Archive for the ‘February 22’ Category

Feast of Hans Scholl, Sophie Scholl, and Christoph Probst (February 22)   Leave a comment

hans-and-sophie-scholl

Above:  Hans and Sophie Scholl

Image in the Public Domain

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HANS SCHOLL (SEPTEMBER 22, 1918-FEBRUARY 22, 1943)

Anti-Nazi Martyr at Munich, Germany

brother of

SOPHIE SCHOLL (MAY 9, 1921-FEBRUARY 22, 1943)

Anti-Nazi Martyr at Munich, Germany

colleague of

CHRISTOPH PROBST (NOVEMBER 6, 1918-FEBRUARY 22, 1943)

Anti-Nazi Martyr at Munich, Germany

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Everywhere and at all times of greatest trial men have appeared, prophets and saints who cherished their freedom, who preached the One God and who with His help brought the people to a reversal of their downward course.  Man is free, to be sure, but without the true God he is defenseless against the principle of evil….We will not be silent.  We are your bad conscience.  The White Rose will not leave you in peace.

–A White Rose leaflet, quoted in Robert Ellsberg, All Saints:  Daily Reflections on Saints, Prophets, and Witnesses for Our Time (New York:  The Crossroad Publishing Company, 1997), page 88

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Hans Scholl, Sophie Scholl, and Christoph Probst were the core members of the White Rose, an anti-Nazi organization of university students at Munich founded in June 1942.  Hans was a medical student and a veteran of the Russian front.  His sister, Sophie, studied philosophy.  Their colleague, Christoph Probst, was also a medical student.  Members of the White Rose wrote and distributed anti-Nazi leaflets and wrote (in German, of course) “Down with Hitler” in public places.  Our saints’ Christian faith drove them to resist tyranny.  On February 18, 1943, agents of the Gestapo arrested the brother and sister while they were distributing leaflets.  Shortly thereafter the other members of the White Rose were also in custody.  Within four days the Scholls and Probst were dead (via guillotine), their penalty following their conviction on the charge of treason.

These saints knew that following the dictates of their consciences would be dangerous.  Yet they did what knew was correct.  In so doing they glorified God and stood up for their fellow human beings.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

DECEMBER 6, 2016 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT NICETIUS OF TRIER, ROMAN CATHOLIC MONK, ABBOT, AND BISHOP; AND SAINT AREDIUS OF LIMOGES, ROMAN CATHOLIC MONK

THE FEAST OF SAINT ABRAHAM OF KRATIA, ROMAN CATHOLIC MONK, ABBOT, BISHOP, AND HERMIT

THE FEAST OF HENRY USTICK ONDERDONK, EPISCOPAL BISHOP, LITURGIST, AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF SAINT NICHOLAS OF MYRA, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP

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Almighty God, by whose grace and power your holy martyrs

Hans Scholl, Sophie Scholl, and Christoph Probst

triumphed over suffering and were faithful even to death:

Grant us, who now remember them in thanksgiving,

to be so faithful in our witness to you in this world,

that we may receive with them the crown of life;

through Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns

with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

Sirach (Ecclesiasticus) 51:1-12

Psalm 116 or 116:1-8

Revelation 7:13-17

Luke 12:2-12

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), page 714

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Feast of St. Margaret of Cortona (February 22)   Leave a comment

st-margaret-of-cortona

Above:  St. Margaret of Cortona

Image in the Public Domain

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SAINT MARGARET OF CORTONA (1247-FEBRUARY 22, 1297)

Penitent and Foundress of the Poor Ones

St. Margaret of Cortona, born at Laviano, Umbria, in 1247, was a daughter of a farmer.  Her mother died when our saint was seven years old.  Eventually St. Margaret’s father remarried; his second wife thought of our saint as a nuisance.  For nine years St. Margaret was the mistress of a nobleman of Montepulciano, whose child she bore.  Our saint, interpreting her lover’s murder by brigands in 1274 as not only an unfortunate event but a message from God that she should never have entered into that relationship, became a penitent.  When she attempted to return to her father’s home, he turned her and his grandchild away.  Fortunately, the Franciscans at Cortona, Tuscany, took them in.  Nevertheless, St. Margaret continue to have affairs.  She also felt self-loathing after each liaison.

Eventually, however, St. Margaret turned a spiritual corner.  She began to take care of sick women.  Then she cared for poor women without charge while she lived on alms.  In 1777 our saint became a Franciscan tertiary.  She had an intense prayer life and reported ecstasies.  In 1286 St. Margaret gathered a congregation of women (the Poor Ones) around her to care for the sick poor.  She also founded a hospital at Cortona, preached against vice, and had a devotion to the Eucharist and the Passion.  Despite her reformed life, marked by a plethora of good works, St. Margaret remained a target of much malicious gossip.

St. Margaret died at Cortona on February 22, 1297.  She was either 49 or 50 years old.  Pope Leo X beatified her in 1516.  Pope Benedict XIII canonized our saint in 1728.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

DECEMBER 6, 2016 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT NICETIUS OF TRIER, ROMAN CATHOLIC MONK, ABBOT, AND BISHOP; AND SAINT AREDIUS OF LIMOGES, ROMAN CATHOLIC MONK

THE FEAST OF SAINT ABRAHAM OF KRATIA, ROMAN CATHOLIC MONK, ABBOT, BISHOP, AND HERMIT

THE FEAST OF HENRY USTICK ONDERDONK, EPISCOPAL BISHOP, LITURGIST, AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF SAINT NICHOLAS OF MYRA, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP

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Almighty God, by your Holy Spirit you have made

us one with your saints in heaven and on earth:

Grant that in our earthly pilgrimage we may always

be supported by this fellowship of love and prayer,

and know ourselves to be surrounded by

their witnesses to your power and mercy.

We ask this for the sake of Jesus Christ, in whom

all our intercessions are acceptable through your Spirit,

and who lives and reigns for ever and ever.  Amen.

Sirach (Ecclesiasticus) 2:7-11

Psalm 1

1 Corinthians 1:26-31

Matthew 25:1-13

Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), page 726

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Posted December 6, 2016 by neatnik2009 in February 22, Saints of 1200-1299

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Feast of Bernhardt Severin Ingemann (February 22)   1 comment

30701v

Above:  University of Copenhagen

Photograph Undated

Image Source = Library of Congress

Reproduction Number = LC-DIG-ggbain-30701

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BERNHARDT SEVERIN INGEMANN (MAY 28, 1789-FEBRUARY 24, 1862)

Danish Lutheran Author and Hymn Writer

Bernhardt Severin Ingemann, born on Falster Island, in the Baltic Sea, was the son of the local Lutheran (Church of Denmark) minister.  Our saint survived some traumatic early experiences.  He, a student at the University of Copenhagen starting in 1806, defended the city against the British in 1807.  His apartment (and his early poetic works) burned in the foreign attack.  Two years later an epidemic claimed his mother, three brothers, and a niece.  These experiences influenced much of his work and contributed to the fact that

Ingemann was a sensitive, soft-spoken man with few friends.

–Marilyn Kay Stalken, Hymnal Companion to the Lutheran Book of Worship (Philadelphia, PA:  Fortress Press, 1981, page 406)

Ingemann, engaged to Lucie Madie, his future wife, in 1812, got on with life.  He completed his education at the University of Copenhagen in 1813 and became a tutor at Walkendorf’s Collegium.  His published works earned him sufficient public respect that, in 1817-1819, the Danish government sponsored him to travel and study in Germany, France, Italy, and Switzerland.  In 1822 he became Professor of Literature at the Academy of Soro, Zeeland.

Our saint’s collected works filled thirty-four volumes.  He was the second most popular author of Danish children’s stories behind his good friend, Hans Christian Andersen.  Ingemann, a prolific author of poems, novels, and historical epics which contributed greatly to Danish nationalism, prepared the 1855 psalter for the Church of Denmark.

Among the hymns Ingemann composed was the following, translated by Sabine Baring-Gould in 1867 and 1875:

Through the night of doubt and sorrow

Onward goes the pilgrim’s hand,

Singing songs of expectation,

Marching to the promised land;

Clear before as through the darkness

Gleams and burns the guiding light;

Brother clasps the hand of brother,

Stepping fearless through the night.

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One the light of God’s own presence

O’er His ransomed people shed,

Chasing for the gloom and terror,

Brightening all the path we tread;

One the object of our journey,

One the faith which never tires,

One the earnest looking forward,

One the hope our God inspires.

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One the strain that lips of thousands

Lift as from the heart of one,

One the conflict, one the peril,

One the march in God begun;

One the gladness of rejoicing

On the far eternal shore,

Where the One Almighty Father

Reigns in love forevermore.

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Onward, therefore, pilgrim brothers,

Onward, with the cross our aid;

Bear its shame, and fight its battle,

Till we rest beneath its shade;

Soon shall come the great awaking,

Soon the rending of the tomb ,

Then the scattering of all shadows

And the end of toil and gloom.

The analysis of the analysis of the hymn, according to William Chalmers Covert and Calvin Weiss Laufer, Handbook to The Hymnal (Philadelphia, PA:  Presbyterian Board of Christian Education, 1935), follows:

The strength of the lines even in translation bears witness to the author’s virile and inclusive faith.

–page 366

Ingemann understood well that it is easy to have deep faith during good times but that, when the chips are down, the true test of faith occurs.  He had such faith.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

JULY 10, 2013 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF JOHANN SCHEFFLER, ROMAN CATHOLIC PRIEST, POET, AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF GEORG NEUMARK, GERMAN LUTHERAN POET AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF JOHN HINES, PRESIDING BISHOP OF THE EPISCOPAL CHURCH

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Almighty God, beautiful in majesty, majestic in holiness:

You have shown us the splendor of creation in the work of your servant Bernhardt Severin Ingemann.

Teach us to drive from the world all chaos and disorder, that our eyes may behold your glory,

and that at last everyone may know the inexhaustible richness of your new creation in Jesus Christ our Lord,

who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.  Amen.

Isaiah 28:5-6 or Hosea 14:5-8 or 2 Chronicles 20:20-21

Psalm 96

Philippians 4:8-9 or Ephesians 5:18b-20

Matthew 13:44-52

–Adapted from Evangelical Lutheran Worship (2006), page 61

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Revised on December 9, 2016

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Feast of Edward Hopper (February 22)   1 comment

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Above:  New York Harbor, 1840

Image Source = Library of Congress

Reproduction Number = LC-DIG-ppmsca-22951

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EDWARD HOPPER (FEBRUARY 17, 1818-APRIL 23, 1888)

U.S. Presbyterian Minister and Hymn Writer

Edward Hopper was born in the City of New York, where he lived for all but a few years and where he died.  He graduated from New York University in 1839 then Union Theological Seminary three years later.  He, ordained in 1842, served at Greenville, New York; then at Sag Harbor, Long Island, New York; then finally at New York City, where he was pastor of the Church of the Land and the Sea, in the harbor area.  There, at his longest pastorate, our saint ministered to many people, including a large number of sailors.

Our saint’s character was humble.  He wrote hymns yet permitted their publication only under a pen name or anonymously.  Among these hymns was “Jesus, Saviour, Pilot Me” (http://gatheredprayers.wordpress.com/2013/07/07/jesus-saviour-pilot-me/), which debuted in The Sailor’s Magazine (New York, 1871) then appeared in The Baptist Praise Book (1871) (http://archive.org/details/baptistprai00full), with  no author listed for this hymn.

Hopper died in his study as he wrote religious poetry.

Edward Hopper seems like an obvious saint to me.  The Anglican standard that history makes saints defines Hopper as one.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

JULY 10, 2013 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF JOHANN SCHEFFLER, ROMAN CATHOLIC PRIEST, POET, AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF GEORG NEUMARK, GERMAN LUTHERAN POET AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF JOHN HINES, PRESIDING BISHOP OF THE EPISCOPAL CHURCH

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Heavenly Father, shepherd of your people,

we thank you for your servant Edward Hopper,

who was faithful in the care and nurture of your flock.

We pray that, following his example and the teaching of his holy life,

we may by your grace attain our full maturity in Christ,

through the same Jesus Christ, our Savior and Lord,

who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.  Amen.

Ezekiel 34:11-16 or Acts 20:17-35

Psalm 84

1 Peter 5:1-4 or Ephesians 3:14-21

John 21:15-17 or Matthew 24:42-47

–Adapted from Evangelical Lutheran Worship (2006), page 60

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Revised on December 9, 2016

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Feast of St. Praetextatus (February 22)   2 comments

Above:  Gaul in 561 C.E.

Image in the Public Domain

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SAINT PRAETEXTATUS (DIED 586)

Roman Catholic Bishop of Rouen

St. Praetextatus , Bishop of Rouen from 549 to 586, became caught up in struggles among sons of Clotaire/Lothair I, King of Soissons from 511 to 558 and King of all Franks from 558 to 561.  Clotaire/Lothair I had four sons:

  • Chilperic I, King of Soissons from 561 to 584
  • Sigebert I, King of Austrasia from 561 to 575
  • Charibert I, King of Paris from 561 to 567
  • Guntram, King of Burgundy from 561 to 593.

Fredegunde, Chilperic I’s mistress then wife, caused the murder of Sigebert I and his sons, and probably of her husband as well, so that Clotaire/Lothair II, her son, the King of Neustria (from 584), could become King of all Franks, which he was from 613 to 629.  The bishop denounced her actions, so he had to go into exile.  The saint had, by his own admission, aided Chilperic I’s son, Meroveus, in an uprising.  Chilperic I died in 584, at which point Guntram, King of Burgundy, permitted St. Praetextatus to return.  Yet Fredegunde sent an assassin, who proved successful.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

DECEMBER 8, 2011 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF MARTIN RINCKART, ARCHDEACON OF EILENBURG

THE FEAST OF RICHARD BAXTER, ANGLICAN THEOLOGIAN

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Gracious God,

in every age you have sent men and women

who have given their lives in witness to your love and truth.

Inspire us with the memory of Saint Praetextatus,

whose faithfulness led to the way of the cross,

and give us courage to bear full witness with our lives

to your Son’s victory over sin and death,

for he lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit,

one God, now and forever.  Amen.

Ezekiel 20:40-42

Psalm 5

Revelation 6:9-11

Mark 8:34-38

–Adapted from Evangelical Lutheran Worship (2006), page 59

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Revised on December 5, 2016

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Posted December 8, 2011 by neatnik2009 in February 22, Saints of 500-599

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Saints’ Days and Holy Days for February   Leave a comment

Winter, by Hendrick Avercamp

Image in the Public Domain

THIS IS THE RESET MODE OF THE ECUMENICAL CALENDAR OF SAINTS’ DAYS AND HOLY DAYS FOR FEBRUARY, PENDING FURTHER REVISION.

1 (Henry Morse, English Roman Catholic Priest and Martyr, 1645)

  • Benedict Daswa, South African Roman Catholic Catechist and Martyr, 1990
  • Charles Seymour Robinson, U.S. Presbyterian Minister, Hymn Writer, and Hymnologist
  • Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, Italian Roman Catholic Composer and Musician
  • Sigebert III, King of Austrasia

2 (PRESENTATION OF JESUS IN THE TEMPLE)

3 (Anskar and Rimbert, Roman Catholic Archbishops of Hamburg-Bremen)

  • Adelaide Anne Procter, English Poet and Feminist
  • Alfred Delp, German Roman Catholic Priest and Martyr, 1945
  • Jemima Thompson Luke, English Congregationalist Hymn Writer’ and James Edmeston, Anglican Hymn Writer
  • Samuel Davies, American Presbyterian Minister and Hymn Writer

4 (CORNELIUS THE CENTURION, WITNESS TO THE CRUCIFIXION)

5 (Martyrs of Japan, 1597-1639)

  • Avitus of Vienne, Roman Catholic Bishop
  • Jane (Joan) of Valois, Cofounder of the Sisters of the Annunciation
  • Phileas and Philoromus, Roman Catholic Martyrs, 304

6 (Marcus Aurelius Clemens Prudentius, Poet and Hymn Writer)

  • Mateo Correa-Magallanes and Miguel Agustin Pro, Mexican Roman Catholic Priests and Martyrs, 1927
  • Vedast (Vaast), Roman Catholic Bishop of Arras and Cambrai

7 (Helder Camara, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Olinda and Recife)

  • Adalbert Nierychlewski, Roman Catholic Priest and Martyr, 1942
  • Moses, Apostle to the Saracens
  • William Boyce and John Alcock, Anglican Composers

8 (Josephine Bakhita, Roman Catholic Nun)

  • Jerome Emiliani, Founder of the Company of the Servants of the Poor
  • John of Matha and Felix of Valois, Founders of the Order of the Most Holy Trinity
  • Josephina Gabriella Bonino, Foundress of the Sisters of the Holy Family
  • Mitchell J. Dahood, Roman Catholic Priest and Biblical Scholar

9 (Alto of Altomunster, Roman Catholic Hermit)

  • Porfirio, Martyr, 203

10 (Scholastica, Abbess of Plombariola; and her twin brother, Benedict of Nursia, Abbot of Monte Cassino and Father of Western Monasticism)

  • Benedict of Aniane, Restorer of Western Monasticism; and Ardo, Roman Catholic Abbot
  • Norbert of Xanten, Founder of the Premonstratensians; Hugh of Fosses, Second Founder of the Premonstratensians; and Evermod, Bishop of Ratzeburg
  • Philip Armes, Anglican Church Organist

11 (ONESIMUS, BISHOP OF BYZANTIUM)

12 (Absalom Jones, Richard Allen, and Jarena Lee, Evangelists and Social Activists)

  • Benjamin Schmolck, German Lutheran Pastor and Hymn Writer
  • Charles Freer Andrews, Anglican Priest
  • Christoph Carl Ludwig von Pfeil, German Lutheran Hymn Writer
  • Henry Williams Baker, Anglican Priest
  • Michael Weisse, German Moravian Minister and Hymn Writer and Translator; and Jan Roh, Bohemian Moravian Bishop and Hymn Writer

13 (AQUILA, PRISCILLA, AND APOLLOS, COWORKERS OF SAINT PAUL THE APOSTLE)

14 (Abraham of Carrhae, Roman Catholic Bishop)

  • Christoph Carl Ludwig von Pfeil, German Lutheran Hymn Writer
  • Cyril and Methodius, Apostles to the Slavs
  • Johann Michael Altenburg, German Lutheran Pastor, Composer, and Hymn Writer
  • Victor Olof Petersen, Swedish-American Lutheran Hymn Translator

15 (New Martyrs of Libya, 2015)

  • Ben Salmon, U.S. Roman Catholic Pacifist and Conscientious Objector
  • Francis Harold Rowley, Northern Baptist Minister, Humanitarian, and Hymn Writer
  • Michael Praetorius, German Lutheran Composer and Musicologist
  • Thomas Bray, Anglican Priest and Missionary

16 (Philipp Melanchthon, German Lutheran Theologian and Scribe of the Reformation)

  • Christian Frederick Martin, Sr., and Charles Augustus Zoebisch, German-American Instrument Makers
  • Louis (Lewis) F. Kampmann, U.S. Moravian Minister, Missionary, and Hymn Translator
  • Nicholas Kasatkin, Orthodox Archbishop of All Japan

17 (August Crull, German-American Lutheran Minister, Poet, Professor, Hymnodist, and Hymn Translator)

  • Janini Luwum, Ugandan Anglican Archbishop and Martyr, 1977

18 (Colman of Lindisfarne, Agilbert, and Wilfrid, Bishops)

  • Barbasymas, Sadoth of Seleucia, and Their Companions, Martyrs, 342
  • Guido di Pietro, a.k.a. Fra Angelico, Roman Catholic Monk and Artist
  • James Drummond Burns, Scottish Presbyterian Minister, Hymn Writer, and Hymn Translator

19 (Nerses I the Great, Catholicos of the Armenian Apostolic Church, and Mesrop, Bible Translator)

  • Bernard Barton, English Quaker Poet and Hymn Writer
  • Elizabeth C. Clephane, Scottish Presbyterian Hymn Writer

20 (Henri de Lucac, French Roman Catholic Priest, Cardinal, and Theologian)

  • Wulfric of Haselbury, Roman Catholic Hermit

21 (John Henry Newman, Cardinal)

  • Arnulf of Metz, Roman Catholic Bishop; and Germanus of Granfel, Roman Catholic Abbot and Martyr, 677

22 (Hans Scholl, Sophie Scholl, and Christoph Probst, Anti-Nazi Martyrs at Munich, Germany)

  • Bernhardt Severin Ingemann, Danish Lutheran Author and Hymn Writer
  • Edward Hopper, U.S. Presbyterian Minister and Hymn Writer
  • Margaret of Cortona, Penitent and Foundress of the Poor Ones
  • Praetextatus, Roman Catholic Bishop of Rouen

23 (Ignatius of Antioch, Polycarp of Smyrna, and Irenaeus of Lyons, Bishops and Martyrs)

  • Alexander Akimetes, Roman Catholic Abbot
  • Samuel Wolcott, U.S. Congregationalist Minister, Missionary, and Hymn Writer
  • Stefan Wincenty Frelichowski, Polish Roman Catholic Priest and Martyr
  • Willigis, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Mainz; and Bernward, Roman Catholic Bishop of Hildesheim

24 (MATTHIAS THE APOSTLE, MARTYR)

25 (Gregory of Nazianzus the Elder, Nonna, and Their Children:  Gregory of Nazianzus the Younger, Caesarius of Nazianzus, and Gorgonia of Nazianzus)

  • Felix Varela, Cuban Roman Catholic Priest and Patriot
  • John Roberts, Episcopal Missionary to the Shoshone and Arapahoe
  • Karl Friedrich Lochner, German Lutheran Minister and Hymn Writer
  • Theodor Fliedner, Renewer of the Female Diaconate; and Elizabeth Fedde, Norwegian Lutheran Deaconess

26 (Antonio Valdivieso, Roman Catholic Bishop of Leon and Martyr)

  • Andrew Reed, English Congregationalist Minister, Humanitarian, and Hymn Writer
  • Emily Malbone Morgan, Founder of the Society of the Companions of the Holy Cross
  • Paula of St. Joseph of Calasanz, Foundress of the Daughters of Mary

27 (Nicholas Ferrar, Anglican Deacon and Founder of Little Gidding; George Herbert, Anglican Priest and Metaphysical Poet; and All Saintly Parish Priests)

  • Anne Line and Roger Filcock, English Roman Catholic Martyrs, 1601
  • Gabriel Possenti, Penitent
  • Luis de Leon, Spanish Roman Catholic Priest and Theologian

28 (Thomas Binney, English Congregationalist Minister, Liturgist, and “Archbishop of Nonconformity”)

  • Anna Julia Haywood Cooper and Elizabeth Evelyn Wright, African-American Educators

29 (John Cassian and John Climacus, Roman Catholic Monks and Spiritual Writers)

 

Lowercase boldface on a date with two or more commemorations indicates a primary feast.