Archive for the ‘January 10’ Category

Feast of William Gay Ballantine (January 10)   1 comment

Springfield

Above:  International Young Men’s Christian Association Training School, Springfield, Massachusetts, 1900

Publisher and Copyright Claimant = Detroit Publishing Company

Image Source = Library of Congress

Reproduction Number = LC-DIG-det-4a23744

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WILLIAM GAY BALLANTINE (DECEMBER 7, 1848-JANUARY 10, 1937)

U.S. CONGREGATIONALIST MINISTER, EDUCATOR, SCHOLAR, POET, AND HYMN WRITER

William Gay Ballantine (1848-1937) came from an accomplished American family.  His grandfather, Ebenezer Ballantine (1756-1823), was a surgeon and a veteran of the U.S. War for Independence.  Our saint, named for his uncle, William Gay Ballantine (1807-1841), was one of seven children of the Reverend Elisha Ballantine (1809-1886) and Betsy Ann Watkins Ballantine (1812-1873).  Elisha studied at Union Theological Seminary, located at the time at Prince Edward Court House (now Farmville), Virginia, and served as an instructor there before he graduated.  Then he studied at Halle, Germany, for a year and a half before returning to his alma mater as Professor of Hebrew and Greek in 1831.  Seven years later Elisha left for Ohio University, Athens, Ohio, to become Professor of Greek.  He left that position after two years to become pastor of the Presbyterian Church of Prince Edward Court House (now Farmville Presbyterian Church), where he served from 1840 to 1847.  Then Elisha served as assistant minister at the First Presbyterian Church, Washington, D.C. (the legacy of which lives in the National Presbyterian Church in that city), resigning in 1851 due to health issues.  He, after leading a private school, started a successful career at Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana.  There he taught mathematics (1854-1856), languages (1856-1863), and Greek (1863-1886), and served as Acting President (1884) and as Vice President (1884-1886).

Our saint, William Gay Ballantine (1848-1937), entered the world at Washington, D.C., on December 7, 1848.  His life fit well into his family’s pattern of excellence.  Ballantine graduated from Marietta College, Marietta, Ohio, in 1868.  Briefly he worked as an assistant engineer on the staff of the Ohio Geographical Survey before attending the other Union Theological Seminary, the one in New York, New York.  Ballantine graduated in 1872 then studied at the University of Leipzig.  In 1873 he took a break from his studies to participate in the first American Palestine Expedition, a project of the American Palestine Exploration Society.  Then, in 1874, our saint commenced his academic career in the United States.

That career had three phases:  1874-1891, 1891-1896, and 1897-1921.    In 1874 Ballantine became Professor of Natural History and Chemistry at Ripon College, Ripon, Wisconsin.  During his time at Ripon our saint married Emma Frances Atwood (1857-1919).  The ceremony occurred in 1875.  The couple had four children:

  1. Henry Winthrop Ballantine (1880-1951), a distinguished professor of law;
  2. Arthur Atwood Ballantine (1883-1960), Assistant to the Secretary of the Treasury (1931-1932), Undersecretary of the Treasury (1932-1933), and attorney;
  3. Edward Ballantine (1886-1974), composer and professor of music; and
  4. Mary Frances Ballantine (born in 1892 or 1893; was 17 years old at the time of the U.S. Census of 1910).  I sought more information about her, without success.

From 1876 to 1878 our saint was Professor of Greek (with his father, Elisha) at Indiana University, Bloomington.  Then, in 1878, Ballantine relocated to Oberlin, Ohio, to teach at Oberlin College.  There we was Professor of Greek and Hebrew Exegesis (1878-1880), became a Congregationalist minister (1880), was Professor of Old Testament Language and Literature (1880-1891), served as an editor of Biblioteca Sacra and contributed scholarly articles to the publication (1874-1891), and served as chairman of the faculty (1889-1891).  In 1891 Western Reserce College, Cleveland, Ohio, awarded him an honorary LL.D. degree.

The second phase of Ballantine’s academic career in the United States was his time (1891-1896) as the President of Oberlin College.  The inauguration occurred on July 1, 1891.  Our saint had great ambitions for the institution he led.  Although its primary purpose was to educate ministers, he was determined not to sacrifice academic excellence in secular subjects.  Toward that end Ballantine sought to establish a graduate program in philosophy.  Economic realities intervened, however.  In 1893 the U.S. economy entered a depression.  Enrollment and revenues declined.  A $10 (equivalent to about $300 in 2014) increase in tuition seemed necessary to balance the books at Oberlin College.  Protests ensued.  Ballantine resigned on June 22, 1896, and declined a professorship.  Instead he studied in Greece for about a year.

The Hawaiian Star. Honolulu, May 25, 1903, Page 5

The Hawaiian Star, Honolulu, Hawaii, May 25, 1903, Page 5

Accessed via newspapers.org

The third phase of Ballantine’s U.S. academic career unfolded at the International Young Men’s Christian Association Training School (now Springfield College), Springfield, Massachusetts.  Our saint was Professor of Bible there from 1897 to 1921.  He discouraged Biblical literalism and encouraged acceptance of scientific evidence.  This fact disturbed enough people in leadership to prompt a year-long investigation of Ballantine’s theological soundness.  He passed the test.

Our saint retired in 1921 and devoted himself to writing.  He had been writing and publishing for decades, but his output increased after his retirement.  Ballantine’s published works included the following:

  1. The Oberlin Jubilee:  1833-1883 (1883), as editor;
  2. Jehovah’s Champion:  A Study of the Book of Job (1890);
  3. Inductive Logic (1896);
  4. Christ in the Gospel of Mark (1898);
  5. Philippians, the Model Letter (1898);
  6. Inductive Bible Studies:  Mark and Acts (1898);
  7. Key to Inductive Bible Studies (1899);
  8. The Young Man from Nazareth (1921);
  9. Understanding the Bible (1925);
  10. Discovering Jesus (1927);
  11. The Logic of Science (1933); and
  12. The Riverside New Testament:  A Translation from the Original Greek into the English of To-Day (1934).

Ballantine was also a poet.  One of his compositions, “Romaios,” graced America:  A Litany of the Nations (1907).  In 1912 he wrote a hymn, “God Save America,” which reflected his Social Gospel orientation.  Certain hymn websites have yielded a the title (yet no text) of a second hymn, “Justice Now Sits Enthroned.”  I have not found the text in any of the old hymnals in my collection either.

Ballantine died at Springfield, Massachusetts, on January 10, 1937.  He was 88 years old.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

SEPTEMBER 4, 2015 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF ALL CHRISTIAN PEACEMAKERS AND PEACE ACTIVISTS

THE FEAST OF PAUL JONES, EPISCOPAL BISHOP OF UTAH AND WITNESS FOR PEACE

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O God, you have endowed us with memory, reason, and skill.

We thank you for the faithful legacy of [William Gay Ballantine and all others]

who have dedicated their lives to you and to the intellectual pursuits.

May we, like them, respect your gift of intelligence fully and to your glory.

In the Name of God:  Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.  Amen.

Deuteronomy 6:4-9

Psalm 103

Philippians 4:8-9

Mark 12:28-34

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

MARCH 6, 2013 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT CHRODEGANG OF METZ, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP

THE FEAST OF EDMUND KING, ANGLICAN BISHOP OF LINCOLN

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Feast of Mary Lundie Duncan (January 10)   1 comment

07621v

Above:  Ruins of Roxburgh Castle, Kelso, Scotland, Between 1890 and 1900

Image Source = Library of Congress

Reproduction Number = LC-DIG-ppmsc-07621

Published by Detroit Publishing Company, 1905

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MARY LUNDIE DUNCAN (APRIL 26, 1814-JANUARY 5, 1840)

Scottish Presbyterian Hymn Writer

Mary Lundie, born in Kelso, Scotland,was a daughter of the Reverend Robert Lundie, a Church of Scotland minister.  Her sister married Horatius Bonar (1808-1889), a great hymn writer.  Our saint married the Reverend William Wallace Lundie (died in 1864), a Church of Scotland minster at Cleish, in 1836.  Their marriage was brief, for she died in January 1840, after a chill turned into a fever.  Our saint died a few months before her twenty-sixth birthday, leaving two young children behind.

The 1935 companion volume to the 1933 Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. Hymnal says of our saint:

Mary Duncan was a most remarkable character.  Her contemporaries compared her brilliant mind, overflowing personality, and devout spirit to those of Madame Guyon, the “evangelist of quietism.”

–pages 461-462

And Robert Guy McCutchan, in his 1937 companion volume t the 1935 Methodist Hymnal, wrote:

She was a beautiful woman with a beautiful character.

Here is an image of Mary Lundie Duncan I found at http://www.hymntime.com/tch/bio/d/u/n/duncan_ml.htm:

duncan_ml

And here is a public domain image of Madame Jeanne Guyon (1648-1717):

Jeanne_Marie_Bouvier_de_la_Motte_Guyon_-_Project_Gutenberg_eText_13778

For more about Quietism, follow this link.

Our saint wrote hymns for her children from July to December 1839.  Her mother had them published posthumously.  Among those hymns was  “Jesus, Tender Shepherd, Hear Me.”

Our saint’s widower participated in the 1843 Disruption which formed the Free Church of Scotland, which reunited with the Church of Scotland in 1929.

Mary Lundie Duncan lived well during the short span of her life.  She devoted her life to God and loved her family.  Fortunately for us, that legacy survives in hymnals.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

JULY 6, 2013 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINTS VINCENTIA GEROSA AND BARTHOLOMEA CAPITANIO, COFOUNDERS OF THE SISTERS OF CHARITY OF LOVERE

THE FEAST OF ISAIAH, BIBLICAL PROPHET

THE FEAST OF JAN HUS, PROTO-PROTESTANT MARTYR

THE FEAST OF SAINT PALLADIUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP

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Dear God of beauty,

you have granted literary ability and spiritual sensitivity to

Mary Lundie Duncan and others, who have composed hymn texts.

May we, as you guide us,

find worthy hymn texts to be icons,

through which we see you.

In the Name of God:  Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.  Amen.

Sirach/Ecclesiasticus 44:1-3a, 5-15

Psalm 147

Revelation 5:11-14

Luke 2:8-20

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

APRIL 20, 2013 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINTS AMATOR OF AUXERRE AND GERMANUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOPS; SAINT MAMERTINUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC ABBOT; AND SAINT MARCIAN OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC MONK

THE FEAST OF JOHANNES BUGENHAGEN, GERMAN LUTHERAN PASTOR

THE FEAST OF SAINT MARCELLINUS OF EMBRUN, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP

THE FEAST OF OLAVUS AND LAURENTIUS PETRI, RENEWERS OF THE CHURCH

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Revised on November 21, 2016

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Feast of Allen William Chatfield (January 10)   Leave a comment

Above:  Logo of The Church of England

Image in the Public Domain

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ALLEN WILLIAM CHATFIELD (OCTOBER 2, 1808-JANUARY 10, 1896)

Anglican Priest, Hymn Writer, and Translator

Allen William Chatfield, the son of an Anglican priest, was born at Chatteris, England.  He studied at the Charterhouse, Surrey, and at Trinity College, Cambridge, graduating with honors from Trinity College in 1831.  Chatfield, ordained a priest in 1832, served at Stotfold (1833-1847) and Much Marcle (from 1848), dying at the latter location.

The priest was a skilled translator.  He translated parts of the 1662 Book of Common Prayer into Greek.  James Moffatt, in his companion volume to the 1927 Scottish Presbyterian Hymnary, described this effort as Chatfield’s “most notable work.”  Chatfield also published a volume, Hymns of the Earliest Christian Poets, Bishops and Others, Translated into English Verse (1876).  Hymn sites I have consulted have listed eight hymns he translated and one he wrote.

The Chatfield hymn found most often in hymnals these days is “Lord Jesus, Think on Me.”  The lyrics follow:

Lord Jesus, think on me,

And purge away my sin;

From earth-born passions set me free,

And make me pure within.

Lord Jesus, think on me,

With care and woe opprest;

Let me thy loving servant be,

And taste thy promised rest.

Lord Jesus, think on me,

Nor let me go astray;

Through darkness and perplexity

Paint thou the heavenly way.

Lord Jesus, think on me,

That, when the flood is past,

I may eternal brightness see,

And share thy joy at last.

The original words were those of Synesius of Cyrene (circa 375-circa 414), a north African bishop.

I am grateful for people, such as Allen William Chatfield, who devoted their lives to God and literary pursuits which continue to ennoble faithful Christians.  We humans have the potential to engage in much creative work and play.  And I, as a student of history, like those who have delved into the treasure house of ancient texts.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 26, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JOHN BERCHMANS, ROMAN CATHOLIC SEMINARIAN

THE FEAST OF ISAAC WATTS, HYMN WRITER

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Almighty God, beautiful in majesty, majestic in holiness:

You have shown us the splendor of creation in the work of your servant Allen William Chatfield.

Teach us to drive from the world all chaos and disorder, that our eyes may behold your glory,

and that at last everyone may know the inexhaustible richness of your new creation

in Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.  Amen.  

Isaiah 28:5-6 or Hosea 14:5-8 or 2 Chronicles 20:20-21

Psalm 96

Philippians 4:8-9 or Ephesians 5:18b-20

Matthew 13:44-52

–Adapted from Evangelical Lutheran Worship (2006), page 61

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Revised on November 21, 2016

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Feast of St. John the Good (January 10)   Leave a comment

Above:  Europe in 526 C.E.

Image in the Public Domain

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SAINT JOHN THE GOOD, A.K.A. SAINT JOHN CAMILLUS (DIED 660)

Roman Catholic Bishop of Milan

Now what use is it, my brothers, for a man to say he “has faith” if his actions do not correspond with it?  Could that sort of faith save anyone’s soul?  If a fellow man or woman has no clothes to wear and nothing to eat, and one of you say, “Good luck to you I hope you’ll keep warm and find enough to eat”, and yet give them nothing meet their physical needs, what on earth is the good of that?  Yet that is exactly what a bare faith without a corresponding life is like–quite dead….Yes, faith without actions is as dead as a body without a soul.

–James 2:14-17, 26 (J. B. Phillips, The New Testament in Modern English, 1972)

No bishop had lived in Milan for eighty years.  The Western Roman Empire was no more, and Arian Lombards forced the exile of previous bishops.  But St. John Camillus filled the vacancy.  He argued against the Arian heresy, which teaches that Christ was a created being.  (The Jehovah’s Witnesses have incorporated this heresy into their alleged orthodoxy.)  He also resisted the Monothelistist heresy, which claims that the human and divine wills of Jesus Christ had a common will and activity.  Monothelitism undermines the doctrine that Jesus was fully human.  Having correct Christology is important, but so is living one’s faith, as James reminds us.  St. John Camillus earned his nickname, “the Good,” by his demonstrated holiness, as evident in his many good works in Milan.

St. John the Good died in 660, but, in 2011, people still speak of him as one who had an active faith, complete with good deeds and sound Christology.  If, in fourteen centuries, the human species and memories of us survive, may our successors make the same statements about us.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 28, 2011 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF KAMAHAMEHA AND EMMA, KING AND QUEEN OF HAWAII

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Almighty God,

you raised up faithful bishops of your church,

including your servant St. John the Good.

May the memory of his life be a source of joy for us and a bulwark of our faith,

so that we may serve and confess your name before the world,

through Jesus Christ, our Savior and Lord,

who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit,

one God, now and forever.  Amen.

Ezekiel 34:11-16 or Acts 20:17-35

Psalm 84

1 Peter 5:1-4 or Ephesians 3:14-21

John 21:15-17 or Matthew 24:42-47

–Adapted from Evangelical Lutheran Worship (2006), page 60

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Revised on November 14, 2016

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Saints’ Days and Holy Days for January   Leave a comment

Snow in January

Image in the Public Domain

THIS IS THE RESET VERSION OF THE CALENDAR FOR JANUARY, PENDING FURTHER REVISION.

1 (EIGHTH DAY OF CHRISTMAS)

  • Holy Name of Jesus
  • World Day of Peace

2 (NINTH DAY OF CHRISTMAS)

  • Johann Konrad Wilhelm Loehe, Bavarian Lutheran Minister, and Coordinator of Domestic and Foreign Missions
  • Narcissus, Argeus, and Marcellinus of Tomi, Roman Martyrs, 320
  • Odilo of Cluny, Roman Catholic Abbot
  • Sabine Baring-Gould, Anglican Priest and Hymn Writer

3 (TENTH DAY OF CHRISTMAS)

  • Edward Caswall, Roman Catholic Priest and Hymn Writer
  • Edward Perronet, British Methodist Preacher
  • Gladys Aylward, Missionary in China and Taiwan
  • William Alfred Passavant, Sr., U.S. Lutheran Minister, Humanitarian, and Evangelist

4 (ELEVENTH DAY OF CHRISTMAS)

  • Elizabeth Ann Seton, Foundress of the American Sisters of Charity
  • Felix Manz, First Anabaptist Martyr, 1527
  • Gregory of Langres, Terticus of Langres, Gallus of Clermont, Gregory of Tours, Avitus I of Clermont, Magnericus of Trier, and Gaugericus, Roman Catholic Bishops
  • Johann Ludwig Freydt, German Moravian Composer and Educator

5 (TWELFTH DAY OF CHRISTMAS)

  • Antonio Lotti, Roman Catholic Musician and Composer
  • Genoveva Torres Morales, Foundress of the Congregation of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Holy Angels
  • John Nepomucene Neumann, Roman Catholic Bishop of Philadelphia
  • Margaret Mackay, Scottish Hymn Writer

6 (EPIPHANY OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST)

7 (François Fénelon, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Cambrai)

  • Aldric of Le Mans, Roman Catholic Bishop
  • Angela of Foligno, Penitent and Humanitarian
  • Gaspar del Bufalo, Founder of the Missionaries of the Precious Blood
  • Lucian of Antioch, Roman Catholic Martyr, 312

8 (Thorfinn of Hamar, Roman Catholic Bishop)

  • Arcangelo Corelli, Roman Catholic Musician and Composer
  • Nicolaus Copernicus and Galileo Galilei, Scientists
  • Harriet Bedell, Episcopal Deaconess and Missionary
  • Syncletica of Alexandria, Desert Mother

9 (Pepin of Landen, Itta of Metz, Their Relations, Amand, Austregisilus, and Sulpicius II of Bourges, Faithful Christians Across Generational Lines)

  • Adelard of Corbie, Roman Catholic Monk
  • Julia Chester Emery, Upholder of Missions
  • Philip II of Moscow, Metropolitan of Moscow and All Russia, and Martyr, 1569
  • William Jones, Anglican Priest and Musician

10 (John the Good, Roman Catholic Bishop of Milan)

  • Allen William Chatfield, Anglican Priest, Hymn Writer, and Translator
  • Mary Lundie Duncan, Scottish Presbyterian Hymn Writer
  • William Gay Ballantine, U.S. Congregationalist Minister, Educator, Scholar, Poet, and Hymn Writer

11 (Theodosius the Cenobiarch, Roman Catholic Monk)

  • Charles William Everest, Episcopal Priest and Hymn Writer
  • Miep Gies, Righteous Gentile
  • Paulinus of Aquileia, Roman Catholic Patriarch
  • Richard Frederick Littledale, Anglican Priest and Translator of Hymns

12 (Benedict Biscop, Roman Catholic Abbot of Wearmouth)

  • Aelred of Hexham, Roman Catholic Abbot of Rievaulx
  • Anthony Mary Pucci, Roman Catholic Priest
  • Henry Alford, Dean of Canterbury
  • Marguerite Bourgeoys, Foundress of the Sisters of Notre Dame

13 (Hilary of Poitiers, Roman Catholic Bishop of Poitiers, “Athanasius of the West;” and Hymn Writer; mentor of Martin of Tours, Roman Catholic Bishop of Tours)

  • Christian Keimann, German Lutheran Hymn Writer
  • George Fox, Founder of the Religious Society of Friends
  • Mary Slessor, Scottish Presbyterian Missionary in West Africa
  • Samuel Preiswerk, Swiss Reformed Minister and Hymn Writer

14 (Macrina the Elder, Her Family, and Gregory of Nazianzus the Younger)

  • Caesarius of Arles, Roman Catholic Bishop; and Caesaria of Arles, Roman Catholic Abbess
  • Kristen Kvamme, Norwegian-American Hymn Writer and Translator
  • Sava I, Founder of the Serbian Orthodox Church and First Archbishop of Serbs

15 (Martin Luther King, Jr., Civil Rights Leader and Martyr, 1968)

  • John Cosin, Anglican Bishop of Durham

16 (Roberto de Noboli, Roman Catholic Missionary in India)

  • Berard and His Companions, Roman Catholic Martyrs in Morocco, 1220
  • Edmund Hamilton Sears, U.S. Unitarian Minister and Hymn Writer
  • Richard Meux Benson, Anglican Priest and Cofounder of the Society of St. John the Evangelist; Charles Chapman Grafton, Episcopal Priest, Cofounder of the Society of St. John the Evangelist, and Bishop of Fond du Lac; and Charles Gore, Anglican Bishop of Worcester, Birmingham, and Oxford; Founder of the Community of the Resurrection; Theologian; and Advocate for Social Justice and World Peace

17 (Antony of Egypt, Roman Catholic Abbot and Father of Western Monasticism)

  • Pachomius the Great, Founder of Christian Communal Monasticism
  • Rutherford Birchard Hayes, President of the United States of America
  • Thomas A. Dooley, U.S. Roman Catholic Physician and Humanitarian

18-25 (WEEK OF PRAYER FOR CHRISTIAN UNITY)

18 (CONFESSION OF SAINT PETER, APOSTLE)

19 (Sargent Shriver and Eunice Kennedy Shriver, Humanitarians)

  • Deicola and Gall, Roman Catholic Monks; and Othmar, Roman Catholic Abbot at Saint Gallen
  • Henry Twells, Anglican Priest and Hymn Writer

20 (Fabian, Bishop of Rome and Martyr, 250)

  • Euthymius the Great and Theoctistus, Roman Catholic Abbots
  • Greville Phillimore, English Priest, Hymn Writer, and Hymn Translator
  • Harriet Auber, Anglican Hymn Writer
  • Richard Rolle, English Roman Catholic Spiritual Writer

21 (Mirocles of Milan and Epiphanius of Pavia, Roman Catholic Bishops)

  • Alban Roe and Thomas Reynolds, Roman Catholic Priests and Martyrs, 1642
  • John Yi Yon-on, Roman Catholic Catechist and Martyr in Korea

22 (John Julian, Anglican Priest, Hymn Writer, and Hymnologist)

  • Vincent Pallotti, Founder of the Pallotines

23 (John the Almsgiver, Roman Catholic Patriarch of Alexandria)

  • Charles Kingsley, Anglican Priest, Novelist, and Hymn Writer
  • Phillips Brooks, Episcopal Bishop of Massachusetts, and Hymn Writer

24 (Ordination of Florence Li-Tim-Oi, First Female Priest in the Anglican Communion)

  • Martyrs of Podlasie, 1874
  • Suranus of Sora, Roman Catholic Abbot and Martyr, 580

25 (CONVERSION OF SAINT PAUL, APOSTLE)

26 (TIMOTHY, TITUS, AND SILAS, COWORKERS OF SAINT PAUL THE APOSTLE)

27 (Jerome, Paula of Rome, Eustochium, Blaesilla, Marcella, and Lea of Rome)

  • Angela Merici, Foundress of the Company of Saint Ursula
  • Caspar Neumann, German Lutheran Minister and Hymn Writer

28 (Albert the Great and his pupil, Thomas Aquinas, Roman Catholic Theologians)

  • Henry Augustine Collins, Anglican then Roman Catholic Priest and Hymn Writer
  • Joseph Barnby, Anglican Church Musician and Composer

29 (LYDIA, DORCAS, AND PHOEBE, COWORKERS OF SAINT PAUL THE APOSTLE)

30 (Lesslie Newbigin, Missionary and Theologian)

  • Bathildas, Queen of France
  • Frederick Oakeley, Anglican then Roman Catholic Priest
  • Genesius I of Clermont and Praejectus of Clermont, Roman Catholic Bishops; and Amarin, Roman Catholic Abbot

31 (Charles Frederick Mackenzie, Anglican Bishop of Central Africa)

  • Menno Simons, Mennonite Leader

 

Lowercase boldface on a date with two or more commemorations indicates a primary feast