Archive for the ‘March 30’ Category

Feast of Cordelia Cox (March 30)   Leave a comment

Above:  Refugee Camp, South Sudan, 2016

Image in the Public Domain

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CORDELIA COX (MARCH 30, 1901-MARCH 5, 1997)

U.S. Lutheran Social Worker, Educator, and Resettler of Refugees

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Circumsise your heart then and be obstinate no longer, for Yahweh your God is God of gods and Lord of lords, the great God, triumphant and terrible, free of favouritism, never to be bribed.  He it is who sees justice done for the orphan and the widow, who loves the stranger and gives him food and clothing.  (Love the stranger then, for you were once strangers in Egypt.)

–Deuteronomy 10:16-19, The New Jerusalem Bible (1985)

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Cordelia Cox‘s life constituted a faithful response to that moral standard.  She, daughter of a minister, devoted her life to serving God in vulnerable people.

Our saint, born on March 30, 1901, was a social worker.  She, educated at the College of William and Mary then at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, worked as a serial worker then, in 1941-1948, as Professor of Casework at the Richmond School for Social Work and Public Health (a forerunner of Virginia Commonwealth University).  From 1948 to 1957 Cox served as the Director of Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Services.  She, the first woman to lead a major Lutheran agency in the United States, presided over the resettlement of more than 57,000 refugees from Eastern Europe and the Baltic countries in the United States.  Then, in 1957-1961, Cox served as the Executive Secretary of the Lutheran Welfare Council of Metropolitan New York.  She, aged 60 years, retired from this position.

Cox spent much of her retirement in activities related to social work.  She, was a consultant to the Council on Social Work Education from 1961 to 1966.  Then, from 1966 to 1974, our saint consulted an undergraduate education for the United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.  Finally, from 1974 to 1976, Cox volunteered with the Peace Corps in Western Samoa.

Cox, aged 95 years, died in Richmond, Virginia, on March 5, 1997.

The divine commandment to provide proper care for the vulnerable, including refugees, remains timeless, even if politically inconvenient for many people much of the time.

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Compassionate God, your commandment to care for the vulnerable,

including widows, orphans, and refugees, challenges us.

May we, collectively and individually, along with Cordelia Cox,

welcome in Christ’s name and in his love the strangers you send to us and to whom you send us.

May we remember that whatever we do for them, we do for you.

In the Name of God:  Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.  Amen.

Deuteronomy 10:12-22

Psalm 41

James 2:22-25

Matthew 25:31-46

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

JANUARY 30, 2020 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF LESSLIE NEWBIGIN, ENGLISH REFORMED MISSIONARY AND THEOLOGIAN

THE FEAST OF SAINT BATHILDAS, QUEEN OF FRANCE

THE FEAST OF FREDERICK OAKELEY, ANGLICAN THEN ROMAN CATHOLIC PRIEST

THE FEAST OF SAINTS GENESIUS I OF CLERMONT AND PRAEJECTUS OF CLERMONT, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOPS; AND SAINT AMARIN, ROMAN CATHOLIC ABBOT

THE FEAST OF SAINT JACQUES BUNOL, FRENCH ROMAN CATHOLIC PRIEST AND MARTYR, 1945

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Feast of St. Julio Alvarez Mendoza (March 30)   4 comments

Above:  Flag of Mexico (1916-1934)

Image in the Public Domain

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SAINT JULIO ALVAREZ MENDOZA (DECEMBER 20, 1866-MARCH 30, 1927)

Mexican Roman Catholic Priest and Martyr, 1927

The suppression and oppression of religion in general and of the Roman Catholic Church, in particular, in Mexico, lasted from 1917 to 1944.  The roots of this policy were pre-revolutionary; the Roman Catholic hierarchy in Mexico had supported dictators.  (That is a recurring pattern around the world and over time.)  The Church was, therefore, politically suspect to the new regime, which had its own dictatorial tendencies.  The Mexican Revolution of 1917 instituted state control of religion.  The Church could not legally teach.  It could not legally comment on or lobby regarding any policy.  Religious orders and foreign clergymen were illegal.  Priests could neither vote nor hold public office.  Priests could not hold public office.  Priests could not legally wear clerical garb outside churches.  Tensions reached a new high during the Cristero War (1926-1929).

In recent decades the Roman Catholic Church has been adding Mexican martyrs (usually priests) from this period to its calendar of saints.

St. Julio Alvarez Mendoza was one of the martyred priests.  He, born on December 20, 1866, was a native of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.  Our saint, ordained to the priesthood in 1894, served as one place–Mechoacanejo, Jalisco.  He was a dutiful, dedicated parish priest.  Mendoza, not content to restrict his priestly duties to the spaces between church building walls, visited those who refused to attend Mass.  In the 1920s, when government oppression became more severe, our saint went underground.  He celebrated Masses away from the church building, for example.  The Mexican Army averted Mendoza in March 1927; the charge was being a priest.  Our saint, shot to death, received the crown of martyrdom on March 30, 1927.  Soldiers left his corpse amid garbage near the building of the parish church he had served as a shepherd.

Pope John Paul II declared Mendoza a Venerable then beatified him in 1992.  The same Supreme Pontiff canonized our saint in 2000.

Two wrongs do not make a right.  Supporting a dictatorship is wrong.  So is executing priests for being priests.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

JANUARY 29, 2020 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINTS LYDIA, DORCAS, AND PHOEBE, COWORKERS OF SAINT PAUL THE APOSTLE

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Almighty God, by whose grace and power your holy martyr Saint Julio Alvarez Mendoza

triumphed over suffering and was faithful even to death:

Grant us, who now remember him in thanksgiving,

to be so faithful in our witness to you in this world,

that we may receive with him the crown of life;

through Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns with

you and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

Sirach (Ecclesiasticus) 51:1-12

Psalm 116 or 116:1-8

Revelation 7:13-17

Luke 12:2-12

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 714

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Feast of the Confession of St. Martha of Bethany (March 8-April 11)   Leave a comment

Above:  Icon of the Raising of Lazarus

Image in the Public Domain

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A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days is one of my hobbies, not a calendar of observances with any force or a popular following.  It does, however, constitute a forum to which to propose proper additions to church calendars.

Much of the Western Church observes January 18 as the Feast of the Confession of St. Peter the Apostle, the rock upon which Christ built the Church.  (Just think, O reader; I used to be a Protestant boy!  My Catholic tendencies must be inherent.)  The celebration of that feast is appropriate.  The Church does not neglect St. Martha of Bethany, either.  In The Episcopal Church, for example, she shares a feast with her sister (St. Mary) and her brother (St. Lazarus) on July 29.

There is no Feast of the Confession of St. Martha of Bethany, corresponding to the Petrine feast, however.  That constitutes an omission.  I correct that omission somewhat here at my Ecumenical Calendar as of today.  I hereby define the Sunday immediately prior to Palm/Passion Sunday as the Feast of the Confession of St. Martha of Bethany.  The reason for the temporal definition is the chronology inside the Gospel of John.

This post rests primarily on John 11:20-27, St. Martha’s confession of faith in her friend, Jesus, as

the Messiah, the Son of God, the one who is coming into the world.

The combination of grief, confidence, and faith is striking.  It is one with which many people identify.  It is one that has become increasingly relevant in my life during the last few months, as I have dealt with two deaths.

Faith frequently shines brightly in the spiritual darkness and exists alongside grief.  Faith enables people to cope with their grief and helps them to see the path through the darkness.  We need to grieve, but we also need to move forward.  We will not move forward alone, for God is with us.  If we are fortunate, so are other people, as well as at least one pet.

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Loving God, who became incarnate as Jesus of Nazareth

and enjoyed the friendship of Saints Mary, Martha, and Lazarus of Bethany:

We thank you for the faith of St. Martha, who understood that

you were the Messiah, the Son of God, the one who was coming into the world.

May we confess with our lips and our lives our faith in you,

the Incarnate, crucified, and resurrected Son of God, and draw others to you;

In the Name of God:  Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.  Amen.

Jeremiah 8:18-23

Psalm 142

1 Corinthians 15:12-28

John 11:1-44

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

JANUARY 18, 2020 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF THE CONFESSION OF SAINT PETER THE APOSTLE

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Feast of St. Innocent of Alaska (March 30)   1 comment

innocent-of-alaska

Above:  St. Innocent of Alaska

Image Source = Library of Congress

Reproduction Number = LC-USZ62-132144

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IVAN EVSEYEVICH POPOV-VENIAMINOV (AUGUST 26, 1797-MARCH 31, 1879)

Equal to the Apostles and Enlightener of North America

Episcopal Church feast day = March 30

Russian Orthodox Church feast days = March 31, October 5, and October 6

St. Innocent, canonized in 1977, was a missionary and a bishop.  He, born at Anginskoye, Verkholensk District, Irkutsk Province, Russian Empire, on August 26, 1797, entered Irkutsk Theological Seminary, Irkutsk, in 1807.  Ten years later our saint became a deacon in the Russian Orthodox Church and the husband of Etaterina (died in 1839), daughter of a priest.  In 1818 he graduated and became a teacher in the parish school at the Church of the Annunciation, Irkutsk.  Three years later he became a priest.

alaska

Above:  Map of Alaska, 1951

Scanned from Hammond’s Complete World Atlas (1951)

Scan by Kenneth Randolph Taylor

In 1823 our saint volunteered to go to the Aleutian Islands as a missionary.  He, his wife, mother, brother, and infant son left Irkutsk on May 7, 1823, and arrived at the island of Unalaska on July 29, 1824.  For nearly 51 years Alaska was his posting.  He moved, settling at Sitka in 1834 and at Yakutsk in 1853.  Our saint founded churches, converted and baptized many people, mastered dialects and wrote texts about them, translated service books, the catechism, and parts of the Bible; and developed an Aleut alphabet.

alaska-2

Above:  A Detail:  The Aleutian Islands

Scan by Kenneth Randolph Taylor

1839 and 1840 were eventful years in the life of our saint.  In St. Petersburg, on Christmas Day (January 5), 1839, he became an archpriest.  Later that year his wife died while visiting Irkutsk.  He subsequently became a monk (taking the name Innocent), an archimandrite (a monk-priest), and the Bishop of Kamchatka and the Kuril Islands, with responsibilities in Alaska.  He returned to Sitka in 1841.  Nine years later St. Innocent became an archbishop.

alaska-3

Above:  A Detail:  Part of the Alaskan Panhandle

Scan by Kenneth Randolph Taylor

St. Innocent spent 1865-1879 in Russia.  In 1865 he joined the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church.  Two years later he became the Metropolitan of Moscow, the office he held until he died, aged 81 years, on March 31, 1879.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

FEBRUARY 8, 2017 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JOSEPHINA BAKHITA, ROMAN CATHOLIC NUN

THE FEAST OF SAINT JEROME EMILIANI, FOUNDER OF THE COMPANY OF THE SERVANTS OF THE POOR

THE FEAST OF SAINTS JOHN OF MALTA AND FELIX OF VALOIS, FOUNDERS OF THE ORDER OF THE MOST HOLY TRINITY

THE FEAST OF SAINT JOSEPHINA GABRIELLA BONINO, FOUNDRESS OF THE SISTERS OF THE HOLY FAMILY

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Holy Immortal One, you blessed your people by calling Innocent

from leading your Church in Russia to be an apostle and a light to the people of Alaska,

and to proclaim the dispensation and grace of God:

Guide our steps, that as he labored humbly in danger and hardship,

we may witness to the Gospel of Christ wherever we are led,

and serve you as gladly in privation as in power;

through Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns

with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, to the ages of ages.  Amen.

Isaiah 41:17-20

Psalm 148:7-13

Philippians 1:3-11

Mark 3:7-15

Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), page 297

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This is post #1500 of SUNDRY THOUGHTS.

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Feast of John Wright Buckham (March 30)   1 comment

John Wright Buckham

Above:  John Wright Buckham

Image in the Public Domain

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JOHN WRIGHT BUCKHAM (NOVEMBER 5, 1864-MARCH 30, 1945)

U.S. Congregationalist Minister, Theologian, and Hymn Writer

Hymns of John Wright Buckham appear in few hymnals these days.  That is unfortunate, for he poured theological substance and poetic skill into them.  Consider, O reader, “Hills of God, Break Forth in Singing” (1898), a Christmas hymn:

Hills of God, break forth in singing;

Winds, breathe balm on every shore;

Stars, your glittering gems far flinging,

Lead to Jesus evermore;

Whisper, pines, where tempests sweep;

Palms, by angels stirred from sleep,

Jesus comes, in love bend low.

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Vanish, warfare, from the nations;

Cease, all cries of pain and grief;

Hush, drear sighs and lamentations;

Jesus comes to bring relief.

Sing, O silent tongue of dumb;

Leap, O lame man, as the hart;

Joy to poor, to bruised, to bond!

Jesus comes to bear your part.

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Chant high praises, young man, maiden;

Age, your songs are not all sung;

Children, with glad hearts love-laden,

Sing the Child who makes all young:

Haste, O Messengers of peace,

Swift through all the wide world run,

Gladness speak, love, hope, release;

Joy! for Christ the Lord is come.

–Quoted in The Pilgrim Hymnal (1904)

O God, Above the Drifting Years” (1916), which Buckham wrote for the fiftieth anniversary of the Pacific Theological Seminary/Pacific School of Religion, Berkeley, California, is available at my GATHERED PRAYERS weblog.

Buckham was a scholar from an academic family.  The native of Burlington, Vermont, debuted on November 5, 1864.  His father was Matthew Henry Buckham, President of the University of Vermont from 1871 to 1910.  Our saint graduated from the University of Vermont (A.B., 1885) and from Andover Theological Seminary (1888).  The self-described practitioner of “Progressive Orthodoxy” accepted biblical criticism and sought to balance idealism and pragmatism in social ethics.  He strove not to make the perfect the enemy of the good.

Our saint, the middle of five children of Matthew Henry Buckham and Elizabeth Buckham, married Helen E. Willard (1866-1950) on January 1, 1889.  The household record of the Buckhams in the U.S. Census of 1900 indicated three children (aged 0-10 years old) and a servant.

Buckham, ordained a Congregationalist minister in 1888, served just two congregations–Second Church, Conway, New Hampshire (1888-1890), and Crombie Street Church, Salem, Massachusetts (1890-1903).  From 1903 to 1937 Buckham, who received an honorary degree from the University of Vermont in 1904, was Professor of Christian Theology at Pacific Theological Seminary, renamed the Pacific School of Religion from 1916.  He studied the philosophy of religion and wrote about it prolifically in many books and articles.  In 1914 he applied his depth of knowledge to the Nathaniel W. Taylor Lectures at Yale University.

Among Buckham’s many articles, I found the following at archive.org:

  1. The Return of the Truth in Mysticism” (1908);
  2. Monism, Pluralism, and Personalism” (1908);
  3. The Organization of Truth” (1909);
  4. Dualism or Duality” (1913);
  5. What is Fundamental?  An Irenicon” (1915);
  6. The Contribution of Professor Royce to Christian Thought” (1915);
  7. Good-Will Versus Non-Resistance” (1916);
  8. The Contribution of Professor Howison to Christian Thought” (1916);
  9. The Principles of Pacifism” (1916);
  10. The Heroisms of Peace” (1916);
  11. Luther’s Place in Modern Theology” (1917);
  12. The Pilgrim Tercenternary and the Theological Progress” (1918);
  13. The New England Theologians” (1920);
  14. American Theists” (1921);
  15. Mysticism and Personality” (1921); and
  16. Baron von Hugel:  Theologian and Philosopher” (1922).

Buckham also delivered an address included in Religious Progress on the Pacific Slope:  Addresses and Papers at the Celebration of the Semi-Centennial of the Pacific School of Religion, Berkeley, California (1917).

Our saint’s published books included the following volumes:

  1. Whence Cometh Help:  An Aid to Home and Individual Devotions (1902);
  2. The Salem Pilgrim:  His Book (1903);
  3. Christ and the Eternal Order (1906);
  4. Personality and the Christian Ideal:  A Discussion of Personality in the Light of Christianity (1908);
  5. John Knox McLean:  A Biography (1914);
  6. Mysticism and Modern Life (1915);
  7. Progressive Religious Thought in America:  A Survey of the Enlarging Pilgrim Faith (1919);
  8. Religion as Experience (1922);
  9. The Humanity of God:  An Interpretation of the Divine Fatherhood (1928); and
  10. Personality and Psychology (1936).

Buckham retired in 1937.  He died at Alameda, California, on March 30, 1945.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

DECEMBER 15, 2015 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF THOMAS BENSON POLLOCK, ANGLICAN PRIEST AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF HENRY FOTHERGILL CHORLEY, ENGLISH NOVELIST, PLAYWRIGHT, AND LITERARY AND MUSIC CRITIC

THE FEAST OF RALPH WARDLAW, SCOTTISH CONGREGATIONALIST MINISTER, HYMN WRITER, AND LITURGIST

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O God, you have endowed us with memory, reason, and skill.

We thank you for the faithful legacy of [John Wright Buckham and all others]

who have dedicated their lives to you and to the intellectual pursuits.

May we, like them, respect your gift of intelligence fully and to your glory.

In the Name of God:  Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.  Amen.

Deuteronomy 6:4-9

Psalm 103

Philippians 4:8-9

Mark 12:28-34

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

MARCH 6, 2013 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT CHRODEGANG OF METZ, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP

THE FEAST OF EDMUND KING, ANGLICAN BISHOP OF LINCOLN

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This is post #1400 of SUNDRY THOUGHTS.

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Feast of John Marriott (March 30)   Leave a comment

Flag of England

Above:  Flag of England

Image in the Public Domain

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JOHN MARRIOTT (SEPTEMBER 11, 1780-MARCH 31, 1825)

Anglican Priest and Hymn Writer

John Marriott, educated at Oxford, joined the ranks of Anglican priests in 1804.  For four years he tutored Lord George Scott, brother of the Duke of Buccleuch. Then Marriott served churches at Exeter and Broadhurst from 1808 until the end of his life.  Unfortunately for the saint, at the end of his life, he suffered from what James Moffatt, author of the 1927 companion volume to the Scottish Presbyterian Church Hymnary, called

ossification of the brain.

–page 422

Marriott wrote hymns yet was too humble to publish them or to allow publication of them during his lifetime.  Among these hymns was  “Thou, Whose Almighty Word” (1813), which debuted in print in the June 1825 issue of The Evangelical Magazine, the first public singing having occurred at the May 12, 1825, meeting of the London Missionary Society, just six weeks after his death.

Thou, whose almighty word

Chaos and darkness heard,

And took their flight;

Hear us, we humbly pray,

And, where the Gospel day

Sheds not its glorious ray,

Let there be light!

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Thou, who didst come to bring

On thy redeeming wing

Healing and sight,

Health to the sick in mind,

Sight to the inly blind,

O now, to all mankind,

Let there be light!

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Spirit of truth and love,

Life-giving, holy Dove,

Speed forth thy flight!

Move on the water’s face,

Bearing the gifts of grace,

And, in earth’s darkest place,

Let there be light!

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Holy and blessed Three,

Glorious Trinity,

Wisdom, love, might;

Boundless as ocean’s tide,

Rolling in fullest pride,

Through the world, far and wide,

Let there be light!

Marriott may have been humble regarding his gifts, but they were impressive.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

JANUARY 30, 2013 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF FREDERICK OAKELEY,  ANGLICAN THEN ROMAN CATHOLIC PRIEST

THE FEAST OF SAINT BATHILDAS, QUEEN OF FRANCE

THE FEAST OF CHARLES I OF ENGLAND AND SCOTLAND, KING AND MARTYR

THE FEAST OF LESSLIE NEWBIGIN, UNITED REFORMED THEOLOGIAN

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Almighty God, beautiful in majesty, majestic in holiness:

You have shown us the splendor of creation in the work of your servant John Marriott.

Teach us to drive from this world all chaos and disorder,

that our eyes may behold your glory,

and that at last everyone may know the inexhaustible richness of your new creation

in Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit,

one God, now and forever.  Amen.

Isaiah 28:5-6 or Hosea 14:5-8 or 2 Chronicles 20:20-21

Psalm 96

Philippians 4:8-9 or Ephesians 5:18b-20

Matthew 13:44-52

–Adapted from Evangelical Lutheran Worship (2006), page 61

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Revised on December 24, 2016

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Saints’ Days and Holy Days for March   Leave a comment

Daffodil

Image Source = Bertil Videt

1 (Anna of Oxenhall and Her Faithful Descendants, Wenna the Queen, Non, Samson of Dol, Cybi, and David of Wales)

  • Edwin Hodder, English Biographer, Devotional Writer, and Hymn Writer
  • George Wishart, Scottish Calvinist Reformer and Martyr, 1546; and Walter Milne, Scottish Protestant Martyr, 1558
  • Jean-Pierre de Caussade, French Roman Catholic Priest and Spiritual Director
  • Roger Lefort, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Bourges

2 (Shabbaz Bhatti and Other Christian Martyrs of the Islamic World)

  • Aidan of Lindisfarne, Celtic Missionary Bishop; Caelin, Celtic Priest; Cedd of Lastingham, Celtic and Roman Catholic Priest, Bishop of Essex, and Abbot of Lastingham; Cynibil of Lastingham, Celtic and Roman Catholic Priest and Monk; Chad of Mercia, Celtic and Roman Catholic Priest, Abbot of Lastingham, Bishop of York/the Northumbrians and of Lichfield/the Mercians and the Lindsey People; Vitalian, Bishop of Rome; Adrian of Canterbury, Roman Catholic Abbot of Saints Peter and Paul, Canterbury; Theodore of Tarsus, Roman Catholic Monk and Archbishop of Canterbury; and Cuthbert of Lindisfarne, Celtic and Roman Catholic Monk, Hermit, Priest, and Bishop of Lindisfarne
  • Daniel March, Sr., U.S. Congregationalist and Presbyterian Minister, Poet, Hymn Writer, and Liturgist
  • John Stuart Blackie, Scottish Presbyterian Scholar, Linguist, Poet, Theologian, and Hymn Writer
  • Ludmilla of Bohemia, Duchess of Bohemia, and Martyr, 921; her grandson, Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia, and Martyr, 929; Agnes of Prague, Bohemian Princess and Nun; pen pal of Clare of Assisi, Foundress of the Poor Clares; sister of Agnes of Assisi, Abbess at Monticelli; daughter of Hortulana of Assisi, Poor Clare Nun

3 (Katharine Drexel, Foundress of the Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament)

  • Antonio Francesco Marzorati, Johannes Laurentius Weiss, and Michele Pro Fasoli, Franscican Missionary Priests and Martyrs in Ethiopia, 1716
  • Gervinus, Roman Catholic Abbot and Scholar
  • Henry Elias Fries, U.S. Moravian Industrialist; and his wife, Rosa Elvira Fries, U.S. Moravian Musician
  • Teresa Eustochio Verzeri, Foundress of the Institute of the Sacred Heart of Jesus

4 (Charles Simeon, Anglican Priest and Promoter of Missions; Henry Martyn, Anglican Priest, Linguist, Translator, and Missionary; and Abdul Masih, Indian Convert and Missionary)

  • Henry Suso, German Roman Catholic Mystic, Preacher, and Spiritual Writer
  • John Edgar Park, U.S. Presbyterian then Congregationalist Minister and Hymn Writer
  • Paul Cuffee, U.S. Presbyterian Missionary to the Shinnecock Nation
  • Thomas Hornblower Gill, English Unitarian then Anglican Hymn Writer

5 (Karl Rahner, Jesuit Priest and Theologian)

  • Ambrose Phillipps de Lisle, English Roman Catholic Convert, Spiritual Writer, and Translator of Spiritual Writings; Founder of Mount Saint Bernard Abbey
  • Christopher Macassoli of Vigevano, Franciscan Priest
  • Eusebius of Cremona, Roman Catholic Abbot and Humanitarian
  • Ion Costist, Franciscan Lay Brother

6 (Martin Niemoller, German Lutheran Minister and Peace Activist)

  • Chrodegang of Metz, Roman Catholic Bishop
  • Jordan of Pisa, Dominican Evangelist
  • William Bright, Anglican Canon, Scholar, and Hymn Writer

7 (James Hewitt McGown, Humanitarian)

  • Drausinus and Ansericus, Roman Catholic Bishops of Soissons; Vindician, Roman Catholic Bishop of Cambrai; and Leodegarius, Roman Catholic Bishop of Autun
  • Edward Osler, English Doctor, Editor, and Poet
  • Maria Antonia de Paz y Figueroa, Foundress of the Daughters of the Divine Savior
  • Perpetua, Felicity, and Their Companions, Martyrs at Carthage, 203

8 (Edward King, Bishop of Lincoln)

  • Fred B. Craddock, U.S. Disciples of Christ Minister, Biblical Scholar, and Renowned Preacher
  • Geoffrey Studdert Kennedy, Anglican Priest and Hymn Writer
  • John Hampden Gurney, Anglican Priest and Hymn Writer
  • John of God, Founder of the Brothers Hospitallers of Saint John of God

9 (Harriet Tubman, U.S. Abolitionist)

  • Emanuel Cronenwett, U.S. Lutheran Minister, Hymn Writer, and Hymn Translator
  • Frances of Rome, Foundress of the Collatines
  • Johann Pachelbel, German Lutheran Organist and Composer
  • Sophronius of Jerusalem, Roman Catholic Patriarch

10 (Marie-Joseph Lagrange, Roman Catholic Priest and Biblical Scholar)

  • Agripinnus of Autun, Roman Catholic Bishop; Germanus of Paris, Roman Catholic Bishop; and Droctoveus of Autun, Roman Catholic Abbot
  • Folliot Sandford Pierpoint, Anglican Educator, Poet, and Hymn Writer
  • John Oglivie, Scottish Roman Catholic Priest and Martyr, 1615
  • Macarius of Jerusalem, Roman Catholic Bishop

11 (John Swertner, Dutch-German Moravian Minister, Hymn Writer, Hymn Translator, and Hymnal Editor; and his collaborator, John Mueller, German-English Moravian Minister, Hymn Writer, and Hymnal Editor)

  • Aengus the Culdee, Hermit and Monk; and Maelruan, Abbot
  • Eulogius of Spain, Roman Catholic Bishop of Toledo, Cordoba; and Leocrita; Roman Catholic Martyrs, 859
  • Francis Wayland, U.S. Baptist Minister, Educator, and Social Reformer
  • Pal Prennushi, Albanian Roman Catholic Priest and Martyr, 1948

12 (Trasilla and Emiliana; their sister-in-law, Sylvia of Rome; and her son, Gregory I “the Great,” Bishop of Rome)

  • John H. Caldwell, U.S. Methodist Minister and Social Reformer
  • Maximillian of Treveste, Roman Conscientious Objector and Martyr, 295
  • Rutilio Grande, Roman Catholic Priest and Martyr, 1977
  • Theophanes the Chroncler, Defender of Icons

13 (Yves Congar, Roman Catholic Priest and Theologian)

  • Heldrad, Roman Catholic Abbot
  • James Theodore Holly, Episcopal Bishop of Haiti, and the Dominican Republic; First African-American Bishop in The Episcopal Church
  • Plato of Symboleon and Theodore Studites, Eastern Orthodox Abbots; and Nicephorus of Constantinople, Patriarch
  • Roderic of Cabra and Solomon of Cordoba, Roman Catholic Martyrs, 857

14 (Fannie Lou Hamer, Prophet of Freedom)

  • Albert Lister Peace, Organist in England and Scotland
  • Harriet King Osgood Munger, U.S. Congregationalist Hymn Writer
  • Nehemiah Goreh, Indian Anglican Priest and Theologian
  • Vincenzina Cusmano, Superior of the Sisters Servants of the Poor; and her brother, Giacomo Cusmano, Founder of the Sisters Servants of the Poor and the Missionary Servants of the Poor

15 (Zachary of Rome, Bishop of Rome)

  • Jan Adalbert Balicki and Ladislaus Findysz, Roman Catholic Priests in Poland
  • Ozora Stearns Davis, U.S. Congregationalist Minister, Theologian, and Hymn Writer
  • Vethappan Solomon, Apostle to the Nicobar Islands

16 (Adalbald of Ostevant, Rictrudis of Marchiennes, and Their Relations)

  • Abraham Kidunaia, Roman Catholic Hermit; and Mary of Edessa, Roman Catholic Anchoress
  • John Cacciafronte, Roman Catholic Monk, Abbot, Bishop, and Martyr, 1183
  • Megingaud of Wurzburg, Roman Catholic Monk and Bishop
  • Thomas Wyatt Turner, U.S. Roman Catholic Scientist, Educator, and Civil Rights Activist; Founder of Federated Colored Catholics

17 (Patrick, Apostle of Ireland)

  • Ebenezer Elliott, “The Corn Law Rhymer”
  • Henry Scott Holland, Anglican Hymn Writer and Priest
  • Jan Sarkander, Silesian Roman Catholic Priest and “Martyr of the Confessional,” 1620
  • Maria Barbara Maix, Foundress of the Congregation of the Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary

18 (Leonides of Alexandria, Roman Catholic Martyr, 202; Origen, Roman Catholic Theologian; Demetrius of Alexandria, Roman Catholic Bishop; and Alexander of Jerusalem, Roman Catholic Bishop)

  • Cyril of Jerusalem, Bishop, Theologian, and Liturgist
  • Eliza Sibbald Alderson, Poet and Hymn Writer; and John Bacchus Dykes, Anglican Priest and Hymn Writer
  • Paul of Cyprus, Eastern Orthodox Martyr, 760
  • Robert Walmsley, English Congregationalist Hymn Writer

19 (JOSEPH OF NAZARETH, HUSBAND OF MARY, MOTHER OF GOD)

20 (Sebastian Castellio, Prophet of Religious Liberty)

  • Christopher Wordsworth, Hymn Writer and Anglican Bishop of Lincoln
  • Ellen Gates Starr, U.S. Episcopalian then Roman Catholic Social Activist and Reformer
  • Maria Josefa Sancho de Guerra, Foundress of the Congregation of the Servants of Jesus
  • Samuel Rodigast, German Lutheran Academic and Hymn Writer

21 (Johann Sebastian Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, and Johann Christian Bach, Composers)

  • John S. Stamm, Bishop of The Evangelical Church then the Evangelical United Brethren Church
  • Nicholas of Flüe and his grandson, Conrad Scheuber, Swiss Hermits
  • Serapion of Thmuis, Roman Catholic Bishop
  • Umphrey Lee, U.S. Methodist Minister and President of Southern Methodist University

22 (Deogratias, Roman Catholic Bishop of Carthage)

  • Emmanuel Mournier, Personalist Philosopher
  • James De Koven, Episcopal Priest
  • Thomas Hughes, British Social Reformer and Member of Parliament
  • William Edward Hickson, English Music Educator and Social Reformer

23 (Gregory the Illuminator and Isaac the Great, Patriarchs of Armenia)

  • Meister Eckhart, Roman Catholic Theologian and Mystic
  • Metodej Dominik Trčka, Roman Catholic Priest and Martyr, 1959
  • Victorian of Hadrumetum, Martyr at Carthage, 484
  • Walter of Pontoise, French Roman Catholic Abbot and Ecclesiastical Reformer

24 (Oscar Romero, Roman Catholic Archbishop of San Salvador; and the Martyrs of El Salvador, 1980-1992)

  • Didacus Joseph of Cadiz, Capuchin Friar
  • Paul Couturier, Apostle of Christian Unity
  • Thomas Attwood, “Father of Modern Church Music”
  • William Leddra, British Quaker Martyr in Boston, Massachusetts Bay Colony, 1661

25 (ANNUNCIATION OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST)

  • Dismas, Penitent Bandit

26 (Margaret Clitherow, English Roman Catholic Martyr, 1586)

  • Flannery O’Connor, U.S. Roman Catholic Writer
  • George Rundle Prynne, Anglican Priest, Poet, and Hymn Writer
  • James Rendel Harris, Anglo-American Congregationalist then Quaker Biblical Scholar and Orientalist; Robert Lubbock Bensly, English Biblical Translator and Orientalist; Agnes Smith Lewis and Margaret Dunlop Smith Gibson, English Biblical Scholars and Linguists; Samuel Savage Lewis, Anglican Priest and Librarian of Corpus Christi College; and James Young Gibson, Scottish United Presbyterian Minister and Literary Translator
  • Ludger, Roman Catholic Bishop of Munster

27 (Charles Henry Brent, Episcopal Missionary Bishop of the Philippines, Bishop of Western New York, and Ecumenist)

  • Nicholas Owen, Thomas Garnet, Mark Barkworth, Edward Oldcorne, and Ralph Ashley, Roman Catholic Martyrs, 1601-1608
  • Robert Hall Baynes, Anglican Bishop of Madagascar
  • Rupert of Salzburg, Apostle of Bavaria and Austria
  • Stanley Rother, U.S. Roman Catholic Priest, Missionary, and Martyr in Guatemala, 1981

28 (James Solomon Russell, Episcopal Priest, Educator, and Advocate for Racial Equality)

  • Guntram of Burgundy, King
  • Katharine Lee Bates, U.S. Educator, Poet, and Hymn Writer
  • Richard Chevenix Trench, Anglican Archbishop of Dublin
  • Tutilo, Roman Catholic Monk and Composer

29 (Charles Villiers Stanford, Composer, Organist, and Conductor)

  • Dora Greenwell, Poet and Devotional Writer
  • John Keble, Anglican Priest and Poet
  • Jonas and Barachisius, Roman Catholic Martyrs, 327

30 (Innocent of Alaska, Equal to the Apostles and Enlightener of North America)

  • Cordelia Cox, U.S. Lutheran Social Worker, Educator, and Resettler of Refugees
  • John Marriott, Anglican Priest and Hymn Writer
  • John Wright Buckham, U.S. Congregationalist Minister, Theologian, and Hymn Writer
  • Julio Alvarez Mendoza, Mexican Roman Catholic Priest and Martyr, 1927

31 (Maria Skobtsova, Russian Orthodox Martyr, 1945)

  • Ernest Trice Thompson, U.S. Presbyterian Minister and Renewer of the Church
  • Franz Joseph Haydn and his brother, Michael Haydn, Composers
  • Joan of Toulouse, Carmelite Nun; and Simon Stock, Carmelite Friar
  • John Donne, Anglican Priest and Poet

 

Floating

  • The Confession of Saint Martha of Bethany (the Sunday immediately prior to Palm Sunday; March 8-April 11)

 

Lowercase boldface on a date with two or more commemorations indicates a primary feast.