Archive for the ‘Saints of 1910-1919’ Category

Feast of Charles John Vincent, Jr. (February 22)   Leave a comment

Above:  Charles John Vincent, Jr.

Image Source = Hymntime.com

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CHARLES JOHN VINCENT, JR. (SEPTEMBER 19, 1852-FEBRUARY 23, 1934)

Anglican Organist and Composer

Charles John Vincent, Jr., comes to this, A GREAT CLOUD OF WITNESSES:  AN ECUMENICAL CALENDAR OF SAINTS’ DAYS AND HOLY DAYS, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.

Our saint, born in Durham, England, on September 19, 1852, was, in the vernacular, a chip off the old block.  His father, Charles John Vincent, Sr., was an organist and a composer.  Our saint, when 11 years old, became a chorister at Durham Cathedral.  Five years later, he began duties as organist at Monkwearmouth Parish Church.

Vincent continued his musical work and studies.  He studied at the conservatory in Leipzig (1876-1878).  Later, our saint served as the organist at Tavistock Parish Church and Kelly College.  He received his Mus.B. (1878) and Mus.D. (1885), both from Oxford University.  Vincent was the organist at Christ Church, Hampstead, London (1883-1891).

Eventually, our saint assumed control of the music business his father had founded.  Vincent build organs and pianos.

Vincent also edited The Organist and Choirmaster magazine for a time.

Our saint’s published books include:

  1. A Year’s Study at the Piano:  First Principles of Music;
  2. Choral Instructor;
  3. Chant Book Companion;
  4. Anglican Organist;
  5. Anglican Choir;
  6. Bach’s Forty-Eight Fugues;
  7. The Hymnal Companion to the Book of Common Prayer (Third Edition, 1890);
  8. Harmony, Diatonic and Chromatic (1900); and
  9. Fifty Shakespere Songs:  For High Voice (1906).

Vincent’s compositions included oratorios, services, anthems, sons, orchestral works, and works for organ, piano, and voice.  He also wrote and arranged hymn tunes, the post popular of which were PAX TECUM and ST. JUDE.  Works for which I have found titles were:

  1. Ruth (an oratorio),
  2. The Japanese Girl (1912),
  3. The American Girl (1908),
  4. Twelve Postludes or Concluding Voluntaries for the Organ (1902).

Vincent retired to Hendon.

Our saint, aged 81 years, died on Monte Carlo, Monaco, on February 23, 1934.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 22, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF ROBERT SEAGRAVE, ANGLICAN PRIEST AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF SAINT ANNA KOLESÁROVÁ, SLOVAK ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR, 1944

THE FEAST OF DITLEF GEORGSON RISTAD, NORWEGIAN-AMERICAN LUTHERAN MINISTER, HYMN TRANSLATOR, LITURGIST, AND EDUCATOR

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Holy God, whose majesty surpasses all human definitions and capacity to grasp,

thank you for those (especially Charles John Vincent, Jr.)

who have nurtured and encouraged the reverent worship of you.

May their work inspire us to worship you in knowledge, truth, and beauty.

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 25:1-8

Psalm 145

Revelation 15:1-4

John 4:19-26

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 27, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JAMES INTERCISUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR

THE FEAST OF HENRY SLOANE COFFIN, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN THEOLOGIAN

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Feast of George Clement Martin (February 22)   Leave a comment

Above:  George Clement Martin

Image Source = Hymntime.com

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SIR GEORGE CLEMENT MARTIN (SEPTEMBER 11, 1844-FEBRUARY 23, 1916)

Anglican Organist and Composer

George Clement Martin comes to this, A GREAT CLOUD OF WITNESSES:  AN ECUMENICAL CALENDAR OF SAINTS’ DAYS AND HOLY DAYS, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.

Martin, born in Lambourn, Berkshire, England, on September 11, 1844, devoted his life to glorifying God in music.  Our saint earned his Mus.B. degree (Oxford, 1868).  He served as the choirmaster (1874-1916) and organist (1888-1916) of St. Paul’s Cathedral, London.  He, made a Fellow of the College of Organists in 1875, received two honorary doctorates in music.  Archbishop of Canterbury Edward White Benson (1829-1896) conferred the first one in 1883.  Oxford University conferred the second doctorate in 1912.

Martin composed mostly for the church.  He wrote anthems, services, and a setting of the Benedicite.  Our saint composed a setting of the Te Deum (1897) for Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee.  Martin became Sir George Clement Martin that year, too.  He also wrote a hymn tune, ALL HALLOWS.

Furthermore, Martin published.  He prepared The Art of Training Choir Boys (1896), a volume of musical exercises.  He also served as the Music Editor of The Book of Common Praise (1908), of The Church of England in Canada.

Martin, aged 71 years, died in London on February 23, 1916.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 21, 2021 COMMON ERA

PROPER 29:  THE LAST SUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST (CHRIST THE KING SUNDAY), YEAR B

THE FEAST OF THOMAS TALLIS AND HIS STUDENT AND COLLEAGUE, WILLIAM BYRD, ENGLISH COMPOSER AND ORGANISTS; AND JOHN MERBECKE, ENGLISH COMPOSER, ORGANIST, AND THEOLOGIAN

THE FEAST OF GUY IGNATIUS CHABRAT, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP COADJUTOR OF BARDSTOWN THEN OF LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY; AND HIS COUSIN, PETER JOSEPH LAVIALLE, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP OF LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY

THE FEAST OF HENRY PURCELL AND HIS BROTHER, DANIEL PURCELL, ENGLISH COMPOSERS

THE FEAST OF MARIA FRANCISZKA SIEDLISKA, FOUNDER OF THE SISTERS OF THE HOLY FAMILY OF NAZARETH

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Eternal God, light of the world and Creator of all that is good and lovely:

We bless your name for inspiring George Clement Martin and all those

who with music have filled us with desire and love for you;

through Jesus Christ our Savior, who with you and the Holy Spirit

lives and reigns, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 29:14b-19

Psalm 90:14-17

2 Corinthians 3:1-3

John 21:15-17, 24-25

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 728

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Feast of Healey Willan (February 20)   Leave a comment

Above:  The Flag of Canada, 1965-Present

Image in the Public Domain

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JAMES HEALEY WILLAN (OCTOBER 12, 1880-FEBRUARY 16, 1968)

Canadian Anglican Organist and Composer

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A scholar with a musical background a thousand years deep.  One of the chief sources of his inspiration is Gregorian music….He is obviously well acquainted with the English school, and…the method and traditional music of the Eastern Church.

–Quoted in Armin Haeussler, The Story of Our Hymns:  The Handbook to the Hymnal of the Evangelical and Reformed Church (1952), 183

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(James) Healey Willan comes to this, A GREAT CLOUD OF WITNESSES:  AN ECUMENICAL CALENDAR OF SAINTS’ DAYS AND HOLY DAYS, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.

Willan was a son of James Burton Willan and Eleanor Healey Willan.  Our saint, born in London, England, on October 12, 1880, started his musical education when four years old.  He, a choirboy at St. Saviour’s Choir School when eight years old, went on to serve as organist and choirmaster of St. Saviour’s Church, St. Albans, from 1897 to 1900.  Our saint, steeped in Anglo-Catholic liturgical and musical traditions, served as the organist and choirmaster at Christ Church, Wanstead (1900-1903); then at St. John the Baptist Church, Kensington (1903-1913).  He married Gladys Ellen Hallin in 1905.  The couple had three sons and one daughter.

The Willan family moved to Canada in 1913.  He became the head of the theory department at the Toronto Conservatory of Music (1913-1920); the Vice President of that conservatory (1920-1936); the organist and choirmaster at the Anglican Church of St. Mary Magdalene, Toronto (1921-death).  Our saint received his doctorate in music from the University of Toronto in 1921.  He, the Director of Music at Hart House, the University of Toronto (1919-1925), served on the music faculty at that university (1937-1950).  Furthermore, Willan served as the President of the Authors and Composers Association of Canada (1933f).  He also became a Companion of the Order of Canada (1967).

YouTube offers some interesting and informative videos regarding Willan.  There is an interview (parts 1 and 2).  I also refer you, O reader, to a recording of our saint playing the organ at the Church of St. Mary Magdalene.  Furthermore, I recommend that you listen to recordings of some of his compositions:

  1. Piano Concerto in C Minor (1944);
  2. The Three Kings;
  3. Missa Brevis #2 in F Minor;
  4. Missa Brevis #5 in F Sharp Minor;
  5. Lo, in the Time Appointed;
  6. Rise Up, My Love;
  7. Hodie, Christus Natus Est; and
  8. Introduction, Passacaglia and Fugue for Organ (1916).

Willan composed in a traditional style informed by his Anglo-Catholic roots, Tudor-era music, and German Romanticism.  His oeuvre encompassed about 800 compositions.  These included masses, motets, organ works, cantatas, symphonies, chamber music, and settings of poems.

Willan, aged 87 years, died in Toronto on February 16, 1968.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 19, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT ELIZABETH OF HUNGARY, PRINCESS OF HUNGARY, AND HUMANITARIAN

THE FEAST OF ALICE NEVIN, U.S. GERMAN REFORMED LITURGIST AND COMPOSER OF HYMN TEXTS

THE FEAST OF ARTHUR HENRY MANN, ANGLICAN ORGANIST, CHOIR DIRECTOR, HYMNODIST, AND HYMN TUNE COMPOSER

THE FEAST OF JOHANN CHRISTIAN TILL, U.S. MORAVIAN ORGANIST, COMPOSER, AND PIANO BUILDER; AND HIS SON, JACOB CHRISTIAN TILL, U.S. MORAVIAN PIANO BUILDER

THE FEAST OF JOHANN HERMANN SCHEIN, GERMAN LUTHERAN COMPOSER

THE FEAST OF SAMUEL JOHN STONE, ANGLICAN PRIEST AND HYMN WRITER

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Eternal God, light of the world and Creator of all that is good and lovely:

We bless your name for inspiring Healey Willan and all those

who with music have filled us with desire and love for you;

through Jesus Christ our Savior, who with you and the Holy Spirit

lives and reigns, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 29:14b-19

Psalm 90:14-17

2 Corinthians 3:1-3

John 21:15-17, 24-25

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 728

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Feast of Edward Shippen Barnes (February 18)   Leave a comment

Above:  Edward Shippen Barnes

Image Source = hymntime.com

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EDWARD SHIPPEN BARNES (SEPTEMBER 14, 1887-FEBRUARY 14, 1958)

U.S. Presbyterian Organist, Composer, and Writer

Edward Shippen Barnes comes to this, A GREAT CLOUD OF WITNESSES:  AN ECUMENICAL CALENDAR OF SAINTS’ DAYS AND HOLY DAYS, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.

Barnes, born in Seabright, New Jersey, on September 14, 1887, was a son of Charles Wheeler Barnes and Elizabeth Shippen.  Our saint studied music at a young age.  He studied music from a young age.  He started organ studies at The Lawrenceville School, Lawrence Township, New Jersey.  At Yale University, Barnes studied organ and composition.  Horatio William Parker (1863-1919) taught him composition.  After graduating from Yale, our saint continued his studies at the Schola Cantorum, Paris, France.

Barnes, a member of the old Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A., served as organist and choirmaster in Episcopal and Presbyterian congregations:

  1. Episcopal Church of the Incarnation, New York, New York (1911-1912);
  2. Rutgers Presbyterian Church, New York, New York (1913-1924), during which time he also served in the Naval Reserve (1918-1919);
  3. St. Stephen’s Episcopal Church, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (1924-1938); and
  4. First Presbyterian Church, Santa Monica, California (1938-1954).

Barnes retired to Idyllwild, California, in 1954.  He donated a small organ to a local congregation and played that instrument in worship.

Barnes, married with four children, had a great interest in the musical education of children.  Therefore, he compiled and edited Bach for Beginners in Organ-Playing (1919).  Our saint also edited The Children’s Anthem Book:  Thirty-Six Anthems for Unison Voices with Piano or Organ Accompaniment (1922).

Barnes wrote and edited other texts, too.  He edited American Organ Monthly for years.  Our saint also wrote A Method of Organ Playing (1921).  Furthermore, he contributed texts to Handbook for the Hymnal (1935), the companion volume to his denomination’s The Hymnal (1933).

Barnes composed both sacred and secular music:

  1. Two organ symphonies,
  2. Twp organ suites,
  3. Fantasia for Organ and Choir,
  4. Two cantatas (The Comforter and Remember Now Thy Creator),
  5. Piano pieces,
  6. Vocal works,
  7. Anthems,
  8. Episcopal services, and
  9. Hymn tunes.

Barnes composed at least four hymn tunes:

  1. GLORIA,
  2. MERIEL,
  3. QUI TENET, and
  4. SAN VICENTE (for “Healer Divine, Who Walkest Still”).

Our saint also composed descants, arranged hymn tunes, and wrote the text of at least one hymn (“Keep Thou My Hands E’er Swift”).

Barnes, aged 70 years, died in Idyllwild, California, on February 14, 1958.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 17, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT HENRIETTE DELILLE, FOUNDER OF THE SISTERS OF THE HOLY FAMILY

THE FEAST OF SAINT HUGH OF LINCOLN, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP AND ABBOT

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Holy God, whose majesty surpasses all human definitions and capacity to grasp,

thank you for those (especially Edward Shippen Barnes)

who have nurtured and encouraged the reverent worship of you.

May their work inspire us to worship you in knowledge, truth, and beauty.

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 25:1-8

Psalm 145

Revelation 15:1-4

John 4:19-26

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 27, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JAMES INTERCISUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR

THE FEAST OF HENRY SLOANE COFFIN, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN THEOLOGIAN

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Feast of Julius H. Horstmann (February 10)   Leave a comment

Above:  Julius H. Horstmann

Image Cropped from the 1955 Year Book of the Evangelical and Reformed Church (1954), 57

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JULIUS HENRY HORSTMANN (MARCH 16, 1869-FEBRUARY 13, 1954)

U.S. Prussian Evangelical Minister and Hymn Translator

Also known as Julius Hermann Edward Horstmann

The Reverend Julius Henry Horstmann comes to this, A GREAT CLOUD OF WITNESSES:  AN ECUMENICAL CALENDAR OF SAINTS’ DAYS AND HOLY DAYS, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.

In 1817, King Frederick William III of Prussia (reigned 1797-1840) merged the Lutheran and Reformed denominations in his realm.  Thus, in Prussian terms, “Evangelical” simply meant Protestant.  The Evangelical Synod of North America (1872-1934), with its organizational roots in the New World dating to 1840, was the North American counterpart to the Prussian union church.  The ESNA merged with the (German) Reformed Church in the United States to form the Evangelical and Reformed Church in 1934.

The legacy of the Evangelical and Reformed Church continues as the liturgical wing of the United Church of Christ.

Horstmann, born in Napierville, Illinois, on March 16, 1869, spent most of his life in the Evangelical Synod of North America.  His father, Henry Horstmann, was the treasurer of the ESNA’s North Illinois District from 1874 to 1888.  After studying at Northwestern College (now North Central College), Napierville, our saint studied at Elmhurst College (now Elmhurst University), Elmhurst, Illinois.  Studies at Eden Theological Seminary, St. Louis, Missouri, followed.

The Reverend Julius H. Horstmann, ordained on December 13, 1891, ministered in congregations in Indiana and Texas before becoming a denominational journalist.  He edited The Evangelical Herald (1906-1935) then served as Associate Editor of The Messenger (1936-1939).

Horstmann also wrote at least two books:

  1. The Will of God (1925), and
  2. Through Four Centuries:  The Story of the Beginnings of the Evangelical and Reformed Church (1938), with Herbert Werbecke.

Horstmann also translated hymns:

  1. “God of Might, We Praise Thy Name” (1908), a setting of the German Te Deum by Ignaz Franz (1719-1790);
  2. “The Work is Thine, O Christ Our Lord;” and
  3. “Wait on God, and Trust Him.”

Horstmann, who retired in 1939, died in Mount Vernon, Illinois, on February 13, 1954.  He was 84 years old.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 14, 2021 COMMON ERA

PROPER 28:  THE TWENTY-FIFTH SUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST, YEAR B

THE FEAST OF SAMUEL SEABURY, EPISCOPAL BISHOP OF CONNECTICUT, AND PRESIDING BISHOP OF THE EPISCOPAL CHURCH

THE FEAST OF SAINT MARIA LUIZA MERKERT, CO-FOUNDER OF THE SISTERS OF SAINT ELIZABETH

THE FEAST OF SAINT NICHOLAS TAVELIC AND HIS COMPANIONS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYRS, 1391

THE FEAST OF PETER WOLLE, U.S. MORAVIAN BISHOP, ORGANIST, AND COMPOSER; THEODORE FRANCES WOLLE, U.S. MORAVIAN ORGANIST AND COMPOSER; AND JOHN FREDERICK “J. FRED.” WOLLE, U.S. MORAVIAN ORGANIST, COMPOSER, AND CHOIR DIRECTOR

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Dear God of beauty,

you have granted literary ability and spiritual sensitivity to

Julius H. Horstmann and others, who have translated hymn texts.

May we, as you guide us,

find worthy hymn texts to be icons,

through which we see you.

In the Name of God:  Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.  Amen.

Sirach/Ecclesiasticus 44:1-3a, 5-15

Psalm 147

Revelation 5:11-14

Luke 2:8-20

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

APRIL 20, 2013 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINTS AMATOR OF AUXERRE AND GERMANUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOPS; SAINT MAMERTINUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC ABBOT; AND SAINT MARCIAN OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC MONK

THE FEAST OF JOHANNES BUGENHAGEN, GERMAN LUTHERAN PASTOR

THE FEAST OF SAINT MARCELLINUS OF EMBRUN, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP

THE FEAST OF OLAVUS AND LAURENTIUS PETRI, RENEWERS OF THE CHURCH

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Feast of St. Dimitri Klepinin (February 9)   1 comment

Above:  Russian Orthodox Cross

Image in the Public Domain

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SAINT DIMITRI KLEPININ (APRIL 14, 1904-FEBRUARY 9, 1944)

Russian Orthodox Priest and Martyr, 1944

Also known as Saint Dimitri of Paris

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I think the good Christ would give me papers if I were in their [the Jews’] place.  So I must do it….If a man surprised by a storm takes shelter in a church, do I have the right to close the door?

–Saint Dimitri Klepinin, on issuing false baptismal certificates to Jews during the Nazi occupation of Paris

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Saint Dimitri Klepinin comes to this, A GREAT CLOUD OF WITNESSES:  AN ECUMENICAL CALENDAR OF SAINTS’ DAYS AND HOLY DAYS, via the American Carpatho-Russian Orthodox Diocese of North America (Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople).

Klepinin was Russian.  He, born in Stavropol Krai, Russian Empire (now the Russian Federation), on April 14, 1904, spent much of his youth in Odessa (now in the Ukraine).  The family was devout and Russian Orthodox.  His mother, Sophia (d. 1923), did much to care for the poor of the city.

The Bolsheviks came to power in November (Gregorian Calendar)/October (Julian Calendar) 1917.  The family, therefore, fled their homeland when our saint was 13 years old.  The family went, in order, to Constantinople, Ottoman Empire; Yugoslavia; and Paris, France.  The exiled saint matriculated at Saint Sergius Theological Seminary, Paris, in 1925.  After graduating in 1929, he continued his studies in New York, New York.

Klepinin returned to Paris and resumed life. He directed his parish’s choir.  In 1937, our saint married Tamara Baimakova then became a priest ministering to Russian emigres.  Tamara gave birth to a daughter (Helen, 1939) and a son (Paul, 1942).  In 1939, Klepinin, assigned to a different parish, became the priest of Saint Maria Skobtsova (1891-1945).  She and her son Yuri (also a canonized saint) operated a shelter for the poor of the city.  He became involved in her work.

Then, in 1940, the Third Reich conquered France.  Paris was in the zone Berlin controlled directly.  Saints Dimitri, Maria, and Yuri expanded their work to include sheltering Jews in 1942.  The priest provided false baptismal certificates to Jews.  This was a deception, he admitted to himself.  Klepinin was trying to save lives during the Holocaust, so the lie was morally justifiable.  As he said, Jesus would have done it, so the priest had to do it, too.  Agents of the Gestapo arrested Saints Maria one day in February 1943 and Saint Dimitri shortly thereafter.  Saints Dimitri and Yuri died at the concentration camp at Dora. The priest, aged 39 years, died of pneumonia on February 9, 1944.

Saint Maria died on March 31, 1945, when she volunteered to take the place of a Jewish woman bound for a gas chamber at the Ravesnbruck concentration camp.

Until about a month ago, I lived in the Episcopal Diocese of Atlanta.  I recall Bishop Robert C. Wright encouraging people to “love like Jesus.”

Loving like Jesus can be the road to one’s own calvary.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 13, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF HENRY MARTYN DEXTER, U.S. CONGREGATIONALIST MINISTER AND HISTORIAN

THE FEAST OF SAINT ABBO OF FLEURY, ROMAN CATHOLIC ABBOT

THE FEAST OF SAINT BRICE OF TOURS, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP

THE FEAST OF SAINT FRANCES XAVIER CABRINI, FOUNDER OF THE MISSIONARY SOCIETY OF THE SACRED HEART

THE FEAST OF WILLIAM ROMANIS, ANGLICAN PRIEST AND HYMN WRITER

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Almighty God, who gave to your servant Saint Dimitri Klepinin

boldness to confess the Name of our Savior Jesus Christ before the rulers of the world,

and courage to die for this faith:

Grant that we may always be ready to give a reason for the hope that is in us,

and to suffer gladly for the sake of our Lord Jesus Christ;

who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit,

one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

2 Esdras 2:42-48

Psalm 126 or 121

1 Peter 3:14-18, 22

Matthew 10:16-22

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 713

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Feast of Blessed Maria Esperanza de Jesus (February 8)   Leave a comment

Above:  Blessed Maria Esperanza de Jesus

Image in the Public Domain

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MARIA JOSEFA ALHAMA Y VALERA (SEPTEMBER 30, 1893-FEBRUARY 8, 1983)

Founder of the Handmaids of Merciful Love and the Sons of Merciful Love

Also known as Blessed Esperanza de Jesus

Blessed Maria Esperanza de Jesus comes to this, A GREAT CLOUD OF WITNESSES:  AN ECUMENICAL CALENDAR OF SAINTS’ DAYS AND HOLY DAYS, via the Roman Catholic Church.

Maria Josefa, born in Santomera, Murcia, Spain, on September 30, 1893, came from a devout, peasant family.  She was the first of nine children.  Our saint’s father was an agricultural worker.  Her mother was a housewife.  Maria Josefa, educated by nuns, joined the Daughters of Calvary, as Sister Esperanza de Jesus (Hope of Jesus) when 21 years old.

Our saint, devoted to the Merciful Love of Jesus, founded two orders.  She founded the Handmaids of Merciful Love in Madrid, Spain, on December 24, 1930.  Their mission was to care for the sick, the elderly, orphans, and poor children, and to educate the latter two.  She, based in Rome from 1926 to 1951, then at Collevalenza, Perugia, Italy, starting in 1951, founded the corresponding male order, the Sons of Merciful Love, in Collevalenza in 1951.

Our saint oversaw the construction of the Sanctuary of Merciful Love, at Collevalenza, completed in 1959.  Pope John Paul II visited the church and our saint in 1982.  He recognized the church as a minor basilica.

Our saint, aged 89 years, died in Collevalenza on February 8, 1983.

The Church has formally recognized Valera.  Pope John Paul II declared her a Venerable in 2002.  Pope Frances beatified her in 2014.

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Many non-Christians–especially non-believers–think of Christianity as a judgmental, legalistic faith.  This is a misunderstanding of Christianity, as it is, at its best.  However, many professing Christians are judgmental and legalistic.  They are what they falsely accuse Jews of being–legalistic, with works-based righteousness.

Blessed Maria Esperanza de Jesus correctly focused on divine merciful love–that which loves unconditionally and seeks to attract all people.  Grace is free, not cheap; ask the Hebrew prophets, Jesus, and the martyrs.  Grace calls for faithful response.

Legalism is a misguided attempt to respond faithfully to God.  Legalism is a sibling of the quest for certainty.  That quest is idolatrous; it replaces faith in God with certainty.

May we–you, O reader, and I–lean all the way into God’s merciful love and trust in it.  May we be neither legalistic nor judgmental. May we respond faithfully to God.

God of merciful love, thank you for the faithful life and legacy

of your servant, Blessed Maria Esperanza de Jesus.

May our lives also be beacons of your merciful love,

for your glory and the benefit of others.

In the Name of God:  Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.  Amen.

Leviticus 19:1-4, 9-18, 32-37

Psalm 23

1 Corinthians 13:1-3

Luke 10:25-37

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 10, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT LEO I “THE GREAT,” BISHOP OF ROME

THE FEAST OF LOTT CARY, AFRICAN-AMERICAN BAPTIST MINISTER AND MISSIONARY TO LIBERIA; AND MELVILLE B. COX, U.S. METHODIST MINISTER AND MISSIONARY TO LIBERIA

THE FEAST OF ODETTE PRÉVOST, FRENCH ROMAN CATHOLIC NUN, AND MARTYR IN ALGERIA, 1995

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Feast of William Ketcham Anderson (February 6)   Leave a comment

Above:  The Signature of William Ketcham Anderson

Cropped from The Minister and Human Relations (1943)

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WILLIAM KETCHAM ANDERSON (APRIL 27, 1888-FEBRUARY 7, 1947)

U.S. Methodist Minister and Hymn Tune Composer

The Reverend William Ketcham Anderson comes to this, A GREAT CLOUD OF WITNESSES:  AN ECUMENICAL CALENDAR OF SAINTS’ DAYS AND HOLY DAYS, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.

Anderson, born in New York, New York, on April 27, 1888, was a son of the Reverend William Franklin Anderson (1860-1944) and Jennie Lulah Ketcham Anderson.  The father, ordained in 1887, was a minister in the old Methodist Episcopal Church (1784-1939).  He, elected to the episcopate in 1908, retired in 1932.

Our saint joined the ranks of the clergy, too.  He graduated from Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut (A.B., 1910).  Then Anderson taught at Central High School, Chattanooga, Tennessee (1910-1911).  (His father was the MEC bishop based in Chattanooga at the time.)  Our saint, ordained in 1912, ministered first in the Carpenter Circuit in Wyoming.  Then he returned to New York City, for academic studies.  Anderson graduated from Columbia University (M.A., 1913) and Union Theological Seminary (B.D., 1914).  He, ordained a deacon in 1915 and an elder two years later, served as the Director of the Wesley Foundation at The Ohio State University (1915-1918).

Anderson married Fannie East Spencer on December 19, 1916.  The couple had four children:

  1. Almeda Jane;
  2. Elizabeth Cushman;
  3. Josephine Spencer; and
  4. William Franklin, II.

Our saint’s wife and children outlived him.

Anderson filled two more non-parish positions after leaving the Wesley Foundation at The Ohio State University.  He served as the Executive Secretary of the Ohio Council of Churches (1919) then as Field Secretary of the Inter-Church World Movement for Ohio (1920).

Anderson served in three congregations from 1920 to 1940:

Anderson was the pastor of Calvary Methodist Episcopal (now United Methodist) Church, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1920-1926).  He began to compose music while serving there.  In 1924, our saint submitted his entry for a contest the Hymn Society of America sponsored.  He composed a tune for “I Know Now How That Bethlehem’s Babe,” by Harry Webb Farrington (1879-1930).

Anderson was the pastor of First Methodist Episcopal (now United Methodist) Church, Butler, Pennsylvania (1926-1928).

Anderson was the pastor of Franklin Street Methodist Episcopal (now United Methodist) Church, Johnstown, Pennsylvania (1928-1940).  He received his Doctor of Divinity degree from Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut, in 1930.  That year, our saint also composed JOURNEY’S END, a hymn tune, for “When On My Day of Life Night is Falling,” by John Greenleaf Whittier (1807-1892).  Anderson composed this hymn tune during his wife’s serious illness.

A three-way reunion created The Methodist Church (1939-1968).  In 1940, Anderson moved to Nashville, Tennessee, to become the Director of the Methodist Commission on Ministerial Training.  He held this position for the rest of his life.  In this capacity, our saint wrote one book and edited seven others.  He wrote A Church Membership Manual for Methodist Pastors (1943).  Anderson edited the following volumes:

  1. The Minister and Human Relations (1943),
  2. Pastor and Church (1943),
  3. Protestantism:  A Symposium (1944),
  4. Making the Gospel Effective (1945),
  5. Students’ Handbook (1945),
  6. Christian World Mission (1946), and
  7. Methodism (1947).

Anderson, a member of the Commission on Worship and Music of the Federal Council of Churches (I do not know when.), died on February 7, 1947.  He was 58 years old.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 9, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF MARTIN CHEMNITZ, GERMAN LUTHERAN THEOLOGIAN, AND THE “SECOND MARTIN”

THE FEAST OF ANDREAS PETER BERGGREEN, DANISH LUTHERAN MUSICOLOGIST, ORGANIST, MUSIC EDUCATOR, AND COMPOSER

THE FEAST OF ELIJAH P. LOVEJOY, U.S. JOURNALIST, ABOLITIONIST, PRESBYTERIAN MINISTER, AND MARTYR, 1837; HIS BROTHER, OWEN LOVEJOY, U.S. ABOLITIONIST, LAWMAKER, AND CONGREGATIONALIST MINISTER; AND WILLIAM WELLS BROWN, AFRICAN-AMERICAN ABOLITIONIST, NOVELIST, HISTORIAN, AND PHYSICIAN

THE FEAST OF JOHANN(ES) MATTHAUS MEYFART, GERMAN LUTHERAN EDUCATOR AND DEVOTIONAL WRITER

THE FAST OF MARGERY KEMPE, ENGLISH ROMAN CATHOLIC MYSTIC AND PILGRIM

THE FEAST OF WILLIAM CROSWELL, EPISCOPAL PRIEST AND HYMN WRITER

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Heavenly Father, shepherd of your people,

we thank you for your servant William Ketcham Anderson,

who was faithful in the care and nurture of your flock;

and we pray that, following his holy life,

we may by your grace grow into the full stature

of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.  Amen.

Ezekiel 34:11-16 or Acts 20:17-35

Psalm 84

1 Peter 5:1-4 or Ephesians 3:14-21

John 21:15-17 or Matthew 24:42-47

Lutheran Book of Worship (1978), 38

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Feast of David Evans (February 6)   1 comment

Above:  The Flag of Wales

Image in the Public Domain

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DAVID EVANS (FEBRUARY 6, 1874-MAY 17, 1948)

Welsh Calvinistic/Presbyterian Hymnodist, Composer, and Hymn Tune Harmonizer

Professor David Evans comes to this, A GREAT CLOUD OF WITNESSES:  AN ECUMENICAL CALENDAR OF SAINTS’ DAYS AND HOLY DAYS, via a few sources.  One is The Church Hymnary–Revised Edition (1927), of which he was the Music Editor.  The second source is The Hymnal (1941) of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.  The third source is The Methodist Hymnal (1966) of The Methodist Church (1939-1968) and The United Methodist Church (1968-).  Three other sources are the companion volumes for each hymnal.  This post also relies on websites, mainly hymnary.org and archive.org.

Before I start writing about Evans, I choose to explain the Presbyterian Church of Wales.  The Welsh Calvinistic Methodist Church organized in 1743.  This denomination formally separated from the Anglican state church in 1811.  The Calvinistic Methodist Church renamed itself the Presbyterian Church of Wales in 1928.  The Calvinistic Methodist denomination in the United States of America merged into the old Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. in 1920.  Welsh Calvinistic Methodism/Presbyterianism was the religious milieu in which Evans lived.

Evans, born in Resolven, Vale of Neath, Glamorganshire, Wales, on February 6, 1874, was a son of Morgan and Sarah Evans.

Our saint pursued a life in music, both secular and sacred.  He studied at Arnold College, Swansea; then at University College, Cardiff.  For a time, Evans was the organist and choirmaster of Jewin Street Welsh Church, London.  When he was 21 years old, our saint earned his Bachelor of Music degree from Oxford.  The Doctor of Music degree from the same institution followed years later.

Evans married Mary Thomas in 1899.  The couple had two sons, one of whom died of the Spanish Influenza of 1918.

From 1903 to 1939, Evans was Professor of Music at University College, Cardiff.  He filled the position Joseph Parry (1841-1903) had vacated.  Our saint became the department chair in 1908.

Beyond University College, Evans contributed much to Welsh music.  He was the leading adjudicator at the Eisteddfod, a great annual national music and poetry observance, for many years.  Evans was also the Examiner of the Central Welsh Board from 1908 to 1920.  Our saint, continuing and expanding the legacy of Ieuan Gwyllt, a.k.a. John Roberts (1822-1877), a Welsh minister and hymnodist, conducted many Welsh Psalmody festivals.  Evans encouraged orchestral music and hymn singing.  He worked to raise musical standards in Wales.  Toward these ends, our saint edited Moliant Cenedl, a volume of what he considered the best hymn tunes.  And, from 1916 to 1922, Evans edited Y Cerddor (The Musician), a literary journal about music in Wales.

Our saint brought his expertise to bear on The Church Hymnary–Revised Edition (1927), for Presbyterians in Scotland, Ireland, England, Wales, Australia, and South Africa.  He, the Music Editor of that hymnal, wrote “The Music,” which immediately followed the preface.  Evans provided practical advice about how to sing properly, especially in a congregational context.  First, however, he wrote the following:

The Church Hymnary–Revised Edition (1927), vi

(Scan by Kenneth Randolph Taylor)

Evans also harmonized hymn tunes for that hymnal.

Evans composed orchestral works, cantatas, oratorios, choral ballads, anthems, services, and hymn tunes.  Compositions included:

  1. Brobugeiliaid, a children’s cantata;
  2. Llawenhewch yn yr Ior (Rejoice in the Lord) (1906);
  3. The Coming of Arthur (1907), an oratorio;
  4. Deffro maénddydd (1909), a choral ballad;
  5. Carmen (1909), a “Song for the Opening of the Library in the New College Buildings, Cathays Park;”
  6. Alcestis (1928), a cantata; and
  7. Gloria (1943), a cantata for the bicentennial of Welsh Calvinistic Methodism.

Evans used a pseudonym (Edward Arthur) for many of his smaller works, such as hymn tunes.

Evans also composed the text of at least one hymn, “I Weave You a Rhyme for Christmas Time.”

Our saint, aged 74 years, died in Rhosllannerchrugog, near Wrexham, Wales, on May 17, 1948.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 8, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF JOHN DUNS SCOTUS, SCOTTISH ROMAN CATHOLIC PRIEST AND THEOLOGIAN

THE FEAST OF SAINT ELIZABETH OF THE TRINITY, FRENCH ROMAN CATHOLIC NUN, MYSTIC, AND RELIGIOUS WRITER

THE FEAST OF JOHANN VON STAUPITZ, MARTIN LUTHER’S SPIRITUAL MENTOR

THE FEAST OF JOHN CASPAR MATTES, U.S. LUTHERAN MINISTER AND LITURGIST

THE FEAST OF SAINTS PAMBO OF NITRIA, AMMONIUS OF SKETE, PALLADIUS OF GALATIA, MACARIUS OF EGYPT, MACARIUS OF ALEXANDRIA, AND PISHOY, DESERT FATHERS; SAINT EVAGRIUS OF PONTUS, MONK AND SCHOLAR; SAINT MELANIA THE ELDER, DESERT MOTHER; SAINT RUFINUS OF AQUILEIA, MONK AND THEOLOGIAN; SAINT DIDYMUS THE BLIND, BIBLICAL SCHOLAR; SAINT JOHN II, BISHOP OF JERUSALEM; SAINT MELANIA THE YOUNGER, DESERT MOTHER; AND HER HUSBAND, SAINT PINIAN, MONK

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Holy God, whose majesty surpasses all human definitions and capacity to grasp,

thank you for those (especially David Evans)

who have nurtured and encouraged the reverent worship of you.

May their work inspire us to worship you in knowledge, truth, and beauty.

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 25:1-8

Psalm 145

Revelation 15:1-4

John 4:19-26

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 27, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JAMES INTERCISUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR

THE FEAST OF HENRY SLOANE COFFIN, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN THEOLOGIAN

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Feast of St. David Galvan Bermudez (January 30)   3 comments

Above:  St. David Galván Bermúdez

Image in the Public Domain

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SAINT DAVID GALVÁN BERMÚDEZ (JANUARY 29, 1881-JANUARY 30, 1915)

Mexican Roman Catholic Priest and Martyr, 1915

Alternative feast day (as one of the Martyrs of the Mexican Revolution) = May 25

St. David Galván Bermúdez comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via the Roman Catholic Church.

St. David was a native of Mexico.  He, born in Guadalajara, Jalisco, was the son of José Trinidad Galván and Mariana Bermúdez.  Mariana died when our saint was three years old.  José eventually married Victoriana Medina.  St. David grew up with his father, stepmother, and sisters.  Our saint, from an early age, worked in the family’s shoe shop.  St. David matriculated in the high school program at the local seminary when fourteen years old.  He still had some spiritual-behavioral issues to sort out, though.  St. David left the seminary in 1900 to return to the shoe store.  He reapplied to the seminary in 1902; he got back in a year later.  Our saint was serious; he had reformed.  And his frontal cortex had developed.

St. David, ordained a priest on May 20, 1909, embarked on a faithful ministry.  He helped the poor.  Our saint taught sociology, Latin, and natural law at the seminary in Guadalajara (-1914), until that school closed during the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920).  He founded a magazine, Voice of Breath, which he edited until 1912.  Our saint also served as a chaplain at a hospital and an orphanage (-1914).

Captain Enrique Vera, of the Mexican Army, was responsible for St. David’s death.  In 1914, Vera tried to force a young woman into marrying him.  She refused.  She was already married.  Vera made her life difficult.  The priest rescued the woman from Vera.  The captain ordered St. David arrested, but the priest quickly regained his freedom.  He had made a deadly enemy, though.

On January 30, 2015, in Guadalajara, the men’s paths converged again.  In the aftermath of a battle of the Mexican Revolution, St. David was tending to the wounded.  Vera recognized our saint, whom he ordered arrested.  Immediately, the captain ordered the priest executed for treason.  In his final hours, St. David ministered to and heard the confessions of his fellow prisoners.  Then he, aged 34 years, died in front of a firing squad.

Pope John Paul II declared our saint a Venerable (1992), a beatus (1992), and a full saint (2000).

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

SEPTEMBER 9, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF THE MARTYRS OF MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE, 1878

THE FEAST OF SAINT FRANCIS BORGIA, “SECOND FOUNDER OF THE SOCIETY OF JESUS;” SAINT PETER FAVER, APOSTLE OF GERMANY, AND CO-FOUNDER OF THE SOCIETY OF JESUS; SAINT ALPHONSUS RODRIGUEZ, SPANISH JESUIT LAY BROTHER; AND SAINT PETER CLAVER, “APOSTLE TO THE NEGROES”

THE FEAST OF LUCY JANE RIDER MEYER, NOVELIST, HYMN WRITER, MEDICAL DOCTOR, AND FOUNDER OF THE DEACONESS MOVEMENT IN THE METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH

THE FEAST OF SARAH MAPPS DOUGLASS, U.S. AFRICAN-AMERICAN QUAKER ABOLITIONIST, WRITER, PAINTER, AND LECTURER

THE FEAST OF WILLIAM CHATTERTON DIX, ENGLISH HYMN WRITER AND HYMN TRANSLATOR

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Almighty God, by whose grace and power your holy martyr Saint David Galván Bermúdez

triumphed over suffering and was faithful even to death:

Grant us, who now remember him in thanksgiving,

to be so faithful in our witness to you in this world,

that we may receive with him the crown of life;

through Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns with

you and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

Sirach (Ecclesiasticus) 51:1-12

Psalm 116 or 116:1-8

Revelation 7:13-17

Luke 12:2-12

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 714

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