Archive for the ‘Saints of 1930-1939’ Category

Feast of Alice Paul (July 8)   Leave a comment

Above:  Alice Paul, 1918

Image Source = Library of Congress

Reproduction Number = LC-USZ62-37937

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ALICE STOKES PAUL (JANUARY 11, 1885-JULY 9, 1977)

U.S. Quaker Women’s Rights Activist

Alice Paul‘s Quaker faith, with its egalitarian elements, informed and compelled her feminist activism.

Our saint came from a devout Quaker family that valued education and social progressivism.  She, born in Mount Laurel, New Jersey, on January  11, 1885, was a daughter of William Mickle Paul, I (1850-1902), and Tacie Parry Paul (1859-1930).  Alice’s siblings were William Mickle Paul, II (1886-1958), Helen Paul Shearer (1889-1971), and Parry Haines Paul (1895-1956).  Tacie, a suffragette, took young Alice to suffragette meetings.  The influence lasted.

Paul, well-educated, changed her academic course mid-stream.  She, a graduate of Moorestown Friends School, Moorestown,  New Jersey, matriculated at Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania, as a biology major (B.A., 1905).  A year-long fellowship (1905-1906) at a settlement house on the Lower East Side of Manhattan led to graduate studies in economics, sociology, and political science at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (M.A., 1907).  During the next three years, Paul lived in England.  She studied at the Woodbrooke Quaker Centre, Birmingham; the University of Birmingham; and the London School of Economics.  Our saint also became a militant suffragette.  She endured three prison sentences.  Paul, on hunger strikes, also endured forced feedings.  Our saint, back in the United States of America in 1910, earned her Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Pennsylvania.  Her dissertation was “The Legal Standing of Women in Pennsylvania.”

Paul’s militant feminism, costly to her, benefited many women and the United States of America.  She, one of the founders of the National Woman’s Party (1916), protested, marched, and went to prison.  She and her sister activists, incarcerated unjustly in the “land of the free” that fought World War I allegedly to “make the world safe for democracy,” sought to allow women in all states to vote.  Women could vote in some states and territories yet not others prior to the ratification (1920) of the Nineteenth Amendment.  In prison, Paul and her sister activists, on hunger strikes, endured forced feedings.

(Thomas) Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States of America (1913-1921), was a difficult historical figure.  He was an unapologetic White Supremacist who segregated the District of Columbia.  (His father, the Reverend Joseph Ruggles Wilson, pastor of First Presbyterian Church, Augusta, Georgia, in 1861, had preached in favor of race-based chattel slavery.  Then Joseph had become a founding father of the Presbyterian Church in the Confederate States of America, committed to defending slavery as part of theological orthodoxy.  The apple did not fall far from the tree; Thomas was similar to Joseph.)  In the presidential election of 1912, Wilson, the nominee of the Democratic Party, was not the most progressive candidate.  That mantle fell to the Socialist Party’s Eugene V. Debs.  Progressive Party nominee and former Republican President Theodore Roosevelt, whose platform included universal health care, was more progressive than Wilson.  Wilson, as President, usually governed as a conservative.  He governed as a progressive when he perceived that doing so was to his political advantage, such as shortly prior to the election of 1916, so he could attract the votes of many progressives during the Progressive Era.  Wilson, long an opponent of women’s suffrage, was a target for Paul’s activism.  Her militant tactics paid off; Wilson became a champion of women’s suffrage as the political winds changed course.

(Aside:  In case I have not been sufficiently clear, O reader, I do not like Woodrow Wilson.  I would not name an outhouse after him.  To do so would insult the outhouse.)

Paul studied law after the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment.  She earned her law degrees (through Doctor of Civil Laws) from the Washington College of Law, American University, Washington, D.C., in 1922, 1927, and 1928.

Paul spent most of the rest of her life working for the legal equality of men and women under the law.  She co-wrote successive versions of the Equal Rights Amendment, starting in 1923, and lobbied for all of them.  Critics came from both the Right and on the Left.  On the Right, support for patriarchy prevailed.  On the Left, fears of losing gender-based protections for women prompted opposition.  In Paul’s mind, anything other than legal egalitarianism for men and women constituted “legalized inequality.”  Our saint also helped to add gender as one of the categories in the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

Paul, who kept her personal life private and never married, died in Moorestown, New Jersey, on July 9, 1977.  She was 92 years old.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

JULY 3, 2020 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINTS FLAVIAN AND ANATOLIUS OF CONSTANTINOPLE, PATRIARCHS; AND SAINTS AGATHO, LEO II, AND BENEDICT II, BISHOPS OF ROME; DEFENDERS OF CHRISTOLOGICAL ORTHODOXY

THE FEAST OF SAINT DIONYSIUS OF ALEXANDRIA, PATRIARCH OF ALEXANDRIA, AND CHURCH FATHER; SAINT EUSEBIUS OF LAODICEA, BISHOP OF LAODICEA; AND SAINT ANATOLIUS OF ALEXANDRIA, BISHOP OF LAODICEA

THE FEAST OF SAINT HELIODORUS OF ALTINUM, ASSOCIATE OF SAINT JEROME, AND BISHOP OF ALTINUM

THE FEAST OF IMMANUEL NITSCHMANN, GERMAN-AMERICAN MORAVIAN MINISTER AND MUSICIAN; HIS BROTHER-IN-LAW, JACOB VAN VLECK, U.S. MORAVIAN BISHOP, MUSICIAN, COMPOSER, AND EDUCATOR; HIS SON, WILLIAM HENRY VAN VLECK, U.S. MORAVIAN BISHOP; HIS BROTHER, CARL ANTON VAN VLECK, U.S. MORAVIAN MINISTER, MUSICIAN, COMPOSER, AND EDUCATOR; HIS DAUGHTER, LISETTE (LIZETTA) MARIA VAN VLECK MEINUNG; AND HER SISTER, AMELIA ADELAIDE VAN VLECK, U.S. MORAVIAN COMPOSER AND EDUCATOR

THE FEAST OF JOHN CENNICK, BRITISH MORAVIAN EVANGELIST AND HYMN WRITER

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Holy and righteous God, you created us in your image.

Grant us grace to contend fearlessly against evil and to make no peace with oppression.

Help us [like your servant Alice Paul] to use our freedom

to bring justice among people and nations, to the glory of your name;

through your Son, Jesus Christ our Lord.  Amen.

Hosea 2:18-23

Psalm 94:1-14

Romans 12:9-21

Luke 6:20-36

–Adapted from Lutheran Book of Worship (1978), 370

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Feast of Leo Sowerby (July 7)   Leave a comment

Above:  St. James Cathedral, Chicago, Illinois

Image Source = Google Earth

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LEO SALKELD SOWERBY (MAY 1, 1895-JULY 7, 1968)

Episcopal Composer and “Dean of Church Music”

Leo Sowerby comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via The Methodist Hymnal (1966).

Sowerby, born in Grand Rapids, Michigan, on May 1, 1895, became a distinguished composer and church musician.  He graduated from the American Conservatory, Chicago, Illinois (M.M., 1918).  Our saint, after serving in the United States Army in France, received the prestigious Prix de Rome scholarship in 1921.  He, a fellow at the American Academy, Rome, after World War I, served as the head of theory and composition at the American Conservatory, Chicago, from 1923 to 1963.  During that tenure, Sowerby received his Mus.D. (1934) from the University of Rochester and served as the organist and choirmaster at St. James Episcopal Church/Cathedral, Chicago (1927-1963).  Our saint spent his final years (1962-1968), as the Director of the College of Church Musicians, Washington National Cathedral, Washington, D.C.

Above:  Washington National Cathedral

Image Source = Google Earth

Sowerby, a member of the tunes committee of the Episcopal Hymnal 1940 (1943) and a recipient of the Pulitzer Prize for his oratorio, Canticle of the Sun (1946), left an impressive body of work.  He composed at least seven hymn tunes (PALISADES, TAYLOR HALL, VENITE ADOREMUS, CRADLE HYMN, TWINKLING STARS, PERRY, and ROSEDALE).  Sowerby also composed both secular and sacred works–orchestral poems, anthems, concerti, oratorios, at least three symphonies, et cetera.  (For musical examples, consult YouTube, O reader.)

Sowerby, aged 73 years, died in Cleveland, Ohio, on July 7, 1968.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

JULY 1, 2020 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF LYMAN BEECHER, U.S. CONGREGATIONALIST AND PRESBYTERIAN MINISTER, AND ABOLITIONIST; HIS DAUGHTER, HARRIET BEECHER STOWE, U.S. NOVELIST, HYMN WRITER, AND ABOLITIONIST; AND HER BROTHER, HENRY WARD BEECHER, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN AND CONGREGATIONALIST MINISTER, AND ABOLITIONIST

THE FEAST OF BLESSED ANTONIO ROSMINI, FOUNDER OF THE INSTITUTE OF CHARITY

THE FEAST OF CATHERINE WINKWORTH, TRANSLATOR OF HYMNS; AND JOHN MASON NEALE, ANGLICAN PRIEST, HYMN WRITER, AND HYMN TRANSLATOR

THE FEAST OF JOHN CHANDLER, ANGLICAN PRIEST, SCHOLAR, AND TRANSLATOR OF HYMNS

THE FEAST OF PAULI MURRAY, CIVIL RIGHTS ATTORNEY AND EPISCOPAL PRIEST

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Eternal God, light of the world and Creator of all that is good and lovely:

We bless your holy name for inspiring Leo Sowerby and all those

who with music have filled us with desire and love for you;

through Jesus Christ our Savior, who with you and the Holy Spirit

lives and reigns, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 29:14b-19

Psalm 90:14-17

2 Corinthians 3:1-3

John 21:15-17, 24-25

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 728

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Feast of Robert Seymour Bridges (April 20)   1 comment

Above:  Robert Seymour Bridges

Image in the Public Domain

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ROBERT SEYMOUR BRIDGES (OCTOBER 23, 1844-APRIL 21, 1930)

Anglican Hymn Writer and Hymn Translator

Robert Seymour Bridges comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via The Methodist Hymnal (1966).  His works available at archive.org are numerous.  They include his Poetical Works (Volumes I, II, III, IV, V, and VI).

Bridges, born on the Isle of Thanet, England, on October 23, 1844, became a great figure in English-language hymnody.  He, educated at Eton then at Corpus Christi College, Oxford, graduated.  Then he traveled abroad for two years.  Next, our saint studied medicine at St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, London.  After practicing medicine in that hospital, Bridges ceased to do so in 1882.  He, his health failing, moved to Yattendon, Berkshire, and recovered.  Bridges married Mary Monica Waterhouse in 1884.  He lived in Oxford from 1907 to her death.

Bridges, post-medical career, devoted himself to writing.  He became the Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom in 1913.  Other literary contributions, some of which predated his retirement from medicine, included the texts in Shorter Poems (1890) and The Testament of Beauty (1929).  Our saint also wrote and translated hymns.  Anyone who has sung “Ah, Holy Jesus, How Hast Thou Offended,” “O Sacred Head, Sore Wounded,” and/or “When Morning Gilds the Skies” has sung some of our saint’s translations.  Bridges’s original hymns included “Rejoice, O Lord, in God Thy Might.”  Our saint also served as an editor of The Yattendon Hymnal (1899, 1920), to which he contributed hymns.

Bridges died in Oxford, England, on April 21, 1930.  He was 85 years old.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

JUNE 6, 2020 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF FRANKLIN CLARK FRY, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED LUTHERAN CHURCH IN AMERICA AND THE LUTHERAN CHURCH IN AMERICA

THE FEAST OF SAINT CLAUDE OF BESANÇON, ROMAN CATHOLIC PRIEST, MONK, ABBOT, AND BISHOP

THE FEAST OF HENRY JAMES BUCKOLL, AUTHOR AND TRANSLATOR OF HYMNS

THE FEAST OF JOHANN FRIEDRICH HERTZOG, GERMAN LUTHERAN HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF WILLIAM KETHE, PRESBYTERIAN HYMN WRITER

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Dear God of beauty,

you have granted literary ability and spiritual sensitivity to

Robert Seymour Bridges and others, who have composed hymn texts.

May we, as you guide us,

find worthy hymn texts to be icons,

through which we see you.

In the Name of God:  Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.  Amen.

Sirach/Ecclesiasticus 44:1-3a, 5-15

Psalm 147

Revelation 5:11-14

Luke 2:8-20

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

APRIL 20, 2013 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINTS AMATOR OF AUXERRE AND GERMANUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOPS; SAINT MAMERTINUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC ABBOT; AND SAINT MARCIAN OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC MONK

THE FEAST OF JOHANNES BUGENHAGEN, GERMAN LUTHERAN PASTOR

THE FEAST OF SAINT MARCELLINUS OF EMBRUN, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP

THE FEAST OF OLAVUS AND LAURENTIUS PETRI, RENEWERS OF THE CHURCH

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Feast of Henry Walford Davies (March 15)   Leave a comment

Above:  St. George’s Chapel, Windsor, 1842

Image in the Public Domain

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SIR HENRY WALFORD DAVIES (SEPTEMBER 6, 1869-MARCH 11, 1941)

Anglican Organist and Composer

Sir Henry Walford Davies comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via The Methodist Hymnal (1966).

Davies, of Welsh ancestry, was a maestro.  He, born in Oswestry, Shropshire, England, on September 6, 1869, joined the choir of St. George’s Chapel, Windsor, at age 12.  At St. George’s Chapel, our saint studied under Sir Charles Hubert Hastings Parry (1848-1918) and Sir Charles Villiers Stanford (1852-1924).  From 1885 to 1890, Davies served as an assistant to Sir Walter Parratt (1841-1924), the organist of St. George’s Chapel, Windsor.  Next, our saint was the organist at St. Anne’s, Soho, from 1890 to 1895, then a member of the faculty of the Royal College of Music (1895-1903).  Davies, the organist of the Temple Church, London, from 1898 to 1919, taught Leopold Stokowski (1882-1977).  Our saint also conducted the London Church Choir Association (1901-1913) and the London Bach Choir (1903-1907).  Davies served as the musical director of the Royal Air Force, with the rank of Major, during World War I.  He was Professor of Music at the University of Wales from 1919 to 1926.  He became Sir Henry in 1922.  In 1924, our saint began pioneering music education broadcasting on BBC radio; this work occupied him for a decade.  Meanwhile, he accepted the position of organist at St. George’s Chapel, Windsor, in 1927.  Finally, in 1934, Davies succeeded Sir Edward Elgar (1857-1934) as the Master of the King’s Music.

Volumes Davies wrote or edited included:

  1. Hymns of the Kingdom (1923),
  2. Hymns of Western Europe (1927),
  3. The Church Anthem Book (1933), and
  4. Music and Worship (1935).

Davies was more of a teacher than a composer.  He also favored the “speech-rhythm” method of chanting psalms.  His family’s Congregationalist background influenced our saint; he advocated for congregational hymn singing, over the traditional Anglican metrical psalms.  Davies also composed hymn tunes, including:

  1. AUCTOR VITAE,
  2. CHRISTMAS CAROL,
  3. ETHERINGTON,
  4. FIRMAMENT,
  5. HAMPSTEAD,
  6. PENTATONE,
  7. PLENITUDE,
  8. PURPOSE,
  9. SPIRITUS CHRISTI,
  10. ST. ANDRÉ,
  11. TEMPLE,
  12. VISION, and
  13. WALLOG.

Davies’s other compositions included the Royal Air Force March; the Symphony #2; Solemn Melody; Royal Thanksgiving Music; The Holly and the Ivy; King of Glory, King of Peace; Festal Service in G; and anthems and chants, including God Be in My Head (included in The Methodist Hymnal, 1966) Blessed Are the Pure in Heart, Magnificat and Nunc Dimittis in G, and settings of Psalms 121, 130, and 137.

Davies, aged 71 years, died in Wrington, Somerset, England, on March 11, 1941.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

JUNE 4, 2020 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT STANISLAW KOSTKA STAROWIEYSKI, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR, 1941

THE FEAST OF SAINT FRANCIS CARACCIOLO, COFOUNDER OF THE MINOR CLERKS REGULAR

THE FEAST OF JOHN LANCASTER SPALDING, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP OF PEORIA THEN TITULAR BISHOP OF SEYTHOLPOLIS

THE FEAST OF SAINT PETROC, WELSH PRINCE, ABBOT, AND MISSIONARY

THE FEAST OF THOMAS RAYMOND KELLY, U.S. QUAKER MYSTIC AND PROFESSOR OF PHILOSOPHY

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Eternal God, light of the world and Creator of all that is good and lovely:

we bless your name for inspiring [Sir Henry Walford Davies]

and all those who with music have filled us with desire and love for you;

through Jesus Christ our Savior, who with you and the Holy Spirit

lives and reigns, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 29:14b-19

Psalm 90:14-17

2 Corinthians 3:1-3

John 21:15-17, 24-25

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 728

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Feast of John MacLeod Campbell Crum (December 20)   Leave a comment

Above:  The Flag of England

Image in the Public Domain

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JOHN MACLEOD CAMPBELL CRUM (OCTOBER 12, 1872-DECEMBER 19, 1958)

Anglican Priest and Hymn Writer

Also known as John M. C. Crum

John MacLeod Campbell Crum comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via The Methodist Hymnal (1966).

Above:  St. Andrew’s Church, Farnham, England, UK

Image Source = Google Earth

Crum was a priest in The Church of England.  He, born in Mere Old Hall, Cheshire, on October 12, 1872, attended Eton then New College, Oxford (B.A., 1895; M.A., 1901).  Our saint, ordained deacon (1897) then priest (1900), was the Curate of St. John the Evangelist, Darlington (1897-1901), then the Domestic Chaplain (1901-1907) to Francis Paget, the Bishop of Oxford (1901-1911).  Our saint was subsequently the Curate of Windsor (1907-1910), the Vicar of Mentmore with Ledburn (1910-1912), the Rector of Farnham (1913-1928), and the Canon of Canterbury (1928-1943).

Crum’s published works included hymns, a book about the Gospel of Mark, and a biography of Francis Paget.  Our saint’s most enduring hymn has been “Now the Green Blade Riseth,” an Easter text.

Crum, aged 86 years, died in Farnham, Surrey, on December 19, 1958.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

JUNE 2, 2020 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT BLANDINA AND HER COMPANIONS, THE MARTYRS OF LYONS, 177

THE FEAST OF ANDERS CHRISTENSEN ARREBO, “THE FATHER OF DANISH POETRY”

THE FEAST OF CHRISTOPH HOMBURG, GERMAN LUTHERAN HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF MARGARET ELIZABETH SANGSTER, HYMN WRITER, NOVELIST, AND DEVOTIONAL WRITER

THE FEAST OF SAINT STEPHEN OF SWEDEN, ROMAN CATHOLIC MISSIONARY, BISHOP, AND MARTYR, CIRCA 1075

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Dear God of beauty,

you have granted literary ability and spiritual sensitivity to

John MacLeod Campbell Crum and others, who have composed hymn texts.

May we, as you guide us,

find worthy hymn texts to be icons,

through which we see you.

In the Name of God:  Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.  Amen.

Sirach/Ecclesiasticus 44:1-3a, 5-15

Psalm 147

Revelation 5:11-14

Luke 2:8-20

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

APRIL 20, 2013 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINTS AMATOR OF AUXERRE AND GERMANUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOPS; SAINT MAMERTINUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC ABBOT; AND SAINT MARCIAN OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC MONK

THE FEAST OF JOHANNES BUGENHAGEN, GERMAN LUTHERAN PASTOR

THE FEAST OF SAINT MARCELLINUS OF EMBRUN, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP

THE FEAST OF OLAVUS AND LAURENTIUS PETRI, RENEWERS OF THE CHURCH

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Feast of Bates Gilbert Burt (December 20)   Leave a comment

Above:  The Flag of The Episcopal Church

Photographer = Kenneth Randolph Taylor

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BATES GILBERT BURT (DECEMBER 21, 1878-APRIL 5, 1948)

Episcopal Priest, Hymn Writer, and Composer

Bates Gilbert Burt comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via The Methodist Hymnal (1966).

Above:  St. Paul’s Episcopal Church, Marquette, Michigan

Image Source = Google Earth

Bates was an Episcopal priest.  He, born in Wheeling, West Virginia, on December 21, 1878, was a son of Mason William Burt and Abigail Gilbert Bates (Burt).  Our saint, educated at Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio (M.A., 1901), studied at Seabury Divinity School, Faribault, Minnesota, in 1902.  He, ordained a deacon in 1903 then a priest the following year, served as the Dean of St. Paul’s Episcopal Cathedral, Marquette, Michigan (1904-1922) and served as a chaplain in France (1918-1919).  He married Emily May Burt in 1905.  The couple had three children:

  1. Deborah,
  2. Alfred S., and
  3. John Harris (1918-2009).  He served as the Bishop of Ohio from 1967 to 1983.  Based on what I have read about this son, I have added him to my list of people to consider adding to this Ecumenical Calendar.

Above:  All Saints’ Episcopal Church, Pontiac, Michigan

Image Source = Google Earth

Burt went on to serve as the Rector of All Saints’ Episcopal Church, Pontiac, Michigan (1922-1947).  Starting in 1922, he and Alfred wrote an original Christmas carol each year.  Our saint wrote the words to “O God of Youth, Whose Spirit in Our Hearts is Stirring” in 1935 and composed the tune, LYNNE, five years later.  He also composed another hymn tune, SHADDICK.  He contributed settings of the Venite and the Benedictus es, Domine, to The Hymnal 1940 (1943).  Furthermore, our saint joined the Joint Commission on the Revision of the Hymnal in 1946.

Above:  St. Mary’s Episcopal Church, Emmorton, Maryland

Image Source = Google Earth

In retirement, Burt was the Acting Rector of St. Mary’s Episcopal Church, Emmorton, Maryland, near Edgewood.  He, aged 69 years, died in Edgewood on April 5, 1948.  He left a legacy that included at least 20 hymns.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

JUNE 1, 2020 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JUSTIN MARTYR, CHRISTIAN APOLOGIST AND MARTYR, 166/167

THE FEAST OF SAINT PAMPHILUS OF CAESAREA, BIBLICAL SCHOLAR AND TRANSLATOR; AND HIS COMPANIONS, MARTYRS, 309

THE FEAST OF SAMUEL STENNETT, ENGLISH SEVENTH-DAY BAPTIST MINISTER AND HYMN WRITER; AND JOHN HOWARD, ENGLISH HUMANITARIAN

THE FEAST OF SAINT SIMEON OF SYRACUSE, ROMAN CATHOLIC MONK

THE FEAST OF WILLIAM ROBINSON, MARMADUKE STEPHENSON, AND MARY DYER, BRITISH QUAKER MARTYRS IN BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS, 1659 AND 1660

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Dear God of beauty,

you have granted literary ability and spiritual sensitivity to

Bates Gilbert Burt and others, who have composed hymn texts.

May we, as you guide us,

find worthy hymn texts to be icons,

through which we see you.

In the Name of God:  Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.  Amen.

Sirach/Ecclesiasticus 44:1-3a, 5-15

Psalm 147

Revelation 5:11-14

Luke 2:8-20

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

APRIL 20, 2013 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINTS AMATOR OF AUXERRE AND GERMANUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOPS; SAINT MAMERTINUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC ABBOT; AND SAINT MARCIAN OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC MONK

THE FEAST OF JOHANNES BUGENHAGEN, GERMAN LUTHERAN PASTOR

THE FEAST OF SAINT MARCELLINUS OF EMBRUN, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP

THE FEAST OF OLAVUS AND LAURENTIUS PETRI, RENEWERS OF THE CHURCH

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Feast of William Henry Draper (December 18)   2 comments

Above:  William Henry Draper

Image in the Public Domain

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WILLIAM HENRY DRAPER (DECEMBER 19, 1855-AUGUST 9, 1933)

Anglican Priest, Hymn Writer, and Hymn Translator

William Henry Draper comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via The Methodist Hymnal (1966).

Draper was a priest in The Church of England.  He, born in Kenilworth, Warwickshire, England, on December 19, 1855, was a son of Henry Draper and Lucy Mary Draper.  Our saint studied at Cheltenham College then at Keble College, Oxford.  Draper, ordained in 1880, was, in order:

  1. Curate of St. Mary’s Church, Shrewsbury (1880-1883);
  2. Vicar of Alfreton (1883-1889);
  3. Vicar of the Abbey Church, Shrewsbury (1889-1899);
  4. Rector of Adel, Leeds (1899-1919);
  5. Master of the Temple, London (1919-1930); and
  6. Vicar of Axbridge (1930-1933).

Draper left a literary legacy.  He edited Seven Spiritual Songs by Thomas Campion (1919) and Hymns for the Tunes by Orlando Gibbons (1925).  Draper translated Petrarch‘s Secretum (published in 1911).  His published original works included The Victoria Book of Hymns (1897) and Hymns for Holy Week (1898).  Draper’s hymns, both original and translated, numbered in excess of 60.  They included “In Our Day of Thanksgiving” and “Lord, Through This Holy Week.”  His translations included, “All Creatures of Our God and King,” published in 1926.

Draper, aged 77 years, died in Clifton, Bristol, on August 9, 1933.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

MAY 31, 2020 COMMON ERA

THE DAY OF PENTECOST, YEAR A

THE FEAST OF THE VISITATION OF MARY TO ELIZABETH

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Dear God of beauty,

you have granted literary ability and spiritual sensitivity to

William Henry Draper and others, who have composed and translated hymn texts.

May we, as you guide us,

find worthy hymn texts to be icons,

through which we see you.

In the Name of God:  Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.  Amen.

Sirach/Ecclesiasticus 44:1-3a, 5-15

Psalm 147

Revelation 5:11-14

Luke 2:8-20

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

APRIL 20, 2013 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINTS AMATOR OF AUXERRE AND GERMANUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOPS; SAINT MAMERTINUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC ABBOT; AND SAINT MARCIAN OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC MONK

THE FEAST OF JOHANNES BUGENHAGEN, GERMAN LUTHERAN PASTOR

THE FEAST OF SAINT MARCELLINUS OF EMBRUN, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP

THE FEAST OF OLAVUS AND LAURENTIUS PETRI, RENEWERS OF THE CHURCH

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Feast of George Wallace Briggs (December 16)   Leave a comment

Above:  The Flag of England

Image in the Public Domain

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GEORGE WALLACE BRIGGS (DECEMBER 15, 1875-DECEMBER 30, 1959)

Anglican Priest and Hymn Writer

Also known as G. W. Briggs

George Wallace Briggs comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via The Methodist Hymnal (1966).

Briggs, an Anglican priest, left a fine legacy in hymnody.  He, born in Kirkby, Nottingham County, England, on December 15, 1875, studied at Emmanuel College, Cambridge.  After graduating with honors in 1897, he became a priest in The Church of England.  Our saint’s first assignment was to a poor congregation in Wakefield, Yorkshire.  Briggs left that post to become a chaplain in the Royal Navy (1902-1909).  His naval background was evident in a hymn, “Christ is the World’s True Light,” in which he described Jesus as the world’s

Captain of salvation.

Briggs, who married Constance Emily Barrow in 1909, had five children with her.  He served as the Vicar of St. Andrew’s Church, Norwich (1909-1918), the Rector of Loughsborough (1918-1927), the Canon of Leicester (1927-1934), and the Canon of Worcester (1934-1956).  Then Briggs retired.

Briggs wrote.  He composed books of prayers for children.  Our saint wrote at least 22 hymns and helped to found the Hymn Society of Great Britain and Ireland.  Constance reported that Briggs wrote hymns and never dated them.  He contributed hymns for hymnals, thus establishing the date of publication, but not of composition.

Briggs, aged 84 years, died in Hindhead, Surrey, on December 30, 1959.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

MAY 29, 2020 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF PERCY DEARMER, ANGLICAN CANON AND TRANSLATOR AND AUTHOR OF HYMNS

THE FEAST OF SAINT BONA OF PISA, ROMAN CATHOLIC MYSTIC AND PILGRIM

THE FEAST OF JIRI TRANOVSKY, LUTHER OF THE SLAVS AND FATHER OF SLOVAK HYMNODY

THE FEAST OF RUBY MIDDLETON FORSYTHE, AFRICAN-AMERICAN EPISCOPAL EDUCATOR

THE FEAST OF SAINT MARY THERESA LEDÓCHOWSKA, FOUNDRESS OF THE MISSIONARY SISTERS OF SAINT PETER CLAVER, AND “MOTHER OF THE AFRICAN MISSIONS;” AND HER SISTER, SAINT URSULA LEDÓCHOWSKA, FOUNDRESS OF THE CONGREGATION OF THE URSULINES OF THE AGONIZING HEART OF JESUS (GRAY URSULINES)

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Dear God of beauty,

you have granted literary ability and spiritual sensitivity to

George Wallace Briggs and others, who have composed hymn texts.

May we, as you guide us,

find worthy hymn texts to be icons,

through which we see you.

In the Name of God:  Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.  Amen.

Sirach/Ecclesiasticus 44:1-3a, 5-15

Psalm 147

Revelation 5:11-14

Luke 2:8-20

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

APRIL 20, 2013 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINTS AMATOR OF AUXERRE AND GERMANUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOPS; SAINT MAMERTINUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC ABBOT; AND SAINT MARCIAN OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC MONK

THE FEAST OF JOHANNES BUGENHAGEN, GERMAN LUTHERAN PASTOR

THE FEAST OF SAINT MARCELLINUS OF EMBRUN, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP

THE FEAST OF OLAVUS AND LAURENTIUS PETRI, RENEWERS OF THE CHURCH

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Feast of James Arnold Blaisdell (December 16)   1 comment

Above:  James A. Blaisdell Park, Claremont, California

Image Source = Google Earth

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JAMES ARNOLD BLAISDELL (DECEMBER 15, 1867-JANUARY 29, 1957)

U.S. Congregationalist Minister, Scholar, and Hymn Writer

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Tonight, my soul, be still and sleep,

The storms are raging on God’s deep,–

God’s deep, not thine,

Be still and sleep.

–James Arnold Blaisdell

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The Reverend James Arnold Blaisdell comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via The Methodist Hymnal (1966).

Above:  First Congregational Church, Waukesha, Wisconsin

Image Source = Google Earth

Blaisdell was a minister and a scholar.  He, born in Beloit, Wisconsin, on December 15, 1867, studied at Beloit College (B.A., 1889) and Hartford Theological Seminary (B.D., 1892).  Our saint, ordained a Congregationalist minister in 1892, served as pastor of First Congregational Church, Waukesha, Wisconsin, from 1892 to 1896.  He married his first wife, Florence Lena Carrier (1867-1940) in December 1892.  The couple had two children, James Brooks (1893-1953) and Florence “Barbara” (1904-1990).

Above:  Olivet Congregational Church, Olivet, Michigan

Image Source = Google Earth

Blaisdell was pastor of Olivet Congregational Church (now part of the United Church of Christ), Olivet, Michigan, from 1896 to 1903.

Above:  United Church of Beloit, Beloit, Wisconsin

Image Source = Google Earth

Then, from 1903 to 1910, our saint served as Professor of Biblical Literature and as Librarian at Beloit College.  He was also the pastor of Second Congregational Church during those years.  (As of 2020, First Presbyterian Church has merged with Second Congregational Church to form the United Church of Beloit and moved into the edifice of the former Second Congregational Church.)

Blaisdell spent 1910-1957 in California.  He was the President of Pomona College, Claremont, until 1927.  Afterward, our saint led the Clarement Colleges consortium until 1935.  He and Florence retired to La Jolla that year.  She died in 1940, and Blaisdell moved back to Claremont.  He eventually remarried; wife number two was Anne Grassie (1866-1957).  Our saint, aged 89 years, died in Claremont on January 29, 1957.

Blaisdell wrote at least three hymns:

  1. “Tonight, My Soul, Be Still and Sleep” (by 1897),
  2. “Christians, Lo, the Star Appeareth” (1900), and
  3. Beneath the Forms of Outward Rite” (published in 1928).

May the Church never be bereft of people with the pastoral, academic, and literary talents that James Arnold Blaisdell possessed.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

MAY 28, 2020 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF JOHN H. W. STUCKENBERG, GERMAN-AMERICAN LUTHERAN MINISTER AND ACADEMIC

THE FEAST OF SAINT BERNARD OF MENTHON, ROMAN CATHOLIC PRIEST AND ARCHDEACON OF AOSTA

THE FEAST OF EDWIN POND PARKER, U.S. CONGREGATIONALIST MINISTER AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF JEREMIAS DENCKE, SILESIAN-AMERICAN MORAVIAN COMPOSER AND ORGANIST; AND SIMON PETER AND JOHANN FRIEDRICH PETER, GERMAN-AMERICAN COMPOSERS, EDUCATORS, MUSICIANS, AND MINISTERS

THE FEAST OF ROBERT MCAFEE BROWN, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN ACTIVIST, AND ECUMENIST

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Dear God of beauty,

you have granted literary ability and spiritual sensitivity to

James Arnold Blaisdell and others, who have composed hymn texts.

May we, as you guide us,

find worthy hymn texts to be icons,

through which we see you.

In the Name of God:  Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.  Amen.

Sirach/Ecclesiasticus 44:1-3a, 5-15

Psalm 147

Revelation 5:11-14

Luke 2:8-20

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

APRIL 20, 2013 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINTS AMATOR OF AUXERRE AND GERMANUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOPS; SAINT MAMERTINUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC ABBOT; AND SAINT MARCIAN OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC MONK

THE FEAST OF JOHANNES BUGENHAGEN, GERMAN LUTHERAN PASTOR

THE FEAST OF SAINT MARCELLINUS OF EMBRUN, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP

THE FEAST OF OLAVUS AND LAURENTIUS PETRI, RENEWERS OF THE CHURCH

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Feast of Thomas Canning (December 12)   Leave a comment

Above:  Eastman School of Music, Rochester, New York

Image Source = Google Earth

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THOMAS CANNING (DECEMBER 12, 1911-OCTOBER 4, 1989)

U.S. Composer and Music Educator

Thomas Canning comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via The Methodist Hymnal (1966).

Canning was one of the best composers I had not heard of before I began work on this post.  He, born in Brookville, Pennsylvania, on December 12, 1911, was a son of James Scribner Canning.  Our saint studied at Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio (B.M., 1936); then at Eastman School of Music, Rochester, New York (M.M., 1940).  He was a student of composer Howard Hanson (1896-1981) at Rochester.  Canning, on faculty at Morningside College, Sioux City, Iowa (1936-1942), went on to teach at Indiana State Teachers College (now Indiana University of Pennsylvania), Indiana, Pennsylvania (1945-1946).  Then he taught at the Royal Conservatory of Music, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (1946-1947).  Our saint was a faculty member at the Eastman School of Music (1947-1962) then at West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia (1963-1977).  He was composer in residence at West Virginia University.  Canning retired in 1977.

Canning wrote music rooted in church.  He composed instrumental music, often based on hymns, for church.  Our saint also wrote anthems for church choirs.  Furthermore, he composed All Aboard for Ararat (1957), a children’s opera in one act.  In 1961, the Board of Education of The Methodist Church commissioned Canning to set John Wesley’s Covenant Service to music.  The tune COVENANT HYMN (present in The Methodist Hymnal of 1966) came from that service setting.  And Fantasy on a Hymn Tune by Justin Morgan (1944) has become one of my favorite works.

Canning, 78 years old, died on October 4, 1989.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

MAY 25, 2020 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT BEDE OF JARROW, ROMAN CATHOLIC ABBOT AND FATHER OF ENGLISH HISTORY

THE FEAST OF SAINT ALDHELM OF SHERBORNE, POET, LITERARY SCHOLAR, ABBOT OF MALMESBURY, AND BISHOP OF SHERBORNE

THE FEAST OF SAINTS CRISTOBAL MAGOLLANES JARA AND AGUSTIN CALOCA CORTÉS, MEXICAN ROMAN CATHOLIC SAINTS AND MARTYRS, 1927

THE FEAST OF SAINT MADELEINE-SOPHIE BARAT, FOUNDRESS OF THE SOCIETY OF THE SACRED HEART; AND SAINT ROSE PHILIPPINE DUCHESNE, ROMAN CATHOLIC NUN AND MISSIONARY

THE FEAST OF SAINT MYKOLA TSEHELSKYI, UKRAINIAN GREEK CATHOLIC PRIEST AND MARTYR, 1951

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Eternal God, light of the world and Creator of all that is good and lovely:

we bless your name for inspiring [Thomas Canning]

and all those who with music have filled us with desire and love for you;

through Jesus Christ our Savior, who with you and the Holy Spirit

lives and reigns, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 29:14b-19

Psalm 90:14-17

2 Corinthians 3:1-3

John 21:15-17, 24-25

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 728

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