Archive for the ‘January 9’ Category

Feast of St. Philip II of Moscow (January 9)   Leave a comment

philip-ii-and-ivan-iv

Above:  Metropolitan Philip II and Czar Ivan IV, by Vasili Purikev

Image in the Public Domain

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SAINT PHILIP II OF MOSCOW (FEBRUARY 11, 1507-DECEMBER 12, 1569)

Metropolitan of Moscow and All Russia, and Martyr

St. Philip II of Moscow took a stand for righteousness while facing a tyrant.  He knew what the high price for that action would be and did the right thing anyway.

Theodore Kolyshov was a nobleman and a soldier before, at the age of 30 years, he entered the monastery at Solovetsk, on the White Sea, and became Philip.  Ten years later he became the abbot.  He was not only a capable abbot but a skilled agricultural engineer; he designed a new drainage and irrigation system for the monastery grounds.  In 1565 our saint became the Metropolitan of Moscow and All Russia.

St. Philip II’s tenure was brief and politically difficult.  Czar Ivan IV “the Terrible” (reigned 1547-1584) was a tyrant; he had political opponents executed, sometimes en masse.  Our saint opposed the violent monarch.  At Dormition Cathedral, Moscow, on March 2, 1568, the Sunday of the Veneration of the Cross, with Ivan IV in attendance, Philip II refused to bless the Czar.    During the Eucharistic prayers St. Philip II said:

At this altar we are offering a pure and bloodless sacrifice for men’s salvation.  Outside this holy temple the blood of innocent Christians is being shed.  God rejects him who does not love his neighbor.  I have to tell you this though I die for it.

–Quoted in Donald Attwater, The Penguin Dictionary of Saints (1965), page 283

Ivan IV had his revenge.  He had St. Philip II deposed, convicted of false allegations (including sorcery), and sentenced to life imprisonment later that year.  One of Ivan IV’s lackeys, obeying orders, choked our saint with a cushion at Otrosh monastery on December 12, 1569.

The Russian Orthodox Church canonized St. Philip II in 1636.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 14, 2016 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF JOHN AMOS COMENIUS, FATHER OF MODERN EDUCATION

THE FEAST OF THE CONSECRATION OF SAMUEL SEABURY, FIRST EPISCOPAL BISHOP

THE FEAST OF WILLIAM ROMANIS, ANGLICAN PRIEST AND HYMN WRITER

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Almighty God, who gave to your servant St. Philip II of Moscow

boldness to confess the Name of our Savior Jesus Christ

before the rulers of this world, and courage to die for this faith:

Grant that we may always be ready to give a reason for the hope that is in us,

and to suffer gladly for the sake of the hope that is in us,

and to suffer gladly for the sake of our Lord Jesus Christ;

who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

2 Esdras 2:42-48

Psalm 126 or 121

1 Peter 3:14-18, 22

Matthew 10:16-22

Holy Women:  Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), page 713

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Feast of Julia Chester Emery (January 9)   Leave a comment

emery

Above:  Julia Chester Emery

Image in the Public Domain

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JULIA CHESTER EMERY (SEPTEMBER 24, 1852-JANUARY 9, 1922)

Upholder of Missions

The Episcopal Church added Julia Chester Emery to its calendar of saints in 1994.

Emery was the daughter of a sea captain and the sister of two Episcopal priests.  She was also the sister of Mary Emery, who served as the first National Secretary of the Women’s Auxiliary of the Board of Missions, The Episcopal Church.  (The General Convention of 1871 created the Women’s Auxiliary.)

Our saint succeeded her sister in 1876 and served until retirement, 40 years later, at the age of 63 or 64 years.  She traveled widely in The Episcopal Church, visiting remote mission stations around the world and speaking in every diocese and missionary district.  This travel was frequently difficult.  Emery also encouraged support for these missionary efforts and created the United Thank Offering.  She died about six years later, on January 9, 1922.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 14, 2016 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF JOHN AMOS COMENIUS, FATHER OF MODERN EDUCATION

THE FEAST OF THE CONSECRATION OF SAMUEL SEABURY, FIRST EPISCOPAL BISHOP

THE FEAST OF WILLIAM ROMANIS, ANGLICAN PRIEST AND HYMN WRITER

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God of all creation, you call us in Christ to make disciples of all nations and to proclaim your mercy and love:

Grant that we, after the example of your servant Julia Chester Emery,

may have vision and courage in proclaiming the Gospel to the ends of the Earth;

through Jesus Christ our light and our salvation, who lives and reigns

with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

Isaiah 61:1-3

Psalm 67

Romans 12:6-13

Mark 10:42-45

Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), page 163

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Feast of St. Pepin of Landen, St. Itta of Metz, Their Relations, St. Amand, St. Austregisilus, and St. Sulpicius II of Bourges (January 9)   12 comments

Above:  A Map of Gaul in 628 C.E.

Faithful Christians Across Generational Lines

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SAINT AUSTREGISILUS (DIED 624)

Roman Catholic Bishop of Bourges (612-624)

who mentored

SAINT AMAND (CIRCA 584-675)

Roman Catholic Bishop of Maastricht

and ordained

SAINT SULPICIUS II OF BOURGES (DIED 646)

Roman Catholic Bishop of Bourges (624-646)

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SAINT PEPIN OF LANDEN (CIRCA 580-640)

Mayor of the Merovingian Palace (623-629, 639-640)

husband of

SAINT ITTA OF METZ (593-652)

Roman Catholic Abbess at Nivelles

sister of 

SAINT MODOALD OF TRIER (DIED 640/645)

Roman Catholic Archbishop of Trier (626-640/645)

brother of 

SAINT SEVERA OF SAINT GEMMA (DIED 680)

Roman Catholic Abbess

aunt of 

SAINT GERTRUDE OF NIVELLES (626-659)

Roman Catholic Abbess

sister of 

SAINT BEGGA OF ANDENNE (615-693)

Roman Catholic Abbess

sister of

SAINT BAVO OF GHENT (622-659)

Roman Catholic Hermit

brother of 

SAINT MODESTA OF TRIER (DIED 680)

Roman Catholic Abbess

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SAINT AMALBERGA OF MAUBERGE (DIED 690)

Roman Catholic Nun

mother of

SAINT GUDULA (DIED 680/714)

Roman Catholic Nun

sister of

SAINT PHARAILDIS OF GHENT (CIRCA 650-CIRCA 740)

Holy Virgin

sister of

SAINT REINELDIS OF SAINTES (630-CIRCA 700)

Roman Catholic Martyr

sister of

SAINT EMERBERTUS OF CAMBRAI (DIED 710)

Roman Catholic Bishop of Cambrai

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This post tells the story of one extended family, a bishop who proved instrumental in sparking a chain reaction of holiness, his mentor, and another holy man whom that mentor ordained.  Each saint has his or her own feast day in the Roman Catholic calendar of saints, but I have chosen to assign them a common feast day and tell one large story, not sixteen smaller ones.

St. Austregisilus (died 624) was a courtier who became a monk at Lyon then an abbot at Lyon.  Then, in 612, he became Bishop of Bourges.  He mentored St. Amand (circa 584-675), a Frankish nobleman who, at age 20, rebelled against his family’s wishes and became a monk at Bourges.  St. Amand lived under the direction of St. Austregisilus, called a simple cell home, and ate bread and drank water for fifteen years.  Made a missionary bishop without a diocese in 628, St. Amand began his work in Ghent and expanded his work across Flanders (modern-day Belgium).  He experienced much success after a period of initial fruitless labor.  St. Amand supervised the founding of monasteries, including the first one in Flanders.  Bishop of Maastricht by 649, he left that see to continue his missionary work.

St. Austregisilus ordained St. Sulpicius II of Bourges (died January 17, 646), known for devoting his life to evangelism, good works (namely charitable works to aid the poor), and the study of the Bible.  Born into a Gallic noble family, St. Sulpicius II became chaplain to King Clotaire II (reigned 584-629) before succeeding St. Austregisilus as Bishop of Bourges (624-646).

St. Pepin of Landen (circa 580-February 27, 640) served as Mayor of the Merovingian palace under Dagobert I (from 623 to 629) and Sigebert III (from 639 to 640).  He had a reputation for offering wise counsel and providing good government.  After he died his wife St. Itta of Metz (592-652), on the advice of St. Amand, founded the abbey at Nivelles and became the abbess there.  Her daughter, St. Gertrude (626-March 17, 659), succeeded her as abbess.  St. Gertrude educated her cousin, St. Gudula (died between 680 and 714), a nun, at the Nivelles abbey.  St. Gudula‘s mother was St. Amalberga (died 690), who was either the niece or sister of St. Pepin of Landen.  (The sources disagree on the nature of the relationship between the two.)  Both St. Amalberga and her husband, Witger, chose to leave luxurious lives to devote their remaining days to God and monasticism.  St Gudula returned to her home after the death of St. Gertrude and devoted herself to prayer and good works.

Sources are vague as to the parentage of Sts. Itta of Metz, Modoald of Trier, and Severa of St. Gemma, but some point toward Arnaold (circa 560-circa 611), Bishop of Metz from 601 to 609/611.  His wife had been Oda, who died no later than 584.

St. Gertrude had three sainted siblings.  St. Begga of Andenne (615-December 17, 693) became a nun then an abbess after her husband died.  She founded seven churches and build a convent a Andenne, Flanders (now Belgium).  Her brother, St. Bavo of Ghent (622-659) abandoned a disorderly and undisciplined life, gave up his material wealth, and dedicated his life to God.  He became a missionary in France and Flanders before become a hermit and building an abbey at Ghent.  His other holy sister, St. Modesta of Trier (died 680), became abbess at Trier.  Her uncle, St. Modoald of Trier (died 640/645), Archbishop of Trier from 626, appointed her to that post.  He, a counselor to King Dagobert I, was brother of St. Itta of Metz and St. Severa of St. Gemma (died 680), abbess at St. Gemma Convent, Villeneuve.

St. Gudula was one of four sainted children of St. Amalberga and Witger.  St. Pharaildis (circa 650-circa 740) entered into a loveless marriage involuntarily.  She promised her body to God, not her abusive husband, and preserved her virginity during her lifetime.  St. Reineldis (630-circa 700), her sister, devoted herself to good works at Saintes.  Unfortunately, the Huns raided the city and martyred her.  Then there was St. Emerbertus (died 710), the Bishop of Cambrai.

Details about the lives of these holy men and women are mostly sketchy now, as I write these words in late 2011.  This fact does not surprise me, for I know that many (if not most) sources meet various unhappy fates over time.  So sometimes all we know about a saint is a name, a few dates (sometimes uncertain), some stories, and a reputation for holiness.  So be it.  At least we know that much.  How much will people know about us fourteen centuries hence?

Let us now praise famous men,

and our fathers in their generations.

The Lord apportioned to them great glory,

his majesty from the beginning.

There were those who ruled in their kingdoms,

and were men renowned for their power,

giving counsel by their understanding,

and proclaiming prophecies;

leaders of the people in their deliberations

and in understanding of learning for the people,

wise in their words of instruction;

those who composed musical tunes,

and set forth verses in writing;

rich men furnished with resources,

living peaceably in their habitations–

all these were honored in their generations,

and were the glory of their times.

There are some of them who have left a name,

so that men declare their praise.

And there are some who have no memorial,

who have perished as though they had not been born,

and so have their children after them.

But these were men of mercy,

whose righteous deeds have not been forgotten;

their prosperity will remain with their descendants ,

and their inheritance to their children’s children.

Their descendants stand by the covenants;

their children also, for their sake.

Their posterity will continue for ever,

and their glory will not be blotted out.

Their bodies were buried in peace,

and their name lives to all generations.

Peoples will declare their wisdom,

and the congregation proclaims their praise.

–Sirach (Ecclesiasticus) 44:1-15 (Revised Standard Version–Second Catholic Edition)

The sixteen saints whose common story I have told in this post constituted a network of holiness.  May our families and personal networks likewise be holy.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 28, 2011 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF KAMAHAMEHA AND EMMA, KING AND QUEEN OF HAWAII

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Lord God,

you have surrounded us with so great a cloud of witnesses.

Grant that we, encouraged by the example of your servants

Saint Pepin of Landen,

Saint Itta of Metz,

Saint Modoald of Trier,

Saint Severa of Saint Gemma,

Saint Gertrude of Nivelles,

Saint Begga of Andenne,

Saint Bavo of Ghent,

Saint Modesta of Trier,

Saint Amalberga of Mauberge,

Saint Gudula,

Saint Pharaildis,

Saint Reineldis of Saintes,

Saint Emerbertus of Cambrai,

Saint Amand,

Saint Austregisilus,

and Saint Sulpicius II of Bourges,

may persevere in the course that is set before us and,

at the last, share in your eternal joy with all the saints in light,

through Jesus Christ, our Savior and Lord,

who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit,

one God, now and forever.  Amen.

Micah 6:6-8

Psalm 9:1-10

1 Corinthians 1:26-31

Luke 6:20-23

–Adapted from Evangelical Lutheran Worship (2006), page 59

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Revised on November 14, 2016

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Feast of St. Anthony Mary Pucci (January 9)   Leave a comment

Above:  Viareggio in Tuscany, Italy, 1870

Image in the Public Domain

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SAINT ANTHONY MARY PUCCI (April 16, 1818-January 12, 1892)

Roman Catholic Priest

His feast transferred from January 12

Born into a peasant family in Poggiole di Vernio, Eustacchio Pucci joined the Servite order at age 18, taking the name Anthony Mary.  Ordained a priest in 1843, he became parish priest at Viareggio, where he spent the rest of his life–48 years.  (That is an impressive tenure!)  There the saint fulfilled his sacramental duties.  He also cared for the sick, the poor, and the aged.  He also demonstrated heroism during two epidemics and founded a children’s home.  St. Anthony Mary Pucci tended to the spiritual and material needs of people in his care; Jesus, I am sure, approved.

The Roman Catholic Church beatified him in 1952 and canonized him a decade later.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 28, 2011 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF KAMAHAMEHA AND EMMA, KING AND QUEEN OF HAWAII

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Heavenly Father, shepherd of your people,

we thank you for your servant Saint Anthony Mary Pucci,

who was faithful in the care and nurture of your flock.

We pray that, following his example and the teaching of his holy life,

we may by your grace attain our full maturity in Christ,

through the same Jesus Christ, our Savior and Lord,

who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit,

one God, now and forever.  Amen.

Ezekiel 34:11-16 or Acts 20:17-35

Psalm 84

1 Peter 5:1-4 or Ephesians 3:14-21

John 21:15-17 or Matthew 24:42-47

–Adapted from Evangelical Lutheran Worship (2006), page 60

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Revised on November 14, 2016

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Saints’ Days and Holy Days for January   Leave a comment

Snow in January

Image in the Public Domain

1 (EIGHTH DAY OF CHRISTMAS:  HOLY NAME OF JESUS)

  • World Day of Peace

2 (NINTH DAY OF CHRISTMAS: Johann Konrad Wilhelm Loehe, Bavarian Lutheran Minister and Coordinator of Domestic and Foreign Missions)

  • Narcissus, Argeus, and Marcellinus of Tomi, Roman Martyrs
  • Odilo of Cluny, Roman Catholic Abbot
  • Sabine Baring-Gould, Anglican Priest and Hymn Writer

3 (TENTH DAY OF CHRISTMAS: William Alfred Passavant, Sr., U.S. Lutheran Minister, Humanitarian, and Evangelist)

  • Edward Caswall, Roman Catholic Priest and Hymn Writer
  • Edward Perronet, British Methodist Preacher
  • Gladys Aylward, Missionary in China and Taiwan

4 (ELEVENTH DAY OF CHRISTMAS: Felix Manz, First Anabaptist Martyr)

  • Elizabeth Ann Seton, Foundress of the American Sisters of Charity
  • Gregory of Langres, Terticus of Langres, Gallus of Clermont, Gregory of Tours, Avitus I of Clermont, Magnericus of Trier, and Gaugericus, Roman Catholic Bishops
  • Johann Ludwig Freydt, German Moravian Composer and Educator

5 (TWELFTH DAY OF CHRISTMAS: John Nepomucene Neumann, Roman Catholic Bishop of Philadelphia)

  • Antonio Lotti, Roman Catholic Musician and Composer
  • Genoveva Torres Morales, Foundress of the Congregation of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Holy Angels
  • Margaret Mackay, Scottish Hymn Writer

6 (EPIPHANY OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST)

7 (François Fénelon, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Cambrai)

  • Aldric of Le Mans, Roman Catholic Bishop
  • Angelia of Foligno, Penitent and Humanitarian
  • Lucian of Antioch, Roman Catholic Martyr

8 (Thorfinn of Hamar, Roman Catholic Bishop)

  • Archangelo Corelli, Roman Catholic Musician and Composer
  • Harriet Bedell, Episcopal Deaconess and Missionary
  • Nicolaus Copernicus and Galileo Galilei, Scientists

9 (Pepin of Landen, Itta of Metz, Their Relations, Amand, Austregisilus, and Sulpicius II of Bourges, Faithful Christians Across Generational Lines)

  • Anthony Mary Pucci, Roman Catholic Priest
  • Julia Chester Emery, Upholder of Missions
  • Philip II of Moscow, Metropolitan of Moscow and All Russia, and Martyr

10 (Theodosius the Cenobiarch, Roman Catholic Monk)

  • Charles William Everest, Episcopal Priest and Hymn Writer
  • John the Good, Roman Catholic Bishop of Milan
  • William Gay Ballantine, U.S. Congregationalist Minister, Educator, Scholar, Poet, and Hymn Writer

11 (Mary Slessor, Scottish Presbyterian Missionary in West Africa)

  • George Fox, Founder of the Religious Society of Friends
  • Miep Gies, Righteous Gentile
  • Paulinus of Aquileia, Roman Catholic Patriarch

12 (Benedict Biscop, Roman Catholic Abbot of Wearmouth)

  • Aelred of Hexham, Roman Catholic Abbot of Rievaulx
  • Henry Alford, Dean of Canterbury
  • Samuel Preiswerk, Swiss Reformed Minister and Hymn Writer

13 (Hilary of Poitiers, Roman Catholic Bishop of Poitiers, “Athanasius of the West,” and Hymn Writer; mentor of Martin of Tours, Roman Catholic Bishop of Tours)

  • Christian Keimann, German Lutheran Hymn Writer
  • Kentigern (Mungo), Roman Catholic Bishop of Glasgow
  • Marguerite Bourgeoys, Foundress of the Sisters of Notre Dame

14 (Macrina the Elder, Her Family, and Gregory of Nanzianzus the Younger)

  • Christian Keimann, German Lutheran Hymn Writer
  • Civil Rights Martyrs and Activists
  • Kristen Kvamme, Norwegian-American Hymn Writer and Translator

15 (MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CIVIL RIGHTS LEADER AND MARTYR)

16 (Pachomius the Great, Founder of Christian Communal Monasticism)

  • Greville Phillimore, English Priest, Hymn Writer, and Hymn Translator
  • Richard Meux Benson, Anglican Priest and Cofounder of the Society of St. John the Evangelist; Charles Chapman Grafton, Episcopal Priest, Cofounder of the Society of St. John the Evangelist, and Bishop of Fond du Lac; and Charles Gore, Anglican Bishop of Worcester, Birmingham, and Oxford; Founder of the Community of the Resurrection; Theologian; and Advocate for Social Justice and World Peace
  • Roberto de Nobili, Roman Catholic Missionary in India

17 (Antony of Egypt, Roman Catholic Abbot and Father of Western Monasticism)

  • Berard and His Companions, Roman Catholic Martyrs in Morocco
  • Edmund Hamilton Sears, Unitarian Pastor and Hymn Writer
  • Rutherford Birchard Hayes, President of the United States of America

18-25 (WEEK OF PRAYER FOR CHRISTIAN UNITY)

18 (CONFESSION OF ST. PETER, APOSTLE)

19 (Sargent Shriver and Eunice Kennedy Shriver, Humanitarians)

  • Caesarius of Arles, Roman Catholic Bishop, and Caesaria of Arles, Roman Catholic Abbess
  • Henry Augustine Collins, Anglican then Roman Catholic Priest and Hymn Writer
  • Richard Rolle, English Roman Catholic Spiritual Writer

20 (Fabian, Bishop of Rome and Martyr)

  • Deicola and Gall, Roman Catholic Monks, and Othmar, Roman Catholic Abbot at St. Gallen
  • Euthymius the Great and Theoctistus, Roman Catholic Abbots
  • Harriet Auber, Anglican Hymn Writer

21 (Mirocles of Milan and Epiphanius of Pavia, Roman Catholic Bishops)

  • Alban Roe and Thomas Reynolds, Roman Catholic Priests and Martyrs
  • Gaspar del Bufalo, Founder of the Missionaries of the Precious Blood
  • John Yi Yon-on, Roman Catholic Catechist and Martyr in Korea

22 (Syncletica of Alexandria, Desert Mother)

  • Adelard of Corbie, Roman Catholic Monk
  • John Julian, Anglican Priest, Hymn Writer, and Hymnologist
  • Vincent Pallotti, Founder of the Pallotines

23 (John the Almsgiver, Roman Catholic Patriarch of Alexandria)

  • Caspar Neumann, German Lutheran Minister and Hymn Writer
  • Phillips Brooks, Episcopal Bishop of Massachusetts
  • Thomas A. Dooley, Physician and Humanitarian

24 (Ordination of Florence Li-Tim-Oi, First Female Priest in the Anglican Communion)

  • Angela Merici, Founder of the Company of St. Ursula
  • Martyrs of Podlasie, 1874
  • Suranus of Sora, Roman Catholic Abbot and Martyr

25 (CONVERSION OF ST. PAUL, APOSTLE)

26 (TIMOTHY, TITUS, AND SILAS, COWORKERS OF THE APOSTLE PAUL)

27 (Allen William Chatfield, Anglican Priest, Hymn Writer, and Translator)

  • Jerome, Paula of Rome, Eustochium, Blaesilla, Marcella, and Lea of Rome
  • John Cosin, Anglican Bishop of Cosin
  • William Jones, Anglican Priest and Musician

28 (Albert the Great and his pupil, Thomas Aquinas, Roman Catholic Theologians)

  • Charles Kingsley, Anglican Priest, Novelist, and Hymn Writer
  • Joseph Barnby, Anglican Church Musician and Composer
  • Richard Frederick Littledale, Anglican Priest and Translator of Hymns

29 (LYDIA, DORCAS, AND PHOEBE, COWORKERS OF THE APOSTLE PAUL)

30 (Lesslie Newbigin, Missionary and Theologian)

  • Bathildas, Queen of France
  • Frederick Oakeley, Anglican then Roman Catholic Priest
  • Genesius I of Clermont and Praejectus of Clermont, Roman Catholic Bishops, and Amarin, Roman Catholic Abbot

31 (Charles Frederick Mackenzie, Anglican Bishop of Central Africa)

  • Henry Twells, Anglican Priest and Hymn Writer
  • Mary Lundie Duncan, Scottish Presbyterian Hymn Writer
  • Menno Simons, Mennonite Leader


Lowercase boldface on a date with two or more commemorations indicates a primary feast.