Archive for the ‘Saints of 1920-1929’ Category

Feast of Lindsay Bartholomew Longacre (January 24)   Leave a comment

Above:  Lindsay Bartholomew Longacre

Image in the Public Domain

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

LINDSAY BARTHOLOMEW LONGACRE (JANUARY 26, 1870-SEPTEMBER 16, 1952)

U.S. Methodist Minister, Biblical Scholar, and Hymn Tune Composer

Lindsay Bartholomew Longacre comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.  The companion volume to The Methodist Hymnal (1935) provides other material for this post.

Longacre, born in Pottsville, Pennsylvania, on January 26, 1870, changed his career plans to become a minister.  Our saint was a son of Orleans Longacre, Sr. (1840-1920), and Rachel Bartholomew Longacre (1837-1937).  Lindsay graduated from Columbia University with a degree in mining engineering (1892).  However, another calling determined his future.  He graduated from Drew Theological Seminary (B.D., 1896).  Later that year, our saint became a minister in the Methodist Episcopal Church.  He served as pastor of three congregations in the State of New York until 1910.  He married Arabella Hyland (d. 1937) in 1904.  Longacre continued his theological education at the University of Jena (1905-1906, 1910) and New York University (PhD., 1908).

Longacre was a professor of Old Testament at Iliff School of Theology, Denver, Colorado (1910-1942).  He doubled as a music critic for a local newspaper.

Longacre’s published works were:

  1. Elijah and Elisha and Their Part in the Politico-Religious Crisis in Israel in the Ninth Century B.C. (1908), his dissertation;
  2. The Riverdale Hymn Book (1912), as co-editor, with Ira Seymour Dodd;
  3. A Prophet of the Spirit:  A Sketch of the Character and Work of Jeremiah (First Edition, 1917; Second Edition, 1922);
  4. Amos, A Prophet of a New Order (1921);
  5. Deuteronomy, A Prophetic Lawbook (1924); and
  6. The Old Testament:  Its Form and Purpose (1945).

Longacre also composed hymn tunes.  These included:

  1. BEHOLD THE LAMB,
  2. BLAKE,
  3. COLORADO,
  4. DEEPER LIFE,
  5. FIRENZE,
  6. ILIFF,
  7. MY COUNTRY,
  8. NEW AMERICA,
  9. ORLEANS,
  10. THE RADIANT MORN,
  11. RIVERDALE, and
  12. WARREN.

Longacre retired in 1942.  He and second wife Florence Biggart Longacre (1886-1980) moved to New York, New York.  Our saint, aged 82 years, died there on September 16, 1952.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

SEPTEMBER 7, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF BEYERS NAUDÉ, SOUTH AFRICAN DUTCH REFORMED MINISTER AND ANTI-APARTHEID ACTIVIST

THE FEAST OF ELIE NAUD, HUGUENOT WITNESS TO THE FAITH

THE FEAST OF JANE LAURIE BORTHWICK AND SARAH BORTHWICK FINDLATER, SCOTTISH PRESBYTERIAN TRANSLATORS OF HYMNS

THE FEAST OF SAINTS JOHN DUCKETT AND RALPH CORBY, ROMAN CATHOLIC PRIESTS AND MARTYRS IN ENGLAND, 1644

THE FEAST OF SAINT KASSIANI THE HYMNOGRAPHER, BYZANTINE ABBESS, POET, COMPOSER, HYMN WRITER, AND DEFENDER OF ICONS

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

O God, you have endowed us with memory, reason, and skill.

We thank you for the faithful legacy of [Lindsay Bartholomew Longacre and all others]

who have dedicated their lives to you and to the intellectual pursuits.

May we, like them, respect your gift of intelligence fully and to your glory.

In the Name of God:  Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.  Amen.

Deuteronomy 6:4-9

Psalm 103

Philippians 4:8-9

Mark 12:28-34

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

MARCH 6, 2013 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT CHRODEGANG OF METZ, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP

THE FEAST OF EDMUND KING, ANGLICAN BISHOP OF LINCOLN

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Feast of Charles Winfred Douglas (January 19)   1 comment

Above:  Portrait of Charles Winfred Douglas

Scanned from The Hymnal 1940 Companion (1949), a volume dedicated to his “dear and honored memory”

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

CHARLES WINFRED DOUGLAS (FEBRUARY 15, 1867-JANUARY 18, 1944)

Episcopal Priest, Liturgist, Musicologist, Linguist, Poet, Hymn Translator, and Arranger

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

He [Douglas] began his career dedicated to the Praise of God.  He ended his life with the Praise of God on his mind and pen, and in his heart.

The Hymnal 1940 Companion (1949), 422

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Canon Charles Winfred Douglas comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via two hymnals and their companion volumes.  The hymnals are, in order of publication:

  1. The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church; and
  2. The Hymnal 1940 (1943), of The Episcopal Church.

Douglas was a native of the State of New York.  He, born in Oswego on February 15, 1867, was a son of Virgil Chittendon Douglas and Caroline Church Douglas.  While an undergraduate at Syracuse University, our saint worked as the assistant organist at St. Paul’s Cathedral, Syracuse.  Douglas, upon graduating with his B.Mus. degree (1891), served as an instructor in vocal music at Syracuse University.  Starting in 1892, our saint worked as the organist and choirmaster of the Church of Zion and St. Timothy, New York, New York.  In 1893, after graduating from St. Andrew’s Divinity School, Syracuse, Douglas joined the Sacred Order of Deacons.  He was the Curate of the Church of the Redeemer, New York, New York, for a few months.  Then our saint became seriously ill.  He went to the West to recover.

Douglas’s base of operations, for a time, was Colorado.  He undertook an outdoors lifestyle, due to lung trouble.  In September 1894, our saint became a minor canon at the Cathedral of St. John in the Wilderness, Denver.  Later, he moved to Evergreen.  There Douglas founded the Mission (now Church) of the Transfiguration.  The first service occurred on December 25, 1897.  In Colorado, our saint’s doctors included Mary Josepha Williams (d. March 9, 1938).  He married her in 1896.  The couple had a son, Frederic Huntington Douglas.  Our saint, who continued his theological education at St. Matthew’s Hall, Denver, became a priest in 1899.  He served at the Mission of the Transfiguration, in an associate capacity, until 1907.  While based in Colorado, Douglas traveled in and studied music in England, France, and Germany (1903-1904, 1905-1906).

Douglas was a fine musician and musicologist.  He, a resident canon at Cathedral Church of St. Paul, Fond du Lac, Wisconsin (1907-1911), then an honorary canon there, was an expert on plainsong.  He even served as the President of the American Plainsong Society.  Our saint was also a Fellow and the Chairman of the Department of Music of the American Ecclesiological Society.  Furthermore, he taught at the Summer School of Church Music, Cambridge and Wellesley, Massachusetts (1915-1924).  Nashotah House awarded Douglas a honorary degree in music (1916).  He collaborated with Sergei Rachmaninov (1873-1943) on Songs of the Church (1920).  Douglas and Rachmaninov helped to popularize music of the Russian Orthodox Church in the United States.  Our saint also worked with Kurt Schinder (1882-1935) on Twelve Old Spanish Motets (1913-1919).

Douglas’s other published works, as author, editor, music editor, composer, or arranger, included:

  1. Cantica Eucharistica:  Choral Devotions to the Blessed Sacrament (1910);
  2. Mission Hymnal (1913);
  3. Ordinary and Canon of the Mass (1913);
  4. The Canticles at Evensong (1915);
  5. The Order of Matins (1916);
  6. The Psalms of David (1917);
  7. The Hymnal 1916 (1919);
  8. The St. Dunstan’s Psalter (1923);
  9. The Ceremonial Noted (1923);
  10. The Choral Service (1927);
  11. The American Psalter (1929);
  12. The American Missal (1931);
  13. The Monastic Diurnal (1932);
  14. The American Plainsong Psalter (1932);
  15. The St. Dunstan’s Kyrial (1933);
  16. The Midnight Mass, and Other Poems (1933);
  17. Selected Hymns and Carols (1936), with its Brief Commentary (1936);
  18. Church Music in History and Practice:  Studies in the Praise of God (1937);
  19. A Missionary Service Book (1937);
  20. The Chorales from the Organ Works of Brahms (1939-1944);
  21. Magnificat (1940); and
  22. The Hymnal 1940 (1943).

Douglas had a relationship to the Community of Saint Mary, which Harriet Starr Cannon (1823-1896) founded in 1865.  He was the director of music to the community at Peekskill, New York (1906-1944) and the chaplain to the western province, based in Kenosha, Wisconsin (1934-1944).

Douglas served in the The Episcopal Church in other capacities, too.  He was a trustee of Nashotah House.  Our saint’s legacy (as a hymn translator, a hymn tune arranger, and a hymn tune composer) enriches the denomination’s hymnals, starting with The Hymnal 1916 (1919), continuing in The Hymnal 1940 (1943), and persisting with The Hymnal 1982 (1985).

Colorado was home.  Douglas, a collector of an expert in indigenous American art, became an honorary canon at the Cathedral of St. John the Wilderness, Denver, in 1934.  Three years later, our saint returned to the Mission of the Transfiguration, Evergreen, as its vicar.  He served through 1943.  He also served as the program annotator of and sat on the governing board of the Denver Symphony Orchestra from 1937 to 1941.  Douglas, widowed in 1938, married Anne Woodward on March 27, 1940.

Douglas’s final projects were The Hymnal 1940 (1943) and The Hymnal 1940 Companion (1949).  Anne worked with him on the companion volume.  At the end of his life, our saint was reviewing corrections for The Hymnal 1940 (1943).  He and Anne were in Santa Rosa, California, working with Father Arthur W. Farlander on the companion volume on January 18, 1944.  There, Douglas, aged 76 years, died.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

SEPTEMBER 4, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF PAUL JONES, EPISCOPAL BISHOP OF UTAH, AND PEACE ACTIVIST; AND HIS COLLEAGUE, JOHN NEVIN SAYRE, EPISCOPAL PRIEST AND PEACE ACTIVIST

THE FEAST OF SAINT BIRINUS OF DORCHESTER, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP OF DORCHESTER, AND THE “APOSTLE OF WESSEX”

THE FEAST OF E. F. SCHUMACHER, GERMAN-BRITISH ECONOMIST AND SOCIAL CRITIC

THE FEAST OF SAINT GORAZD OF PRAGUE, ORTHODOX BISHOP OF MORAVIA AND SILESIA, METROPOLITAN OF THE CZECH LANDS AND SLOVAKIA, HIERARCH OF THE ORTHODOX CHURCH IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA, AND MARTYR, 1942

THE FEAST OF WILLIAM MCKANE, SCOTTISH PRESBYTERIAN MINISTER AND BIBLICAL SCHOLAR

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Holy God, whose majesty surpasses all human definitions and capacity to grasp,

thank you for those (especially Charles Winfred Douglas)

who have nurtured and encouraged the reverent worship of you.

May their work inspire us to worship you in knowledge, truth, and beauty.

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 25:1-8

Psalm 145

Revelation 15:1-4

John 4:19-26

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 27, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JAMES INTERCISUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR

THE FEAST OF HENRY SLOANE COFFIN, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN THEOLOGIAN

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Feast of Edward Bunnett (January 16)   Leave a comment

Above:  The Flag of England

Image in the Public Domain

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

EDWARD BUNNETT (JUNE 26, 1834-JANUARY 5, 1923)

Anglican Organist and Composer

Edward Bunnett comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.

Bunnett served God via music.  our saint, born in Shipdham, Norfolk, England, on June 26, 1834, became a chorister at the Cathedral Church of the Holy and Undivided Cathedral, Norwich, when he was eight years old.  When our saint was fifteen years old, he began to study the organ under the tutelage of Dr. Zechariah Buck (1798-1877), organist at Norwich Cathedral (1819-1877).  Bunnett, the assistant organist at Norwich Cathedral (1855-1877), also had a fine singing voice.  In 1849, he performed Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy’s “Lift Thine Eyes” with opera star Jenny Lind (1820-1887), the “Swedish Nightingale.”  Our saint continued his formal studies at Cambridge, earning a Mus.B. (1857) and Mus.D. (1869).  In 1870, he became a Fellow of the College of Organists.

Bunnett, renowned for his virtuosity, taught, performed, and composed.  He became the organist of St. Peter Mancraft Church, Norwich, in 1877.  As the borough organist (1880f), our saint performed in well-attended concerts.  He also conducted the Norwich Musical Union for 21 years and performed in local musical festivals for more than 20 years.  Bunnett taught many organists, too.  His compositions included works for the organ, liturgical music and at least 21 hymn tunes and Christmas carols.

Links to YouTube videos of some of Bunnett’s compositions follow:

  1. Allegro moderato in G Major,
  2. Concluding Voluntary, and
  3. KIRBY BEDON.

Our saint, aged 88 years, died in Norwich on January 5, 1923.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

AUGUST 30, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT NICODEMUS, DISCIPLE OF JESUS

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Holy God, whose majesty surpasses all human definitions and capacity to grasp,

thank you for those (especially Edward Bunnett)

who have nurtured and encouraged the reverent worship of you.

May their work inspire us to worship you in knowledge, truth, and beauty.

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 25:1-8

Psalm 145

Revelation 15:1-4

John 4:19-26

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 27, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JAMES INTERCISUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR

THE FEAST OF HENRY SLOANE COFFIN, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN THEOLOGIAN

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Feast of Blessed Nikolaus Gross (January 15)   Leave a comment

Above:  Blessed Nikolaus Gross

Image in the Public Domain

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

BLESSED NIKOLAUS GROSS (SEPTEMBER 30, 1898-JANUARY 23, 1945)

German Roman Catholic Opponent of Nazism, and Martyr, 1945

Blessed Nikolaus Gross comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via the Roman Catholic Church.

Gross, born in Niederwenigern, German Empire, on September 30, 1898, gave his life in the cause of opposing institutionalized injustice.  Our saint’s father was a miner.  Gross was also a miner (1915-1920).  Then he left the mines yet remained active in union politics.  Our saint, a member of the Christian Mineworkers’ Trade Union (1917f) and Saint Anthony’s Miners’ Association (1918f), had been taking night classes before quitting mining.  His post-mining activities included:

  1. Serving as the secretary of the Christian Mineworkers’ Trade Union (1920-1921);
  2. Serving as the assistant editor of that union’s newspaper (1921-1922);
  3. Serving as a union secretarial worker in Waldenburg, Lower Silesia (1922), in Zwickau (1922-1924) then in Bottrop (1924-1926);
  4. Serving as the assistant editor of the newspaper of the Catholic Workers’ Movement (1927-1929); and
  5. Serving as the general editor of that publication (1929f).

In the meantime, the misnamed National Socialist Party, or the Nazi Party, was rising.  It was actually fascist, not socialist.  Gross, in his editorial capacity, opposed the Nazis.  The Nazi-controlled government banned his newspaper for three weeks in 1933, for another short period of time in early 1935, and permanently in November 1938.  After the permanent banning, the publication continued illegally.

The assassination plot against Adolf Hitler failed on July 20, 1944.  In the wake of that event, Nazi authorities arrested Gross, who had not been involved in the conspiracy.  Our saint, apprehended on August 12, 1944, went to trial on the charge of treason.  The verdict was guilty, of course.  The sentence, imposed on January 15, 1945, was death.  Eight days later, he died by hanging.  Our saint was 46 years old.  Nazi authorities had the corpse cremated and the cremains scattered at a sewage plant.

Survivors included our saint’s wife, Elisabeth Koch (1901-1971), whom he married on May 24, 1923, and six of the couple’s seven children.  Four or five of those children survived to witness Pope John Paul II declare their father a Venerable then a Blessed in 2001.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

AUGUST 30, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JEANNE JUGAN, FOUNDER OF THE LITTLE SISTERS OF THE POOR

THE FEAST OF CARLTON C. BUCK, U.S. DISCIPLES OF CHRIST MINISTER, MUSICIAN, AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF GERALD KENNEDY, U.S. METHODIST BISHOP AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF JOHN LEARY, U.S. ROMAN CATHOLIC SOCIAL ACTIVIST AND ADVOCATE FOR THE POOR AND MARGINALIZED

THE FEAST OF KARL OTTO EBERHARDT, GERMAN MORAVIAN ORGANIST, MUSIC EDUCATOR, AND COMPOSER

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Almighty God, by whose grace and power your holy martyr Blessed Nikolaus Gross

triumphed over suffering and was faithful even to death:

Grant us, who now remember him in thanksgiving,

to be so faithful in our witness to you in this world,

that we may receive with him the crown of life;

through Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns with

you and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

Sirach (Ecclesiasticus) 51:1-12

Psalm 116 or 116:1-8

Revelation 7:13-17

Luke 12:2-12

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 714

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Feast of John Marinus Versteeg (January 15)   Leave a comment

Above:  Logos of The Methodist Church (1939-1968) and The United Methodist Church (1968-)

Photograph by Kenneth Randolph Taylor

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

JOHN MARINUS VERSTEEG (SEPTEMBER 9, 1888-JANUARY 14, 1977)

U.S. Methodist Minister and Hymn Writer

John Marinus Versteeg comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.

Versteeg was a native of The Netherlands.  He, born in Den Heller on September 9, 1888, was a son of Anna Petronella Ollman Versteeg and the Reverend Dir Oren Versteeg.  The family immigrated in 1900, and our saint became a naturalized U.S. citizen in 1909.

Versteeg became a Methodist minister.  He served in three successive denominations, due to mergers:  the Methodist Episcopal Church (-1939), The Methodist Church (1939-1968), and The United Methodist Church (1968f).  Our saint, ordained a deacon in 1915, graduated from Drew University, Madison, New Jersey (Bachelor of Divinity, 1916).  Versteeg joined the ranks of elders in 1917.  He wrote The Modern Meaning of Church Membership (1919).

Versteeg was pastor of West Side Methodist Episcopal Church, Jersey City, New Jersey (1920-1921).  During this time, he married Edna Catherine Ames on June 18, 1921.  The couple had four children:  Sherwood, Elaine, Robert, and Virgil.

Our saint served as the pastor of Drew Methodist Episcopal (now United Methodists) Church, Port Jervis, New York (1922-1925).  During these years, Versteeg wrote and published three books:

  1. The Deeper Meaning of Stewardship (1923),
  2. Christ and the Problems of Youth (1924), and
  3. Christianity at Work (1925).

Versteeg was pastor of Roseville Methodist Episcopal  Church (now Roseville St. Paul’s United Methodist Church), Wilkinsburg, Pennsylvania (1929-1931).  During this time, he wrote Perpetuating Pentecost (1930).  Our saint also received a Doctor of Divinity degree from Allegheny College, Meadville, Pennsylvania (1931).

Versteeg’s longest tenure was at Walnut Hills-Avondale Methodist Episcopal/Methodist Church, Cincinnati, Ohio (1932-1945).  Our saint was productive during these years.  He wrote three books:

  1. Save Money! (1939),
  2. Our Protestant Convictions (1941), and
  3. When Christ Controls:  Stewardship Messages (1943).

Stewardship was Versteeg’s favorite topic about which to write.  He also wrote a hymn, though.  In 1926, our saint wrote a hymn for Psalm Sunday.  This text was “Does Thy Soul Leap Up Within Thee?” (The Hymnal, 1941, #139).

While in Cincinnati, Versteeg did much more.

  1. He served as the president of the Greater Cincinnati Writers’ League (1942-1944).
  2. He was the president of the Council of Churches in Greater Cincinnati (1941-1944).
  3. He founded the Cincinnati School of Religion.
  4. He chaired the Social Service Commission of the Ohio Annual Conference (1943-1944).
  5. He sat on the regional War Labor Board (1943-1945).
  6. He was a lecturer in Biblical Literature at the University of Cincinnati (1943-1944).
  7. He took a seat on the denominational Executive Committee of the Commission on Church Union (1944-1956).
  8. He was a delegate to the General Conference (1940).

Furthermore, Versteeg received more academic honors.  Ohio Wesleyan University, Delaware, Ohio, awarded him the Doctor of Divinity degree in 1942.  Ohio Northern University, Ada, Ohio, granted our saint the Doctor of Sacred Theology degree in 1945.

Versteeg served as the District Superintendent of the Lima District, based in Lima, Ohio, from 1945 to 1951.  During these years, he remained active in other denominational capacities.

  1. He was a delegate to the General Conferences of 1948.
  2. He chaired the denominational Commission on Social Action (1948f).

Also, Union College, Schenectady, New York, awarded our saint the Doctor of Letters degree in 1946.

Versteeg served as the pastor of First Methodist (now United Methodist) Church, Athens, Ohio (1951-1957).  By 1952, he doubled as a lecturer for the denominational Board of Ministerial Training.  He was also a delegate to the General Conference of 1952.

Versteeg was the Director of Libraries at the Methodist Theological School in Ohio, Delaware,  Ohio (1957-1960).  Then he retired.

Versteeg served in other capacities, too.  He was a delegate to more than one World Methodist Conference.  He also belonged to the American Society of Church History.  This historical interest manifested itself in a book, Methodism:  Ohio Area (1812-1962) (1962).

Our saint, aged 88 years, died on January 14, 1977.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

AUGUST 29, 2021 COMMON ERA

PROPER 17:  THE FOURTEENTH SUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST, YEAR B

THE FEAST OF THE BEHEADING OF SAINT JOHN THE BAPTIST

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

O God, our heavenly Father, who raised up your faithful servant John Marinus Versteeg,

to be a pastor in your Church and to feed your flesh:

Give abundantly to all pastors the gifts of your Holy Spirit,

that they may minister in your household as true servants of Christ

and stewards of your divine mysteries;

through Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns with

you and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

Acts 20:17-35

Psalm 84 or 84:7-11

Ephesians 3:14-21

Matthew 24:42-47

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 719

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Feast of Thomas Curtis Clark (January 9)   Leave a comment

Above:  The Logo of the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)

Fair Use

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

THOMAS CURTIS CLARK (JANUARY 8, 1877-DECEMBER 7, 1953)

U.S. Disciples of Christ Evangelist, Poet, and Hymn Writer

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Our faith is in the Christ who walks

With men today, in street and mart;

The constant friend who thinks and talks

With those who seek him with the heart.

–Thomas Curtis Clark, from Hymn #545, The Worshipbook:  Services and Hymns (1972)

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Thomas Curtis Clark comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.

Clark, born in Vincennes, Indiana, on January 8, 1877, wrote more than sixty hymns.  His mother was Emma Rose Jennings Clark.  Our saint’s father was the Reverend Thomas Jefferson Clark, a minister in the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ).  Clark studied at Indiana University, Bloomington (A.B., 1899), then at The University of Chicago (1901-1902).

Our saint suffered a nervous breakdown in Chicago in 1902.  He moved to Bloomington, where his father was a minister.  During this time of physical, emotional, and spiritual frailty, Clark wrote his first poems and hymns.  One of these texts was a hymn, “God is Not Far from Any One of Us” (1903).

God is not far from any one of us;

The wildflower by the wayside speaks His love;

Each blithesome bird bears tidings from abovef;

Sunshine and shower His tender mercies prove,

And men know not His voice!

+++++

God is not from any one of us;

He speaks to us in every glad sunrise;

His glory floods us from the noonday skies;

The stars declare His love when daylight dies,

And men know not His voice!

+++++

God is not far from any one of us;

He watches o’er His children day and night;

On every darkened soul He sheds this light;

Each burdened heart He cheers, and lends His might

To all who know His voice.

–Hymn #78, The Hymnal (1941)

Clark worked in a few jobs before he found his calling.  He taught high school in Washington, Indiana.  Then our saint became a singing evangelist.  He also worked in the piano business.

Clark’s calling was religious publishing.  He was an assistant editor of church school literature at the Christian Board of Publication, St. Louis, Missouri (1906-1911).  Our saint was also the poetry editor of The Christian Century (1912-1948), the editor of The Christian Century Quarterly (1919f), and a member of the editorial staff of The Christian Century Pulpit (1929f).

Clark married Hazel Davis in June 1910.  The couple remained married for the rest of our saint’s life.  In writing, he described Hazel as

the most devoted Christian I know.

Of Clark’s hymns, few have survived in current denominational hymnals in the age of “seven-eleven songs.”  Once upon a time, however, these texts were more popular.  Our saint wrote far more than seven words a congregation sang eleven times.  One text, “Thou Father of Us All” (1942), was one of three award winners in a Hymn Society of America contest in 1943.  (The words are under copyright, according to hymnary.org.)  x

Clark wrote, edited, and compiled books.  They included:

  1. Poems and Songs (1909);
  2. Friendly Town (1917);
  3. Love Off to the War, and Other Poems (1918);
  4. Lincoln, and Others (1923);
  5. A Child’s Thought of God (1927), with Esther A. Gillespie;
  6. The New Patriotism:  Poems of World Brotherhood (1927);
  7. Quotable Poems:  An Anthology of Modern Verse, Volume I (1928), with Esther A. Gillespie;
  8. Poems of Justice (1929);
  9. The Master of Men:  Quotable Poems about Jesus (1930);
  10. Poems for Special Dats and Occasions (1930);
  11. It Shall Not Be Again (1931);
  12. The Golden Book of Faith (1931);
  13. Quotable Poems:  An Anthology of Modern Verse, Volume II (1931);
  14. Abraham Lincoln:  Thirty Poems (1934);
  15. One Hundred Poems of Peace:  An Anthology (1934);
  16. Home Roads and Far Horizons–Songs and Sonnets (1935);
  17. The Golden Book of Religious Verse (1937);
  18. 1000 Quotable Poems:  An Anthology of Modern Verse (1937), with Esther A. Gillespie;
  19. Fifty Lincoln Poems (1939);
  20. Poems for Life (1941);
  21. God’s Dreams:  Poems (1943);
  22. Poems for the Great Days (1948);
  23. Today is Mine:  A Manual of Devotion (1950);
  24. Christ in Poetry:  An Anthology (1952); and
  25. The Golden Book of Immortality:  A Treasury of Testimony (1954), with Hazel Davis Clark.

Our saint, aged 76 years, died on December 7, 1953.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

AUGUST 27, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF THOMAS GALLAUDET AND HENRY WINTER SYLE, EPISCOPAL PRIESTS AND EDUCATORS OF THE DEAF

THE FEAST OF SAINT AMADEUS OF CLERMONT, FRENCH ROMAN CATHOLIC MONK; AND HIS SON, SAINT AMADEUS OF LAUSANNE, FRENCH-SWISS ROMAN CATHOLIC ABBOT AND BISHOP

THE FEAST OF GEORGE THOMAS COSTER, ENGLISH CONGREGATIONALIST MINSTER, HYMN WRITER, AND HUMANITARIAN

THE FEAST OF HENRIETTE LUISE VON HAYN, GERMAN MORAVIAN HYMN WRITER

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Dear God of beauty,

you have granted literary ability and spiritual sensitivity to

Thomas Curtis Clark and others, who have composed hymn texts.

May we, as you guide us,

find worthy hymn texts to be icons,

through which we see you.

In the Name of God:  Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.  Amen.

Sirach/Ecclesiasticus 44:1-3a, 5-15

Psalm 147

Revelation 5:11-14

Luke 2:8-20

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

APRIL 20, 2013 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINTS AMATOR OF AUXERRE AND GERMANUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOPS; SAINT MAMERTINUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC ABBOT; AND SAINT MARCIAN OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC MONK

THE FEAST OF JOHANNES BUGENHAGEN, GERMAN LUTHERAN PASTOR

THE FEAST OF SAINT MARCELLINUS OF EMBRUN, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP

THE FEAST OF OLAVUS AND LAURENTIUS PETRI, RENEWERS OF THE CHURCH

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Feast of Jean Kenyon Mackenzie (January 7)   Leave a comment

Above:  Jean Kenyon Mackenzie

Image in the Public Domain

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

JEAN KENYON MACKENZIE (JANUARY 6, 1874-SEPTEMBER 2, 1936)

U.S. Presbyterian Missionary in West Africa

Jean Kenyon Mackenzie comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via G. Scott Cady and Christopher L. Webber, A Year with American Saints (2006).

Mackenzie, born in Elgin, Illinois, on January 6, 1874, was a daughter of Lydia Ann McLeod Mackenzie (1849-1938) and Presbyterian minister Robert Mackenzie (1845-1925).  Our saint studied at Van Ness Seminary, San Francisco, California (1888-1890).  She continued her studies at the Sorbonne (1891-1892) then the University of California at Berkeley (1895-1896).  Graduate studies at Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts, followed.

Above:  Kamerun and French Equatorial Africa, 1914

Image in the Public Domain

Mackenzie, under the auspices of the Board of Foreign Missions, Presbyterian Church in the U.S,A., served in West Africa from 1904 to 1913.  She ministered in Kamerun (a German colony) in 1904-1908 and again in 1909-1913.  Our saint served as a missionary in Gabon (a French colony) in 1908-1909.  Mackenzie worked in mission schools and with women.  She rejected racism and cultural imperialism.  Mackenzie understood the perils of destroying indigenous cultures.  She respected the people among whom she ministered; building on their culture was her tactic.

Health forced Mackenzie to return to the United States in 1914.  She, based in New York, New York devoted herself to writing.  She wrote articles for magazines, which included:

  1. The Atlantic Monthly,
  2. Women’s Work (a denominational publication),
  3. Overland Monthly, and
  4. The Perry Magazine.

Mackenzie’s published works were:

  1. Black Sheep:  Adventures in West Africa (1916),
  2. African Adventurers (1917),
  3. An African Trail (1917),
  4. The Story of a Fortunate Youth:  Chapters from the Biography of an Elderly Gentleman (1920),
  5. African Clearings (1924),
  6. The Black Pioneer (1924)–introduction only,
  7. The Venture:  Poems (1925),
  8. Friends of Africa (1928), and
  9. The Trader’s Wife (1930).

Our saint also traveled across the United States, speaking regarding foreign missions.  In 1923, she joined the Board of Foreign Missions.

Mackenzie did spend 18 months (1916-1918) in Kamerun.  Germany had lost that colony during World War I.  Our saint went back to Kamerun on official business of the Board of Foreign Missions.  She persuaded French authorities to permit the Presbyterian missionary work to continue in Kamerun.

Mackenzie died in New York, New York, on September 2, 1936.  She was 62 years old.

Posthumously published volumes of our saint’s writings included:

  1. Talking Woman (1939), and
  2. Glowing Ember:  Selections from the Writings of Jean Kenyon Mackenzie (1962), compiled by Katharine McAfee Parker.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

AUGUST 25, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF MICHAEL FARADAY, SCIENTIST

THE FEAST OF SAINT ANDREA BORDINO, ITALIAN ROMAN CATHOLIC LAY BROTHER

THE FEAST OF SAINT MARIA DEL TRÁNSITO DE JESÚS SACRADMENTADO, FOUNDER OF THE CONGREGATION OF THE FRANCISCAN TERTIARY MISSIONARIES OF ARGENTINA

THE FEAST OF SAINT MARIA TRONCATTI, ITALIAN ROMAN CATHOLIC NUN

THE FEAST OF WILLIAM JOHN COPELAND, ANGLICAN PRIEST AND HYMN WRITER

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Almighty and everlasting God, we thank you for your servant Jean Kenyon Mackenzie,

whom you called to preach the Gospel to the people of Kamerun and Gabon.

Raise up in this and every land evangelists and heralds of your kingdom,

that your Church may proclaim the unsearchable riches of our Savior Jesus Christ;

who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and for ever.  Amen.

Isaiah 52:7-10

Psalm 96 or 96:1-7

Acts 1:1-9

Luke 10:1-9

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 716

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Feast of Josiah Booth (December 30)   Leave a comment

Above:  The Flag of England

Image in the Public Domain

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

JOSIAH BOOTH (MARCH 27, 1852-DECEMBER 29, 1929)

English Organist, Hymn Writer, and Hymn Tune Composer

Josiah Booth comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.

Booth made a strong musical contribution to the Church.  He, born in Coventry, England, on March 27, 1852, studied music under composer and organist Edward Simms (1800-1893).  Then our saint studied under composers Henry Brinley Richards (1817-1885) and George Alexander Macfarren (1813-1887) at the Royal Academy of Music.  Booth served as the organist of Marlborough Road Wesleyan Methodist Chapel (now Methodist Church), Banbury, from 1868 to 1877.  Then Booth served as the organist at Park Chapel (Congregational), Crough End, London, from 1877 to 1918.

Park Chapel (Congregational) amalgamated with Ferme Park Baptist Church to form the Union Church and Community Centre in 1974.

Booth composed chants, hymn tunes, church services, anthems, school operettas, a cantata (The Day of Rest), an oratorio (Nehemiah, 1885), at least one hymn text (“Jesus Can keep Little Children“), and hymn tunes.  The hymn tunes included:

  1. COMMONWEALTH,
  2. HOLY WAR, and
  3. NORTHREPPS.

Booth’s published works included:

  1. Part II of the Congregational Church Hymnal (1888), as Musical Editor;
  2. Everybody’s Guide to Music (1893);
  3. A Selection of One Hundred Tunes (1909); and
  4. The Congregational Hymnal (1916), as musical consultant.

Booth, elected an Associate of the Royal Academy of Music (1904), died in Crouch End, London, on December 29, 1929.  He was 77 years old.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

AUGUST 23, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINTS MARTIN DE PORRES AND JUAN MACIAS, HUMANITARIANS AND DOMINICAN LAY BROTHERS; SAINT ROSE OF LIMA, HUMANITARIAN AND DOMINICAN SISTER; AND SAINT TURIBIUS OF MOGROVEJO, ROMAN CATHOLIC ARCHBISHOP OF LIMA

THE FEAST OF SAINT FRANCISZEK DACHTERA, POLISH ROMAN CATHOLIC PRIEST AND MARTYR, 1944

THE FEAST OF GEERT GROOTE, FOUNDER OF THE BRETHREN OF THE COMMON LIFE

THE FEAST OF THEODORE O. WEDEL, EPISCOPAL PRIEST AND BIBLICAL SCHOLAR; AND HIS WIFE, CYNTHIA CLARKE WEDEL, U.S. PSYCHOLOGIST AND EPISCOPAL ECUMENIST

THE FEAST OF THOMAS AUGUSTINE JUDGE, U.S. ROMAN CATHOLIC PRIEST; FOUNDER OF THE MISSIONARY SERVANTS OF THE MOST HOLY TRINITY, THE MISSIONARY SERVANTS OF THE MOST BLESSED TRINITY, AND THE MISSIONARY CENACLE APOSTOLATE

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Holy God, whose majesty surpasses all human definitions and capacity to grasp,

thank you for those (especially Josiah Booth)

who have nurtured and encouraged the reverent worship of you.

May their work inspire us to worship you in knowledge, truth, and beauty.

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 25:1-8

Psalm 145

Revelation 15:1-4

John 4:19-26

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 27, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JAMES INTERCISUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR

THE FEAST OF HENRY SLOANE COFFIN, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN THEOLOGIAN

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Feast of Benjamin Tucker Tanner (December 20)   3 comments

Above:  Bishop Benjamin Tucker Tanner

Image in the Public Domain

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

BENJAMIN TUCKER TANNER (DECEMBER 25, 1835-JANUARY 14, 1923)

African Methodist Episcopal Bishop and Renewer of Society

Bishop Benjamin Tucker Tanner comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via G. Scott Cady and Christopher L. Webber, A Year with American Saints (2006).

Tanner, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on December 25, 1835, was a son of Hugh Tanner and Isabella Tanner.  Our saint, a student at Avery College, Pittsburgh, paid his way by working as a barber.  Then he spent three years as a student at Western Theological Seminary, Pittsburgh.

Tanner, ordained in the African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church, served in A.M.E. and Presbyterian churches.  He organized a Presbyterian Sunday school for former slaves in Washington, D.C..  Then, in 1863, our saint, back in the embrace of the A.M.E. Church, began to serve a church in Georgetown.  He transferred to Baltimore, Maryland, in 1886.  Subsequent posts included:

  1. Pastor of an A.M.E. church, Fredericktown, Maryland;
  2. Organizer of a Freedmen’s Bureau school;
  3. Chief Secretary of the General Conference of the A.M.E. Church (1868f);
  4. Editor, The Christian Recorder (1872f);
  5. Editor, The A.M.E. Review (1884f); and
  6. Bishop (1888f).

Tanner, who, as an ecclesiastical journalist, strove to build up African-American families, wrote books, too.  These were:

  1. Paul Versus Paul Ninth (1865);
  2. An Apology for African Methodism (1867);
  3. The Negro’s Origin:  And Is the Negro Cursed? (1869);
  4. An Outline of Our History and Government for African Methodist Churchmen, Ministerial and Lay, in Catechetical Form (1884); and
  5. The Color of Solomon–What?  “My Beloved is White and Ruddy”:  A Monograph (1895).

Tanner, with Alexander Crummell (1819-1898) and W. E. B. DuBois (1868-1963), founded the American Negro Academy, in memory of Frederick Douglass (1817-1895).  The American Negro Academy refuted racist White academic claims.

Tanner was also a family man.  He married Sarah, an escaped slave who reached freedom via the Underground Railroad.  The couple had nine children, seven of whom lived to adulthood.  The most notable offspring were trailblazers.  Henry Ossawa Tanner (1859-1937) became an internationally acclaimed painter.  Halle Tanner Dillon Johnston, M.D. (1864-1901), became a pioneering physician in the Jim Crow Deep South.

Tanner, aged 87 years, died of chronic myocarditis in Washington, D.C,

Sadly, our saint’s legacy of refuting racism remains relevant.  Talk (from just a few years ago) of the “death of racism” has proven false.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

AUGUST 18, 2018 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF ARTEMISIA BOWDEN, AFRICAN-AMERICAN EDUCATOR AND CIVIL RIGHTS ACTIVIST

THE FEAST OF ERDMANN NEUMEISTER, GERMAN LUTHERAN MINISTER AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF FRANCIS JOHN MCCONNELL, U.S. METHODIST BISHOP AND SOCIAL REFORMER

THE FEAST OF JONATHAN FRIEDRICH BAHNMAIER, GERMAN LUTHERAN MINISTER AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF PETTER DASS, NORWEGIAN LUTHERAN MINISTER, POET, AND HYMN WRITER

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Holy and righteous God, you created us in your image.

Grant us grace to contend fearlessly against evil and to make no peace with oppression.

Help us [like your servant Benjamin Tucker Tanner]

to use our freedom to bring justice among people and nations,

to the glory of your name;

through your Son, Jesus Christ our Lord.  Amen.

Hosea 2:18-23

Psalm 94:1-14

Romans 12:9-21

Luke 6:20-36

–Adapted from the Lutheran Book of Worship (1978), 37

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Feast of Althea Brown Edmiston (December 17)   2 comments

Above:  The Flag of the Congo Free State and Belgian Congo

Image in the Public Domain

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

ALTHEA MARIA BROWN EDMISTON (DECEMBER 17, 1875-JUNE 10, 1937)

African-American Southern Presbyterian Missionary in the Congo Free State then Belgian Congo

Althea Maria Brown Edmiston come to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via G. Scott Cady and Christopher L. Webber, A Year with American Saints (2006).

Above:  Althea Brown Edmiston

Image in the Public Domain

Althea Maria Brown, born in Russelville, Alabama, on December 17, 1875, was a daughter of Robert Brown and Mary Suggs Brown, former slaves.  Our saint, after growing up on the family arm outside Rolling Fork, Mississippi (1876f), studied at Fisk University, Nashville, Tennessee (1892-1901).  Then she studied at the Chicago Training School for City and Foreign Missions, which Lucy Jane Rider Meyer (1849-1922) and husband Josiah Shelly Rider operated.

The Executive Committee of Foreign Missions of the (Southern) Presbyterian Church in the United States commissioned Brown a missionary to the Congo Free State (Belgian Congo, 1908-1960; now the Democratic Republic of Congo) in 1901.  She departed for Africa in 1902.  Our saint began by working under missionary William Henry Sheppard (1865-1927) at the Ibanche mission station.  (Aside:  I have listed Sheppard for consideration for addition to this Ecumenical Calendar.)  Brown served as the matron of the Maria Carey Home for Girls and as a teacher and Sunday School educator.  The missionaries were stuck between rival Congolese factions.  Rather than endure violence and threats thereof, Sheppard and Brown moved the mission station to Luebo.

Above:  Map of the Congo Free State, 1905

Image in the Public Domain

The Reverend Alonzo L. Edmiston joined the mission in 1904.  The following year, he married Brown.  The couple had two children, Sherman Lucius Edmiston (b. 1906) and Alonzo Leaucourt Edmiston (b. 1913).  When not on furlough in the United States of America, the Edmistons worked at various mission stations.  They ministered among different peoples in Belgian Congo.  At Mutoto, Althea ran the Mutoto Girls’ Home for three years and the day school for four years.  Althea translated liturgical and educational materials into local languages.  She also wrote Grammar and Dictionary of the Bushonga or Bukuba Language as Spoken by the Bushonga or Bukuba Tribe Who Dwell in the Upper Kasai District, Belgian Congo, Central Africa (1932), the first work of its type in that tongue.

Althea, aged 61 years, died of malaria and sleeping sickness at Mutoto.

The (Southern) Presbyterian Church in the United States started the Althea Brown Edmiston Memorial Fund in 1939.

Our saint was so noteworthy that Ernest Trice Thompson (1895-1985) mentioned her in Presbyterians in the South, Volume Three:  1890-1972 (1973), 90.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

AUGUST 17, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAMUEL JOHNSON, CONGREGATIONALIST MINISTER, ANGLICAN PRIEST, PRESIDENT OF KING’S COLLEGE, “FATHER OF THE EPISCOPAL CHURCH IN CONNECTICUT,” AND “FATHER OF AMERICAN LIBRARY CLASSIFICATION;” TIMOTHY CUTLER, CONGREGATIONALIST MINISTER, ANGLICAN PRIEST, AND RECTOR OF YALE COLLEGE; DANIEL BROWNE, EDUCATOR, CONGREGATIONALIST MINISTER, AND ANGLICAN PRIEST; AND JAMES WETMORE, CONGREGATIONALIST MINISTER AND ANGLICAN PRIEST

THE FEAST OF THE BAPTISMS OF MANTEO AND VIRGINIA DARE, 1587

THE FEAST OF SAINT EUSEBIUS OF ROME, BISHOP OF ROME, AND MARTYR, 310

THE FEAST OF GEORGE CROLY, ANGLICAN PRIEST, POET, HISTORIAN, NOVELIST, DRAMATIST, THEOLOGIAN, AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF WILLIAM JAMES EARLY BENNETT, ANGLICAN PRIEST

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Almighty God, whose will it is to be glorified in your saints,

and who raised up your servant Althea Brown Edmiston to be a light in the world:

Shine, we pray, in our hearts, that we also in our generation may show forth your praise,

who called us out of darkness into your marvelous light;

through Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit,

one God, now and for ever.  Amen.

Isaiah 49:1-6

Psalm 98 or 98:1-6

Acts 17:22-31

Matthew 28:16-20

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 717

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++