Archive for the ‘Saints of 1850-1859’ Category

Feast of Samuel Sebastian Wesley (April 19)   Leave a comment

Above:  Samuel Sebastian Wesley

Image in the Public Domain

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SAMUEL SEBASTIAN WESLEY (AUGUST 14, 1810-APRIL 19, 1876)

Anglican Organist and Composer

Samuel Sebastian Wesley comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via a multitude of hymnals.

Wesley, widely regarded during his lifetime as the best organist in The Church of England, was a grandson of Anglican priest and hymn writer Charles Wesley (1707-1788).  Our saint grew up in a musical home.  Wesley, born in London on August 14, 1810, was a son of Samuel Wesley (1766-1837) and Charlotte Wesley.  Samuel had introduced the music of Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) to England.  The father named the son after himself and Bach.  Our saint, a chorister in the Royal Chapel from the ages of nine to seventeen years, began his career as an organist when sixteen years old.

Wesley spent nearly half a century playing the organ professionally.  He worked at five parish churches, as well as the cathedrals in Hereford, Exeter, Winchester, and Gloucester.  Our saint, whom Oxford University awarded the Doctor of Music degree when he was twenty-nine years old, had competing reputations.  On one hand, Wesley was an outstanding organist.  On the other hand, he was also an argumentative eccentric who valued fishing about as much as the quality of church music.  Wesley possessed many gifts, but he did not excel in personal diplomacy.  His priority on properly worshiping God translated into a life-long effort to raise musical standards in The Church of England.

Wesley also composed.  He wrote anthems, services, hymn tunes, and works for the organ.  You, O reader, may have encountered our saint’s work.  You may, for example, have heard or sung an anthem, Lead Me, Lord.  And you may have sung a hymn, The Church’s One Foundation (text by Samuel John Stone), by Wesley.  Our saint composed AURELIA in 1864 for The Voice that Breathed O’er Eden, a wedding hymn by John Keble (1792-1866).  In 1872, fellow hymn writer Henry John Gauntlett (1805-1876) panned AURELIA as “inartistic,” subpar, and “secular twaddle.”  The tune has stood the test of time, despite Gauntlett’s opinion.  Wesley’s Evening Service in E was another masterpiece.

Wesley published The European Psalmist (1872).  The volume included 733 tunes, 130 of which he had composed.

Other published works included:

  1. The Psalter, or Psalms of David; with Chants Arranged for the Daily Morning and Evening Service (1843); and
  2. A Selection of Psalms and Hymns:  Arranged for the Public Services of the Church of England (1864), as music editor.

Our saint, husband of Mary Anne (Merewether) Wesley and father of six children, died in London on April 19, 1876.  He was sixty-five years old.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

SEPTEMBER 18, 2022 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF DAG HAMMARSKJÖLD, SECRETARY-GENERAL OF THE UNITED NATIONS

THE FEAST OF AMOS NIVEN WILDER, U.S. CONGREGATIONALIST MINISTER, POET, LITERARY CRITIC, AND BIBLICAL SCHOLAR

THE FEAST OF EDWARD BOUVERIE PUSEY, ANGLICAN PRIEST

THE FEAST OF HENRY LASCELLES JENNER, ANGLICAN BISHOP OF DUNEDIN, NEW ZEALAND

THE FEAST OF HENRY WELLINGTON GREATOREX, ANGLICAN AND EPISCOPAL ORGANIST, CHOIRMASTER, AND HYMNODIST

THE FEAST OF JOHN CAMPBELL SHAIRP, SCOTTISH POET AND EDUCATOR

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Holy God, whose majesty surpasses all human definitions and capacity to grasp,

thank you for those (especially Samuel Sebastian Wesley)

who have nurtured and encouraged the reverent worship of you.

May their work inspire us to worship you in knowledge, truth, and beauty.

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 25:1-8

Psalm 145

Revelation 15:1-4

John 4:19-26

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 27, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JAMES INTERCISUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR

THE FEAST OF HENRY SLOANE COFFIN, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN THEOLOGIAN

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Feast of Josef Rheinberger (March 17)   1 comment

Above:  Josef Rheinberger

Image in the Public Domain

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JOSEF GABRIEL RHEINBERGER (MARCH 17, 1839-NOVEMBER 25, 1901)

Germanic Roman Catholic Composer

Josef Rheinberger comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via his sacred music.

Rheinberger, born in Liechtenstein on March 17, 1839, was a musical prodigy.  He worked as the parish organist in Vaduz when seven years old.  A year later, our saint became a composer.  Rheinberger’s father, the treasurer for Prince Aloys III of Liechtenstein (r. 1836-1858), nurtured this talent.  Yet the father remained reluctant until 1851 to permit his son to become a professional musician.  Rheinberger began to study at the conservatory in Munich.

Upon graduating, Rheinberger joined the piano and composition faculty at the conservatory in Munch.  After the dissolution of that institution, our saint became a vocal coach and an accompanist at the Court Theater.  He resigned in 1867, and married a former pupil, the poet and socialite Franziska “Fanny” von Hoffnaass.  She became one of her husband’s librettists.  Rheinberger, appointed the court conductor in Munich in 1877, eventually joined the faculty of the second Munich conservatory, while retaining duties as court conductor.  Horatio William Parker (1863-1919) was one of Rheinberger’s students at the conservatory from 1882 to 1885.  Franciska died after a long illness on December 31, 1892.  Our saint’s failing health forced his resignation as court conductor two years later.

Rheinberger composed many works.  These included twelve Masses, a Requiem, a Stabat Mater, two concerti, twenty sonatas, and thirty-six solo pieces for the organ, plus choral works, symphonies, operas, and chamber music.

One can easily listen to many of our saint’s compositions on YouTube.

Rheinberger, aged 62 years, died in Munich, German Empire, on November 25, 1901.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

AUGUST 31, 2022 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT NICODEMUS, DISCIPLE OF JESUS

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Eternal God, light of the world and Creator of all that is good and lovely:

We bless your name for inspiring Josef Rheinberger

and all those who with music have filled us with desire and love for you;

through Jesus Christ our Savior,

who with you and the Holy Spirit lives and reigns,

one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 29:14b-19

Psalm 90:14-17

2 Corinthians 3:1-3

John 21:15-17, 24-25

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 728

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Feast of George Rawson (March 24)   1 comment

Above:  The Flag of England

Image in the Public Domain

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GEORGE RAWSON (JUNE 5, 1807-MARCH 25, 1889)

English Congregationalist Hymn Writer

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By Christ redeemed, in Christ restored,

We keep the memory adored,

And show the death of our dear Lord

Until he come.

–George Rawson (1876), quoted in The Hymnal Revised (1911), #336

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George Rawson comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.

Rawson, born in Leeds, England, on June 5, 1807, was an attorney–a solicitor, to be precise–in Leeds for many years.  On the side, he wrote hymns and compiled hymnals.  Our saint wrote hymns under the pseudonym “A Leeds Layman” until friends persuaded him to publish under his name.  He compiled at least three hymnals:

  1. Psalms, Hymns, and Passages of Scripture for Christian Worship; the Congregational Collection, a.k.a. The Leeds Hymn Book (1853);
  2. Psalms and Hymns for the Use of the Baptist Denomination (1858); and
  3. Hymns, Verses, and Chants (1876).

Rawson’s hymns included:

  1. In the Dark and Cloudy Day;
  2. Come to Our Poor Nature’s Night; and
  3. Holy Ghost, the Infinite.

Our saint, aged 81 years, died in Clifton, England, on March 25, 1889.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

AUGUST 26, 2022 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JOHN PAUL I, BISHOP OF ROME

THE FEAST OF FREDERICK WILLIAM HERZBERGER, U.S. LUTHERAN MINISTER, HUMANITARIAN, AND HYMN TRANSLATOR

THE FEAST OF SAINT LEVKADIA HARASYMIV, UKRAINIAN GREEK CATHOLIC NUN, AND MARTYR, 1952

THE FEAST OF SAINTS LUIGI BELTRAME QUATTROCCHI AND MARIA CORSINI BELTRAME QUATTROCCHI, ITALIAN ROMAN CATHOLIC HUMANITARIANS

THE FEAST OF SAINT TERESA OF JESUS, JORNET Y IBARS, CATALAN ROMAN CATHOLIC NUN AND CO-FOUNDER OF THE LITTLE SISTERS OF THE ABANDONED ELDERLY

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Holy God, whose majesty surpasses all human definitions and capacity to grasp,

thank you for those (especially George Rawson)

who have nurtured and encouraged the reverent worship of you.

May their work inspire us to worship you in knowledge, truth, and beauty.

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 25:1-8

Psalm 145

Revelation 15:1-4

John 4:19-26

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 27, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JAMES INTERCISUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR

THE FEAST OF HENRY SLOANE COFFIN, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN THEOLOGIAN

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This is post #2400 of SUNDRY THOUGHTS.

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Feast of Jean Baptiste Calkin (March 15)   Leave a comment

Above:  The Flag of England

Image in the Public Domain

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JEAN BAPTISTE CALKIN (MARCH 16, 1827-MAY 15, 1905)

Anglican Organist and Composer

Jean Baptist Calkin comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.

Calkin, born in London, England, on March 16, 1827, was a church musician.  His first music teacher was his father, James Calkin (1786-1862), a composer.  Our saint distinguished himself, too.  He was the organist, precentor, and choirmaster at St. Columba’s College, Dublin, Ireland, before working as the organist at Woburn Chapel, London (1853-1857); Camden Road Chapel (11863-1868); and St. Thomas’s Church, Camden Town (1870-1874).  Calkin was also a member of the London Philharmonic Society, the Council of Trinity College, the faculty of the Guild School of Music, and the faculty of Croyden Conservatory.  Furthermore, our saint was a Fellow of the Royal College of Organists.

Calkin composed Anglican services, service music, anthems, songs, hymn tunes, and works for organ.  Two of his hymn tunes were DOANE and WALTHAM.

Calkin, aged 78 years, died in London on May 15, 1905.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

AUGUST 24, 2022 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT BARTHOLOMEW THE APOSTLE, MARTYR

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Holy God, whose majesty surpasses all human definitions and capacity to grasp,

thank you for those (especially Jean Baptiste Calkin)

who have nurtured and encouraged the reverent worship of you.

May their work inspire us to worship you in knowledge, truth, and beauty.

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 25:1-8

Psalm 145

Revelation 15:1-4

John 4:19-26

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 27, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JAMES INTERCISUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR

THE FEAST OF HENRY SLOANE COFFIN, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN THEOLOGIAN

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Feast of William Henry Monk (March 16)   Leave a comment

Above:  William Henry Monk

Image in the Public Domain

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WILLIAM HENRY MONK (MARCH 16, 1823-MARCH 18, 1889)

Anglican Organist, Hymn Tune Composer, and Music Educator

William Henry Monk comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via a plethora of hymnals.

Monk became a leading light in hymnody in The Church of England.  Our saint, born in London on March 16, 1823, was a son of William Monk and Anna (Coleman) Monk.  Our saint excelled in his study of the organ.  He served as the organist and choirmaster at St. Peter’s Church, Eaton Square, London (1837-1841).  Later he fulfilled those roles at Eaton Chapel, Pimlico (1841-1843); St. George’s Chapel, Albemarle Street, London (1843-1845); Portman Chapel, Marylebone (1845-1847); and King’s College, London (1847f).  In 1874, Monk added Professor of Vocal Music to his duties at King’s College.  He started work as a professor at the National Training School for Music in 1876.  And, from 1852 to 1889, our saint served as the organist at St. Matthias Church, Stoke Newington, London, too.

Monk, a composer of anthems, service music, and hymn tunes, promoted hymn singing throughout his career.  He, part of the Oxford Movement, participated in the change from the Anglican metrical psalter to hymnody in the Anglican tradition.  Monk was also the music editor of numerous hymnals, chiefly the 1861, 1868, 1875, and 1889 editions of Hymns, Ancient and Modern, known informally as “Monk’s book.”  Ours saint’s superb contributions to the corpus of hymn tues included EVENTIDE (“Abide with Me”), ASCENSION (“Hail the Day that Sees Him Rise”), and UNDE ET MEMORES (“And Now, O Father, Mindful of the Love”).

Monk, whom the University of Durham awarded a well-deserved honorary Doctor of Music degree in 1882, died in London on March 18, 1889.  he was 76 years old.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

AUGUST 22, 2022 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF JACK LAYTON, CANADIAN ACTIVIST AND FEDERAL LEADER OF THE NEW DEMOCRATIC PARTY

THE FEAST OF JOHN DAVID CHAMBERS, ANGLICAN HYMN WRITER AND TRANSLATOR

THE FEAST OF SAINTS HRYBORII KHOMYSHYN, SYMEON LUKACH, AND IVAN SLEZYUK, UKRAINIAN GREEK CATHOLIC BISHOPS AND MARTYRS, 1947, 1964, AND 1973

THE FEAST OF SAINTS JOHN KEMBLE AND JOHN WALL, ENGLISH ROMAN CATHOLIC PRIEST AND MARTYRS, 1679

THE FEAST OF SAINTS THOMAS PERCY, RICHARD KIRKMAN, AND WILLIAM LACEY, ENGLISH ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYRS, 1572 AND 1582

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Holy God, whose majesty surpasses all human definitions and capacity to grasp,

thank you for those (especially William Henry Monk)

who have nurtured and encouraged the reverent worship of you.

May their work inspire us to worship you in knowledge, truth, and beauty.

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 25:1-8

Psalm 145

Revelation 15:1-4

John 4:19-26

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 27, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JAMES INTERCISUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR

THE FEAST OF HENRY SLOANE COFFIN, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN THEOLOGIAN

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Feast of Richard Redhead (March 1)   Leave a comment

Above:  All Saints’ Church, Margaret Street, London, England

Image Source = Google Earth

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RICHARD REDHEAD (MARCH 1, 1820-APRIL 27, 1901)

Anglican Composer, Organist, and Liturgist

Richard Redhead, a musical pioneer and a leading light of the Oxford Movement, comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via many hymnals.

Redhead, born in Harrow, Middlesex, England, on March 1, 1820, spent his life in music.  He sang in the choir at Magdalen College and studied the organ.  Our saint, a Tractarian, came to the attention of Canon Frederick Oakeley (1802-1880), also of the Oxford Movement.  Oakeley arranged for Redhead to become the organist and choir director at Margaret Street Chapel (later All Saints’ Church, Margaret Street, London) in 1839.  Redhead provided daily choral services at the “Tractarian cathedral” until 1864.  Redhead and Oakeley also edited an influential volume, Laudes Diurnae:  The Psalter and Canticles in the Morning and Evening Service in The Church of England:  Set and Pointed to the Gregorian Tones (1843).

Redhead served as the organist and choir director at St. Mary Magdalene Church, Paddington, from 1864 to 1894.  Then he retired.

Our saint wrote many hymn tunes.  You, O reader, may have sung some of them.  Redhead named each tune according to a formula.  The first part of the hymn tune name was his last name.  The second part was a number.  Other people have assigned a variety of names to Redhead’s tunes.  For example, REDHEAD 76 has received the names PETRA, AVALON, and GETHSEMANE.

Redhead’s published volumes included the following:

  1. The Psalter and Proper Psalms, from The Book of Common Prayer, Pointed, and Set to The Ancient Tones (1850);
  2. Church Hymn Tunes, Ancient and Modern, for the Several Services of the Church Year (First Series, 1853; Second Series, 1859);
  3. Ancient Hymn Melodies and Other Church Tunes as Used at All Saints’ Church, Margaret Street, Arranged, Composed, and Harmonized by Richard Redhead, Organist (1859);
  4. The Canticles for The Book of Common Prayer, Pointed as They Are Set to Be Sung in Churches and Adapted to the Ancient Psalm Chants, with an Accompaniment for the Organ (1865);
  5. Church Hymns (1871); and
  6. The Order for Morning and Evening Prayer and Litany, Together with the Psalter and Proper Psalms, from The Book of Common Prayer, Pointed as They Are to Be Said or Sung in Churches (1877).

Redhead, aged 81 years, died in Hellingly, Sussex, England, on April 27, 1901.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

AUGUST 16, 2022 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF JOHN DIEFENBAKER AND LESTER PEARSON, PRIME MINISTERS OF CANADA; AND TOMMY DOUGLAS, FEDERAL LEADER OF THE NEW DEMOCRATIC PARTY

THE FEAST OF SAINT ALIPIUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP OF TAGASTE, AND FRIEND OF SAINT AUGUSTINE OF HIPPO

THE FEAST OF JOHN COURTNEY MURRAY, U.S. ROMAN CATHOLIC PRIEST AND THEOLOGIAN

THE FEAST OF JOHN JONES OF TALYSARN, WELSH CALVINISTIC METHODIST MINISTER AND HYMN TUNE COMPOSER

THE FEAST OF MATTHIAS CLAUDIUS, GERMAN LUTHERAN WRITER

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Holy God, whose majesty surpasses all human definitions and capacity to grasp,

thank you for those (especially Richard Redhead)

who have nurtured and encouraged the reverent worship of you.

May their work inspire us to worship you in knowledge, truth, and beauty.

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 25:1-8

Psalm 145

Revelation 15:1-4

John 4:19-26

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 27, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JAMES INTERCISUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR

THE FEAST OF HENRY SLOANE COFFIN, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN THEOLOGIAN

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Feast of Edward Dearle (March 1)   Leave a comment

Above:  The Flag of England

Image in the Public Domain

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EDWARD DEARLE (MARCH 2, 1806-MARCH 20, 1891)

Anglican Organist and Composer

Edward Dearle comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via two hymnals and their companion volumes.  The first hymnal, in chronological order, is The Hymnal 1940 (1943), of The Episcopal Church.  The second volume is The Methodist Hymnal/The Book of Hymns (1966), of The Methodist Church then The United Methodist Church.

Our saint, son of John Dearle and Harriet Harrison Dearle, entered the world at Cambridge, England, on March 2, 1806.  He, a chorister at St. John’s College, Cambridge, earned the Bachelor of Music degree from there in 1836.  Six years later, Dearle earned the Doctor of Music degree from Cambridge, too.

A career in church music followed.  Dearle served as the organist at St. Paul’s, Deptford (1827-1830); Blackheath, Wisbeach (1830-1832); and St. Mary’s, Warwick (1832-1833).  Then, until 1864, our saint served as the organist of St. Mary Magdalene Church and as the master of the song school, Newark-upon-Trent.  He moved to Camberwell, London, in 1864.  Eleven years later, Dearle helped to found Trinity Church, London.

Dearle composed oratorios, anthems, and service music.  Services included Evening Service in A, Evening Service in G Minor, and Morning Service in CIsrael in Egypt was one of his oratorios.  Our saint won the Gresham Prize for his anthem, Turn Thee Again, in 1837.  A hymn tune, PENITENTIA, composed for Samuel John Stone‘s text, “Weary of Earth, and Laden with My Sin,” debuted in Church Hymns with Tunes (1874), edited by Arthur Sullivan.

The Hymnal 1940 (1943) and The Methodist Hymnal/The Book of Hymns (1966) pair PENITENTIA with “Here, O My Lord, I See Thee,” by Horatius Bonar.

Our saint, husband of Catherine (Mullins) Dearle (1817-1880) and father of eleven children, died in Camberwell, London, on March 20, 1891.  He was 85 years old.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

JULY 29, 2022 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINTS MARY, MARTHA, AND LAZARUS OF BETHANY, FRIENDS OF JESUS

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Holy God, whose majesty surpasses all human definitions and capacity to grasp,

thank you for those (especially Edward Dearle)

who have nurtured and encouraged the reverent worship of you.

May their work inspire us to worship you in knowledge, truth, and beauty.

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 25:1-8

Psalm 145

Revelation 15:1-4

John 4:19-26

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 27, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JAMES INTERCISUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR

THE FEAST OF HENRY SLOANE COFFIN, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN THEOLOGIAN

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Feast of George Clement Martin (February 22)   Leave a comment

Above:  George Clement Martin

Image Source = Hymntime.com

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SIR GEORGE CLEMENT MARTIN (SEPTEMBER 11, 1844-FEBRUARY 23, 1916)

Anglican Organist and Composer

George Clement Martin comes to this, A GREAT CLOUD OF WITNESSES:  AN ECUMENICAL CALENDAR OF SAINTS’ DAYS AND HOLY DAYS, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.

Martin, born in Lambourn, Berkshire, England, on September 11, 1844, devoted his life to glorifying God in music.  Our saint earned his Mus.B. degree (Oxford, 1868).  He served as the choirmaster (1874-1916) and organist (1888-1916) of St. Paul’s Cathedral, London.  He, made a Fellow of the College of Organists in 1875, received two honorary doctorates in music.  Archbishop of Canterbury Edward White Benson (1829-1896) conferred the first one in 1883.  Oxford University conferred the second doctorate in 1912.

Martin composed mostly for the church.  He wrote anthems, services, and a setting of the Benedicite.  Our saint composed a setting of the Te Deum (1897) for Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee.  Martin became Sir George Clement Martin that year, too.  He also wrote a hymn tune, ALL HALLOWS.

Furthermore, Martin published.  He prepared The Art of Training Choir Boys (1896), a volume of musical exercises.  He also served as the Music Editor of The Book of Common Praise (1908), of The Church of England in Canada.

Martin, aged 71 years, died in London on February 23, 1916.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 21, 2021 COMMON ERA

PROPER 29:  THE LAST SUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST (CHRIST THE KING SUNDAY), YEAR B

THE FEAST OF THOMAS TALLIS AND HIS STUDENT AND COLLEAGUE, WILLIAM BYRD, ENGLISH COMPOSER AND ORGANISTS; AND JOHN MERBECKE, ENGLISH COMPOSER, ORGANIST, AND THEOLOGIAN

THE FEAST OF GUY IGNATIUS CHABRAT, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP COADJUTOR OF BARDSTOWN THEN OF LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY; AND HIS COUSIN, PETER JOSEPH LAVIALLE, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP OF LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY

THE FEAST OF HENRY PURCELL AND HIS BROTHER, DANIEL PURCELL, ENGLISH COMPOSERS

THE FEAST OF MARIA FRANCISZKA SIEDLISKA, FOUNDER OF THE SISTERS OF THE HOLY FAMILY OF NAZARETH

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Eternal God, light of the world and Creator of all that is good and lovely:

We bless your name for inspiring George Clement Martin and all those

who with music have filled us with desire and love for you;

through Jesus Christ our Savior, who with you and the Holy Spirit

lives and reigns, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 29:14b-19

Psalm 90:14-17

2 Corinthians 3:1-3

John 21:15-17, 24-25

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 728

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Feast of Henry John Gauntlett (February 21)   2 comments

Above:  The Flag of England

Image in the Public Domain

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HENRY JOHN GAUNTLETT (JULY 9, 1805-FEBRUARY 21, 1876)

Anglican Organist and Composer

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His literary attainments, his knowledge of the history of music, his acquaintance with acoustical laws, his marvelous memory, his philosophical turn of mind, as well as his practical experience, rendered him one of the most remarkable professors of the age.

–Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy (1809-1847), on Henry John Gauntlett; quoted in Armin Haeussler, The Story of Our Hymns:  The Handbook to the Hymnal of the Evangelical and Reformed Church (1952), 667

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Henry John Gauntlett comes to this, A GREAT CLOUD OF WITNESSES:  AN ECUMENICAL CALENDAR OF SAINTS’ DAYS AND HOLY DAYS, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.

You, O reader, may not recognize the name of this saint.  Yet, if you listen to the Festival of Lessons and Carols from England each Christmas Eve, you know one of his compositions–the tune to “Once in Royal David’s City.”

Our saint, born in Wellington, Shropshire, England, on July 9, 1805, came from a musical family.  His father, Henry Gauntlett, was the Vicar of Olney, Buckinghamshire.  At times, the elder Gauntlett doubled and tripled as the organist and choirmaster, too.  The father became the son’s first teacher of music.  At age nine, the younger Gauntlett began to serve as the organist in his father’s church.  Our saint also served as the choirmaster (1819-1825).  He continued to play the organ while studying and practicing law (1826-1842).

Gauntlett left the practice of law to devote his life to music.  He was the organist and choirmaster of:

  1. St. Olave’s Church, Southwark
  2. Christ Church, Newgate Street;
  3. Union Chapel, Islington;
  4. All Saints, Kensington Park; and
  5. Church of St. Bartholomew the Less, Smithfield.

Gauntlett participated in the production of hymnals, psalters, and related works, including:

  1. Hymnal for Matins and Evensong (1844);
  2. Cantus Melodici (1845);
  3. The Comprehensive Tune-Book (1846-1847);
  4. The Hallelujah:  or, Devotional Psalmody (1848-1866)
  5. The Church Hymnal and Tune-Book (1852, 1855), with William John Blew (1808-1894);
  6. The Choral Use of the Book of Common Prayer (1854);
  7. Carlyle’s Manual of Psalmody (1861);
  8. The Congregational Psalmist:  A Companion to All the New Hymn-Books, Providing Tunes, Chants, and Chorales, for the Metrical Hymns and Passages of Scripture Contained in Those Books (1861);
  9. One Hundred and Fifty-Six Questions on the Art of Music-Making and the Science of Music (1864);
  10. Tunes, Old and New (1868); and
  11. Pohlmann’s National Psalmody, or New Supplement to Houldworth’s Cheetham’s Psalmody, for Home and Congregational Use (1879, posthumously).

Gauntlett’s compositions included organ music, songs, and thousands of hymn tunes.

In 1853, Archbishop of Canterbury William Howley conferred an honorary doctorate of music upon our saint.  No Archbishop of Canterbury had conferred such a degree in nearly 200 years.

Gauntlett, aged 70 years, died in Kensington, London, on February 21, 1876.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 20, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF F. BLAND TUCKER, EPISCOPAL PRIEST AND HYMNODIST; “THE DEAN OF AMERICAN HYMN WRITERS”

THE FEAST OF HENRY FRANCIS LYTE, ANGLICAN PRIEST AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF PRISCILLA LYDIA SELLON, A RESTORER OF RELIGIOUS LIFE IN THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND

THE FEAST OF RICHARD WATSON GILDER, U.S. POST, JOURNALIST, AND SOCIAL REFORMER

THE FEAST OF THEODORE CLAUDIUS PEASE, U.S. CONGREGATIONALIST MINISTER AND HYMN WRITER

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Holy God, whose majesty surpasses all human definitions and capacity to grasp,

thank you for those (especially Henry John Gauntlett)

who have nurtured and encouraged the reverent worship of you.

May their work inspire us to worship you in knowledge, truth, and beauty.

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 25:1-8

Psalm 145

Revelation 15:1-4

John 4:19-26

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 27, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JAMES INTERCISUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR

THE FEAST OF HENRY SLOANE COFFIN, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN THEOLOGIAN

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Feast of Joseph Parry (February 19)   1 comment

Above:  Joseph Parry

Image in the Public Domain

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JOSEPH PARRY (MAY 21, 1841-FEBRUARY 17, 1903)

Welsh Congregationalist Organist and Composer

Joseph Parry comes to this, A GREAT CLOUD OF WITNESSES:  AN ECUMENICAL CALENDAR OF SAINTS’ DAYS AND HOLY DAYS, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church, as well as his connection to David Evans (1874-1948).

Parry’s destiny, aided by others, was musical.  He, born in Merthyr Tydfil, Glamorgan, Wales, on May 21, 1841, was one of eight children of Daniel Parry and Elizabeth Richards Parry.  The family was Congregationalist.  Daniel worked in the iron industry.  Young Joseph joined his father in a puddling furnace while a child.  Daniel emigrated and settled in Danville, Pennsylvania, in 1853.  (Danville was home to a Welsh immigrant community.)  The following year, the rest of the family arrived.  They became involved in a local Congregationalist church.  Joseph went to work in a local puddling furnace.

However, Elizabeth nurtured her son’s musical interests.  With help from the family and community, our saint studied music during the 1860s.  Joseph also served as the organist and choirmaster at Mahoning Presbyterian Church, Danville.  In 1863, he entered a hymn tune into the Eisteddfod at Swansea, Wales.  For this tune he won a musical education fund.

While living in Danville, Parry married Jane Thomas (1844-1918), of Welsh extraction.  The couple had three sons and two daughters.  Two of the sons died in Wales, before their father did.

Parry, who had visited Wales while residing in Danville, returned to the British Isles, to live, in 1868.  He graduated from Cambridge with his Mus.B. degree three years later.  He, a fellow of the Royal Academy of Music, was Professor of Music at University College, Aberystwyth (1874-1881).  In 1878, he received his Mus.D. degree from Cambridge.  Parry left for Swansea in 1881.  There he founded a school of music.  Seven years later, our saint left Swansea to join the faculty of University College of South Wales, Cardiff.  He remained there until 1903.  While Parry lived in Wales, he visited the United States on musical business from time to time.

Parry was also an important composer.  He wrote three oratorios (including Saul of Tarsus, 1892), eight operas (including Blodwen, 1878, the first Welsh opera), eleven cantatas (including The Prodigal Son and Nebuchadnezzar), orchestral works, piano pieces, anthems, choruses, hundreds of songs, and hymn tunes.

Parry’s most famous hymn tune may be ABERYSTWYTH, for “Jesus, Lover of My Soul.”

Parry, aged 61 years, died in Cardiff, Penarth, Wales, on February 17, 1903.  David Evans (1874-1948) took our saint’s place on the faculty of University College, Wales.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 18, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT HILDA OF WHITBY, ROMAN CATHOLIC ABBESS

THE FEAST OF ARTHUR TOZER RUSSELL, ANGLICAN PRIEST AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF ISABEL ALICE HARTLEY CRAWFORD, BAPTIST MISSIONARY TO THE KIOWA NATION

THE FEAST OF JANE ELIZA(BETH) LEESON, ENGLISH HYMN WRITER

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Eternal God, light of the world and Creator of all that is good and lovely:

We bless your name for inspiring Joseph Parry and all those

who with music have filled us with desire and love for you;

through Jesus Christ our Savior, who with you and the Holy Spirit

lives and reigns, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 29:14b-19

Psalm 90:14-17

2 Corinthians 3:1-3

John 21:15-17, 24-25

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 728

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