Archive for the ‘October 30’ Category

Feast of Blessed Oleksa Zarytsky (October 30)   2 comments

Above:  Blessed Oleksa Zarytsky

Image in the Public Domain

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BLESSED OLEKSA ZARYTSKY (OCTOBER 17, 1912-OCTOBER 30, 1963)

Ukrainian Greek Catholic Priest and Martyr, 1963

Blessed Oleksa Zarytsky became a martyr for Christ at the hands of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.  He, born in the Ukraine, the part of the Russian Empire, on October 17, 1912, matriculated at the seminary in Lviv in 1931.  Our saint, ordained to the priesthood in 1936, first became a prisoner for the first time in 1948; he received a sentence of ten years of forced labor.  Zarytsky, released in 1957, was free for a few years.  He, arrested again and sentenced to three years of hard labor, died at the labor camp in Kazakhstan on October 30, 1963.  The causes of death were gastritis and complications from high blood pressure, results of the conditions of incarceration.

Pope John Paul II declared Zarytsky a Venerable then a Blessed in 2001.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

DECEMBER 17, 2018 COMMON ERA

THE SIXTEENTH DAY OF ADVENT, YEAR C

THE FEAST OF WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON, ABOLITIONIST AND FEMINIST; AND MARIA STEWART, ABOLITIONIST, FEMINIST, AND EDUCATOR

THE FEAST OF EGLANTYNE JEBB AND DOROTHY BUXTON, FOUNDERS OF SAVE THE CHILDREN

THE FEAST OF FRANK MASON NORTH, U.S. METHODIST MINISTER

THE FEAST OF MARY CORNELIA BISHOP GATES, U.S. DUTCH REFORMED HYMN WRITER

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Almighty God, by whose grace and power your holy martyr Blessed Oleksa Zarytsky

triumphed over suffering and was faithful even to death:

Grant us, who now remember him in thanksgiving,

to be so faithful in our witness to you in this world,

that we may receive with him the crown of life;

through Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns with you

and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

Sirach (Ecclesiasticus) 51:1-12

Psalm 116 or 116:1-8

Revelation 7:13-17

Luke 12:2-12

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 714

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Feast of Sts. Marcellus the Centurion and Cassian of Tangiers (October 30)   Leave a comment

Above:  Part of the Roman Province of Africa

Image in the Public Domain

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SAINT MARCELLUS THE CENTURION

Also known as Saint Marcellus of Tangiers

His feast = October 30

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SAINT CASSIAN OF TANGIERS

His feast transferred from December 3

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MARTYRS AT TANGIERS, 298

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The Roman Emperor Diocletian (reigned 284-305) established the Tetrarchy in 293.  The Tetrarchy was his temporary solution to the persistent solution to the problem of Roman imperial succession, frequently accomplished via military coups d’état.  Diocletian divided the Roman Empire into two parts–east and west.  He established himself as the Augustus of the East and appointed Maximian as the Augustus of the West.  Diocletian was the senior Augustus; Maximian answered to him.  Each of the Augustii had a Caesar, or vice emperor, with the right of succession to the post of Augustus.  The Tetrarchy eventually devolved into civil wars, resolved when Constantine I “the Great” became the sole emperor in 325.

In 298, on the occasion of the birthday of one of the emperors (probably Diocletian), St. Marcellus, a centurion, refused to participate in a pagan offering at Tangiers (now in Morocco).  He made a profession of Christian faith instead.  At the end of the ensuing trial, he received the sentence of death.  The stenographer at the trial was St. Cassian, who made his public profession of faith then went to his martyrdom, also.

St. Marcellus is the patron of conscientious objectors.

St. Cassian is the patron saint of stenographers.

Stories of such martyrs have strengthened the faith of Christians for thousands of years.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

DECEMBER 17, 2018 COMMON ERA

THE SIXTEENTH DAY OF ADVENT, YEAR C

THE FEAST OF WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON, ABOLITIONIST AND FEMINIST; AND MARIA STEWART, ABOLITIONIST, FEMINIST, AND EDUCATOR

THE FEAST OF EGLANTYNE JEBB AND DOROTHY BUXTON, FOUNDERS OF SAVE THE CHILDREN

THE FEAST OF FRANK MASON NORTH, U.S. METHODIST MINISTER

THE FEAST OF MARY CORNELIA BISHOP GATES, U.S. DUTCH REFORMED HYMN WRITER

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Jesus our Redeemer, you gave your life to ransom us;

you have also called us to drink your cup and undergo your baptism.

Thank you for the witness of Saints Marcellus the Centurion and Cassian of Tangiers;

may we have faith and resolution too.  Amen.

2 Chronicles 24:17-21

Psalm 3 or 116

Hebrews 11:32-40

Matthew 10:16-22

–Adapted from A New Zealand Prayer Book (1989), 680-681

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Feast of Hugh O’Flaherty (October 30)   2 comments

Vatican Flag

Above:  The Flag of Vatican City

Image in the Public Domain

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HUGH O’FLAHERTY (FEBRUARY 28, 1898-OCTOBER 30, 1963)

The “Scarlet Pimpernel of the Vatican”

Whoever destroys a soul, it is considered as if he destroyed  an entire world.  And whoever saves one life, it is considered as if he saved an entire world.

–Mishnah Sanhedrin 4:9

Sometimes acting in a merely decent manner proves to be dangerous, even potentially deadly for one.  Doing the right thing remains important and becomes courageous in such circumstances.  From the lives of heroes who acted merely decently we who look back upon their times can derive invaluable lessons about loving our neighbors as ourselves.

The saint and hero du jour is Monsignor Hugh O’Flaherty.  He, born at Cahersiveen, Ireland, on February 28, 1898, grew up toward the end of the struggle to establish the Republic of Ireland (founded in 1922).  Political realities, including the killing of friends by pro-British partisans, caused our saint to have a negative opinion of the British for a long time.  His mother was Margaret O’Flaherty, a homemaker.  Our saint’s father was James O’Flaherty, steward at a golf club.  Young Hugh, who grew up at Killarney, became a skilled golfer, but his vocation was with the Church.  Thus he entered Mungret College, a Jesuit school, in 1918, to train and study to become a missionary priest.

O’Flaherty became a priest in 1925 and a monsignor nine years later, but never a missionary.  No, diplomacy beckoned, given his doctorates and his fluency in languages.  This change of direction proved vital to the great work he performed in the 1940s.  Our saint served in diplomatic roles for the Roman Catholic Church in Egypt, Haiti, Santo Domingo, and Czechoslovakia before transferring to the Vatican in 1938.  Thus it came to pass that, with the start of the European Theater of World War II in 1939 (the Second Sino-Japanese War, which became the Pacific Theater of World War II, had been in progress for years), the Vatican assigned him to serve as the translator for the Papal Nuncio to Italy.  This work brought O’Flaherty into contact with Allied prisoners of war, including British ones.  He had no difficulty siding with the Allies (even the British) against the Axis Powers, for, as he liked to say,

God has no country.

Our saint ensured that Allied prisoners of war received blankets, Red Cross packages, and proper clothing.  He used Vatican Radio to send messages from these prisoners to their families back home.  And O’Flaherty protested conditions in some POW facilities, prompting the Italian government to ask the Church to reassign him.

Thus O’Flaherty found himself in a position to lead a network of volunteers, safe houses, and church buildings for the purpose of saving thousands of lives.  He was responsible for saving the lives of an estimated 6,500 people–prisoners of war, anti-Fascist and anti-Nazi dissidents, and Jews (about 1,700 of them), of course.  Our saint risked his life to conduct this work.  He had to travel in disguise, for Pietro Koch, the leader of the Italian Fascist police, and Lieutenant Colonel Herbert Kappler, the head of the Gestapo in Nazi-occupied Rome (September 1943-June 1944), sought to kill him or to have him killed on sight outside the safety of Vatican City, a sovereign state.

O’Flaherty, a humble man who disliked attention showered upon him, received postwar honors from foreign governments.  The Italian government gave him a pension, which he declined.  Canada and France honored him.  O’Flaherty became a Commander of the British Empire and received the United States Medal of Freedom.

Kappler’s fate and the postwar relationship he and O’Flaherty spoke of the possibility of repentance and redemption.  Allied forces arrested the former Gestapo leader in 1945.  In 1947 a court sentenced him to life imprisonment.  O’Flaherty visited him in prison and befriended him.  The two men discussed topics such as literature and religion.  And, in 1959, our saint converted Kappler to Roman Catholicism.

O’Flaherty, about to become the Papal Nuncio to Tanzania, suffered a stroke in 1960.  Thus he left the Vatican for his native Ireland, moving into the home of one of his sisters at Cahersiveen.  There our saint died on October 30, 1963.  Fifty years later, at Killarney, the Hugh O’Flaherty Memorial opened, complete with one of his quotes,

God has no country.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

MAY 24, 2015 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF PENTECOST

THE FEAST OF IDA SCUDDER, REFORMED CHURCH IN AMERICA MEDICAL MISSIONARY IN INDIA

THE FEAST OF JACKSON KEMPER, EPISCOPAL BISHOP OF WISCONSIN

THE FEAST OF MOTHER EDITH, FOUNDER OF THE COMMUNITY OF THE SACRED NAME

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Almighty God, whose prophets taught us righteousness in the care of your poor:

By the guidance of your Holy Spirit, grant that we may

do justice, love mercy, and walk humbly in your sight,

through Jesus Christ, our Judge and Redeemer,

who lives and reigns with you and the same Spirit,

one God, now and for ever.  Amen.

Isaiah 55:11-56:1

Psalm 2:1-2, 10-12

Acts 14:14-17, 21-23

Mark 4:21-29

Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), page 736

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Feast of Walter John Mathams (October 30)   1 comment

08875v

Above:  General View, Swanage, Dorset, England, Between 1890 and 1900

Image Source = Library of Congress

Reproduction Number = LC-DIG-ppmsc-08875

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WALTER JOHN MATHAMS (OCTOBER 30, 1853-JANUARY 29, 1931)

British Baptist then Presbyterian Minister, Author, and Hymn Writer

Walter John Mathams led an interesting life.  He, born in London, England, on October 20, 1853, spent part of his early life at sea.  During one voyage he found himself shipwrecked and forced into the Brazilian Army during Brazil’s war with Paraguay (1864-1870).  Our saint did arrive back home safely, though.

Mathams spent part of his life as a Baptist minister.  In 1874 he commenced his studies at Regent’s Park Baptist College, Oxford.  For a few years he served a church at Preston, Lancashire, but bad health forced him to leave for Australia in 1879.  There he also served in the ministerial capacity.  Our saint returned to the British Isles, assuming a pastorate at Falkirk, Scotland, in 1883.  Five years later he transferred to Birmingham, England.

From 1900 to 1931 Mathams was a Presbyterian.  He served in Egypt as a chaplain in the Royal Army (1903-1906); as associate minister at Stronsay, Orkney (1906-1909); and as pastor at St. Columba’s Church, Mallaig, Inverness (1909-1919).  He retired to Roslin, Scotland.  After our saint’s wife, Alexa Jane Mathams, died, however, he relocated to Swanage, Dorset, England, where he died on January 29, 1931.

Mathams survived his son, Robert, who died in 1924 of World War I-related injuries.  Our saint did live long enough, however, to know his granddaughter, Anne Muirhead Mathams (1913-2011), an educator and advocate for those with physical disabilities.

Our saint wrote books and hymns.  His books included:

  1. At Jesu’s Feet (1876), a collection of hymns;
  2. Fireside Parables (1879);
  3. Rough Sermons;
  4. Jack Ahoy;
  5. Comrades All;
  6. Maxim Shots for Soldiers;
  7. A Bowl of the Golden Chants;
  8. Maxims for Boys; and
  9. Sunday Parables (1883).

Hymntime.com lists eighteen hymns Mathams wrote.  I have added three of these to my GATHERED PRAYERS weblog:

  1. Christ of the Upward Way;”
  2. Jesus, Friend of Little Children” (1882, for the Baptist Psalms and Hymns for School and Home); and
  3. Now in the Days of Youth” (debuted in Worship and Song, 1913, yet existed for years before that).

Hymntime.com also provides the words to two other hymns:

  1. God is With Us” (1896); and
  2. Stand Fast for Christ Thy Saviour!” (1913).

Mathams was involved in the Sailors’ Society (1818), an ecumenical ministry to seafarers.  This made sense, due to his maritime past.  In fact, he founded the Ladies’ Guild thereof.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

JULY 24, 2014 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF THOMAS A KEMPIS, SPIRITUAL WRITER

THE FEAST OF SAINTS JOHN BOSTE, GEORGE SWALLOWELL, AND JOHN INGRAM, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYRS

THE FEAST OF JOHN NEWTON, ANGLICAN PRIEST AND HYMN WRITER

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Dear God of beauty,

you have granted literary ability and spiritual sensitivity to

Walter John Mathams and others, who have composed hymn texts.

May we, as you guide us,

find worthy hymn texts to be icons,

through which we see you.

In the Name of God:  Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.  Amen.

Sirach/Ecclesiasticus 44:1-3a, 5-15

Psalm 147

Revelation 5:11-14

Luke 2:8-20

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

APRIL 20, 2013 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINTS AMATOR OF AUXERRE AND GERMANUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOPS; SAINT MAMERTINUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC ABBOT; AND SAINT MARCIAN OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC MONK

THE FEAST OF JOHANNES BUGENHAGEN, GERMAN LUTHERAN PASTOR

THE FEAST OF SAINT MARCELLINUS OF EMBRUN, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP

THE FEAST OF OLAVUS AND LAURENTIUS PETRI, RENEWERS OF THE CHURCH

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Saints’ Days and Holy Days for October   1 comment

Calendula

Image Source = Alvesgaspar

1 (Anthony Ashley Cooper, Lord Shaftesbury, British Humanitarian and Social Reformer)

  • Marie-Joseph Aubert, Foundress of the Daughters of Our Lady of Compassion
  • Romanus the Melodist, Deacon and Hymnodist
  • Thérèse of Lisieux, Roman Catholic Nun and Mystic

2 (Ralph W. Sockman, U.S. United Methodist Minister)

  • Carl Doving, Norwegian-American Lutheran Minister and Hymn Translator
  • James Allen, English Inghamite then Glasite/Sandemanian Hymn Writer; and his great-nephew, Oswald Allen, English Glasite/Sandemanian Hymn Writer
  • Petrus Herbert, German Moravian Bishop and Hymnodist

3 (George Kennedy Allen Bell, Anglican Bishop of Chichester)

  • Alberto Ramento, Prime Bishop of the Philippine Independent Church
  • Gerard of Brogne, Roman Catholic Abbot
  • John Raleigh Mott, U.S. Methodist Lay Evangelist, and Ecumenical Pioneer

4 (Francis of Assisi, Founder of the Order of Friars Minor)

  • William Scarlett, Episcopal Bishop of Missouri, and Advocate for Social Justice

5 (David Nitschmann, Sr., “Father Nitschmann,” Moravian Missionary; Melchior Nitschmann, Moravian Missionary and Martyr; Johann Nitschmann, Jr., Moravian Missionary and Bishop; Anna Nitschman, Moravian Eldress; and David Nitschmann, Missionary and First Bishop of the Renewed Moravian Church)

  • Cyriacus Schneegass, German Lutheran Minister, Musician, and Hymn Writer
  • Francis Xavier Seelos, German-American Roman Catholic Priest
  • Harry Emerson Fosdick, U. S. Northern Baptist Minister and Opponent of Fundamentalism

6 (George Edward Lynch Cotton, Anglican Bishop of Calcutta)

  • Heinrich Albert, German Lutheran Composer and Poet
  • John Ernest Bode, Anglican Priest, Poet, and Hymn Writer
  • William Tyndale, English Reformer, Bible Translator, and Martyr; and Miles Coverdale, English Reformer, Bible Translator, and Bishop of Exeter

7 (Wilhelm Wexels, Norwegian Lutheran Minister, Hymn Writer, and Hymn Translator; his niece, Marie Wexelsen, Norwegian Lutheran Novelist and Hymn Writer; Ludwig Lindeman, Norwegian Lutheran Organist and Musicologist; and Magnus Landstad, Norwegian Lutheran Minister, Folklorist, Hymn Writer, and Hymnal Editor)

  • Bradford Torrey, U.S. Ornithologist and Hymn Writer
  • Johann Gottfried Weber, German Moravian Musician, Composer, and Minister
  • John Woolman, Quaker Abolitionist

8 (Erik Routley, English Congregationalist Hymnodist)

  • Abraham Ritter, U.S. Moravian Merchant, Historian, Musician, and Composer
  • Richard Whately, Anglican Archbishop of Dublin, Ireland
  • William Dwight Porter Bliss, Episcopal Priest; and Richard Theodore Ely, Economists

9 (Denis, Bishop of Paris, and His Companions, Roman Catholic Martyrs)

  • John Leonardi, Founder of the Clerks Regular of the Mother of God of Lucca; and Joseph Calasanctius, Founder of the Clerks Regular of Religious Schools
  • Robert Grosseteste, English Roman Catholic Scholar, Philosopher, and Bishop of Lincoln
  • Wilfred Thomason Grenfell, Medical Missionary to Newfoundland and Labrador

10 (Johann Nitschmann, Sr., Moravian Missionary and Bishop; David Nitschmann, Jr., the Syndic, Moravian Missionary and Bishop; and David Nitschmann, the Martyr, Moravian Missionary and Martyr)

  • Christian Ludwig Brau, Norwegian Moravian Teacher and Poet
  • Edward White Benson, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • Louis FitzGerald Benson, U.S. Presbyterian Minister and Hymnodist

11 (PHILIP THE EVANGELIST, DEACON)

12 (Martin Dober, Moravian Bishop and Hymn Writer; Johann Leonhard Dober, Moravian Missionary and Bishop; and Anna Schindler Dober, Moravian Missionary and Hymn Writer)

  • Cecil Frances Alexander, Irish Anglican Hymn Writer
  • Edith Cavell, English Nurse and Martyr, 1915
  • Nectarius of Constantinople, Archbishop

13 (Christian David, Moravian Missionary)

  • Claus Westermann, German Lutheran Minister and Biblical Translator
  • Herbert G. May, U.S. Biblical Scholar and Translator
  • Vincent Taylor, British Methodist Minister and Biblical Scholar

14 (Callixtus I, Anterus, and Pontian, Bishops of Rome; and Hippolytus, Antipope)

  • Roman Lysko, Ukrainian Greek Catholic Priest and Martyr, 1949
  • Samuel Isaac Joseph Schereschewsky, Episcopal Bishop of Shanghai, and Biblical Translator
  • Thomas Hansen Kingo, Danish Lutheran Bishop, Hymn Writer, and “Poet of Eastertide”

15 (Teresa of Avila, Spanish Roman Catholic Nun, Mystic, and Reformer)

16 (Albert E. R. Brauer, Australian Lutheran Minister and Hymn Translator)

  • Augustine Thevarparampil, Indian Roman Catholic Priest and “Good Shepherd of the Dalits”
  • Gaspar Contarini, Italian Roman Catholic Cardinal and Agent of Reconciliation
  • Hedwig of Andechs, Roman Catholic Princess and Nun; and her daughter, Gertrude of Trzebnica, Roman Catholic Abbess

17 (Charles Gounod, French Roman Catholic Composer)

  • Birgitte Katerine Boye, Danish Lutheran Poet, Playwright, Hymn Translator, and Hymn Writer
  • John Bowring, English Unitarian Hymn Writer, Social Reformer, and Philanthropist

18 (LUKE THE EVANGELIST, PHYSICIAN)

19 (Jerzy Popieluszko, Polish Roman Catholic Priest and Martyr, 1984)

  • Claudia Frances Ibotson Hernaman, Anglican Hymn Writer and Translator
  • Paul of the Cross, Founder of the Congregation of Discaled Clerks of the Most Holy Cross and Passion

20 (Philip Schaff and John Williamson Nevin, U.S. German Reformed Historians, Theologians, and Liturgists)

  • Friedrich Funcke, German Lutheran Minister, Composer, and Hymn Writer
  • Mary A. Lathbury, U.S. Methodist Hymn Writer
  • Pavel Chesnokov, Russian Orthodox Composer

21 (George McGovern, U.S. Senator and Stateman; and his wife, Eleanor McGovern, Humanitarian)

  • David Moritz Michael, German-American Moravian Musician and Composer
  • James W. C. Pennington, African-American Congregationalist and Presbyterian Minister, Educator, and Abolitionist
  • Laura of Saint Catherine of Siena, Foundress of the Works of the Indians and the Congregation of Missionary Sisters of Immaculate Mary and of Saint Catherine of Siena

22 (Frederick Pratt Green, British Methodist Minister, Poet, and Hymn Writer)

  • Emily Huntington Miller, U.S. Methodist Author and Hymn Writer
  • Katharina von Schlegal, German Lutheran Hymn Writer
  • Paul Tillich, German-American Lutheran Theologian

23 (JAMES OF JERUSALEM, BROTHER OF JESUS)

24 (Rosa Parks, African-American Civil Rights Activist)

  • Fritz Eichenberg, German-American Quaker Wood Engraver
  • Henry Clay Shuttleworth, Anglican Priest and Hymn Writer

25 (Philipp Nicolai, German Lutheran Minister and Hymn Writer)

  • Proclus, Archbishop of Constantinople; and Rusticus, Bishop of Narbonne

26 (Alfred the Great, King of the West Saxons)

  • Arthur Campbell Ainger, English Educator, Scholar, and Hymn Writer
  • Francis Pott, Anglican Priest and Hymn Writer and Translator
  • Henry Stanley Oakeley, Composer

27 (James A. Walsh and Thomas Price, Cofounders of the Maryknoll Fathers and Brothers; and Mary Josephine Rogers, Foundress of the Maryknoll Sisters of Saint Dominic)

  • Aedesius, Priest and Missionary; and Frumentius, First Bishop of Axum and Abuna of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church
  • Dmitry Bortniansky, Russian Orthodox Composer
  • Harry Webb Farrington, U.S. Methodist Minister and Hymn Writer

28 (SIMON AND JUDE, APOSTLES AND MARTYRS)

29 (James Hannington, Anglican Bishop of Eastern Equatorial Africa; and His Companions, Martyrs)

  • Bartholomaus Helder, German Lutheran Minister, Composer, and Hymn Writer
  • Joseph Grigg, English Presbyterian Minister and Hymn Writer
  • Paul Manz, Dean of Lutheran Church Music

30 (Hugh O’Flaherty, “Scarlet Pimperel of the Vatican”)

  • Marcellus the Centurion and Cassian of Tangiers, Roman Catholic Martyrs, 298
  • Oleksa Zarytsky, Ukrainian Greek Catholic Priest and Martyr, 1963
  • Walter John Mathams, British Baptist then Presbyterian Minister, Author, and Hymn Writer

31 (Reformation Day)

  • Daniel C. Roberts, Episcopal Priest and Hymn Writer
  • Gerhard Von Rad, German Lutheran Biblical Scholar
  • Paul Shinji Sasaki, Anglican Bishop of Mid-Japan, Bishop of Tokyo, and Primate of Nippon Sei Ko Kei; and Philip Lendel Tsen, Anglican Bishop of Honan and Presiding Bishop of Chung Hua Sheng Kung Hui

 

Lowercase boldface on a date with two or more commemorations indicates a primary feast.