Archive for the ‘Saints of 1860-1869’ Category

Feast of Charles John Vincent, Jr. (February 22)   Leave a comment

Above:  Charles John Vincent, Jr.

Image Source = Hymntime.com

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CHARLES JOHN VINCENT, JR. (SEPTEMBER 19, 1852-FEBRUARY 23, 1934)

Anglican Organist and Composer

Charles John Vincent, Jr., comes to this, A GREAT CLOUD OF WITNESSES:  AN ECUMENICAL CALENDAR OF SAINTS’ DAYS AND HOLY DAYS, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.

Our saint, born in Durham, England, on September 19, 1852, was, in the vernacular, a chip off the old block.  His father, Charles John Vincent, Sr., was an organist and a composer.  Our saint, when 11 years old, became a chorister at Durham Cathedral.  Five years later, he began duties as organist at Monkwearmouth Parish Church.

Vincent continued his musical work and studies.  He studied at the conservatory in Leipzig (1876-1878).  Later, our saint served as the organist at Tavistock Parish Church and Kelly College.  He received his Mus.B. (1878) and Mus.D. (1885), both from Oxford University.  Vincent was the organist at Christ Church, Hampstead, London (1883-1891).

Eventually, our saint assumed control of the music business his father had founded.  Vincent build organs and pianos.

Vincent also edited The Organist and Choirmaster magazine for a time.

Our saint’s published books include:

  1. A Year’s Study at the Piano:  First Principles of Music;
  2. Choral Instructor;
  3. Chant Book Companion;
  4. Anglican Organist;
  5. Anglican Choir;
  6. Bach’s Forty-Eight Fugues;
  7. The Hymnal Companion to the Book of Common Prayer (Third Edition, 1890);
  8. Harmony, Diatonic and Chromatic (1900); and
  9. Fifty Shakespere Songs:  For High Voice (1906).

Vincent’s compositions included oratorios, services, anthems, sons, orchestral works, and works for organ, piano, and voice.  He also wrote and arranged hymn tunes, the post popular of which were PAX TECUM and ST. JUDE.  Works for which I have found titles were:

  1. Ruth (an oratorio),
  2. The Japanese Girl (1912),
  3. The American Girl (1908),
  4. Twelve Postludes or Concluding Voluntaries for the Organ (1902).

Vincent retired to Hendon.

Our saint, aged 81 years, died on Monte Carlo, Monaco, on February 23, 1934.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 22, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF ROBERT SEAGRAVE, ANGLICAN PRIEST AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF SAINT ANNA KOLESÁROVÁ, SLOVAK ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR, 1944

THE FEAST OF DITLEF GEORGSON RISTAD, NORWEGIAN-AMERICAN LUTHERAN MINISTER, HYMN TRANSLATOR, LITURGIST, AND EDUCATOR

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Holy God, whose majesty surpasses all human definitions and capacity to grasp,

thank you for those (especially Charles John Vincent, Jr.)

who have nurtured and encouraged the reverent worship of you.

May their work inspire us to worship you in knowledge, truth, and beauty.

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 25:1-8

Psalm 145

Revelation 15:1-4

John 4:19-26

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 27, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JAMES INTERCISUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR

THE FEAST OF HENRY SLOANE COFFIN, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN THEOLOGIAN

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Feast of George Clement Martin (February 22)   Leave a comment

Above:  George Clement Martin

Image Source = Hymntime.com

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SIR GEORGE CLEMENT MARTIN (SEPTEMBER 11, 1844-FEBRUARY 23, 1916)

Anglican Organist and Composer

George Clement Martin comes to this, A GREAT CLOUD OF WITNESSES:  AN ECUMENICAL CALENDAR OF SAINTS’ DAYS AND HOLY DAYS, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.

Martin, born in Lambourn, Berkshire, England, on September 11, 1844, devoted his life to glorifying God in music.  Our saint earned his Mus.B. degree (Oxford, 1868).  He served as the choirmaster (1874-1916) and organist (1888-1916) of St. Paul’s Cathedral, London.  He, made a Fellow of the College of Organists in 1875, received two honorary doctorates in music.  Archbishop of Canterbury Edward White Benson (1829-1896) conferred the first one in 1883.  Oxford University conferred the second doctorate in 1912.

Martin composed mostly for the church.  He wrote anthems, services, and a setting of the Benedicite.  Our saint composed a setting of the Te Deum (1897) for Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee.  Martin became Sir George Clement Martin that year, too.  He also wrote a hymn tune, ALL HALLOWS.

Furthermore, Martin published.  He prepared The Art of Training Choir Boys (1896), a volume of musical exercises.  He also served as the Music Editor of The Book of Common Praise (1908), of The Church of England in Canada.

Martin, aged 71 years, died in London on February 23, 1916.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 21, 2021 COMMON ERA

PROPER 29:  THE LAST SUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST (CHRIST THE KING SUNDAY), YEAR B

THE FEAST OF THOMAS TALLIS AND HIS STUDENT AND COLLEAGUE, WILLIAM BYRD, ENGLISH COMPOSER AND ORGANISTS; AND JOHN MERBECKE, ENGLISH COMPOSER, ORGANIST, AND THEOLOGIAN

THE FEAST OF GUY IGNATIUS CHABRAT, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP COADJUTOR OF BARDSTOWN THEN OF LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY; AND HIS COUSIN, PETER JOSEPH LAVIALLE, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP OF LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY

THE FEAST OF HENRY PURCELL AND HIS BROTHER, DANIEL PURCELL, ENGLISH COMPOSERS

THE FEAST OF MARIA FRANCISZKA SIEDLISKA, FOUNDER OF THE SISTERS OF THE HOLY FAMILY OF NAZARETH

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Eternal God, light of the world and Creator of all that is good and lovely:

We bless your name for inspiring George Clement Martin and all those

who with music have filled us with desire and love for you;

through Jesus Christ our Savior, who with you and the Holy Spirit

lives and reigns, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 29:14b-19

Psalm 90:14-17

2 Corinthians 3:1-3

John 21:15-17, 24-25

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 728

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Feast of Henry John Gauntlett (February 21)   1 comment

Above:  The Flag of England

Image in the Public Domain

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HENRY JOHN GAUNTLETT (JULY 9, 1805-FEBRUARY 21, 1876)

Anglican Organist and Composer

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His literary attainments, his knowledge of the history of music, his acquaintance with acoustical laws, his marvelous memory, his philosophical turn of mind, as well as his practical experience, rendered him one of the most remarkable professors of the age.

–Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy (1809-1847), on Henry John Gauntlett; quoted in Armin Haeussler, The Story of Our Hymns:  The Handbook to the Hymnal of the Evangelical and Reformed Church (1952), 667

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Henry John Gauntlett comes to this, A GREAT CLOUD OF WITNESSES:  AN ECUMENICAL CALENDAR OF SAINTS’ DAYS AND HOLY DAYS, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.

You, O reader, may not recognize the name of this saint.  Yet, if you listen to the Festival of Lessons and Carols from England each Christmas Eve, you know one of his compositions–the tune to “Once in Royal David’s City.”

Our saint, born in Wellington, Shropshire, England, on July 9, 1805, came from a musical family.  His father, Henry Gauntlett, was the Vicar of Olney, Buckinghamshire.  At times, the elder Gauntlett doubled and tripled as the organist and choirmaster, too.  The father became the son’s first teacher of music.  At age nine, the younger Gauntlett began to serve as the organist in his father’s church.  Our saint also served as the choirmaster (1819-1825).  He continued to play the organ while studying and practicing law (1826-1842).

Gauntlett left the practice of law to devote his life to music.  He was the organist and choirmaster of:

  1. St. Olave’s Church, Southwark
  2. Christ Church, Newgate Street;
  3. Union Chapel, Islington;
  4. All Saints, Kensington Park; and
  5. Church of St. Bartholomew the Less, Smithfield.

Gauntlett participated in the production of hymnals, psalters, and related works, including:

  1. Hymnal for Matins and Evensong (1844);
  2. Cantus Melodici (1845);
  3. The Comprehensive Tune-Book (1846-1847);
  4. The Hallelujah:  or, Devotional Psalmody (1848-1866)
  5. The Church Hymnal and Tune-Book (1852, 1855), with William John Blew (1808-1894);
  6. The Choral Use of the Book of Common Prayer (1854);
  7. Carlyle’s Manual of Psalmody (1861);
  8. The Congregational Psalmist:  A Companion to All the New Hymn-Books, Providing Tunes, Chants, and Chorales, for the Metrical Hymns and Passages of Scripture Contained in Those Books (1861);
  9. One Hundred and Fifty-Six Questions on the Art of Music-Making and the Science of Music (1864);
  10. Tunes, Old and New (1868); and
  11. Pohlmann’s National Psalmody, or New Supplement to Houldworth’s Cheetham’s Psalmody, for Home and Congregational Use (1879, posthumously).

Gauntlett’s compositions included organ music, songs, and thousands of hymn tunes.

In 1853, Archbishop of Canterbury William Howley conferred an honorary doctorate of music upon our saint.  No Archbishop of Canterbury had conferred such a degree in nearly 200 years.

Gauntlett, aged 70 years, died in Kensington, London, on February 21, 1876.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 20, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF F. BLAND TUCKER, EPISCOPAL PRIEST AND HYMNODIST; “THE DEAN OF AMERICAN HYMN WRITERS”

THE FEAST OF HENRY FRANCIS LYTE, ANGLICAN PRIEST AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF PRISCILLA LYDIA SELLON, A RESTORER OF RELIGIOUS LIFE IN THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND

THE FEAST OF RICHARD WATSON GILDER, U.S. POST, JOURNALIST, AND SOCIAL REFORMER

THE FEAST OF THEODORE CLAUDIUS PEASE, U.S. CONGREGATIONALIST MINISTER AND HYMN WRITER

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Holy God, whose majesty surpasses all human definitions and capacity to grasp,

thank you for those (especially Henry John Gauntlett)

who have nurtured and encouraged the reverent worship of you.

May their work inspire us to worship you in knowledge, truth, and beauty.

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 25:1-8

Psalm 145

Revelation 15:1-4

John 4:19-26

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 27, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JAMES INTERCISUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR

THE FEAST OF HENRY SLOANE COFFIN, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN THEOLOGIAN

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Feast of Joseph Parry (February 19)   1 comment

Above:  Joseph Parry

Image in the Public Domain

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JOSEPH PARRY (MAY 21, 1841-FEBRUARY 17, 1903)

Welsh Congregationalist Organist and Composer

Joseph Parry comes to this, A GREAT CLOUD OF WITNESSES:  AN ECUMENICAL CALENDAR OF SAINTS’ DAYS AND HOLY DAYS, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church, as well as his connection to David Evans (1874-1948).

Parry’s destiny, aided by others, was musical.  He, born in Merthyr Tydfil, Glamorgan, Wales, on May 21, 1841, was one of eight children of Daniel Parry and Elizabeth Richards Parry.  The family was Congregationalist.  Daniel worked in the iron industry.  Young Joseph joined his father in a puddling furnace while a child.  Daniel emigrated and settled in Danville, Pennsylvania, in 1853.  (Danville was home to a Welsh immigrant community.)  The following year, the rest of the family arrived.  They became involved in a local Congregationalist church.  Joseph went to work in a local puddling furnace.

However, Elizabeth nurtured her son’s musical interests.  With help from the family and community, our saint studied music during the 1860s.  Joseph also served as the organist and choirmaster at Mahoning Presbyterian Church, Danville.  In 1863, he entered a hymn tune into the Eisteddfod at Swansea, Wales.  For this tune he won a musical education fund.

While living in Danville, Parry married Jane Thomas (1844-1918), of Welsh extraction.  The couple had three sons and two daughters.  Two of the sons died in Wales, before their father did.

Parry, who had visited Wales while residing in Danville, returned to the British Isles, to live, in 1868.  He graduated from Cambridge with his Mus.B. degree three years later.  He, a fellow of the Royal Academy of Music, was Professor of Music at University College, Aberystwyth (1874-1881).  In 1878, he received his Mus.D. degree from Cambridge.  Parry left for Swansea in 1881.  There he founded a school of music.  Seven years later, our saint left Swansea to join the faculty of University College of South Wales, Cardiff.  He remained there until 1903.  While Parry lived in Wales, he visited the United States on musical business from time to time.

Parry was also an important composer.  He wrote three oratorios (including Saul of Tarsus, 1892), eight operas (including Blodwen, 1878, the first Welsh opera), eleven cantatas (including The Prodigal Son and Nebuchadnezzar), orchestral works, piano pieces, anthems, choruses, hundreds of songs, and hymn tunes.

Parry’s most famous hymn tune may be ABERYSTWYTH, for “Jesus, Lover of My Soul.”

Parry, aged 61 years, died in Cardiff, Penarth, Wales, on February 17, 1903.  David Evans (1874-1948) took our saint’s place on the faculty of University College, Wales.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 18, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT HILDA OF WHITBY, ROMAN CATHOLIC ABBESS

THE FEAST OF ARTHUR TOZER RUSSELL, ANGLICAN PRIEST AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF ISABEL ALICE HARTLEY CRAWFORD, BAPTIST MISSIONARY TO THE KIOWA NATION

THE FEAST OF JANE ELIZA(BETH) LEESON, ENGLISH HYMN WRITER

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Eternal God, light of the world and Creator of all that is good and lovely:

We bless your name for inspiring Joseph Parry and all those

who with music have filled us with desire and love for you;

through Jesus Christ our Savior, who with you and the Holy Spirit

lives and reigns, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 29:14b-19

Psalm 90:14-17

2 Corinthians 3:1-3

John 21:15-17, 24-25

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 728

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Feast of Edward John Hopkins (February 9)   Leave a comment

Above:  The Temple Church, London, England

Image in the Public Domain

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EDWARD JOHN HOPKINS (JUNE 30, 1818-FEBRUARY 4, 1901)

Anglican Organist and Composer

Edward John Hopkins comes to this, A GREAT CLOUD OF WITNESSES:  AN ECUMENICAL CALENDAR OF SAINTS’ DAYS AND HOLY DAYS, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.

Hopkins devoted most of his life to the liturgical worship of God.  Our saint, born in Westminster, London, England, on June 30, 1818, eventually became a choirboy in the Chapel Royal.  By the tender age of 16 years, he had distinguished himself as an organist at Westminster Abbey, too.  At that age, Hopkins became the organist at Mitcham Parish Church.  The enthusiastic recommendation of James Turle (1802-1882), the official organist at Westminster Abbey, helped Hopkins secure this position.  At the age of 20 years, our saint accepted organist posts at St. Peter’s Church, Islingon; and St. Luke’s Church, Berwick Street.  Then, in 1843, Hopkins became the organist at the Temple Church, London.  He held that position for 55 years.  He retired at age 80, in 1898.

During those 55 years, Hopkins did more than play then organ:

  1. He helped to found the College of Organists.
  2. He composed hymn tunes, including ST. ATHANASIUS, ARTAVIA, ELLERS, AND PASCAL.
  3. He composed a chanted version of Psalm 104.
  4. He edited The Temple Choral Service Book (1867), which included some of his music.
  5. He served as the Music Editor for Church Praise (Presbyterian Church of England, 1885) and Congregational Church Hymnal:  Or, Hymns of Worship, Praise and Prayer for Congregational Churches (Congregational Union of England and Wales, 1885).
  6. He received an honorary Doctorate of Music from Archbishop of Canterbury Archibald Campbell Tait in 1882.
  7. He received another honorary Doctorate of Music from Trinity College, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, in 1886.

Hopkins, aged 82 years, died in London on February 4, 1901.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 11, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF ANNE STEELE, FIRST IMPORTANT ENGLISH FEMALE HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF SAINT ALIJCA MARIA JADWIGA KOTOWSKA, POLISH ROMAN CATHOLIC NUN AND MARTYR, 1939

THE FEAST OF EDWIN HATCH, ANGLICAN PRIEST, SCHOLAR, AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF MARTHA COFFIN PELHAM WRIGHT; HER SISTER, LUCRETIA COFFIN MOTT; HER HUSBAND, JAMES MOTT; HIS SISTER, ABIGAIL LYDIA MOTT MOORE; AND HER HUSBAND, LINDLEY MURRAY MOORE, U.S. QUAKER ABOLITIONISTS AND FEMINISTS

THE FEAST OF PETER TAYLOR FORSYTH, SCOTTISH CONGREGATIONALIST MINISTER AND THEOLOGIAN

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Holy God, whose majesty surpasses all human definitions and capacity to grasp,

thank you for those (especially Edward John Hopkins)

who have nurtured and encouraged the reverent worship of you.

May their work inspire us to worship you in knowledge, truth, and beauty.

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 25:1-8

Psalm 145

Revelation 15:1-4

John 4:19-26

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 27, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JAMES INTERCISUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR

THE FEAST OF HENRY SLOANE COFFIN, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN THEOLOGIAN

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Feast of William Pennefather (February 5)   Leave a comment

Above:  William Pennefather

Image in the Public Domain

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WILLIAM PENNEFATHER (FEBRUARY 5, 1816-APRIL 30, 1873)

Co-Founder of Mildmay Religious and Benevolent Institutions

The Reverend William Pennefather comes to this, A GREAT CLOUD OF WITNESSES:  AN ECUMENICAL CALENDAR OF SAINTS’ DAYS AND HOLY DAYS, via two sources.  Those sources are The Hymnal (Evangelical and Reformed Church, 1941) and The Methodist Hymnal (The Methodist Church, 1966).  This post not only enrolls Pennefather in this ECUMENICAL CALENDAR, but inaugurates the newest round of additions to that calendar.

Our saint, born in Dublin, Ireland, on February 5, 1816, was a son of Richard Pennefather (Sr.) (1773-1859) and Jane Bennett, of County Cork.  Richard (Sr.) was a Baron of the Irish Court of Exchequer.  Our saint’s siblings included Richard (Jr.) (1806-1849) and Dorothea (1824-1861).  Pennefather studied at Westbury College (near Bristol) then from Trinity College, Dublin (B.A., 1840).

Pennefather, who took Anglican Holy Orders in 1841, served in Ireland through 1848.  He was Curate at Ballymacugh (-1844) then Vicar of Mellifont, near Brogheda (1844-1848).  From 1848 to 1873, our saint served in England.  He was priest at Holy Trinity Church, Walton, near Aylesbury (1848-1852); Christ Church, Barnet (1852-1864); and St. Jude’s Church, Mildmay Park, London (1864f).

Pennefather and wife Catherine King (daughter of Admiral James William King and Caroline Cleaver) became involved in charitable work.  They opened the Mildmay Religious and Benevolent Institutions in 1860.  The effects of doing so were great and far-reaching.  From this seed arose the Mildmay Deaconess Institution, the first deaconess training institution in the English-speaking world.  This deaconess house, eventually renamed St. Christopher’s Deaconess House, survived until 1940.  At Mildmay, the Pennefathers hosted ecumenical missions conferences, a niyght school for men, an orphanage for girls, an institute for troubled boys, a homeless shelter, and a clinic that provided children’s services.  The Pennefathers also nurtured what became the Young Women’s Christian Association (Y.M.C.A.).

But wait, there’s more!

Pennefather wrote hymns, most of which have fallen into obscurity.  His most popular text was “Jesus, Stand Among Us in Thy Risen Power.”  He also published Hymns, Original and Selected (1862); and Original Hymns and Thoughts in Verse (1873).

Pennefather expressed his thoughts on ecumenism in The Church of the First-Born:  A Few Thoughts on Christian Unity (1865).

Our saint, aged 57 years, died in Muswell Hill, London, England, on April 30, 1873.

Robert Braithwaite edited The Life and Letters of Rev. William Pennefather, B.A. (1878).

Information about William is much more plentiful and easier to find than about Catherine.

Jesus said that whatever one did for “the least of these,” one did for him.  The Pennefathers acted on these words.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 7, 2021 COMMON ERA

ALL SAINTS’ SUNDAY

PROPER 27:  THE TWENTY-FOURTH SUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST, YEAR B

THE FEAST OF SAINT WILLIBRORD, APOSTLE TO THE FRISIANS; AND SAINT BONIFACE OF MAINZ, APOSTLE TO THE GERMANS

THE FEAST OF BENEDICT JOSEPH FLAGET, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP OF BARDSTOWN THEN OF LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY

THE FEAST OF ELEANOR ROOSEVELT, FIRST LADY OF THE UNITED STATES, AND CIVIL RIGHTS ACTIVIST

THE FEAST OF EUGENE CARSON BLAKE, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN MINISTER, ECUMENIST, AND MORAL CRITIC

THE FEAST OF JOHN CAWOOD, ANGLICAN PRIEST AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF JOHN CHRISTIAN FREDERICK HEYER, LUTHERAN MISSIONARY IN THE UNITED STATES AND INDIA; BARTHOLOMEAUS ZIEGENBALG, JR., LUTHERAN MINISTER TO THE TAMILS; AND LUDWIG NOMMENSEN, LUTHERAN MISSIONARY TO SUMATRA AND APOSTLE TO THE BATAK

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Lord God, your Son came among us to serve and not to be served,

and to give his life for the life of the world.

Lead us by his love to serve all those to whom

the world offers no comfort and little help.

Through us give hope to the hopeless,

love to the unloved,

peace to the troubled,

and rest to the weary;

through your Son, Jesus Christ our Lord.  Amen.

Hosea 2:18-23

Psalm 94:1-14

Romans 12:9-21

Luke 6:20-36

Lutheran Book of Worship (1978), 37

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Feast of Timothy Richard Matthews (January 16)   Leave a comment

Above:  Timothy Richard Matthews

Image in the Public Domain

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TIMOTHY RICHARD MATTHEWS (NOVEMBER 4, 1826-JANUARY 5, 1910)

Anglican Priest, Organist, and Hymn Writer

Timothy Richard Matthews comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.

Matthews was an Anglican priest and a church musician.  Our saint, born in Colmworth (near Bedford), England, on November 4, 1826, was a son of the Rector of Colmworth.  Young Timothy graduated from Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge (A.B., 1853).  Matthews, ordained that year, took on two positions.  Our saint became the private tutor to the Reverend Lord Wriothesley Russell, a canon of St. George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle.  That year, Matthews also became the Curate of St. Mary’s, Nottingham (-1859).  While at Nottingham, he founded the Working Men’s Institute.

While tutoring Russell’s family, Matthews met Sir George Job Elvey (1816-1893).  Our saint became one of Elvey’s organ students.  The two men also became lifelong friends.  Matthews’s musical talents extended to composition.  He composed settings of Morning Prayer and Evening Prayer.  He also wrote and edited books:

  1. Tunes for Holy Worship (1859),
  2. The Village-Church Tune-Book (1859),
  3. Congregational Melodies (1862),
  4. Hymn Tunes (1867),
  5. North Coates Supplemental Tune Book (1878), and
  6. The Village Organist (1877).

Furthermore, our saint composed at least one hymn (“The Sanctuary of My Soul“) and more than 100 hymn tunes.

Matthews served as the Rector of North Coates, Lincolnshire (1859-1907).  Then he, a widower, retired and moved into the vicarage at Tetney, where his eldest son was in residence as the vicar.

Our saint, aged 83 years, died at Tetney, Lincolnshire, on January 5, 1910.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

SEPTEMBER 2, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF THE MARTYRS OF NEW GUINEA, 1942 AND 1943

THE FEAST OF DAVID CHARLES, WELSH CALVINISTIC METHODIST MINISTER AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF DIANNA ORTIZ, U.S. ROMAN CATHOLIC NUN AND ANTI-TORTURE ACTIVIST

THE FEAST OF SAINT WILLIAM OF ROSKILDE, ENGLISH-DANISH ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP OF ROSKILDE

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Holy God, whose majesty surpasses all human definitions and capacity to grasp,

thank you for those (especially Timothy Richard Matthews)

who have nurtured and encouraged the reverent worship of you.

May their work inspire us to worship you in knowledge, truth, and beauty.

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 25:1-8

Psalm 145

Revelation 15:1-4

John 4:19-26

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 27, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JAMES INTERCISUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR

THE FEAST OF HENRY SLOANE COFFIN, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN THEOLOGIAN

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Feast of Blessed Maria Dolores Rodriguez Sopena y Ortega (January 10)   2 comments

Above:  Blessed María Dolores Rodríguez Sopeña y Ortega

Image in the Public Domain

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BLESSED MARÍA DOLORES RODRÍGUEZ SOPEÑA Y ORTEGA

(DECEMBER 30, 1848-JANUARY 10, 1918)

Founder of the Centers of Instruction, the Association of the Sodality of the Virgin Mary, the Ladies of the Catechetical Institute, the Association of the Apostolic Laymen/the Sopeña Lay Movement, the Works of the Doctrines/the Center for the Workers, and the Social and Cultural Work Sopeña/the Sopeña Catechetical Institute

Blessed María Dolores Rodríguez Sopeña y Ortega comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via the Roman Catholic Church.

Blessed María came from a devout Spanish family.  She, born in Velez Rubio on December 30, 1848, was the fourth of seven children of Nicolasa Ortega Salomon and Tomas Rodríguez Sopeña.  He worked as the administrator of the Marqueses de Velez farms before getting a job as a magistrate in 1866.

Blessed María spent most of her life helping the less fortunate.  She, not caring about status and materialism, valued “the least of these.”  In Almeria, where her father was the judge (1866-1869), our saint, who had poor eyesight, helped her sisters, afflicted with typhoid fever.  She also ministered to a leper.  In 1869, Tomas transferred to Puerto Rico and took a son with him.  The rest of the family moved to Madrid.  Blessed María commenced catechetical work with women in prison, patents in the Princess Hospital, and pupils in Sunday Schools.

The family reunited in Puerto Rico in 1872.  There, Blessed María, 24 years old, tried to join the Sisters of Charity the following year.  Her poor eyesight prevented our saint from joining that order.  Blessed María, therefore, struck out on her own.  She began to work in impoverished neighborhoods and founded the Centers for Instruction.  The curriculum consisted of the catechism and general instruction.  Medical assistance was also available.  Blessed María also founded the Association of the Sodality of the Virgin Mary, members of which staffed the Centers for Instruction.

After Nicolasa died in 1877, the family returned to Madrid later that year. Blessed María spent the next six years taking care of her father and tending to the less fortunate.  Then Tomas died in 1883.  Our saint, struggling to find her vocation, joined a Salesian convent in 1883.  Ten days later, she left it.  The contemplative life did not fit our saint.

Blessed María vocation was social work, especially with women.  She formalized community centers for this social work as part of a new organization, Works of the Doctrines, in 1885.  Eventually, this organization took the name “Center for the Workers.”

In Madrid, in 1892, Blessed María founded the Association of the Apostolic Laymen (now the Sopeña Lay Movement).  The work of this order expanded into eight neighborhoods in Madrid the following year.

Our saint expanded her apostolic work across Spain in 1896.  She founded the Ladies of the Catechetical Institute in Toledo in 1901.  The following year, Blessed María founded the Social and Cultural Work Sopeña (now the Sopeña Catechetical Institute.  She became this order’s Superior General in 1910.

The Sopeña Catechetical Institute expanded into the Americas in 1917.

Blessed María, aged 69 years, died in Madrid on January 10, 1918.

Pope John Paul II declared our saint a Venerable in 1992 then beatified her in 2003.

Blessed María’s institutional legacy continues via the Sopeña Catechetical Institute and the Sopeña Lay Movement.

Consider two words, O reader.  Those words are orthodoxy and orthopraxy.  Orthodoxy is right belief.  Orthopraxy is right practice.  The two are properly like two sides of a coin.  One is like what one does, and as one thinks, one does and is.  When I consider elements of conventional Christian orthodoxy in the past and the present, I find a mixed bag of healthy spirituality and spiritual creepy crawlies.  I, as a student of history, know from primary sources that many Americans defended racially-defined, chattel slavery by quoting the Bible, for example.  I also recall reading such arguments recycled, well into the twentieth century, to justify Jim Crow.  I know, from the words of those who made these arguments, that these were matters, partially, of scriptural authority for those advocates.

The standard to follow is love–not vague love, not puppy love, not make-people-feel-good-for-now love.  The standard to follow is love.  Love builds up people.  Love is tangible.  Love is selfless.  Love hurts sometimes, too.  Love is willing to accompany a beloved one through hell.

Blessed María loved “the least of these.”  In doing so, she demonstrated her love of Jesus.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

AUGUST 28, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT AMBROSE OF MILAN, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP. SAINT MONICA OF HIPPO, MOTHER OF SAINT AUGUSTINE OF HIPPO; AND SAINT AUGUSTINE OF HIPPO, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP OF HIPPO REGIUS

THE FEAST OF DENIS WORTMAN, U.S. DUTCH REFORMED MINISTER AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF EDMOND L. BUDRY, SWISS REFORMED, HYMN WRITER, AND HYMN TRANSLATOR

THE FEAST OF LAURA S. COPERHAVER, U.S. LUTHERAN HYMN WRITER AND MISSIONARY LEADER

THE FEAST OF SAINT MOSES THE BLACK, ROMAN CATHOLIC MONK, ABBOT, AND MARTYR

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O God, your Son came among us to serve and not to be served,

and to give his life for the life of the world.

Lead us by his love to serve all those to whom

the world offers no comfort and little help.

Through us give hope to the hopeless,

love to the unloved,

peace to the troubled,

and rest to the weary,

through Jesus Christ, our Savior and Lord, who lives and reigns

with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.  Amen.

Hosea 2:18-23

Psalm 94:1-15

Romans 12:9-21

Luke 6:20-36

Evangelical Lutheran Worship (2006), 60

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Feast of Johann Josef Ignaz von Dollinger (January 9)   Leave a comment

Above:  Johann Josef Ignaz von Döllinger

Image in the Public Domain

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JOHANN JOSEF IGNAZ VON DÖLLINGER (FEBRUARY 28, 1799-JANUARY 10, 1890)

Dissident and Excommunicated Roman Catholic Priest, Theologian, and Historian

INTRODUCTION

Father Johann Josef Ignaz von Dõllinger comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via historical accounts.  He also comes here via a pupil, John Dalberg Acton (1834-1902).

I confess readily to my relationship to authority.  I am neither an anarchist nor an unconditional conformist.  I chafe against all forms of authoritarianism.  With the common good (defined by mutuality) and the Golden Rule as my core principles, I evaluate what authority figures say and do.  Theologically, I feel free to ask any question and to harbor any doubt I choose.  I gladly accept the label “heretic” from people.  In fact, I own and wear a T-shirt with “heretic” printed on the front.  Yet I am, compared to many people I know, orthodox.  According to fundamentalists, however, I am a Hellbound heretic.  So be it.  I call myself an Episcopalian.

Sometimes I poke my proverbial fingers into the equally proverbial eyes of authority figures because they deserve no less.  We are all “but dust.”  Even authority figures are mere mortals.  Somebody has to remind some of them of that.

I follow my own interests and march to the beat of my own drum.  Therefore, I am a default contrarian much of the time.  Many of my interests are outside of the mainstream, or at least of little or no interest to most people around me.  I feel no compulsion to keep up with “watercooler” topics of discussion either.  If I wanted to break the ice, I would have joined the crew of a ship with a reinforced hull long ago.

I grew up a Protestant–a United Methodist, mainly.  The rebelliousness hardwired into Protestantism appealed to my personality.  (It still does.)  Yet my sense of history led me toward Holy Mother Church.  Instead of crossing the Tiber River, I became an Episcopalian.  I have turned into an Anglican-Lutheran-Catholic.  (The Middle Way, indeed!)

Given all that, O reader, you may not be surprised to read that Father Döllinger catches and holds my attention.  I like him.  I disagree with him on certain points.  Of course, if agreeing with me on all points were a criteria for inclusion on my Ecumenical Calendar, the project would not exist.  I do agree with Döllinger’s rejection of papal infallibility.  I also conclude that anyone who got on the bad side of the reactionary Pope Pius IX could not have been all bad.

The article about Döllinger in The Catholic Encyclopedia (1907-1912) offers a hardline evaluation, not surprisingly:

Seldom has it been so clearly proven that whenever a man turns completely from a glorious and honourable past, however stormy, his fate is irrevocably sealed.

Consider the source, O reader.

HIS LIFE

Johann Josef Ignaz von Döllinger, born in Bamberg, Electorate of Bavaria, Holy Roman Empire, on February 28, 1799, came from a line of physicians and professors of medicine.  His grandfather had founded the medical faculty at the University of Bamberg.  Our saint’s father taught medicine at the University of Bamberg (-1803) then at the University of Würzberg (1803f).  Döllinger, a bookworm from an early age, mastered French, Italian, and Spanish.  At the University of Würzberg, our saint studied science, theology, philosophy, and law.  Seminary followed in Bamberg (1820-1822).

Döllinger became a priest on April 22, 1822.  This displeased his father, who (a) wanted the son to lead an academic career, and (b) considered leading a celibate life to be physically impossible.  Our saint, briefly a chaplain, led an academic career, with the aid of his father.  Döllinger started teaching canon law in Aschaffenburg from November 1823 to 1827.  During this time, he received his Doctor of Theology degree.  Our saint relocated to Munich, the capital of the Kingdom of Bavaria, in 1827.  He taught canon law and church history.  Döllinger also served as a canon of the royal chapel of St. Cajetan (1839f) and as the provost, or head canon (1847f).

Dollinger’s relatively liberal politics–including support for constitutional government–got him into trouble.  It cost him his professorship in 1847, although he got that position back in 1850.  In 1871, Döllinger’s refusal to accept the new dogma of papal infallibility got him into deep trouble with Rome.  This act of conscience led to excommunication that year and dismissal from the professorship the following year.  Fortunately for our saint, he had the favor of the Kings of Bavaria.  Döllinger held various royal appointments–academic and scientific positions–and continued to research, write, and publish for the rest of his life.

Döllinger was sui generis.  He was too liberal for traditionalists and too traditional for hardcore German Liberals.  Our saint’s church was the ancient Catholic Church, not the Roman Catholic Church with an infallible Supreme Pontiff.  Schism was anathema to Döllinger.  He was unambiguous in criticizing Protestantism (in 1838, 1843, and 1851, in particular).  The excommunicated priest, who influenced the new Old Catholic Church, refused to join it while harboring no hostility toward it.  Our saint’s insistence of academic freedom made him many enemies in ecclesiastical circles, too.

Döllinger, who refused attempts to persuade him to reconcile with Rome, died in Munich, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire, on January 10, 1890.  He was 90 years old.

CONCLUSION

Certain issues at play in Döllinger’s life remain pertinent, sadly.

  1. The lack of academic freedom in schools, colleges, and universities in more than one denomination remains problematic.
  2. Dissent has a legitimate role in the Church.  Some limits need to exist, of course; certain standards should apply.  Yet the quest for doctrinal purity is a fool’s errand.  Some of the self-identified pure are purer than others.  The “purer” the tent is, the smaller and more Donatistic it is.
  3. Schism is a matter to approach with extreme caution, and should be a last resort.

Given the ecclesiastical standards that have unfolded and continue to unfold, what did Döllinger do that warranted excommunication?  He apparently honored his vow of celibacy.  He did not disavow the Holy Trinity.  He did not molest anyone.  He did not abuse indigenous children at residential schools in Canada.   Our saint’s alleged offenses seemed to have been asking “too many” questions and refusing to accept a new dogma.

Sola Scriptura, in the narrow definition, holds that nothing outside of scripture is necessary for salvation.  I read about Döllinger and conclude that his refusal to accept papal infallibility did not endanger his salvation.  I conclude that, in the mind of God, the excommunication was irrelevant.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

AUGUST 26, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JOHN PAUL I, BISHOP OF ROME

THE FEAST OF FREDERICK WILLIAM HERZBERGER, U.S. LUTHERAN MINISTER, HUMANITARIAN, AND HYMN TRANSLATOR

THE FEAST OF SAINT LEVKADIA HARASYMIV, UKRAINIAN GREEK CATHOLIC NUN, AND MARTYR, 1952

THE FEAST OF SAINTS LUIGI BELTRAME QUATTROCCHI AND MARIA CORSINI BELTRAME QUATTROCCHI, ITALIAN ROMAN CATHOLIC HUMANITARIANS

THE FEAST OF SAINT TERESA OF JESUS, JORNET Y IBARS, CATALAN CATHOLIC NUN AND CO-FOUNDER OF THE LITTLE SISTERS OF THE ABANDONED ELDERLY

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Almighty God, you gave to your servant Johann Josef Ignaz von Döllinger

special gifts of grace to understand and teach the truth as it in Christ Jesus:

Grant that by this teaching we may know you,

the one true God, and Jesus Christ whom you have sent;

who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

Proverbs 3:1-7

Psalm 119:89-96

1 Corinthians 3:5-11

Matthew 13:47-52

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 721

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Feast of Josiah Booth (December 30)   Leave a comment

Above:  The Flag of England

Image in the Public Domain

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JOSIAH BOOTH (MARCH 27, 1852-DECEMBER 29, 1929)

English Organist, Hymn Writer, and Hymn Tune Composer

Josiah Booth comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.

Booth made a strong musical contribution to the Church.  He, born in Coventry, England, on March 27, 1852, studied music under composer and organist Edward Simms (1800-1893).  Then our saint studied under composers Henry Brinley Richards (1817-1885) and George Alexander Macfarren (1813-1887) at the Royal Academy of Music.  Booth served as the organist of Marlborough Road Wesleyan Methodist Chapel (now Methodist Church), Banbury, from 1868 to 1877.  Then Booth served as the organist at Park Chapel (Congregational), Crough End, London, from 1877 to 1918.

Park Chapel (Congregational) amalgamated with Ferme Park Baptist Church to form the Union Church and Community Centre in 1974.

Booth composed chants, hymn tunes, church services, anthems, school operettas, a cantata (The Day of Rest), an oratorio (Nehemiah, 1885), at least one hymn text (“Jesus Can keep Little Children“), and hymn tunes.  The hymn tunes included:

  1. COMMONWEALTH,
  2. HOLY WAR, and
  3. NORTHREPPS.

Booth’s published works included:

  1. Part II of the Congregational Church Hymnal (1888), as Musical Editor;
  2. Everybody’s Guide to Music (1893);
  3. A Selection of One Hundred Tunes (1909); and
  4. The Congregational Hymnal (1916), as musical consultant.

Booth, elected an Associate of the Royal Academy of Music (1904), died in Crouch End, London, on December 29, 1929.  He was 77 years old.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

AUGUST 23, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINTS MARTIN DE PORRES AND JUAN MACIAS, HUMANITARIANS AND DOMINICAN LAY BROTHERS; SAINT ROSE OF LIMA, HUMANITARIAN AND DOMINICAN SISTER; AND SAINT TURIBIUS OF MOGROVEJO, ROMAN CATHOLIC ARCHBISHOP OF LIMA

THE FEAST OF SAINT FRANCISZEK DACHTERA, POLISH ROMAN CATHOLIC PRIEST AND MARTYR, 1944

THE FEAST OF GEERT GROOTE, FOUNDER OF THE BRETHREN OF THE COMMON LIFE

THE FEAST OF THEODORE O. WEDEL, EPISCOPAL PRIEST AND BIBLICAL SCHOLAR; AND HIS WIFE, CYNTHIA CLARKE WEDEL, U.S. PSYCHOLOGIST AND EPISCOPAL ECUMENIST

THE FEAST OF THOMAS AUGUSTINE JUDGE, U.S. ROMAN CATHOLIC PRIEST; FOUNDER OF THE MISSIONARY SERVANTS OF THE MOST HOLY TRINITY, THE MISSIONARY SERVANTS OF THE MOST BLESSED TRINITY, AND THE MISSIONARY CENACLE APOSTOLATE

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Holy God, whose majesty surpasses all human definitions and capacity to grasp,

thank you for those (especially Josiah Booth)

who have nurtured and encouraged the reverent worship of you.

May their work inspire us to worship you in knowledge, truth, and beauty.

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 25:1-8

Psalm 145

Revelation 15:1-4

John 4:19-26

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 27, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JAMES INTERCISUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR

THE FEAST OF HENRY SLOANE COFFIN, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN THEOLOGIAN

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