Archive for the ‘October 9’ Category

Feast of Robert Grosseteste (October 9)   1 comment

Above:  Robert Grosseteste 

Image in the Public Domain

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ROBERT GROSSETESTE (CIRCA 1168-OCTOBER 9, 1253)

English Roman Catholic Scholar, Philosopher, and Bishop of Lincoln

This project, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, is an exercise in the Great Man (and Woman) School of History.  I make no apology for this.  Social History and Cultural History have their vital roles to fill in historical analysis, but I remain a devotee of the emphasis on the great people–those who have made their marks on the world.

Grosseteste, born circa 1168, was a Christian intellectual and a bishop.  He, educated at Oxford and perhaps at Paris, also, taught at Oxford prior to 1209.  Our saint, a priest, held various ecclesiastical position through 1232.  He resigned all but one–Prebendary of Lincoln–that year.  The former Chancellor of Oxford University (circa 1215-1221) taught at the Franciscan house of studies, Oxford, from 1224 to 1235.  Then he became the Bishop of Lincoln.

Grosseteste had a fine mind.  He, an Aristotelian with Neoplatonist influences, translated works of Aristotle and some ancient saints, wrote commentaries on the Bible and works of Aristotle.  Our saint, whose life ended as the worst outbreak of the Black Death was ending and the Renaissance was about to begin, was an active encourager of the spread of knowledge–philosophy, science, mathematics, and the Bible.  He accepted truth, as he recognized it, regardless of its source or manner of transmission.

Grosseteste, author of theological and devotional works, was a pious bishop who took his spiritual responsibilities seriously.  He was a man of his time, for he affirmed the supremacy of the Church over the state.  This opinion caused some political problems for him.  Grosseteste also had political conflicts with various bishops and at least one Pope; our saint was an uncompromising critic and opponent of ecclesiastical corruption.

Grosseteste died in Buckdon, Buckinghamshire, England, on October 9, 1253.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

OCTOBER 9, 2018 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT DENIS, BISHOP OF PARIS, AND HIS COMPANIONS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYRS

THE FEAST OF SAINT JOHN LEONARDI, FOUNDER OF THE CLERKS REGULAR OF THE MOTHER OF GOD OF LUCCA; AND SAINT JOSEPH CALASANCTIUS, FOUNDER OF THE CLERKS REGULAR OF RELIGIOUS SCHOOLS

THE FEAST OF ROBERT GROSSETESTE, ENGLISH ROMAN CATHOLIC SCHOLAR, PHILOSOPHER, AND BISHOP OF LINCOLN

THE FEAST OF WILFRED THOMASON GRENFELL, MEDICAL MISSIONARY TO NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR

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O God, you have endowed us with memory, reason, and skill.

We thank you for the faithful legacy of [Robert Grosseteste and all others]

who have dedicated their lives to you and to the intellectual pursuits.

May we, like them, respect your gift of intelligence fully and to your glory.

In the Name of God:  Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.  Amen.

Deuteronomy 6:4-9

Psalm 103

Philippians 4:8-9

Mark 12:28-34

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

MARCH 6, 2013 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT CHRODEGANG OF METZ, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP

THE FEAST OF EDMUND KING, ANGLICAN BISHOP OF LINCOLN

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Feast of Wilhelm Wexels, Marie Wexelsen, Ludwig Lindeman, and Magnus Landstad (October 9)   3 comments

Church of Our Savior, Christiana, 1880s

Above:  The Church of Our Savior (now Oslo Cathedral), Christiania, Norway, 1880s

Image in the Public Domain

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WILHELM ANDREAS WEXELS (MARCH 29, 1797-MAY 14, 1866)

Norwegian Lutheran Minister, Hymn Writer, and Hymn Translator

uncle of

INGER MARIE LYCKE WEXELSEN (SEPTEMBER 20, 1832-DECEMBER 7, 1911)

Norwegian Novelist and Hymn Writer

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LUDWIG MATHIAS LINDEMAN (NOVEMBER 28, 1812-MAY 23, 1887)

Norwegian Lutheran Organist and Musicologist

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MAGNUS BROSTRUP LANDSTAD (OCTOBER 7, 1802-DECEMBER 8, 1880)

Norwegian Lutheran Minister, Folklorist, Hymn Writer, and Hymnal Editor

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This post began with one name–Magnus Brostrup Landstad (1802-1880), hence the assigned feast day being October 9, the anniversary of his death.  During the process of taking notes one thing led to another until I had four names.  The addition of the final name, that of Inger Marie Lycke Wexelsen (1832-1911), resulted from following up on a lead I found in an index of The Concordia Hymnal (1932).  Lives intersect and human stories overlap.  One way of conveying that truth in posts of the Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days is to write multi-saint posts.  Another is to write separate posts and to link them into each other.  I have, obviously, chosen the former approach as the dominant tactic in this case.  I could have added a fifth name easily, but I have chosen to write about that person later and to link the two posts then.  A post can become too busy, after all.

By the way, I have decided to set the mood for typing this post properly by listening to Norwegian classical music of the Romantic era.  That is an appropriate choice, given the influence of one of these four saints on Norwegian music.

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Denmark-Norway and Sweden 1763

Above:  Scandinavia in 1763

Image Source = Hammond’s World Atlas–Classics Edition (1967)

Scan by Kenneth Randolph Taylor

The 1800s in Europe was a time of, among other things, nationalism in the politics, literature, and music.  This was certainly true in Norway, which, after centuries of union with Denmark, became part of Sweden in 1814, as part of the settlement of the Napoleonic Wars.

Denmark and Sweden-Norway 1815

Above:  Scandinavia in 1815

Image Source = Hammond’s World Atlas–Classics Edition (1967)

Scan by Kenneth Randolph Taylor

Finally, in 1905, Norway became an independent nation-state.  Even then the ties to Denmark were sufficiently strong that a Danish prince became Haakon VII (died in 1957), King of Norway, who served his adopted country ably and died a national hero.

Denmark, Norway, and Sweden 1914

Above:  Scandinavia in 1914

Image Source = Hammond’s World Atlas–Classics Edition (1967)

Scan by Kenneth Randolph Taylor

The changing politics of Norway played out in the life of our first saint, Wilhelm Andreas Wexels.  He entered the world at Copenhagen, Denmark, on March 29, 1797.  His parents were Fredrik Nannestad Wexels, who worked in the glass industry, and Bolette Cathrine Bolling Wexels.  Our saint had a sister, Marie Louise Wexels (later Wexelsen) (1793-1873), one of whose children was our next saint, Inger Marie Lycke Wexelsen (1832-1911).  Young Wilhelm grew up in Denmark.  He attended the Metropolitan School of Copenhagen before moving to Norway in 1815.  He settled in Christiania (now Oslo), where he studied theology at the University of Christiania, graduating in 1818.  That year he became catechist at the Church of Our Savior, Christiania.  In 1846 his job title changed to curate.  Wexels remained in that position for the rest of his life, which ended on May 14, 1866.  He even turned down an opportunity to become the Bishop of Bergen to remain the Church of Our Savior.

Wexels had an interest in hymnody.  He wrote hymns, translated others, and became the first person to attempt to edit a Norwegian national hymnal.  He edited three hymnbooks (in 1834, 1840, and 1859), not none of them fulfilled that ambition.  Perhaps the main reason for this was that his orthodox Lutheran piety offended rationalistic Lutherans on one side and Pietistic Lutherans on the other.  Another saint, Magnus Brostrup Landstad (1802-1880), succeeded, albeit over the vocal objections of Pietists.

Wexels published many works, including the first theological journal in Norway and books about aspects of the New Testament.  Among English speakers, however, his best-known works are hymns which others have translated.  One such text is the following J. C. (Jens Christian) Aaberg (1877-1970) translation, courtesy of the Danish-American Lutheran Hymnal for Church and Home, Third Edition (1938):

Arise, my soul, this Easter morn

With joy and praises heavenborn,

And hear good news from death’s dark portals

To all distress’d and grieving mortals.

O blessed Easter morning, show’r

On us thy pow’r!

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Disarm’d and crush’d, for ever fell

This morn the pow’r of death and hell,

For He who lay in death’s grim prison

With might and glory is arisen.

O blessed Easter morning, show’r

On us thy pow’r!

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Come, souls, by sin and death dismay’d,

With all that in the grave ye laid,

To Him who rose on Easter morrow

And brings you balm for all your sorrow.

O blessed Easter morning, show’r

On us thy pow’r!

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My soul, why shouldst thou grieve and pine?

The peace and joy of heav’n are thine.

The Lord arose with might supernal,

And thou art heir to life eternal.

O blessed Easter morning, show’r

On us thy pow’r!

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Come, people of the Lord, employ

Your heart and soul in songs of joy,

Go forth to meet with praises ringing

The Lord who life for death is bringing.

O blessed Easter morning, show’r

On us thy pow’r!

Niece Marie Wexelsen, whose first name was Inger, lived from 1832 to 1911.  The native of Ostre Toten, Norway, was the daughter of Marie, sister of Wexels, and Wexel Hansen Wexelsen (1784-1867), a cousin of our first saint.  Marie Wexelsen, a novelist and children’s writer, composed at least one Christmas hymn, which exists in an English translation from 1931 courtesy of Professor P. A. (Peter Andrew) Sveegen (1881-1959):

How glad I am each Christmas Eve!

The night of Jesus’ birth;

Then like the sun the Star shone forth,

And angels sang on earth.

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The little child in Bethlehem,

He was a king indeed;

He came from His high state in heav’n,

Down to a world in need.

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He dwells again in heaven’s realm,

The Son of God today;

But He knows the little ones,

And hears them when they pray.

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How glad I am each Christmas Eve!

His praises then I sing;

He opens then for ev’ry child

The palace of the King.

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Then mother trims the Christmas tree,

And fills the room with light.

She says that so the Star shone forth

And made the dark world bright.

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She says the Star is shining still,

And never will grow dim;

And if it shines my way,

It leads me up to Him.

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And so I love each Christmas Eve,

And I love Jesus too;

And that He loves me in return,

I know so well is true.

Wexelsen died at Trondheim, Norway, on December 7, 1911.

Church of Our Lady, Trondheim

Above:  The Church of Our Lady, Trondheim, Norway

Image in the Public Domain

Ludwig Mathias Lindeman (1812-1887), a native of Trondheim, Norway, came from a musical family and continued in that tradition.  His father was Ole Andreas Lindeman, who served as the organist at the Church of Our Lady, Trondheim.  Ole, who went on in 1835 to publish the Koralbog, the first Norwegian chorale book, blazed a trail his son followed.  Young Ludwig, who learned music well from his father, substituted for him as young as age 12.  Ole discouraged Ludwig from becoming a professional musician, so our saint, having completed his liberal arts studies, began to study theology at the University of Christiania in 1833.  During his student days our saint played the cello in an orchestra at a theater and substituted for his brother, the organist at the Church of Our Savior, Christiania.  Lindeman, who chose to become a professional musician, succeeded his brother as the organist at the Church of Our Savior in 1839 and held that post until he died on May 23, 1887.  The pastor there during much of that tenure was Wilhelm Andreas Wexels, who thought that Lindeman’s organ playing dominated the service.  Lindeman, in turn, thought that Wexels preached too long each Sunday.

Lindeman became a musicologist and a virtuoso.  In 1848 he started the process of traveling throughout Norway to collect folk tunes.  He published more than 2,500 folk tunes in a series of books from 1853 to 1867.  Composers such as Edvard Grieg (1843-1907) used that collection as source material.  Lindeman’s reputation as a virtuoso of the organ led to him playing a series of recitals in London in 1871 on the occasion of the opening of Royal Albert Hall.  The previous year he had published the Norsk Messebog, which, following Martin Luther’s instructions in the Deutsche Masse (1526), laid the foundations for chanting liturgical texts in Norwegian Lutheran churches.  Our saint, who composed hymn tunes, finished his own Koralbog (1872), which, in 1877, the Church of Norway declared to be the official tune book to accompany the Kirkesalmebog (1869), the new official hymnal which Magnus Brostrup Landstad (1802-1880) had edited.  Lindeman broke with the Norwegian Lutheran tradition of singing in half notes and added quarter, dotted quarter, and eighth notes to tunes.  This change proved controversial, of course, for it was something new. But, as one speaker said at our saint’s funeral in 1887, Lindeman taught Norwegians how to sing.

Lindeman, who published at least four other collections of tunes, created a fine musical legacy.  In addition to what I written about already, he taught singing and church music at the University of Christiania.  And, in 1883, he and his son, Peter (whose mother was Aminda Magnhilde Brynne, Lindeman’s wife since 1848), founded the School for Organists, the first conservatory in Norway, at Christiania.  In time this institution became Oslo Conservatory.  Since 1973 the successor to that conservatory has been the Norwegian Academy of Music.

Magnus Brostrup Landstad was an influential in Norwegian folklore and literature as Lindeman was in music.  Landstad entered the world in Maaso, Finmarken, Norway, in the extreme northeast of the country, on October 7, 1802.  His father, Hans Landstad, was a Lutheran minister.  The family was poor.  Our saint was one of ten children, crops often froze before anyone could harvest them, and war and economic depression made matters worse.  The Church transferred the Landstads to Oksnes in 1804, Vinje in 1811, and Seljord in 1819.  The father educated the son until 1822.

Then, at age 20, our saint embarked on his own career.  In 1822 he enrolled at the University of Christiania.  Five years later he graduated, having taken a year off due to financial necessity to work as a family tutor in Gran, in the Hadeland district.  Landstad, who wrote the first of his nearly 175 hymns in 1825, married Vilhemine M. Lassen of Gran in 1829.  The couple lived long enough to celebrate their fiftieth wedding anniversary.  Landstad, as a minister, served at Gausdal (1828-1834), Kviteseid (1834-1839), and Seljord (1840-1849), succeeding his father.  In 1848 the Church of Norway asked Landstad to prepare the next official hymnal.  At first he declined, citing his pastoral workload.  In 1849, however, our saint transferred to Frederikshald, where the Church provided an assistant pastor to share those responsibilities, thereby enabling Landstad to work on the hymnal.  Our saint commenced work on the project in 1852.  The first edition, Udhast til Kirkesalmebog, was ready in 1861.  The book was radical, for its language was Norwegian, not the conventional Danish.  Also, the language was popular, contemporary Norwegian.  Furthermore, there were the usual complaints that certain hymns were absent.  The revised edition, the Kirkesalmebog, became the official hymnal in 1869.  Landstad had created the first Norwegian national hymnal, a collection of Norwegian texts and translated Greek and Latin texts.  He excluded almost all rationalistic Lutheran hymns.  Pietists were generally quite unhappy due to the orthodox, objective Lutheran piety of the hymnal.  (Pietism began as a reaction against a certain form of orthodox Lutheranism.)  Nevertheless, his Kirkesalmebog became widely accepted.  The Church of Norway authorized a revised and expanded version of it in 1926 before replacing that volume in 1985.  Norwegian Americans sang out of the 1869 hymnal, reprinted it, and added hymns to it.

Landstad was also a folklorist.  In 1853 he published Norske Folkviser (Norwegian Ballads), an influential collection of folklore and folk songs.  Norwegian literary giants such as Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906) found much useful material there.

Landstad retired in 1877.  The Norwegian parliament voted unanimously to grant him a pension in recognition of his work in the Church and his contributions to Norway.  He died at Christiania on October 9, 1880.

These saints received and used gifts of creativity, leaving legacies of faith and artistic beauty.  They did well.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

MAY 3, 2015 COMMON ERA

THE FIFTH SUNDAY OF EASTER, YEAR B

THE FEAST OF SAINT MARIE-LEONIE PARADIS, FOUNDER OF THE LITTLE SISTERS OF THE HOLY FAMILY

THE FEAST OF THOMAS COKE, U.S. METHODIST BISHOP

THE FEAST OF WILLIAM WHITING, HYMN WRITER

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Holy God, whose majesty surpasses all human definitions and capacity to grasp,

thank you for those (especially Wilhelm Wexels, Marie Wexelsen, Ludwig Lindeman, and Magnus Landstad)

who have nurtured and encouraged the reverent worship of you.

May their work inspire us to worship you in knowledge, truth, and beauty.

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 25:1-8

Psalm 145

Revelation 15:1-4

John 4:19-26

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 27, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JAMES INTERCISUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR

THE FEAST OF HENRY SLOANE COFFIN, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN THEOLOGIAN

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Feast of Sts. John Leonardi and Joseph Calasanctius (October 9)   2 comments

Above:  The Vatican Flag

SAINT JOHN LEONARDI (CIRCA 1550-1609)

Founder of the Clerks Regular of the Mother of God of Lucca

His feast = October 9

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SAINT JOSEPH CALASANCTIUS (1556-1648)

also known as Saint Joseph Calasanz

Founder of the Clerks Regular of Religious Schools

His feast transferred from August 25

I, when pondering demonstrated sanctity, find certain aspects appealing.  One of these is educating those who, due to financial constraints, would otherwise lack access to learning.  Another is tending to the needs of plague victims.  Both of these apply in this post.

St. John Leonardi (circa 1550-1609) entered the world at Diecimo, Italy.  He, originally a pharmacist’s assistant, became a priest in 1572.  The saint worked in hospitals and prisons, but did not labor alone; he recruited others to join him.  Leonardi, inspired by the Council of Trent, proposed a new order, the Clerks Regular of the Mother of God of Lucca, which the Roman Catholic Church recognized in 1583.  St. Philip Neri and St. Joseph Calasanctius assisted him regarding the new order.  Pope Clement VIII confirmed the order in 1595.

Leonardi, cofounder of the College for the Propagation of the Faith, died at Rome on October 9, 1609.  He had contracted a deadly case of influenza during an epidemic while ministering to victims.  His active compassion led to his death.  Pope Pius XI canonized the saint, patron of pharmacists, in 1938.

St. Joseph Calasanctius (1556-1648), a collaborator of St. John Leonardi, entered the world near Peralta de la Sal, Aragon, Spain, on September 11, 1556.  His father wanted him to become a soldier, but Calasanctius earned his law degree and became a priest instead.  The Bishop of Urgel appointed him to revive and reform religious practices in that part of the Pyrenees Mountains.  The saint, successful, next became vicar general of the district of Tremp.  He resigned in 1592 and traveled to Rome, becoming part of the household of Ascanio Cardinal Colonna.

At Rome the saint’s true calling became his lived reality.  There, in 1595, he ministered among plague victims.  There he became involved in the cause of educating poor children, opening the first free school in in modern Europe (in 1597).  At Rome Calasanctius supervised a community, the Clerks Regular of Religious Schools, devoted to this work.  The Roman Catholic Church recognized the order in 1621. The saint, the order’s first superior general, had to leave that post due to internal dissension.  Later, however, he returned to the job.

In 1646 Pope Innocent X transformed the order into a community of secular priests subject to diocesan bishops.  Nevertheless, the Church restored the religious order in 1669.

I was happy to read that Calasanctius defended his good friend, Galileo Galilei.  The saint even used his order’s resources to aid the alleged heretic, officially one until 1992.  Such assistance proved controversial, and the saint paid the price for doing the right thing.

Calasanctius died at Rome on August 25, 1648.  The Church canonized him in 1767.

A misinformed understanding of suffering holds that the righteous prosper and the wicked suffer.  This is a perspective which the Book of Job refutes.  This is a point of view which the examples of Jesus, the persecuted saints, and some Hebrew prophets refute.   This is a perspective which the examples of these two saints refute.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

SEPTEMBER 24, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF ANNA E. B. ALEXANDER, EPISCOPAL DEACONESS

THE FEAST OF CHRISTIAN X OF DENMARK AND HAAKON VII OF NORWAY, BROTHERS AND KINGS

THE FEAST OF PAULINE SPERRY, POLITICAL ACTIVIST

THE FEAST OF ROBERT MCAFEE BROWN, ECUMENIST

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O God, your Son came among us to serve and not to be served.

Lead us by his love to serve all those whom the world offers no comfort and little hope.

Through us give hope to the hopeless,

love to the unloved,

peace to the troubled,

and rest to the  weary,

through Jesus Christ, our Savior and Lord,

who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.  Amen.

Hosea 2:18-23

Psalm 94:1-15

Romans 12:9-21

Luke 6:20-36

Evangelical Lutheran Worship (2006), page 60

Feast of St. Denis and His Companions (October 9)   3 comments

Above:  The Nave of the Basilica of St. Denis, Paris, France

SAINT DENIS (DIED CIRCA 250)

First Bishop of Paris, and Martyr

Also known as Denys, Dennis, and Dionysius

Many legends have grown from the life of St. Denis, who, along with Deacon Eleutherius and Father Rusticus, undertook a perilous mission to the persecuted Church in Gaul, now France.  They worked at Paris, where they founded a Christian community and converted many pagans before pressure from pagan priests culminated in the imprisonment, torture, and execution of St. Denis and his companions.  Legends include the tale that the deceased St. Denis picked up his severed head, held it, walked two miles to his burial site, and delivered a sermon along the way.  Ironically, Catholic hagiographers have long encouraged the faithful to invoke the headless Patron Saint of France against headaches.

Such a tale, just one part of a contradictory corpus of lore, is needless and obviously fictitious.  Denis, Eleutherius, and Rusticus gave their lives for Jesus, the crucified and resurrected one.  Each received the crown of martyrdom after taking up his cross and following his Lord.  What more need one say to justify sainthood in these cases?

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

SEPTEMBER 16, 2011 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT LUDMILLA, DUCHESS OF BOHEMIA

THE FEAST OF SAINT NINIAN, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP OF GALLOWAY

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Common of a Martyr II

From Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), of The Episcopal Church

Almighty God, by whose grace and power your holy martyrs Denis, Eleutherius, and Rusticus triumphed over suffering and were faithful even to death:  Grant us, who now remember them in thanksgiving, to be so faithful in our witness to you in this world, that we may receive with them the crown of life; through Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever.   Amen.

Sirach (Ecclesiasticus) 51:1-12

Psalm116 or 116:1-8

Revelation 7:13-17

Luke 12:2-12

Saints’ Days and Holy Days for October   1 comment

Calendula

Image Source = Alvesgaspar

1 (Anthony Ashley Cooper, Lord Shaftesbury, British Humanitarian and Social Reformer)

  • Marie-Joseph Aubert, Foundress of the Daughters of Our Lady of Compassion
  • Romanus the Melodist, Deacon and Hymnodist
  • Thérèse of Lisieux, Roman Catholic Nun and Mystic

2 (Ralph W. Sockman, U.S. United Methodist Minister)

  • Carl Doving, Norwegian-American Lutheran Minister and Hymn Translator
  • James Allen, English Inghamite then Glasite/Sandemanian Hymn Writer; and his great-nephew, Oswald Allen, English Glasite/Sandemanian Hymn Writer
  • Petrus Herbert, German Moravian Bishop and Hymnodist

3 (George Kennedy Allen Bell, Anglican Bishop of Chichester)

  • Alberto Ramento, Prime Bishop of the Philippine Independent Church
  • Gerard of Brogne, Roman Catholic Abbot
  • John Raleigh Mott, U.S. Methodist Lay Evangelist, and Ecumenical Pioneer

4 (Francis of Assisi, Founder of the Order of Friars Minor)

  • William Scarlett, Episcopal Bishop of Missouri, and Advocate for Social Justice

5 (David Nitschmann, Sr., “Father Nitschmann,” Moravian Missionary; Melchior Nitschmann, Moravian Missionary and Martyr; Johann Nitschmann, Jr., Moravian Missionary and Bishop; Anna Nitschman, Moravian Eldress; and David Nitschmann, Missionary and First Bishop of the Renewed Moravian Church)

  • Cyriacus Schneegass, German Lutheran Minister, Musician, and Hymn Writer
  • Francis Xavier Seelos, German-American Roman Catholic Priest
  • Harry Emerson Fosdick, U. S. Northern Baptist Minister and Opponent of Fundamentalism

6 (George Edward Lynch Cotton, Anglican Bishop of Calcutta)

  • Heinrich Albert, German Lutheran Composer and Poet
  • John Ernest Bode, Anglican Priest, Poet, and Hymn Writer
  • William Tyndale, English Reformer, Bible Translator, and Martyr; and Miles Coverdale, English Reformer, Bible Translator, and Bishop of Exeter

7 (Wilhelm Wexels, Norwegian Lutheran Minister, Hymn Writer, and Hymn Translator; his niece, Marie Wexelsen, Norwegian Lutheran Novelist and Hymn Writer; Ludwig Lindeman, Norwegian Lutheran Organist and Musicologist; and Magnus Landstad, Norwegian Lutheran Minister, Folklorist, Hymn Writer, and Hymnal Editor)

  • Bradford Torrey, U.S. Ornithologist and Hymn Writer
  • Johann Gottfried Weber, German Moravian Musician, Composer, and Minister
  • John Woolman, Quaker Abolitionist

8 (Erik Routley, English Congregationalist Hymnodist)

  • Abraham Ritter, U.S. Moravian Merchant, Historian, Musician, and Composer
  • Richard Whately, Anglican Archbishop of Dublin, Ireland
  • William Dwight Porter Bliss, Episcopal Priest; and Richard Theodore Ely, Economists

9 (Denis, Bishop of Paris, and His Companions, Roman Catholic Martyrs)

  • John Leonardi, Founder of the Clerks Regular of the Mother of God of Lucca; and Joseph Calasanctius, Founder of the Clerks Regular of Religious Schools
  • Robert Grosseteste, English Roman Catholic Scholar, Philosopher, and Bishop of Lincoln
  • Wilfred Thomason Grenfell, Medical Missionary to Newfoundland and Labrador

10 (Johann Nitschmann, Sr., Moravian Missionary and Bishop; David Nitschmann, Jr., the Syndic, Moravian Missionary and Bishop; and David Nitschmann, the Martyr, Moravian Missionary and Martyr)

  • Christian Ludwig Brau, Norwegian Moravian Teacher and Poet
  • Edward White Benson, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • Louis FitzGerald Benson, U.S. Presbyterian Minister and Hymnodist

11 (PHILIP THE EVANGELIST, DEACON)

12 (Martin Dober, Moravian Bishop and Hymn Writer; Johann Leonhard Dober, Moravian Missionary and Bishop; and Anna Schindler Dober, Moravian Missionary and Hymn Writer)

  • Cecil Frances Alexander, Irish Anglican Hymn Writer
  • Edith Cavell, English Nurse and Martyr, 1915
  • Nectarius of Constantinople, Archbishop

13 (Christian David, Moravian Missionary)

  • Claus Westermann, German Lutheran Minister and Biblical Translator
  • Herbert G. May, U.S. Biblical Scholar and Translator
  • Vincent Taylor, British Methodist Minister and Biblical Scholar

14 (Callixtus I, Anterus, and Pontian, Bishops of Rome; and Hippolytus, Antipope)

  • Roman Lysko, Ukrainian Greek Catholic Priest and Martyr, 1949
  • Samuel Isaac Joseph Schereschewsky, Episcopal Bishop of Shanghai, and Biblical Translator
  • Thomas Hansen Kingo, Danish Lutheran Bishop, Hymn Writer, and “Poet of Eastertide”

15 (Teresa of Avila, Spanish Roman Catholic Nun, Mystic, and Reformer)

16 (Albert E. R. Brauer, Australian Lutheran Minister and Hymn Translator)

  • Augustine Thevarparampil, Indian Roman Catholic Priest and “Good Shepherd of the Dalits”
  • Gaspar Contarini, Italian Roman Catholic Cardinal and Agent of Reconciliation
  • Hedwig of Andechs, Roman Catholic Princess and Nun; and her daughter, Gertrude of Trzebnica, Roman Catholic Abbess

17 (Charles Gounod, French Roman Catholic Composer)

  • Birgitte Katerine Boye, Danish Lutheran Poet, Playwright, Hymn Translator, and Hymn Writer
  • John Bowring, English Unitarian Hymn Writer, Social Reformer, and Philanthropist

18 (LUKE THE EVANGELIST, PHYSICIAN)

19 (Jerzy Popieluszko, Polish Roman Catholic Priest and Martyr, 1984)

  • Claudia Frances Ibotson Hernaman, Anglican Hymn Writer and Translator
  • Paul of the Cross, Founder of the Congregation of Discaled Clerks of the Most Holy Cross and Passion

20 (Philip Schaff and John Williamson Nevin, U.S. German Reformed Historians, Theologians, and Liturgists)

  • Friedrich Funcke, German Lutheran Minister, Composer, and Hymn Writer
  • Mary A. Lathbury, U.S. Methodist Hymn Writer
  • Pavel Chesnokov, Russian Orthodox Composer

21 (George McGovern, U.S. Senator and Stateman; and his wife, Eleanor McGovern, Humanitarian)

  • David Moritz Michael, German-American Moravian Musician and Composer
  • James W. C. Pennington, African-American Congregationalist and Presbyterian Minister, Educator, and Abolitionist
  • Laura of Saint Catherine of Siena, Foundress of the Works of the Indians and the Congregation of Missionary Sisters of Immaculate Mary and of Saint Catherine of Siena

22 (Frederick Pratt Green, British Methodist Minister, Poet, and Hymn Writer)

  • Emily Huntington Miller, U.S. Methodist Author and Hymn Writer
  • Katharina von Schlegal, German Lutheran Hymn Writer
  • Paul Tillich, German-American Lutheran Theologian

23 (JAMES OF JERUSALEM, BROTHER OF JESUS)

24 (Rosa Parks, African-American Civil Rights Activist)

  • Fritz Eichenberg, German-American Quaker Wood Engraver
  • Henry Clay Shuttleworth, Anglican Priest and Hymn Writer

25 (Philipp Nicolai, German Lutheran Minister and Hymn Writer)

  • Proclus, Archbishop of Constantinople; and Rusticus, Bishop of Narbonne

26 (Alfred the Great, King of the West Saxons)

  • Arthur Campbell Ainger, English Educator, Scholar, and Hymn Writer
  • Francis Pott, Anglican Priest and Hymn Writer and Translator
  • Henry Stanley Oakeley, Composer

27 (James A. Walsh and Thomas Price, Cofounders of the Maryknoll Fathers and Brothers; and Mary Josephine Rogers, Foundress of the Maryknoll Sisters of Saint Dominic)

  • Aedesius, Priest and Missionary; and Frumentius, First Bishop of Axum and Abuna of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church
  • Dmitry Bortniansky, Russian Orthodox Composer
  • Harry Webb Farrington, U.S. Methodist Minister and Hymn Writer

28 (SIMON AND JUDE, APOSTLES AND MARTYRS)

29 (James Hannington, Anglican Bishop of Eastern Equatorial Africa; and His Companions, Martyrs)

  • Bartholomaus Helder, German Lutheran Minister, Composer, and Hymn Writer
  • Joseph Grigg, English Presbyterian Minister and Hymn Writer
  • Paul Manz, Dean of Lutheran Church Music

30 (Hugh O’Flaherty, “Scarlet Pimperel of the Vatican”)

  • Marcellus the Centurion and Cassian of Tangiers, Roman Catholic Martyrs, 298
  • Oleksa Zarytsky, Ukrainian Greek Catholic Priest and Martyr, 1963
  • Walter John Mathams, British Baptist then Presbyterian Minister, Author, and Hymn Writer

31 (Reformation Day)

  • Daniel C. Roberts, Episcopal Priest and Hymn Writer
  • Gerhard Von Rad, German Lutheran Biblical Scholar
  • Paul Shinji Sasaki, Anglican Bishop of Mid-Japan, Bishop of Tokyo, and Primate of Nippon Sei Ko Kei; and Philip Lendel Tsen, Anglican Bishop of Honan and Presiding Bishop of Chung Hua Sheng Kung Hui

 

Lowercase boldface on a date with two or more commemorations indicates a primary feast.