Archive for the ‘October 17’ Category

Feast of Charles Gounod (October 17)   Leave a comment

Above:  Charles Gounod

Image in the Public Domain

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CHARLES FRANÇOIS GOUNOD (JUNE 17, 1818-OCTOBER 18, 1893)

French Roman Catholic Composer

Charles Gounod glorified God via music.

Our saint, born in Paris, France, on June 17, 1818, grew up in an artistic and devout family.  His father, François Gounod, was a painter.  Charles’s mother, Lemachois Victoire, was a pianist.  Gounod studied philosophy before matriculating at the Paris Conservatory in 1836.  He continued his musical studies in Rome and Vienna.  Early compositions included Ferdinand, an oratorio that won the Grand Prix de Rome in 1839; a Mass (1842); and the Requiem (1843).

Gounod, back in Paris, continued to work as a musician and a composer.  He served as the organist and choirmaster at the Church of Foreign Missions.  Our saint studied for the priesthood in 1846-1847, but decided to focus on music instead.  From 1852 to 1860 he was the conductor of the Orphéon Choral Society in Paris.

Gounod left the country during the Franco-Prussian War.  He, in London during 1870-1875, founded the Royal Choir Society.  Our saint, back in France, became an officer of the Legion of Honor in 1880.

Gounod, aged 75 years, died in St. Cloud, France, on October 18, 1893.

He left a fine musical legacy consisting of operas, cantatas, masses, incidental music, songs, works for pianoforte, and other secular and sacred works.  In the realm of sacred music our saint’s masterworks included the St. Cecilia Mass (1855), his setting of the Ave Maria (1859), and the Requiem in C (1893).

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

DECEMBER 12, 2018 COMMON ERA

THE ELEVENTH DAY OF ADVENT, YEAR C

THE FEAST OF SAINT JANE FRANCES DE CHANTAL, FOUNDRESS OF THE CONGREGATION OF THE VISITATION

THE FEAST OF ALICIA DOMON AND HER COMPANIONS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYRS IN ARGENTINA

THE FEAST OF SAINTS BARTHOLOMEW BUONPEDONI AND VIVALDUS, MINISTERS AMONG LEPERS

THE FEAST OF SAINT LUDWIK BARTOSIK, ROMAN CATHOLIC PRIEST AND MARTYR

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Almighty God, beautiful in majesty, majestic in holiness:

You have shown us the splendor of creation in the work of your servant Charles Gounod.

Teach us to drive from the world all chaos and disorder, that our eyes may behold your glory,

and that at last everyone may know the inexhaustible richness of your new creation in Jesus Christ our Lord,

who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.  Amen.

Isaiah 28:5-6 or Hosea 14:5-8 or 2 Chronicles 20:20-21

Psalm 96

Philippians 4:8-9 or Ephesians 5:18b-20

Matthew 13:44-52

–Adapted from Evangelical Lutheran Worship (2006), 61

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Feast of Birgitte Katerine Boye (October 17)   1 comment

Copenhagen 1807

Above:  A Map of Copenhagen, 1807

Image in the Public Domain

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BIRGITTE KATERINE JOHANSEN HERTZ BOYE (MARCH 7, 1742-OCTOBER 17, 1824)

Danish Lutheran Poet, Playwright, Hymn Translator, and Hymn Writer

Birgitte Katerine Johansen, born in Gentofte, Denmark, on March 7, 1742, was the eldest of seven children of Jens Johansen, who was in the royal service, and Dorotea Henriksdatter.  In 1763 our saint married Herman Hertz (1734-1775), the newly appointed forester of the Vordingborg district.  The couple had four children in five years.  Birgitte still found time to study German, French, and English, mastering the written forms of those languages and enjoying literature in them.  She also began to compose and translate hymns.

Our saint contributed 124 original hymns and 24 translations to what became A Hymnal, or a Collection of Old and New Hymns, for the Honor of God and the Edification of His Church (1778), or Guldberg’s Hymnal, a project of Bishop Ludwig Harboe and Ove Guldberg, secretary to Crown Prince Frederik, later King Frederik VI (reigned 1808-1839).  The purpose of Guldberg’s Hymnal was to replace The Ordained New Church Hymnbook (1699), or Kingo’s Hymnbook.  The hymnal of 1778, like Erik Pontoppidan‘s Den nye Psalmebog (1740) and Bishop Balle’s Evangelisk-Kristelig Salmebog (1797), failed to replace Kingo’s Hymnbook.  Guldberg’s Hymnbook did, however, introduce many fine hymns to Danish Lutherans.

Our saint began to submit original and translated texts to Guldberg’s Hymnbook in 1773.  During the preparation of that hymnal the Crown eliminated Herman Hertz’s forestry position, harming the family’s finances.  Birgitte wrote to Bishop Harboe, who spoke to Guldberg, who interceded with Crown Prince Frederik, who paid for the education of the Hertzes’ sons for a few years.  And, after Herman Hertz died in 1775, the Crown Prince supported the family financially for three years, until Birgitte married Hans Boye (1745-1815), a customs inspector and judicial advisor in Copenhagen.

Birgitte was also a poet and a playwright.  She composed nationalistic poems, and performances of many of her plays occurred at royal events.  Her translations of Psalms 1-89 debuted in three volumes from 1781 to 1785.  To many English-speaking Christians, however, her hymns have proven most famous among her works.  The Service Book and Hymnal (1958) includes the following translation (by Fred C. M. Hanson, 1888-1965) of an Easter hymn:

Our Lord is risen from the dead,

And rays of glory crown his head,

New hope has come to mortals.

O sing, our King now is risen!

Come and listen

To the story,

Christ the Lord is risen in glory!

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He rose in power to smite his foes,

He lives to free us from our woes

And open heaven’s portals.

O sing, our King now is risen!

Come and listen

To the story,

Christ the Lord is risen in glory!

The Lutheran Hymnal (1941) offers the following Christmas text, in an English translation by Carl Doving (1867-1937) from 1911:

Rejoice, rejoice, this happy morn,

A Savior unto us is born,

The Christ, the Lord of Glory.

His lowly birth in Bethlehem

The angels from on high proclaim

And sing redemption’s story.

My soul, extol God’s great favor,

Bless Him ever

For salvation,

Give Him praise and adoration.

Our saint died at Copenhagen, Denmark, on October 17, 1824.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

MAY 13, 2015 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT SYLVESTER II, BISHOP OF ROME

THE FEAST OF ISAAC WILLIAMS, WELSH ANGLICAN PRIEST, SCHOLAR, AND HYMN WRITER

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Dear God of beauty,

you have granted literary ability and spiritual sensitivity to

Birgitte Katerine Boye and others, who have composed and translated hymn texts.

May we, as you guide us,

find worthy hymn texts to be icons,

through which we see you.

In the Name of God:  Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.  Amen.

Sirach/Ecclesiasticus 44:1-3a, 5-15

Psalm 147

Revelation 5:11-14

Luke 2:8-20

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

APRIL 20, 2013 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINTS AMATOR OF AUXERRE AND GERMANUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOPS; SAINT MAMERTINUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC ABBOT; AND SAINT MARCIAN OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC MONK

THE FEAST OF JOHANNES BUGENHAGEN, GERMAN LUTHERAN PASTOR

THE FEAST OF SAINT MARCELLINUS OF EMBRUN, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP

THE FEAST OF OLAVUS AND LAURENTIUS PETRI, RENEWERS OF THE CHURCH

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Feast of John Bowring (October 17)   1 comment

John Bowring Portrait

Above:  Sir John Bowring, by John King

Image in the Public Domain

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SIR JOHN BOWRING (OCTOBER 17, 1792-NOVEMBER 23, 1872)

English Unitarian Hymn Writer, Social Reformer, and Philanthropist

An epitaph says much about a person.  There are funny ones, such as

I TOLD YOU I WAS SICK!

And there are serious epitaphs, such as that of Sir John Bowring:

IN THE CROSS OF CHRIST I GLORY

(the title of perhaps his most famous hymn).

Armin Haeussler, author of The Story of Our Hymns (1952), the companion volume to the 1941 Hymnal of the Evangelical and Reformed Church, opened his biography of Bowring this way on page 560:

Few People in human history have ever equalled or surpassed Sir John Bowring in versatility or endowment and immense achievement.  Historians consider him one of the most brilliant men of all time.  He was a statesman, political economist, linguist, historian, philanthropist, financier, biographer, naturalist, poet, publicist, in short, a veritable genius.

Bowring, born at Exeter, England, on October 17, 1792, grew up a Congregationalist and a son of a wool merchant.  Our saint learned the family business, which entailed commerce with Spain and China.  Bowring left school at age fourteen to help his father.  Unlike many dropouts, however, our saint excelled afterward.  At sixteen years of age he had become proficient in Dutch, German, Portuguese, Spanish, and Italian.  During his adulthood Bowring become fluent in one hundred languages and studied twice as many.  His collected works, which filled thirty-six volumes, included English translations from twenty-two languages and dialects as well as a book in Spanish about the African slave trade.

Our saint was a political radical.  In his time and place this meant that he:

  1. supported Catholic Emancipation,
  2. favored the separation of church and state,
  3. called for the abolition of slavery,
  4. supported prison reform,
  5. opposed the death penalty,
  6. favored equal rights for women, and
  7. called for the repeal of the Corn Laws.

As Our Hymnody:  A Manual of The Methodist Hymnal, Second Editon (1937), said of Bowring on page 106:

It has been said that he was on the side of everything good and true.

Bowring, the Editor of the radical Westminster Review (starting in 1825), and a Member of Parliament (1835-1837 and 1841-1849), knew that the Corn Laws were economically unjust.  They forbade the importation of inexpensive food, thereby favoring landed elite interests and placing staples of the diet (such as bread) out of reach for poor people.  The Anti-Corn Law League formed to oppose the law and riots occurred.  Sometimes authorities killed protesters–men, women, and children–who sought affordable and good food.  Finally, in 1846, the British Parliament repealed the Corn Laws to prevent more starvation in Ireland during the potato famine.

Our saint’s friend and political partner was Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832), whose collected works he published in eleven volumes.  Bowring also edited Deontology: or, the Science of Morality:  in which the Harmony and Co-incidence of Duty and Self-Interest, Virtue and Felicity, Prudence and Benevolence, are Explained and Exemplified from the MSS. of Jeremy Bentham (1834) in two volumes:  I and II.

Bowring’s literary output spanned a wide range of topics and included these books:

  1. Specimens of the Russian Poets; with Preliminary Remarks and Biographical Notices (1822);
  2. Details of the Arrest, Imprisonment and Liberation of an Englishman by the Bourbon Government of France (1823);
  3. Matins and Vespers with Hymns  and Occasional Devotional Pieces(1823);
  4. Ancient Poetry and Romances of Spain (1824)
  5. Some Account of the State of Prisons in Spain and Portugal (1824);
  6. Batavian Anthology: or, Specimens of the Dutch Poets; with Remarks on the Political Literature and Language of the Netherlands, to the End of the Seventeenth Century (1824);
  7. Hymns (1825);
  8. Specimens of the Polish Poets; with Notes and Observations on the Literature of Poland (1827);
  9. Servian Popular Poetry (1827);
  10. Sketch of the Language and Literature of Holland (1829);
  11. Poetry of the Magyars, Preceded by a Sketch of the Language and Literature of Hungary and Transylvania (1830);
  12. Cheskian Anthology:  Being a History of the Political Literature of Bohemia, with Translated Specimens (1832);
  13. Minor Morals for Young People Illustrated in Tales and Travels (1834)–Volumes I, II, and III;
  14. The Commercial Relations Between England and France (1836);
  15. The Decimal System in Numbers, Coins, and Accounts:  Especially with Reference to the Decimalisation of the Currency and Accountancy of the United Kingdom (1854);
  16. The Kingdom and People of Siam; with a Narrative of the Mission to That Country in 1855 (1857);
  17. A Visit to the Philippine Islands (1859); and
  18. The Flowery Scroll:  A Chinese Novel (1868).

There were also posthumous tributes and collections:

  1. A Memorial Volume of Sacred Poetry by the Late Sir John Bowring; to which is Prefaced a Memoir of the Author by Lady Bowring (1873); and
  2. Autobiographical Recollections of Sir John Bowring; with a Brief Memoir by Lewin B. Bowring (1877).

Bowring, married to Maria Lewin since 1816, entered the foreign service in 1849, becoming the British Consul at Canton.  Along the course of his diplomatic career Queen Victoria knighted him (in 1854) and he served as Plenipotentiary to China and as Governor of Hong Kong.  Maria died in China because someone had poisoned her with arsenic.  Thus ended a marriage of forty-two years.  Our saint remarried in 1860, becoming the husband of Deborah Castle.  His diplomatic career continued with appointments to places such as Siam and Italy.  He also negotiated many treaties around the world.  Bowring’s main occupation at the end of his life, however, was philanthropy.

The hymns, other than “In the Cross of Christ I Glory,” of our saint included the following:

  1. Father and Friend!  Thy Light, Thy Love;”
  2. Watchman, Tell Us of the Night;”
  3. God is Love; His Mercy Brightens;”
  4. Upon the Gospel’s Sacred Page;” and
  5. How Sweetly Flowed the Gospel’s Sound.”

Bowring was a Unitarian who held that Christ is “all that we know of God.”  That love of God of which Bowring wrote became evident in his life.

He died at Exeter, England, on November 23, 1872.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

JULY 18, 2014 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF ARTHUR PENRHYN STANLEY, ANGLICAN DEAN OF WESTMINSTER AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF BARTHOLOME DE LAS CASAS, WITNESS FOR SOCIAL JUSTICE

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Almighty God, whose prophets taught us righteousness in the care of your poor:

By the guidance of your Holy Spirit,

grant that we may do justice, love mercy, and walk humbly in your sight;

through Jesus Christ, our Judge and Redeemer,

who lives and reigns with you and the same Spirit, one God, now and for ever.  Amen.

Isaiah 55:11-56:1

Psalm 2:1-2, 10-12

Acts 14:14-17, 21-23

Mark 4:21-29

Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), page 736

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Saints’ Days and Holy Days for October   1 comment

Calendula

Image Source = Alvesgaspar

1 (Anthony Ashley Cooper, Lord Shaftesbury, British Humanitarian and Social Reformer)

  • Marie-Joseph Aubert, Foundress of the Daughters of Our Lady of Compassion
  • Romanus the Melodist, Deacon and Hymnodist
  • Thérèse of Lisieux, Roman Catholic Nun and Mystic

2 (Ralph W. Sockman, U.S. United Methodist Minister)

  • Carl Doving, Norwegian-American Lutheran Minister and Hymn Translator
  • James Allen, English Inghamite then Glasite/Sandemanian Hymn Writer; and his great-nephew, Oswald Allen, English Glasite/Sandemanian Hymn Writer
  • Petrus Herbert, German Moravian Bishop and Hymnodist

3 (George Kennedy Allen Bell, Anglican Bishop of Chichester)

  • Alberto Ramento, Prime Bishop of the Philippine Independent Church
  • Gerard of Brogne, Roman Catholic Abbot
  • John Raleigh Mott, U.S. Methodist Lay Evangelist, and Ecumenical Pioneer

4 (Francis of Assisi, Founder of the Order of Friars Minor)

  • William Scarlett, Episcopal Bishop of Missouri, and Advocate for Social Justice

5 (David Nitschmann, Sr., “Father Nitschmann,” Moravian Missionary; Melchior Nitschmann, Moravian Missionary and Martyr; Johann Nitschmann, Jr., Moravian Missionary and Bishop; Anna Nitschman, Moravian Eldress; and David Nitschmann, Missionary and First Bishop of the Renewed Moravian Church)

  • Cyriacus Schneegass, German Lutheran Minister, Musician, and Hymn Writer
  • Francis Xavier Seelos, German-American Roman Catholic Priest
  • Harry Emerson Fosdick, U. S. Northern Baptist Minister and Opponent of Fundamentalism

6 (George Edward Lynch Cotton, Anglican Bishop of Calcutta)

  • Heinrich Albert, German Lutheran Composer and Poet
  • John Ernest Bode, Anglican Priest, Poet, and Hymn Writer
  • William Tyndale, English Reformer, Bible Translator, and Martyr; and Miles Coverdale, English Reformer, Bible Translator, and Bishop of Exeter

7 (Wilhelm Wexels, Norwegian Lutheran Minister, Hymn Writer, and Hymn Translator; his niece, Marie Wexelsen, Norwegian Lutheran Novelist and Hymn Writer; Ludwig Lindeman, Norwegian Lutheran Organist and Musicologist; and Magnus Landstad, Norwegian Lutheran Minister, Folklorist, Hymn Writer, and Hymnal Editor)

  • Bradford Torrey, U.S. Ornithologist and Hymn Writer
  • Johann Gottfried Weber, German Moravian Musician, Composer, and Minister
  • John Woolman, Quaker Abolitionist

8 (Erik Routley, English Congregationalist Hymnodist)

  • Abraham Ritter, U.S. Moravian Merchant, Historian, Musician, and Composer
  • Richard Whately, Anglican Archbishop of Dublin, Ireland
  • William Dwight Porter Bliss, Episcopal Priest; and Richard Theodore Ely, Economists

9 (Denis, Bishop of Paris, and His Companions, Roman Catholic Martyrs)

  • John Leonardi, Founder of the Clerks Regular of the Mother of God of Lucca; and Joseph Calasanctius, Founder of the Clerks Regular of Religious Schools
  • Robert Grosseteste, English Roman Catholic Scholar, Philosopher, and Bishop of Lincoln
  • Wilfred Thomason Grenfell, Medical Missionary to Newfoundland and Labrador

10 (Johann Nitschmann, Sr., Moravian Missionary and Bishop; David Nitschmann, Jr., the Syndic, Moravian Missionary and Bishop; and David Nitschmann, the Martyr, Moravian Missionary and Martyr)

  • Christian Ludwig Brau, Norwegian Moravian Teacher and Poet
  • Edward White Benson, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • Louis FitzGerald Benson, U.S. Presbyterian Minister and Hymnodist

11 (PHILIP THE EVANGELIST, DEACON)

12 (Martin Dober, Moravian Bishop and Hymn Writer; Johann Leonhard Dober, Moravian Missionary and Bishop; and Anna Schindler Dober, Moravian Missionary and Hymn Writer)

  • Cecil Frances Alexander, Irish Anglican Hymn Writer
  • Edith Cavell, English Nurse and Martyr, 1915
  • Nectarius of Constantinople, Archbishop

13 (Christian David, Moravian Missionary)

  • Claus Westermann, German Lutheran Minister and Biblical Translator
  • Herbert G. May, U.S. Biblical Scholar and Translator
  • Vincent Taylor, British Methodist Minister and Biblical Scholar

14 (Callixtus I, Anterus, and Pontian, Bishops of Rome; and Hippolytus, Antipope)

  • Roman Lysko, Ukrainian Greek Catholic Priest and Martyr, 1949
  • Samuel Isaac Joseph Schereschewsky, Episcopal Bishop of Shanghai, and Biblical Translator
  • Thomas Hansen Kingo, Danish Lutheran Bishop, Hymn Writer, and “Poet of Eastertide”

15 (Teresa of Avila, Spanish Roman Catholic Nun, Mystic, and Reformer)

16 (Albert E. R. Brauer, Australian Lutheran Minister and Hymn Translator)

  • Augustine Thevarparampil, Indian Roman Catholic Priest and “Good Shepherd of the Dalits”
  • Gaspar Contarini, Italian Roman Catholic Cardinal and Agent of Reconciliation
  • Hedwig of Andechs, Roman Catholic Princess and Nun; and her daughter, Gertrude of Trzebnica, Roman Catholic Abbess

17 (Charles Gounod, French Roman Catholic Composer)

  • Birgitte Katerine Boye, Danish Lutheran Poet, Playwright, Hymn Translator, and Hymn Writer
  • John Bowring, English Unitarian Hymn Writer, Social Reformer, and Philanthropist

18 (LUKE THE EVANGELIST, PHYSICIAN)

19 (Jerzy Popieluszko, Polish Roman Catholic Priest and Martyr, 1984)

  • Claudia Frances Ibotson Hernaman, Anglican Hymn Writer and Translator
  • Paul of the Cross, Founder of the Congregation of Discaled Clerks of the Most Holy Cross and Passion

20 (Philip Schaff and John Williamson Nevin, U.S. German Reformed Historians, Theologians, and Liturgists)

  • Friedrich Funcke, German Lutheran Minister, Composer, and Hymn Writer
  • Mary A. Lathbury, U.S. Methodist Hymn Writer
  • Pavel Chesnokov, Russian Orthodox Composer

21 (George McGovern, U.S. Senator and Stateman; and his wife, Eleanor McGovern, Humanitarian)

  • David Moritz Michael, German-American Moravian Musician and Composer
  • James W. C. Pennington, African-American Congregationalist and Presbyterian Minister, Educator, and Abolitionist
  • Laura of Saint Catherine of Siena, Foundress of the Works of the Indians and the Congregation of Missionary Sisters of Immaculate Mary and of Saint Catherine of Siena

22 (Frederick Pratt Green, British Methodist Minister, Poet, and Hymn Writer)

  • Emily Huntington Miller, U.S. Methodist Author and Hymn Writer
  • Katharina von Schlegal, German Lutheran Hymn Writer
  • Paul Tillich, German-American Lutheran Theologian

23 (JAMES OF JERUSALEM, BROTHER OF JESUS)

24 (Rosa Parks, African-American Civil Rights Activist)

  • Fritz Eichenberg, German-American Quaker Wood Engraver
  • Henry Clay Shuttleworth, Anglican Priest and Hymn Writer

25 (Philipp Nicolai, German Lutheran Minister and Hymn Writer)

  • Proclus, Archbishop of Constantinople; and Rusticus, Bishop of Narbonne

26 (Alfred the Great, King of the West Saxons)

  • Arthur Campbell Ainger, English Educator, Scholar, and Hymn Writer
  • Francis Pott, Anglican Priest and Hymn Writer and Translator
  • Henry Stanley Oakeley, Composer

27 (James A. Walsh and Thomas Price, Cofounders of the Maryknoll Fathers and Brothers; and Mary Josephine Rogers, Foundress of the Maryknoll Sisters of Saint Dominic)

  • Aedesius, Priest and Missionary; and Frumentius, First Bishop of Axum and Abuna of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church
  • Dmitry Bortniansky, Russian Orthodox Composer
  • Harry Webb Farrington, U.S. Methodist Minister and Hymn Writer

28 (SIMON AND JUDE, APOSTLES AND MARTYRS)

29 (James Hannington, Anglican Bishop of Eastern Equatorial Africa; and His Companions, Martyrs)

  • Bartholomaus Helder, German Lutheran Minister, Composer, and Hymn Writer
  • Joseph Grigg, English Presbyterian Minister and Hymn Writer
  • Paul Manz, Dean of Lutheran Church Music

30 (Hugh O’Flaherty, “Scarlet Pimperel of the Vatican”)

  • Marcellus the Centurion and Cassian of Tangiers, Roman Catholic Martyrs, 298
  • Oleksa Zarytsky, Ukrainian Greek Catholic Priest and Martyr, 1963
  • Walter John Mathams, British Baptist then Presbyterian Minister, Author, and Hymn Writer

31 (Reformation Day)

  • Daniel C. Roberts, Episcopal Priest and Hymn Writer
  • Gerhard Von Rad, German Lutheran Biblical Scholar
  • Paul Shinji Sasaki, Anglican Bishop of Mid-Japan, Bishop of Tokyo, and Primate of Nippon Sei Ko Kei; and Philip Lendel Tsen, Anglican Bishop of Honan and Presiding Bishop of Chung Hua Sheng Kung Hui

 

Lowercase boldface on a date with two or more commemorations indicates a primary feast.