT ANTONIO MARY ZACCARIA, FOUNDER OF THE BARNABITES AND THE ANGELIC SISTERS OF SAINT PAUL

THE FEAST OF GEORGES BERNANOS, FRENCH ROMAN CATHOLIC NOVELIST

THE FEAST OF HULDA NIEBUHR, CHRISTIAN EDUCATOR; HER BROTHERS, H. RICHARD NIEBUHR AND REINHOLD NIEBUHR, UNITED CHURCH OF CHRIST THEOLOGIANS; AND URSULA NIEBUHR, EPISCOPAL THEOLOGIAN

THE FEAST OF SAINT JOSEPH BOISSEL, FRENCH ROMAN CATHOLIC MISSIONARY PRIEST AND MARTYR IN LAOS, 1969

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

O God, by whose grace your servant John Main,

kindled with the flame of your love,

became a burning and a shining light in your Church:

Grant that we also may be aflame with the spirit of love and discipline,

and walk before you as children of light;

through Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns with you,

in the unity of the Holy Spirit, one God, now and for ever.  Amen.

Acts 2:42-47a

Psalm 133 or 34:1-8 or 119:161-168

2 Corinthians 6:1-10

Matthew 6:24-33

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 723

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Feast of Frances Joseph Gaudet (December 30)   1 comment

Above:  Frances Joseph Gaudet

Image in the Public Domain

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

FRANCES JOSEPH GAUDET (NOVEMBER 25, 1861-DECEMBER 30, 1934)

African-American Educator, Prison Reformer, and Social Worker

Frances Joseph, daughter of a slave father and a half-Native American, half-African American mother, devoted her life to God and social justice.  Our saint, born in Holmesville, Mississippi, on November 25, 1861, never knew her father; he became a soldier during the Civil War, in which he died.  In 1871, she, her mother, and grandmother moved to New Orleans, Louisiana.  Our saint began studies at Strait College (an HBCU), but had to leave it, to support her family financially.

Life continued to be hard for her.  At the age of 17 years, she married A. P. Gaudet.  The couple had three children.  Unfortunately, the husband was an alcoholic.  Our saint divorced him and became a single mother.  This stage of her life led her to become active in the Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU).

Gaudet made her positive mark on the world.  She held prayer services in the New Orleans jail.  These activities led to her advocacy for the wrongfully incarcerated.  Furthermore, Gaudet founded the Colored (later Gaudet) Normal and Industrial School, New Orleans, a boarding school with an orphanage attached to it, in 1902.  She led the institution, raised funds for it, and, in 1921, donated it to the Episcopal Diocese of Louisiana.  After continuing as principal for a few more years, our saint moved to Chicago, Illinois.  She did there on December 30, 1934.  She was 73 years old.

The school’s legacy outlived its founder.  The Gaudet Normal and Industrial School closed in 1950.  The Gaudet Episcopal Home (1954-1966) succeeded it.  Episcopal Social Services, New Orleans, has long awarded Gaudet scholarships.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

JULY 5, 2019 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT ANTONIO MARY ZACCARIA, FOUNDER OF THE BARNABITES AND THE ANGELIC SISTERS OF SAINT PAUL

THE FEAST OF GEORGES BERNANOS, FRENCH ROMAN CATHOLIC NOVELIST

THE FEAST OF HULDA NIEBUHR, CHRISTIAN EDUCATOR; HER BROTHERS, H. RICHARD NIEBUHR AND REINHOLD NIEBUHR, UNITED CHURCH OF CHRIST THEOLOGIANS; AND URSULA NIEBUHR, EPISCOPAL THEOLOGIAN

THE FEAST OF SAINT JOSEPH BOISSEL, FRENCH ROMAN CATHOLIC MISSIONARY PRIEST AND MARTYR IN LAOS, 1969

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Merciful God, who raised up your servant Frances Joseph

to work for prison reform and the education of her people:

Grant that we, encouraged by the example of her life,

may work for those who are denied the fullness of life

by reasons of incarceration and lack of access to education;

through Jesus Christ, who lives and reigns with

you and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

Lamentations 3:26-36

Psalm 146

Acts 16:25-34

John 13:31-35

Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 147

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Holiday Busyness   2 comments

Above:  A Domestic Scene, December 8, 2018

Photographer = Kenneth Randolph Taylor

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

On my bed when I think of you,

I muse on you in the watches of the night,

for you have always been my help;

in the shadow of your wings I rejoice;

my heart clings to you,

your right hand supports me.

–Psalm 63:6-8, The New Jerusalem Bible (1985)

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

In my U.S. culture, the time from Thanksgiving (late November) to New Year’s Day is quite busy.  Holidays populate the calendar.  Some of these holidays are, for lack of a better word, ecumenical.  Others are religiously and/or culturally specific, though.  Christmas, originally the Christ Mass, has become an occasion, for many, to worship the Almighty Dollar at the high altar of commercialism.  This is how many Evangelicals of the Victorian Era wanted matters to be.

On the relatively innocuous side, this is the time of the year to populate one’s calendar with holiday social events, such as parties, school plays, and seasonal concerts.  Parents often like to attend their children’s events, appropriately.  Holiday concerts by choral and/or instrumental ensembles can also be quite pleasant.

Yet, amid all this busyness (sometimes distinct from business), are we neglecting the innate human need for peace and quiet?  I like classical Advent and Christmas music, especially at this time of the year (all the way through January 5, the twelfth day of Christmas), but I have to turn it off eventually.  Silence also appeals to me.  Furthermore, being busy accomplishing a worthy goal is rewarding, but so is simply being.

The real question is one of balance.  Given the absence of an actual distinction between the spiritual and the physical, everything is spiritual.  If we are too busy for God, silence, and proper inactivity, we are too busy.  If we are too busy to listen to God, we are too busy.  If we are too busy or too idle, we are not our best selves.

May we, by grace, strike and maintain the proper balance.  May we, especially at peak periods of activity, such as the end of the year, not overextend ourselves, especially in time commitments.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

DECEMBER 14, 2018 COMMON ERA

THE THIRTEENTH DAY OF ADVENT, YEAR C

THE FEAST OF SAINT VENANTIUS HONORIUS CLEMENTIUS FORTUNATUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP OF POITIERS

THE FEAST OF DOROTHY ANN THRUPP, ENGLISH HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF SAINT JOHN OF THE CROSS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MYSTIC

THE FEAST OF ROBERT MCDONALD, ANGLICAN PRIEST AND MISSIONARY

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Published originally at BLOGA THEOLOGICA

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

That Old Sweet Song of Angels   Leave a comment

nativity-and-annunciation-to-the-shepherds

Above:  Nativity and Annunciation to the Shepherds

Image in the Public Domain

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Long ago the angels vanished–

But their song is sounding still!

Millions now with hope are singing,

“Peace on earth, to men good will.”

Sing, my heart!  Tho’ peace may tarry,

Sing good will mid human strife!

Till that old sweet song of angels

Shall attune to heav’n our life.

–William Allen Knight (1863-1957), “Come, My Heart, Canst Thou Not Hear It” (1915), quoted in The Pilgrim Hymnal (1931/1935), Hymn #77

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Part of the mystery of the Incarnation is its counterintuitive nature:  a vulnerable baby was God incarnate.  This truth demonstrates the reality that God operates differently than we frequently define as feasible and effective.  Then again, Jesus was, by dominant human expectations, a failure.  I would never claim that Jesus was a failure, of course.

If your enemies are hungry, give them bread to eat;

and if they are thirsty, give them water to drink;

for you will heap coals of fire on their heads,

and the LORD will reward you.

–Proverbs 25:22, The New Revised Standard Version (1989)

Speaking of counterintuitive ways of God, shall we ponder the advice of St. Paul the Apostle in Romans 12:14-21?

Bless those who persecute you; bless and do not curse them.  Rejoice with those who rejoice, weep with those who weep.  Live in harmony with one another; do not be haughty, but associate with the lowly; do not claim to be wiser than you are.  Do not repay anyone evil for evil, but take thought for what is noble in the sight of all.  If it is possible, so far as it depends on you, live peaceably with all.  Beloved, never avenge yourselves, but leave room for the wrath of God; for it is written, “Vengeance is mine, I will repay, says the Lord.”  No, if your enemies are hungry, feed them, if they are thirsty, give them something to drink; for by doing this you will heap burning coals on their heads.”  Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.

The New Revised Standard Version (1989)

That old sweet song of angels will not attune to heaven our life if we ignore this sage advice–if we fail to overcome evil with good.  How we treat others indicates more about what kind of people we are than about what kind of people they are.  If we react against intolerance with intolerance, we are intolerant.  We also add fuel to the proverbial fire.  Is not a fire extinguisher better?

As the Master said,

You have heard that it was said, “You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy.”  But I say to you, Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, so that you may be children of your Father in heaven; for he makes his sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the righteous and on the unrighteous.  For if you love those who love you, what reward do you have?  Do not even the tax collectors do the same?  And if you greet only your brothers and sisters, what more are you doing than others?  Do not even the Gentiles do the same?  Be perfect, therefore, as your heavenly Father is perfect.

–Matthew 5:43-48, The New Revised Standard Version (1989)

Perfection, in this case, indicates suitability for one’s purpose, which is, in the language of the Westminster Shorter Catechism,

to glorify God, and to enjoy him forever.

–Quoted in The United Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, The Book of Confessions (1967)

As the annual celebration of the birth of Christ approaches again, may we who follow him with our words also follow him with our deeds:  may we strive for shalom on a day-to-day basis.  Only God can save the world, but we can leave it better than we found it.

Merry Christmas!

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

DECEMBER 21, 2016 COMMON ERA

THE TWENTY-FIFTH DAY OF ADVENT

THE FEAST OF SAINT THOMAS THE APOSTLE, MARTYR

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Feast of Allen Eastman Cross (December 30)   1 comment

Milford, Massachusetts, 1888

Above:  Milford, Massachusetts, 1888

Image Source = Library of Congress

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

ALLEN EASTMAN CROSS (DECEMBER 30, 1864-APRIL 23, 1942)

U.S. Congregationalist Minister and Hymn Writer

My grand tour of selected old hymnals brought the name of Allen Eastman Cross to my attention.  Our saint, born at Manchester, New Hampshire, on December 30, 1864, attended Phillips Andover Academy, Andover, Massachusetts, before studying at Amherst College, Amherst, Massachusetts (B.A., 1866) and the related theological seminary (B.D, 1891).  Cross, ordained a Congregationalist minister in 1892, served as the pastor of the following congregations:

  1. Cliftondale Congregational Church, Cliftondale, Massachusetts (1892-1896);
  2. Springfield Park Congregational Church, Springfield, Massachusetts (1896-1901);
  3. Third Congregational Church (Old South Church), Boston, Massachusetts (1901-1911), as Associate Minister; and
  4. First Congregational Church, Milford, Massachusetts (1914-1925).

Between his tenures in Boston and Milford Cross traveled the world, visiting missionary outposts of various denominations.  Our saint, who received a D.D. degree from Dartmouth College in 1906, retired to Manchester, New Hampshire, in 1925, and started what he called his “ministry of writing.”  Two books–Pass on the Torch (1929), a volume of poetry, and Thunder Over Jerusalem (1936)–resulted.

Cross wrote hymns, most of which have fallen out of favor with hymnal committees.  That is unfortunate, for much of what has met with the favor of hymnal committees in recent decades has been substandard, often with a few words repeated frequently.  The dumbing down of hymnody has been in progress for at least half a century, and the wordy hymns of the Reverend Cross seem not to fit in anymore.

Our saint died at Manchester on April 23, 1942.  He was 77 years old.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

JULY 30, 2015 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF WILLIAM PINCHON, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP

THE FEAST OF HORATIUS BONAR, SCOTTISH PRESBYTERIAN MINISTER AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF WILLIAM WILBERFORCE, ABOLITIONIST

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Dear God of beauty,

you have granted literary ability and spiritual sensitivity to

Allen Eastman Cross and others, who have composed hymn texts.

May we, as you guide us,

find worthy hymn texts to be icons,

through which we see you.

In the Name of God:  Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.  Amen.

Sirach/Ecclesiasticus 44:1-3a, 5-15

Psalm 147

Revelation 5:11-14

Luke 2:8-20

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

APRIL 20, 2013 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINTS AMATOR OF AUXERRE AND GERMANUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOPS; SAINT MAMERTINUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC ABBOT; AND SAINT MARCIAN OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC MONK

THE FEAST OF JOHANNES BUGENHAGEN, GERMAN LUTHERAN PASTOR

THE FEAST OF SAINT MARCELLINUS OF EMBRUN, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP

THE FEAST OF OLAVUS AND LAURENTIUS PETRI, RENEWERS OF THE CHURCH

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Saints’ Days and Holy Days for December   Leave a comment

Poinsettia

Image Source = Andre Karwath

1 (Charles de Foucauld, Roman Catholic Hermit and Martyr, 1916)

  • Albert Barnes, U.S. Presbyterian Minister, Abolitionist, and Alleged Heretic

  • Brioc, Roman Catholic Abbot; and Tudwal, Roman Catholic Abbot and Bishop

  • Douglas LeTell Rights, U.S. Moravian Minister, Scholar, and Hymn Writer

  • Edward Timothy Mickey, Jr., U.S. Moravian Bishop and Liturgist

2 (Maura Clarke and Her Companions, U.S. Roman Catholic Martyrs in El Salvador, December 2, 1980)

  • Channing Moore Williams, Episcopal Missionary Bishop in China and Japan

  • Gerald Thomas Noel, Anglican Priest and Hymn Writer; brother of Baptist Wriothesley Noel, Anglican Priest, English Baptist Evangelist, and Hymn Writer; and his niece, Caroline Maria Noel, Anglican Hymn Writer

  • Hormisdas, Bishop of Rome; and his son, Silverius, Bishop of Rome, and Martyr, 537

  • Rafal Chylinski, Polish Franciscan Roman Catholic Priest

3 (Francis Xavier, Roman Catholic Missionary to the Far East)

  • Amilie Juliane, Countess of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, German Lutheran Hymn Writer

  • Archibald Campbell Tait, Archbishop of Canterbury

  • Sophie Koulomzin, Russian-American Christian Educator

4 (John of Damascus and Cosmas of Maiuma, Theologians and Hymnodists)

  • Alexander Hotovitzky, Russian Orthodox Priest and Martyr, 1937

  • Bernard of Parma, Roman Catholic Bishop

  • Joseph Mohr, Austrian Roman Catholic Priest; and Franz Gruber, Austrian Roman Catholic Teacher, Musician, and Composer

  • Maruthas, Roman Catholic Bishop of Maypherkat and Missionary to Pesia

  • Osmund of Salisbury, Roman Catholic Bishop

5 (Clement of Alexandria, Father of Christian Scholarship)

  • Cyran, Roman Catholic Abbot

  • Nelson Mandela, President of South Africa, and Renewer of Society

  • Nicetius of Trier, Roman Catholic Monk, Abbot, and Bishop; and Aredius of Limoges, Roman Catholic Monk

  • Peter Mortimer, Anglo-German Moravian Educator, Musician, and Scholar; and Gottfried Theodor Erxleben, German Moravian Minister and Musicologist

6 (Nicholas of Myra, Bishop)

  • Abraham of Kratia, Roman Catholic Monk, Abbot, Bishop, and Hermit

  • Anne Ross Cousin, Scottish Presbyterian Hymn Writer

  • Alice Freeman Palmer, U.S. Educator and Hymn Writer

  • Henry Ustick Onderdonk, Episcopal Bishop, Liturgist, and Hymn Writer

  • Philip and Daniel Berrigan, Roman Catholic Priests and Social Activists

7 (Maria Josepha Rossello, Cofounder of the Daughters of Our Lady of Pity)

  • Emma Francis, Lutheran Deaconess in the U.S. Virgin Islands and Harlem

  • Georg Friedrich Hellstrom, Dutch-German Moravian Musician, Composer, and Educator

  • John Howard Bertram Masterman, Anglican Scholar, Hymn Writer, Priest, and Bishop of Plymouth

  • John Greenleaf Whittier, U.S. Quaker Abolitionist, Poet, and Hymn Writer

  • William Gustave Polack, U.S. Lutheran Minister, Liturgist, and Hymn Writer and Translator

8 (Walter Ciszek, Roman Catholic Missionary Priest and Political Prisoner)

  • Amatus of Luxeuil and Romaric of Luxeuil, Roman Catholic Monks and Abbots

  • Erik Christian Hoff, Norwegian Lutheran Composer and Organist

  • Marin Shkurti, Albanian Roman Catholic Priest and Martyr, 1969

9 (Liborius Wagner, German Roman Catholic Priest and Martyr, 1631)

  • George Job Elvey, Anglican Composer and Organist

  • Peter Fourier, “The Good Priest of Mattaincourt;” and Alix Le Clerc, Foundress of the Congregation of Notre Dame of Canonesses Regular of Saint Augustine

10 (Karl Barth, Swiss Reformed Minister, Theologian, and Biblical Scholar; father of Markus Barth, Swiss Lutheran Minister and Biblical Scholar)

  • Howell Elvet Lewis, Welsh Congregationalist Clergyman and Poet

  • John Roberts, Roman Catholic Priest and Martyr

  • Olivier Messiaen, Claire Delbos, and Yvonne Loriod, French Roman Catholic Musicians and Composers

  • Paul Eber, German Lutheran Theologian and Hymn Writer

  • Robert Murray, Canadian Presbyterian Minister and Hymn Writer

11 (Luke of Prague and John Augusta, Moravian Bishops and Hymn Writers)

  • Kazimierz Tomas Sykulski, Roman Catholic Priest and Martyr, 1942

  • Lars Olsen Skrefsrud, Hans Peter Boerresen, and Paul Olaf Bodding, Lutheran Missionaries in India

  • Martyrs of El Mozote, El Salvador, December 11-12, 1981

  • Severin Ott, Roman Catholic Monk

12 (William Lloyd Garrison, Abolitionist and Feminist; and Maria Stewart, Abolitionist, Feminist, and Educator)

  • Bartholomew Buonpedoni and Vivaldus, Ministers among Lepers

  • William Louis Poteat, President of Wake Forest College, and Biologist; his brother, Edwin McNeill Poteat, Sr., Southern and Northern Baptist Minister, Scholar, and President of Furman University; his son, Edwin McNeill Poteat, Jr., Southern Baptist Minister, Missionary, Musician, Hymn Writer, and Social Reformer; his brother, Gordon McNeill Poteat, Southern and Northern Baptist and Congregationalist Minister and Missionary; and his cousin, Hubert McNeill Poteat, Southern Baptist Academic and Musician

  • Ludwik Bartosik, Roman Catholic Priest and Martyr, 1941

  • Thomas Canning, U.S. Composer and Music Educator

13 (Samuel Johnson, “The Great Moralist”)

  • Christian Furchtegott Gellert, German Lutheran Minister, Educator, and Hymn Writer

  • Ella J. Baker, Witness for Civil Rights

  • Paul Speratus, German Lutheran Bishop, Liturgist, and Hymn Writer

  • Pierson Parker, U.S. Congregationalist Minister, Episcopal Priest, and Biblical Scholar

14 (Radegunda, Thuringian Roman Catholic Princess, Deaconess, and Nun; and Venantius Honorius Clementius Fortunatus, Roman Catholic Bishop of Poitiers)

  • Dorothy Ann Thrupp, English Hymn Writer

  • Henry Aldrich, Anglican Priest, Composer, Theologian, Mathematician, and Architect

  • James Arnold Blaisdell, U.S. Congregationalist Minister, Scholar, and Hymn Writer

  • John of the Cross, Roman Catholic Mystic and Carmelite Friar

  • William Adams Brown, U.S. Presbyterian Minister, Theologian, and Social Reformer

15 (Thomas Benson Pollock, Anglican Priest and Hymn Writer)

  • Fred D. Gealy, U.S. Methodist Minister, Missionary, Musician, and Biblical Scholar

  • Henry Fothergill Chorley, English Novelist, Playwright, and Literary and Music Critic

  • John Horden, Anglican Bishop of Moosenee

  • Ralph Wardlaw, Scottish Congregationalist Minister, Hymn Writer, and Liturgist

  • Robert McDonald, Anglican Priest and Missionary

16 (Ralph Adams Cram and Richard Upjohn, Architects; and John LaFarge, Sr., Painter and Stained-Glass Window Maker)

  • Filip Siphong Onphithakt, Roman Catholic Catechist and Martyr in Thailand, 1940

  • Maude Dominica Petre, Roman Catholic Modernist Theologian

17 (Eglantyne Jebb and Dorothy Buxton, Founders of Save the Children)

  • Dorothy Sayers, Anglican Poet, Novelist, Playwright, Translator, Apologist, and Theologian

  • Frank Mason North, U.S. Methodist Minister, Social Reformer, and Hymn Writer

  • Mary Cornelia Bishop Gates, U.S. Dutch Reformed Hymn Writer

  • Olympias of Constantinople, Widow and Deaconess

18 (Marc Boegner, French Reformed Minister and Ecumenist)

  • Alicia Domon and Her Companions, Martyrs in Argentina, 1977

  • Giulia Valle, Roman Catholic Nun

  • John Darwall, Anglican Priest and Composer

  • John MacLeod Campbell Crum, Anglican Priest and Hymn Writer

19 (Raoul Wallenberg, Righteous Gentile)

  • Francesco Antonio Bonporti, Italian Roman Catholic Priest and Composer

  • Kazimiera Wolowska, Polish Roman Catholic Nun and Martyr, 1942

  • Robert Campbell, Scottish Episcopalian then Roman Catholic Social Advocate and Hymn Writer

  • William Henry Draper, Anglican Priest, Hymn Writer, and Hymn Translator

  • William Howard Bishop, Founder of the Glenmary Home Missioners

20 (Dominic of Silos, Roman Catholic Abbot)

  • Bates Gilbert Burt, Episcopal Priest, Hymn Writer, and Composer

  • D. Elton Trueblood, U.S. Quaker Theologian

  • Michal Piasczynski, Polish Roman Catholic Priest and Martyr, 1940

21 (THOMAS THE APOSTLE, MARTYR)

22 (Frederick and William Temple, Archbishops of Canterbury)

  • Chaeremon and Ischyrion, Roman Catholic Martyrs, Circa 250

  • Chico Mendes, “Gandhi of the Amazon”

  • Henry Budd, First Anglican Native Priest in North America; Missionary to the Cree Nation

  • Isaac Hecker, Founder of the Missionary Society of St. Paul the Apostle

23 (John of Kanty, Roman Catholic Theologian)

  • Charbel, Roman Catholic Priest and Monk

  • James Prince Lee, Bishop of Manchester

  • William John Blew, English Priest and Hymn Writer

24 (CHRISTMAS EVE)

25 (CHRISTMAS DAY)

26 (SECOND DAY OF CHRISTMAS)

  • STEPHEN, DEACON AND MARTYR

27 (THIRD DAY OF CHRISTMAS)

  • JOHN THE EVANGELIST, APOSTLE

28 (FOURTH DAY OF CHRISTMAS)

  • HOLY INNOCENTS, MARTYRS, 4 B.C.E.

29 (FIFTH DAY OF CHRISTMAS)

  • Antonio Caldara, Roman Catholic Composer and Musician

  • John Burnett Morris, Sr., Episcopal Priest and Witness for Civil Rights

  • Philipp Heinrich Molther, German Moravian Minister, Bishop, Composer, and Hymn Translator

  • Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, and Martyr, 1170

  • Thomas Cotterill, English Priest, Hymn Writer, and Liturgist

30 (SIXTH DAY OF CHRISTMAS)

  • Allen Eastman Cross, U.S. Congregationalist Minister and Hymn Writer

  • George Wallace Briggs, Anglican Priest and Hymn Writer

  • John Main, Anglo-Canadian Roman Catholic Priest and Monk

  • Frances Joseph-Gaudet, African-American Educator, Prison Reformer, and Social Worker

31 (SEVENTH DAY OF CHRISTMAS)

  • Giuseppina Nicoli, Italian Roman Catholic Nun and Minister to the Poor

  • New Year’s Eve

  • Rossiter Worthington Raymond, U.S. Novelist, Poet, Hymn Writer, and Mining Engineer

  • Zoticus of Constantinople, Priest and Martyr, Circa 351

Lowercase boldface on a date with two or more commemorations indicates a primary feast.