Archive for the ‘Saints of 1920-1929’ Category

Feast of Blessed Maria Angelica Perez (May 20)   3 comments

Above:  Flag of Chile

Image in the Public Domain

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BLESSED MARIÁ ANGÉLICA PÉREZ (AUGUST 17, 1897-MAY 20, 1932)

Roman Catholic Nun

Also known as Sister Maria Crescentia and “Sister Sweetness”

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Heart of Jesus, I ask you for a special blessing for Chile, given that it is God’s will that I die here.  Gladly I offer you this sacrifice for the peace and tranquility of this nation.

–Blessed Mariá Angélica Pérez’s last words

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Blessed Mariá Angélica Pérez spent most of her brief adult life working in hospitals.  That work shortened her life.

Pérez, a daughter of Spanish immigrants, debuted at San Martin, Buenos Aires, Argentina, on August 17, 1897.  Her parents were Agustin Pérez and Ema Rodriguez (Pérez).  The devout family lived on a farm.

Above:  Flag of Argentina

Image in the Public Domain

Pérez, a member of the Daughters of Charity of the Garden since December 31, 1915, made her vows on September 7, 1918.  Sister Maria Crescentia taught children until 1924.  That year, she began to work in hospitals and minister to children in them.  Our saint ministered to tuberculosis patients in Argentina from 1924 to 1928.  Pérez contracted to a lung disease in Mar del Plata, where she lived from 1925 to 1928.  Our saint transferred to a hospital in Vallenar, Chile, for health reasons, in 1928.  Wherever she was, Pérez’s disposition blessed the patients to whom she tended.

Pérez, aged 34 years, died in Vallenar on May 20, 1932.

The Roman Catholic Church has formally recognized our saint.  Pope John Paul II declared her a Venerable in 2004.  Pope Benedict XVI beatified Pérez in 2012.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

APRIL 4, 2020 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT BENEDICT THE AFRICAN, FRANCISCAN FRIAR AND HERMIT

THE FEAST OF ALFRED C. MARBLE, JR., EPISCOPAL BISHOP OF MISSISSIPPI THEN ASSISTING BISHOP OF NORTH CAROLINA

THE FEAST OF ERNEST W. SHURTLEFF, U.S. CONGREGATIONALIST MINISTER AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., U.S. CIVIL RIGHTS LEADER, AND MARTYR, 1968

THE FEAST OF SIDNEY LOVETT, U.S. CONGREGATIONALIST MINISTER AND CHAPLAIN OF YALE UNIVERSITY

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O God, by whose grace your servant Blessed Mariá Angélica Pérez,

kindled with the flame of your love, became a bright and shining light in your Church:

Grant that we also may be aflame with the spirit of love and discipline,

and work before you as children of light;

through Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns with you,

in the unity of the Holy Spirit, one God, now and for ever.  Amen.

Acts 2:42-47a

Psalm 133 or 34:1-8 or 119:161-168

2 Corinthians 6:1-10

Matthew 6:24-33

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 723

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Feast of Blessed Ivan Ziatyk (May 17)   Leave a comment

Above:  Flag of Poland, 1927-1980

Image in the Public Domain

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BLESSED IVAN ZIATYK (DECEMBER 26, 1899-MAY 17, 1952)

Polish Ukrainian Greek Catholic Priest and Martyr, 1952

Feast day (as one of the Martyrs Killed Under Communist Regimes in Eastern Europe) = June 27

Another alternative feast day = April 2

Blessed Ivan Ziatyk was originally a subject of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.  He, born in Sanok (now in Poland) on December 26, 1899, attended high school, in Peremysyl during World War II.

Zaityk, ordained to the priesthood in 1923, ministered in independent Poland.  He taught theology at the seminary in Peremysyl from 1925 to 1935.  Then, in 1935, our saint joined the Redemptorist order.  He, based in Lviv, became a popular preacher.  Ziatyk, the prior of the monastery in Ternopil during World War II, became the Vicar General of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church after the war.  Polish Communist authorities had arrested or exiled all of his superiors.

Ziatyk died a prisoner.  Authorities arrested him on January 5, 1950.  After incarceration in Zolochiv, our saint ended his days, tortured and beaten, in Irkutsk Oblast (in Siberia), Russia.  He died on May 17, 1952, aged 52 years old.

Pope John Paul II declared Ziatyk a Venerable and beatified him in 2001.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

APRIL 2, 2020 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF JAMES LLOYD BRECK, “THE APOSTLE OF THE WILDERNESS”

THE FEAST OF CARLO CARRETTO, SPIRITUAL WRITER

THE FEAST OF SAINTS JOHN PAYNE AND CUTHBERT MAYNE, ROMAN CATHOLIC PRIESTS AND MARTYRS, 1582 AND 1577

THE FEAST OF JOSEPH BERNARDIN, CARDINAL ARCHBISHOP OF CHICAGO

THE FEAST OF SAINT SIDONIUS APOLLINARIS, SAINT EUSTACE OF LYON, AND HIS DESCENDANTS, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOPS

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Almighty God, by whose grace and power your holy martyr Blessed Ivan Ziatyk

triumphed over suffering and was faithful even to death:

Grant to us, who now remember him in thanksgiving,

to be so faithful in our witness to you in this world,

that we may receive with him the crown of life;

through Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns with

you and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

Sirach (Ecclesiasticus) 51:1-12

Psalm 116 or 116:1-8

Revelation 7:13-17

Luke 12:2-12

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 714

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Feast of Blessed Vladimir Ghika (May 16)   2 comments

Above:  Blessed Vladimir Ghika

Image in the Public Domain

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BLESSED VLADIMIR GHIKA (DECEMBER 25, 1873-MAY 16, 1954)

Romanian Roman Catholic Priest and Martyr, 1954

Also known as Blessed Vladimir Ghica

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Lord, do not abandon me.  I embrace your love to triumph over the hate of my enemies.

–Blessed Vladimir Ghika, January 1954

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Blessed Vladimir Ghika served God and the “least of these,” first as a layman then as a priest.

Ghika came from Romanian nobility.  He, born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire, on December 25, 1873, was a son of Alexandrina Moret de Blaremberg (Ghika) and diplomat John Ghika.  Our saint’s grandfather was Grigore Alexandru Ghica (died in 1857), the penultimate (not last, as many online sources erroneously claim) Prince of Moldavia (reigned 1849-1853 and 1854-1856).  The Ghika family moved to Toulouse, France, in 1878.  Our saint, seemingly destined to become a diplomat, also, graduated with his law degree in Paris in 1895.  He then studied history, political science, philosophy, medicine, literature, botany, and art, first in France then in Romania.

Ghika, raised in Eastern Orthodoxy, converted to Roman Catholicism in 1898.  That year he matriculated at the College of Saint Thomas, Rome, to study theology and philosophy.  Our saint graduated in 1905.

As the catechism of The Episcopal Church, as found in The Book of Common Prayer (1979), teaches,

The ministers of the Church are lay persons, bishops, priests, and deacons.

–855

Ghika, as a layman, became a pioneer of the lay apostolate.  He, having pondered becoming a monk or a priest, heeded the advice of Pope Pius X not to become priest or monk yet.  Our saint, back in Romania, ministered to the impoverished and the ill.  He founded Mariae Bethlehem, the first free clinic in Bucharest.  Ghika also founded a sanitorium, the first free hospital in Romania, and the first free ambulance service in Romania.  Our saint, risking contracting cholera, provided health care in Zimnicea, Romania, during the Balkan wars, in 1913.

Ghika, ordained a priest in Paris on October 7, 1923, continued to minister to vulnerable people.  He made history by becoming a bi-rite (Latin and Byzantine) priest–the first bi-rite Romanian priest.  He chose to live in Villejuif, a shantytown and a Parisian suburb, from 1924 to 1939.  Our saint returned to Romania on August 3, 1939.  Ghika ministered to the sick and the poor, including wartime refugees, during World War II.  When Communists came to power, he remained in the country voluntarily.

Government agents arrested Ghika on November 18, 1952, as he ministered to a dying man.  The charge was treason, or remaining pro-Rome and opposing the government’s control of organized religion.  Ghika suffered from abuse, which hastened his death in prison in Jilava (near Bucharest) on May 16, 1954.  He was 80 years old when he received the crown of martyrdom.

Pope Francis declared Ghika a Venerable and beatified him in 2013.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

APRIL 1, 2020 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF FREDERICK DENISON MAURICE, ANGLICAN AND THEOLOGIAN

THE FEAST OF SAINT GIUSEPPE GIROTTI, ROMAN CATHOLIC PRIEST AND MARTYR, 1945

THE FEAST OF JOHN GRAY, SCOTTISH PRESBYTERIAN MINISTER, MYTHOLOGIST, BIBLICAL SCHOLAR, AND PROFESSOR OF HEBREW AND SEMITIC LANGUAGES

THE FEAST OF SAINT LUDOVICO PAVONI, ROMAN CATHOLIC PRIEST AND EDUCATOR

THE FEAST OF SAINTS SYRAGIUS OF AUTUN AND ANARCHARIUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOPS; AND SAINTS VALERY OF LEUCONE AND EUSTACE OF LUXEUIT, ROMAN CATHOLIC ABBOTS

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Almighty God, who gave to your servant Blessed Vladmir Ghika

boldness to confess the Name of our Savior Jesus Christ

before the rulers of this world, and courage to die for this faith:

Grant that we may always be ready to give a reason for the hope that is in us,

and to suffer gladly for the sake of our Lord Jesus Christ;

who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

2 Esdras 2:42-48

Psalm 126 or 121

1 Peter 3:14-18, 22

Matthew 10:16-22

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 713

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Feast of Blessed Vasile Aftenie (May 10)   Leave a comment

Above:  Flag of Romania, 1948-1952

Image in the Public Domain

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BLESSED VASILE AFTENIE (JUNE 14, 1899-MAY 10, 1950)

Romanian Roman Catholic Bishop and Martyr, 1950

Blessed Vasile Aftenie served God and won the crown of martyrdom.

Aftenie was originally a subject of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.  He, born in Lodroman, Valea Lunga, Alba, Transylvania, on June 14, 1899, reached the age of legal adulthood during World War I.  Our saint, drafted into the army, served in Italy and Galicia.  The redrawing of the map of Europe after the war expanded the borders of Romania and broke up Austria-Hungary.

Our saint, briefly a law student in Bucharest, Romania, after World War I, turned toward theology instead.  He matriculated at the Pontifical Greek College of Saint Athanasius, Rome, Italy, in 1919.  Aftenie, ordained to the priesthood on January 1, 1926, spent much of his career at the seminary in Bucharest–teaching (1926-1934) then serving as the dean (1934-1937).  Our saint, Canon of the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, Blaj (1937-1939), served as the Rector of the Theological Academy (1939-1940).  On April 12, 1940, our saint became the Auxiliary Bishop of Faragas si Alba Iulia and the Titular Bishop of Ulpiana.  Starting on June 15, 1941, he served as the Apostolic administrator of the diocese.

In Spring 1945, during the final months of World War II in Europe, Communist forces began to consolidate their power in Romania.  With the end of the monarchy in December 1947, Romania became a Communist state in the political orbit of the Soviet Union.  The law of August 4, 1948, officially granted freedom of religion and defined coercive acts intended to curb religious practices as crimes.  However, that law also brought organized religion under state control, thereby rendering churches allowed to exist as agents of the Communist government.

Aftenie became a prisoner of the Communist government on October 28, 1948.  First incarcerated at the Dragoslavele work camp, our saint went into solitary confinement at Caldarusani monastery, near Bucharest.  A year of torture began on May 10, 1949.  Aftenie, mutilated, crippled, and broken mentally, died of a gunshot at Vacaresti on May 10, 1950.  He was 50 years old.

Pope Francis declared our saint a Venerable and beatified him in 2019.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

MARCH 26, 2020 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT MARGARET CLITHEROW, ENGLISH ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR, 1586

THE FEAST OF FLANNERY O’CONNOR, U.S. ROMAN CATHOLIC WRITER

THE FEAST OF GEORGE RUNDLE PRYNNE, ANGLICAN PRIEST, POET, AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF JAMES RENDEL HARRIS, ANGLO-AMERICAN CONGREGATIONALIST THEN QUAKER BIBLICAL SCHOLAR AND ORIENTALIST; ROBERT LUCCOCK BENSLY, ENGLISH BIBLICAL TRANSLATOR AND ORIENTALIST; AGNES SMITH LEWIS AND MARGARET DUNLOP SMITH GIBSON, ENGLISH BIBLICAL SCHOLARS AND LINGUISTS; SAMUEL SAVAGE LEWIS, ANGLICAN PRIEST AND LIBRARIAN OF CORPUS CHRISTI COLLEGE; AND JAMES YOUNG, SCOTTISH UNITED PRESBYTERIAN MINISTER AND LITERARY TRANSLATOR

THE FEAST OF SAINT LUDGER, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP OF MUNSTER

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Almighty God, who gave to your servant Blessed Vasile Aftenie

boldness to confess the Name of our Savior Jesus Christ

before the rulers of this world, and courage to die for this faith:

Grant that we may always be ready to give a reason for the hope that is in us,

and to suffer gladly for the sake of our Lord Jesus Christ;

who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

2 Esdras 2:42-48

Psalm 126 or 121

1 Peter 3:14-18, 22

Matthew 10:16-22

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 713

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Feast of Blessed Maria del Carmen Rendiles Martinez (May 9)   Leave a comment

Above:  The Flag of Venezuela, 1954-2006

Image in the Public Domain

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BLESSED MARIA DEL CARMEN RENDILES MARTINEZ (AUGUST 11, 1903-MAY 9, 1977)

Foundress of the Servants of Jesus of Caracas (the Servant Congregation of Jesus in Venezuela)

Also known as Mother Maria Carmen

Born Carmen Elena Rendiles Martinez

Blessed Maria del Carmen Rendiles Martinez devoted almost all of her life to God.  She, one of eight children of Ramiro Antonio Rendiles and Ana Antonia Martinez, debuted in Caracas, Venezuela, on August 11, 1903.  Our saint, from a respected and wealthy family, was devout from youth.  She was a catechist at the age of 15 years.  Blessed Maria also overcame a physical disability; she never had a left arm.  She used a prosthesis instead.

Blessed Maria Carmen spent nearly half of a century in religious life.  She joined the Servants of the Blessed Sacrament on February 25, 1927, when she was 23 years old.  Our saint spent years studying in Toulouse, France.  While there, she received her habit in 1927, made her first vows in 1929, and made her final vows in 1932.  After returning to Caracas in 1934, she became the novice mistress there.  Our saint, the Provincial Superior for Venezuela and Colombia, starting in 1945, founded convents and schools.  After she inherited the family estate, she founded a school for poor children there.

Politics led to the division of the order.  In 1961, by means of a new constitution, the Servants of the Blessed Sacrament became the Servants of the Eucharist.  The change of constitution came as a surprise to the order’s South American members.  Internal communications were problematic for the order.  The South American province became a separate order in 1965, and Blessed Maria became the first Superior General of the Servants of Jesus of Caracas (the Congregation of Jesus in Venezuela).

Blessed Maria Carmen died in Caracas on May 9, 1977.  She was 73 years old.

Pope Francis declared our saint a Venerable in 2013 then beatified her five years later.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

MARCH 25, 2020 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF THE ANNUNCIATION OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST

THE FEAST OF SAINT DISMAS, PENITENT BANDIT

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O God, whose blessed Son became poor that we through his poverty might be rich:

Deliver us from an inordinate love of this world, that we,

inspired by the devotion of your servant Blessed Maria del Carmen Rendiles Martinez,

may serve you with singleness of heart, and attain to the riches of the age to come;

through Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit,

in the unity of the Holy Spirit, one God, now and for ever.  Amen.

Song of Songs 8:6-7

Psalm 34

Philippians 3:7-15

Luke 12:33-37 or Luke 9:57-62

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 722

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Feast of St. Basil Martysz (May 4)   Leave a comment

Above:  The Flag of Poland, 1919-1927

Image in the Public Domain

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SAINT BASIL MARTYSZ (FEBRUARY 20, 1874-MAY 4, 1945)

Polish Orthodox Priest and Martyr, 1945

Also known as Saint Vasily Martysz

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I have done no harm to anyone and I will not run away from anyone.  Christ did not run away.

–St. Basil (Vasily) Martysz, May 4, 1945

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St. Basil (Vasily) Martysz comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via the polish Autocephalous Orthodox Church (which canonized him in 2003) and the Orthodox Church in America (OCA), which also observes his feast day.

Above:  Partitioned Poland in Europe, 1871

Image in the Public Domain

Martysz was originally a subject of the Russian Empire and a baptized member of the Russian Orthodox Church.  He, born in Teratyn, Poland, Russia, on February 20, 1874, was a son of Alexander Martysz, a judge.  Alexander later retired from the bench and became a priest.  Our saint and his father visited New York, New York, in 1884.  Vladimir, Russian Orthodox Bishop of the Aleutians and Alaska, and therefore in charge of Russian Orthodox Church work in the United States, from 1887 to 1891, noticed young Basil’s beautiful singing voice.  Bishop Vladimir predicted that the boy would become a priest.  Furthermore, the bishop predicted that he (the bishop) would invite St. Basil to serve in the American diocese.  Our saint did become a priest.  He studied theology under St. Tikhon of Moscow (1865-1925) at the seminary in Chelon, Russia.  Martysz, ordained to the diaconate in the summer of 1899, married Olga Nowik.  He, ordained a priest in in December 1900, departed for Alaska with Olga.  He served under St. Tikhon, who had become the Bishop of the Aleutians and Alaska in 1898.  St. Tikhon changed the name of the diocese to the Diocese of the Aleutians and North America in 1900.  This became the Archdiocese of the Aleutians and North America in 1905.

Martysz remained in North America until 1912.  He served first in Alaska.  Our saint was responsible for churches and chapels on Spruce and Woody Islands, near Kodiak.  He and his family sacrificed in frontier conditions.  Our saint spent weeks away from home, traveling by kayak, as Olga raised their first two children, daughters born in 1902 and 1904.  The family lived in Afognak then in Kodiak.  Martysz also taught in the church school and in two ecclesiastical homes for poor children.  The family left the wilds of Alaska for the contiguous United States.  A son joined the family in Osceola Mills, Pennsylvania, in 1906.  A third daughter arrived two years later.  Then the family lived in, in order:  Old Forge, Pennsylvania; Waterbury, Connecticut; West Troy, New York; Edmonton, Alberta; and Wostok, Alberta.  Our saint became the archdiocesan dean for Alberta and Manitoba while at Wostok.

The Martysz family returned to Poland in 1912.  They settled in Sosnowiec.  Our saint served as the parish priest and as a teacher at the local girls’ high school.  Then World War I broke out in the summer of 1914.  Russian Orthodox priests were technically civil servants with orders to evacuate.  Bishop Vladimir, back in Russia, provided the Martysz family with an apartment at St. Andronicus Monastery, Moscow.  Our saint taught religious education classes in Valdai until the Bolshevik Revolution (1917f).  Then he earned his living unloading railroad cars and became a target for the Red Army.

Above:  Poland in Europe, 1919

Image in the Public Domain

The Martysz family returned to Poland, newly independent, in 1919.  They went back to Sosnowiec briefly.  That September, they moved to Warsaw, for our saint accepted a new position.  He was in charge of Orthodox Affairs in the Religious Ministry of the War Department.  He forced and organized the Orthodox chaplaincy in the Polish Army.  Martysz, promoted to colonel in 1921, became that head of that chaplaincy.  He also received the title of archpriest from the Church.

Martysz also aldvised Metropolitans of Warsaw and All Poland.  Metroplitan George and our saint worked for the autocephaly of the Polish Orthodox Church from the Moscow Patriarchate.  After the assassination of Metropolitan George on February 8, 1923, Martysz continued to work for Polish Orthodox autocephaly with Metropolican Dionysius.  The Ecumenical Patriarchate recognized the Polish Autocephalous Orthodox Church in 1925.  St. Tikhon, Patriarch of Moscow (1917-1925), died on April 25.  The office of Patriarch of Moscow remained vacant until 1943.  The Moscow Patriarchate recognized Polish autocephaly in 1948.

Martysz remained the head of the Orthodox chaplaincy in the Polish Army until he retired in 1936.  During the years he held this job, he labored faithfully.  For example, he supervised ministry to Ukrainian internees along the Polish border immediately after World War I.  Our saint appointed and trained chaplains for them.  Martysz also celebrated the Divine Liturgy in Ukrainian for more than 5,000 internees at one camp on July 8, 1921.

Our saint, Olga, and their widowed mothers settled in Teratyn in 1936.  Retirement was peaceful for a few years.  During World War II life became difficult.  The village dwindled.  Both mothers died.  Olga died in 1943.  Helen (our saint’s youngest daughter), her husband, and their daughter moved in, to support the retired archpriest.  In the final days of World War II, bandits searching for wealth were breaking into homes and killing the inhabitants.  Our saint, 71 years old, refused to leave his home.  He suffered terribly before he died.  The men who killed him kicked and nearly killed his pregnant daughter, who miscarried.

The Polish Autocephalous Orthodox Church and the Orthodox Church in America list Martysz as a martyr.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

MARCH 20, 2020 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SEBASTIAN CASTELLIO, PROPHET OF RELIGIOUS LIBERTY

THE FEAST OF CHRISTOPHER WORDSWORTH, HYMN WRITER AND ANGLICAN BISHOP OF LINCOLN

THE FEAST OF ELLEN GATES STARR, U.S. EPISCOPALIAN THEN ROMAN CATHOLIC SOCIAL ACTIVIST AND REFORMER

THE FEAST OF SAINT MARIA JOSEFA SANCHO DE GUERRA, FOUNDRESS OF THE CONGREGATION OF THE SERVANTS OF JESUS

THE FEAST OF SAMUEL RODIGAST, GERMAN LUTHERAN ACADEMIC AND HYMN WRITER

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Almighty and everlasting God, who kindled the flame of your love

in the heart of your holy martyr Saint Basil Martysz:

Grant to us, your humble servants, a like faith and power of love,

that we who rejoice in his triumph may profit by his example:

through Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns with

you and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

Jeremiah 15:15-21

Psalm 124 or 31:1-5

1 Peter 4:12-19

Mark 8:34-38

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 715

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Feast of Angus Dun (May 4)   Leave a comment

Above:  The Flag of The Episcopal Church

Photograph by Kenneth Randolph Taylor

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ANGUS DUN (MAY 4, 1892-AUGUST 12, 1971)

Episcopal Bishop of Washington, and Ecumenist

Bishop Angus Dun comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via The Interpreter’s Bible (1951f), a project on which he was one of the Consulting Editors.

Dun grew up in the Reformed Church in America.  He, born in New York, New York, on May 4, 1892, was a son of Henry Walke Dun (1853-1928) and Sarah Hazard Dun (1859-1929).  Our saint contracted polio at the age of 11 years.  Complications led to the amputation of one leg during his youth.  Dun matriculated at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, in 1910.

Dun spent most of his life as an Episcopalian.  He converted to The Episcopal Church in college.  After our saint graduated from Yale University in 1914, he matriculated at the Episcopal Theological School (hereafter, ETS), Cambridge, Massachusetts (Class of 1917).  Dun married Catherine Whipple Pew (1893-1978) in 1916.  The couple had two sons.  Our saint, ordained a deacon then a priest in 1917, simultaneously served in the Episcopal congregations in Lexington and Ayer, Massachusetts.  He also served as a civilian chaplain at Camp Devens during World War I.  In 1919 and 1920, respectively, Dun studied in Oxford, England, and in Edinburgh, Scotland.  Then he began his career (1920-1944) at ETS.  Our saint taught systematic theology, starting in 1920, then became the Dean in 1940.

Dun led the Diocese of Washington, encompassing the District of Columbia and part of Maryland, from 1944 to 1962.  He sought to proclaim to Gospel to all segments of society within the boundaries of the diocese, regardless of racial, economic, and other categories.  Our saint, a white man who opposed racial segregation in society and the Church, became a target of ire of many segregationists; he became “Black Angus.”  Dun, close to President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, was one of the officiants at FDR’s White House funeral in 1945.  Our saint, like Reinhold Niebuhr (1892-1971), another Christian Realist, tried to balance idealism and realism in the context of the common good.  In October 1962, during the Cuban Missile Crisis, Dun stated:

The every-family-for-itself approach to fallout shelter construction is immoral, unjust, and contrary to national interest.

Many doctrinaire Christians, especially those not steeped in Christian history, objected to our saint’s acknowledgement that the Church made the creeds, not the other way around.  He was objectively and historically accurate, given the record of councils and synods.

Dun was also an ecumenist.  He became the Secretary of the American Theological Commission for the World Conference on Faith and Order, a predecessor of the World Council of Churches (WCC), in 1937.  His global ecumenism continued through the 1950s.  Our saint represented The Episcopal Church at the first Assembly of the WCC in 1948.  He also sat on the WCC’s Central Committee from 1948 to 1954.  Furthermore, Dun wrote books about ecumenism.  Titles included The Meaning of Unity (1937) and Prospecting for a United Church (1948).

Dun’s other books included:

  1. The King’s Cross:  Meditations on the Seven Last Words (1926);
  2. We Believe:  A Simple Exposition on the Creeds (1934);
  3. Not By Bread Alone (1942);
  4. Behold the City of God:  Meditations on the Christian Faith, the Christian Family, the Christian World, and the World Mission of the Church (1946);
  5. The Christian Conscience and Weapons of Mass Destruction (1950); and
  6. The Saving Person (1957).

Dun also served on the denominational level.  He sat on the Executive Committee of The Episcopal Church and chaired the Department of Religious Education and the Episcopal Joint Commission on Ecumenical Relations.

Angus Dun, Order of the British Empire (1953), retired in 1962.  He died in Washington, D.C., on August 12, 1971.  Our saint was 79 years old.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

MARCH 18, 2020 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT LEONIDES OF ALEXANDRIA, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR, 202; ORIGEN, ROMAN CATHOLIC THEOLOGIAN; SAINT DEMETRIUS OF ALEXANDRIA, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP; AND SAINT ALEXANDER OF JERUSALEM, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP

THE FEAST OF SAINT CYRIL OF JERUSALEM, BISHOP, THEOLOGIAN, AND LITURGIST

THE FEAST OF ELIZA SIBBALD ALDERSON, POET AND HYMN WRITER; AND JOHN BACCHUS DYKES, ANGLICAN PRIEST AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF SAINT PAUL OF CYPRUS, EASTERN ORTHODOX MARTYR, 760

THE FEAST OF ROBERT WALMSLEY, ENGLISH CONGREGATIONALIST HYMN WRITER

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O heavenly Father, Shepherd of your people, we thank you for your servant Angus Dun,

who was faithful in the care and nurture of your flock;

and we pray that, following his example and the teaching of his holy life,

we may by your grace grow into the stature and the fullness of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ;

who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

Ezekiel 34:11-16

Psalm 23

1 Peter 5:1-4

John 21:15-17

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 718

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