Archive for the ‘Saints of 1870-1879’ Category

Feast of Edward Dearle (March 1)   Leave a comment

Above:  The Flag of England

Image in the Public Domain

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EDWARD DEARLE (MARCH 2, 1806-MARCH 20, 1891)

Anglican Organist and Composer

Edward Dearle comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via two hymnals and their companion volumes.  The first hymnal, in chronological order, is The Hymnal 1940 (1943), of The Episcopal Church.  The second volume is The Methodist Hymnal/The Book of Hymns (1966), of The Methodist Church then The United Methodist Church.

Our saint, son of John Dearle and Harriet Harrison Dearle, entered the world at Cambridge, England, on March 2, 1806.  He, a chorister at St. John’s College, Cambridge, earned the Bachelor of Music degree from there in 1836.  Six years later, Dearle earned the Doctor of Music degree from Cambridge, too.

A career in church music followed.  Dearle served as the organist at St. Paul’s, Deptford (1827-1830); Blackheath, Wisbeach (1830-1832); and St. Mary’s, Warwick (1832-1833).  Then, until 1864, our saint served as the organist of St. Mary Magdalene Church and as the master of the song school, Newark-upon-Trent.  He moved to Camberwell, London, in 1864.  Eleven years later, Dearle helped to found Trinity Church, London.

Dearle composed oratorios, anthems, and service music.  Services included Evening Service in A, Evening Service in G Minor, and Morning Service in CIsrael in Egypt was one of his oratorios.  Our saint won the Gresham Prize for his anthem, Turn Thee Again, in 1837.  A hymn tune, PENITENTIA, composed for Samuel John Stone‘s text, “Weary of Earth, and Laden with My Sin,” debuted in Church Hymns with Tunes (1874), edited by Arthur Sullivan.

The Hymnal 1940 (1943) and The Methodist Hymnal/The Book of Hymns (1966) pair PENITENTIA with “Here, O My Lord, I See Thee,” by Horatius Bonar.

Our saint, husband of Catherine (Mullins) Dearle (1817-1880) and father of eleven children, died in Camberwell, London, on March 20, 1891.  He was 85 years old.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

JULY 29, 2022 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINTS MARY, MARTHA, AND LAZARUS OF BETHANY, FRIENDS OF JESUS

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Holy God, whose majesty surpasses all human definitions and capacity to grasp,

thank you for those (especially Edward Dearle)

who have nurtured and encouraged the reverent worship of you.

May their work inspire us to worship you in knowledge, truth, and beauty.

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 25:1-8

Psalm 145

Revelation 15:1-4

John 4:19-26

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 27, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JAMES INTERCISUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR

THE FEAST OF HENRY SLOANE COFFIN, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN THEOLOGIAN

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Feast of Charles John Vincent, Jr. (February 22)   Leave a comment

Above:  Charles John Vincent, Jr.

Image Source = Hymntime.com

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CHARLES JOHN VINCENT, JR. (SEPTEMBER 19, 1852-FEBRUARY 23, 1934)

Anglican Organist and Composer

Charles John Vincent, Jr., comes to this, A GREAT CLOUD OF WITNESSES:  AN ECUMENICAL CALENDAR OF SAINTS’ DAYS AND HOLY DAYS, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.

Our saint, born in Durham, England, on September 19, 1852, was, in the vernacular, a chip off the old block.  His father, Charles John Vincent, Sr., was an organist and a composer.  Our saint, when 11 years old, became a chorister at Durham Cathedral.  Five years later, he began duties as organist at Monkwearmouth Parish Church.

Vincent continued his musical work and studies.  He studied at the conservatory in Leipzig (1876-1878).  Later, our saint served as the organist at Tavistock Parish Church and Kelly College.  He received his Mus.B. (1878) and Mus.D. (1885), both from Oxford University.  Vincent was the organist at Christ Church, Hampstead, London (1883-1891).

Eventually, our saint assumed control of the music business his father had founded.  Vincent build organs and pianos.

Vincent also edited The Organist and Choirmaster magazine for a time.

Our saint’s published books include:

  1. A Year’s Study at the Piano:  First Principles of Music;
  2. Choral Instructor;
  3. Chant Book Companion;
  4. Anglican Organist;
  5. Anglican Choir;
  6. Bach’s Forty-Eight Fugues;
  7. The Hymnal Companion to the Book of Common Prayer (Third Edition, 1890);
  8. Harmony, Diatonic and Chromatic (1900); and
  9. Fifty Shakespere Songs:  For High Voice (1906).

Vincent’s compositions included oratorios, services, anthems, sons, orchestral works, and works for organ, piano, and voice.  He also wrote and arranged hymn tunes, the post popular of which were PAX TECUM and ST. JUDE.  Works for which I have found titles were:

  1. Ruth (an oratorio),
  2. The Japanese Girl (1912),
  3. The American Girl (1908),
  4. Twelve Postludes or Concluding Voluntaries for the Organ (1902).

Vincent retired to Hendon.

Our saint, aged 81 years, died on Monte Carlo, Monaco, on February 23, 1934.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 22, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF ROBERT SEAGRAVE, ANGLICAN PRIEST AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF SAINT ANNA KOLESÁROVÁ, SLOVAK ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR, 1944

THE FEAST OF DITLEF GEORGSON RISTAD, NORWEGIAN-AMERICAN LUTHERAN MINISTER, HYMN TRANSLATOR, LITURGIST, AND EDUCATOR

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Holy God, whose majesty surpasses all human definitions and capacity to grasp,

thank you for those (especially Charles John Vincent, Jr.)

who have nurtured and encouraged the reverent worship of you.

May their work inspire us to worship you in knowledge, truth, and beauty.

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 25:1-8

Psalm 145

Revelation 15:1-4

John 4:19-26

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 27, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JAMES INTERCISUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR

THE FEAST OF HENRY SLOANE COFFIN, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN THEOLOGIAN

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Feast of George Clement Martin (February 22)   Leave a comment

Above:  George Clement Martin

Image Source = Hymntime.com

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SIR GEORGE CLEMENT MARTIN (SEPTEMBER 11, 1844-FEBRUARY 23, 1916)

Anglican Organist and Composer

George Clement Martin comes to this, A GREAT CLOUD OF WITNESSES:  AN ECUMENICAL CALENDAR OF SAINTS’ DAYS AND HOLY DAYS, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.

Martin, born in Lambourn, Berkshire, England, on September 11, 1844, devoted his life to glorifying God in music.  Our saint earned his Mus.B. degree (Oxford, 1868).  He served as the choirmaster (1874-1916) and organist (1888-1916) of St. Paul’s Cathedral, London.  He, made a Fellow of the College of Organists in 1875, received two honorary doctorates in music.  Archbishop of Canterbury Edward White Benson (1829-1896) conferred the first one in 1883.  Oxford University conferred the second doctorate in 1912.

Martin composed mostly for the church.  He wrote anthems, services, and a setting of the Benedicite.  Our saint composed a setting of the Te Deum (1897) for Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee.  Martin became Sir George Clement Martin that year, too.  He also wrote a hymn tune, ALL HALLOWS.

Furthermore, Martin published.  He prepared The Art of Training Choir Boys (1896), a volume of musical exercises.  He also served as the Music Editor of The Book of Common Praise (1908), of The Church of England in Canada.

Martin, aged 71 years, died in London on February 23, 1916.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 21, 2021 COMMON ERA

PROPER 29:  THE LAST SUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST (CHRIST THE KING SUNDAY), YEAR B

THE FEAST OF THOMAS TALLIS AND HIS STUDENT AND COLLEAGUE, WILLIAM BYRD, ENGLISH COMPOSER AND ORGANISTS; AND JOHN MERBECKE, ENGLISH COMPOSER, ORGANIST, AND THEOLOGIAN

THE FEAST OF GUY IGNATIUS CHABRAT, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP COADJUTOR OF BARDSTOWN THEN OF LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY; AND HIS COUSIN, PETER JOSEPH LAVIALLE, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP OF LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY

THE FEAST OF HENRY PURCELL AND HIS BROTHER, DANIEL PURCELL, ENGLISH COMPOSERS

THE FEAST OF MARIA FRANCISZKA SIEDLISKA, FOUNDER OF THE SISTERS OF THE HOLY FAMILY OF NAZARETH

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Eternal God, light of the world and Creator of all that is good and lovely:

We bless your name for inspiring George Clement Martin and all those

who with music have filled us with desire and love for you;

through Jesus Christ our Savior, who with you and the Holy Spirit

lives and reigns, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 29:14b-19

Psalm 90:14-17

2 Corinthians 3:1-3

John 21:15-17, 24-25

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 728

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Feast of Henry John Gauntlett (February 21)   1 comment

Above:  The Flag of England

Image in the Public Domain

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HENRY JOHN GAUNTLETT (JULY 9, 1805-FEBRUARY 21, 1876)

Anglican Organist and Composer

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His literary attainments, his knowledge of the history of music, his acquaintance with acoustical laws, his marvelous memory, his philosophical turn of mind, as well as his practical experience, rendered him one of the most remarkable professors of the age.

–Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy (1809-1847), on Henry John Gauntlett; quoted in Armin Haeussler, The Story of Our Hymns:  The Handbook to the Hymnal of the Evangelical and Reformed Church (1952), 667

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Henry John Gauntlett comes to this, A GREAT CLOUD OF WITNESSES:  AN ECUMENICAL CALENDAR OF SAINTS’ DAYS AND HOLY DAYS, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.

You, O reader, may not recognize the name of this saint.  Yet, if you listen to the Festival of Lessons and Carols from England each Christmas Eve, you know one of his compositions–the tune to “Once in Royal David’s City.”

Our saint, born in Wellington, Shropshire, England, on July 9, 1805, came from a musical family.  His father, Henry Gauntlett, was the Vicar of Olney, Buckinghamshire.  At times, the elder Gauntlett doubled and tripled as the organist and choirmaster, too.  The father became the son’s first teacher of music.  At age nine, the younger Gauntlett began to serve as the organist in his father’s church.  Our saint also served as the choirmaster (1819-1825).  He continued to play the organ while studying and practicing law (1826-1842).

Gauntlett left the practice of law to devote his life to music.  He was the organist and choirmaster of:

  1. St. Olave’s Church, Southwark
  2. Christ Church, Newgate Street;
  3. Union Chapel, Islington;
  4. All Saints, Kensington Park; and
  5. Church of St. Bartholomew the Less, Smithfield.

Gauntlett participated in the production of hymnals, psalters, and related works, including:

  1. Hymnal for Matins and Evensong (1844);
  2. Cantus Melodici (1845);
  3. The Comprehensive Tune-Book (1846-1847);
  4. The Hallelujah:  or, Devotional Psalmody (1848-1866)
  5. The Church Hymnal and Tune-Book (1852, 1855), with William John Blew (1808-1894);
  6. The Choral Use of the Book of Common Prayer (1854);
  7. Carlyle’s Manual of Psalmody (1861);
  8. The Congregational Psalmist:  A Companion to All the New Hymn-Books, Providing Tunes, Chants, and Chorales, for the Metrical Hymns and Passages of Scripture Contained in Those Books (1861);
  9. One Hundred and Fifty-Six Questions on the Art of Music-Making and the Science of Music (1864);
  10. Tunes, Old and New (1868); and
  11. Pohlmann’s National Psalmody, or New Supplement to Houldworth’s Cheetham’s Psalmody, for Home and Congregational Use (1879, posthumously).

Gauntlett’s compositions included organ music, songs, and thousands of hymn tunes.

In 1853, Archbishop of Canterbury William Howley conferred an honorary doctorate of music upon our saint.  No Archbishop of Canterbury had conferred such a degree in nearly 200 years.

Gauntlett, aged 70 years, died in Kensington, London, on February 21, 1876.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 20, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF F. BLAND TUCKER, EPISCOPAL PRIEST AND HYMNODIST; “THE DEAN OF AMERICAN HYMN WRITERS”

THE FEAST OF HENRY FRANCIS LYTE, ANGLICAN PRIEST AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF PRISCILLA LYDIA SELLON, A RESTORER OF RELIGIOUS LIFE IN THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND

THE FEAST OF RICHARD WATSON GILDER, U.S. POST, JOURNALIST, AND SOCIAL REFORMER

THE FEAST OF THEODORE CLAUDIUS PEASE, U.S. CONGREGATIONALIST MINISTER AND HYMN WRITER

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Holy God, whose majesty surpasses all human definitions and capacity to grasp,

thank you for those (especially Henry John Gauntlett)

who have nurtured and encouraged the reverent worship of you.

May their work inspire us to worship you in knowledge, truth, and beauty.

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 25:1-8

Psalm 145

Revelation 15:1-4

John 4:19-26

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 27, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JAMES INTERCISUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR

THE FEAST OF HENRY SLOANE COFFIN, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN THEOLOGIAN

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Feast of Joseph Parry (February 19)   1 comment

Above:  Joseph Parry

Image in the Public Domain

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JOSEPH PARRY (MAY 21, 1841-FEBRUARY 17, 1903)

Welsh Congregationalist Organist and Composer

Joseph Parry comes to this, A GREAT CLOUD OF WITNESSES:  AN ECUMENICAL CALENDAR OF SAINTS’ DAYS AND HOLY DAYS, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church, as well as his connection to David Evans (1874-1948).

Parry’s destiny, aided by others, was musical.  He, born in Merthyr Tydfil, Glamorgan, Wales, on May 21, 1841, was one of eight children of Daniel Parry and Elizabeth Richards Parry.  The family was Congregationalist.  Daniel worked in the iron industry.  Young Joseph joined his father in a puddling furnace while a child.  Daniel emigrated and settled in Danville, Pennsylvania, in 1853.  (Danville was home to a Welsh immigrant community.)  The following year, the rest of the family arrived.  They became involved in a local Congregationalist church.  Joseph went to work in a local puddling furnace.

However, Elizabeth nurtured her son’s musical interests.  With help from the family and community, our saint studied music during the 1860s.  Joseph also served as the organist and choirmaster at Mahoning Presbyterian Church, Danville.  In 1863, he entered a hymn tune into the Eisteddfod at Swansea, Wales.  For this tune he won a musical education fund.

While living in Danville, Parry married Jane Thomas (1844-1918), of Welsh extraction.  The couple had three sons and two daughters.  Two of the sons died in Wales, before their father did.

Parry, who had visited Wales while residing in Danville, returned to the British Isles, to live, in 1868.  He graduated from Cambridge with his Mus.B. degree three years later.  He, a fellow of the Royal Academy of Music, was Professor of Music at University College, Aberystwyth (1874-1881).  In 1878, he received his Mus.D. degree from Cambridge.  Parry left for Swansea in 1881.  There he founded a school of music.  Seven years later, our saint left Swansea to join the faculty of University College of South Wales, Cardiff.  He remained there until 1903.  While Parry lived in Wales, he visited the United States on musical business from time to time.

Parry was also an important composer.  He wrote three oratorios (including Saul of Tarsus, 1892), eight operas (including Blodwen, 1878, the first Welsh opera), eleven cantatas (including The Prodigal Son and Nebuchadnezzar), orchestral works, piano pieces, anthems, choruses, hundreds of songs, and hymn tunes.

Parry’s most famous hymn tune may be ABERYSTWYTH, for “Jesus, Lover of My Soul.”

Parry, aged 61 years, died in Cardiff, Penarth, Wales, on February 17, 1903.  David Evans (1874-1948) took our saint’s place on the faculty of University College, Wales.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 18, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT HILDA OF WHITBY, ROMAN CATHOLIC ABBESS

THE FEAST OF ARTHUR TOZER RUSSELL, ANGLICAN PRIEST AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF ISABEL ALICE HARTLEY CRAWFORD, BAPTIST MISSIONARY TO THE KIOWA NATION

THE FEAST OF JANE ELIZA(BETH) LEESON, ENGLISH HYMN WRITER

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Eternal God, light of the world and Creator of all that is good and lovely:

We bless your name for inspiring Joseph Parry and all those

who with music have filled us with desire and love for you;

through Jesus Christ our Savior, who with you and the Holy Spirit

lives and reigns, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 29:14b-19

Psalm 90:14-17

2 Corinthians 3:1-3

John 21:15-17, 24-25

–Adapted from Holy Women, Holy Men:  Celebrating the Saints (2010), 728

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Feast of Julius H. Horstmann (February 10)   Leave a comment

Above:  Julius H. Horstmann

Image Cropped from the 1955 Year Book of the Evangelical and Reformed Church (1954), 57

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JULIUS HENRY HORSTMANN (MARCH 16, 1869-FEBRUARY 13, 1954)

U.S. Prussian Evangelical Minister and Hymn Translator

Also known as Julius Hermann Edward Horstmann

The Reverend Julius Henry Horstmann comes to this, A GREAT CLOUD OF WITNESSES:  AN ECUMENICAL CALENDAR OF SAINTS’ DAYS AND HOLY DAYS, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.

In 1817, King Frederick William III of Prussia (reigned 1797-1840) merged the Lutheran and Reformed denominations in his realm.  Thus, in Prussian terms, “Evangelical” simply meant Protestant.  The Evangelical Synod of North America (1872-1934), with its organizational roots in the New World dating to 1840, was the North American counterpart to the Prussian union church.  The ESNA merged with the (German) Reformed Church in the United States to form the Evangelical and Reformed Church in 1934.

The legacy of the Evangelical and Reformed Church continues as the liturgical wing of the United Church of Christ.

Horstmann, born in Napierville, Illinois, on March 16, 1869, spent most of his life in the Evangelical Synod of North America.  His father, Henry Horstmann, was the treasurer of the ESNA’s North Illinois District from 1874 to 1888.  After studying at Northwestern College (now North Central College), Napierville, our saint studied at Elmhurst College (now Elmhurst University), Elmhurst, Illinois.  Studies at Eden Theological Seminary, St. Louis, Missouri, followed.

The Reverend Julius H. Horstmann, ordained on December 13, 1891, ministered in congregations in Indiana and Texas before becoming a denominational journalist.  He edited The Evangelical Herald (1906-1935) then served as Associate Editor of The Messenger (1936-1939).

Horstmann also wrote at least two books:

  1. The Will of God (1925), and
  2. Through Four Centuries:  The Story of the Beginnings of the Evangelical and Reformed Church (1938), with Herbert Werbecke.

Horstmann also translated hymns:

  1. “God of Might, We Praise Thy Name” (1908), a setting of the German Te Deum by Ignaz Franz (1719-1790);
  2. “The Work is Thine, O Christ Our Lord;” and
  3. “Wait on God, and Trust Him.”

Horstmann, who retired in 1939, died in Mount Vernon, Illinois, on February 13, 1954.  He was 84 years old.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 14, 2021 COMMON ERA

PROPER 28:  THE TWENTY-FIFTH SUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST, YEAR B

THE FEAST OF SAMUEL SEABURY, EPISCOPAL BISHOP OF CONNECTICUT, AND PRESIDING BISHOP OF THE EPISCOPAL CHURCH

THE FEAST OF SAINT MARIA LUIZA MERKERT, CO-FOUNDER OF THE SISTERS OF SAINT ELIZABETH

THE FEAST OF SAINT NICHOLAS TAVELIC AND HIS COMPANIONS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYRS, 1391

THE FEAST OF PETER WOLLE, U.S. MORAVIAN BISHOP, ORGANIST, AND COMPOSER; THEODORE FRANCES WOLLE, U.S. MORAVIAN ORGANIST AND COMPOSER; AND JOHN FREDERICK “J. FRED.” WOLLE, U.S. MORAVIAN ORGANIST, COMPOSER, AND CHOIR DIRECTOR

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Dear God of beauty,

you have granted literary ability and spiritual sensitivity to

Julius H. Horstmann and others, who have translated hymn texts.

May we, as you guide us,

find worthy hymn texts to be icons,

through which we see you.

In the Name of God:  Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.  Amen.

Sirach/Ecclesiasticus 44:1-3a, 5-15

Psalm 147

Revelation 5:11-14

Luke 2:8-20

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

APRIL 20, 2013 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINTS AMATOR OF AUXERRE AND GERMANUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOPS; SAINT MAMERTINUS OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC ABBOT; AND SAINT MARCIAN OF AUXERRE, ROMAN CATHOLIC MONK

THE FEAST OF JOHANNES BUGENHAGEN, GERMAN LUTHERAN PASTOR

THE FEAST OF SAINT MARCELLINUS OF EMBRUN, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP

THE FEAST OF OLAVUS AND LAURENTIUS PETRI, RENEWERS OF THE CHURCH

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Feast of Edward John Hopkins (February 9)   Leave a comment

Above:  The Temple Church, London, England

Image in the Public Domain

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EDWARD JOHN HOPKINS (JUNE 30, 1818-FEBRUARY 4, 1901)

Anglican Organist and Composer

Edward John Hopkins comes to this, A GREAT CLOUD OF WITNESSES:  AN ECUMENICAL CALENDAR OF SAINTS’ DAYS AND HOLY DAYS, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.

Hopkins devoted most of his life to the liturgical worship of God.  Our saint, born in Westminster, London, England, on June 30, 1818, eventually became a choirboy in the Chapel Royal.  By the tender age of 16 years, he had distinguished himself as an organist at Westminster Abbey, too.  At that age, Hopkins became the organist at Mitcham Parish Church.  The enthusiastic recommendation of James Turle (1802-1882), the official organist at Westminster Abbey, helped Hopkins secure this position.  At the age of 20 years, our saint accepted organist posts at St. Peter’s Church, Islingon; and St. Luke’s Church, Berwick Street.  Then, in 1843, Hopkins became the organist at the Temple Church, London.  He held that position for 55 years.  He retired at age 80, in 1898.

During those 55 years, Hopkins did more than play then organ:

  1. He helped to found the College of Organists.
  2. He composed hymn tunes, including ST. ATHANASIUS, ARTAVIA, ELLERS, AND PASCAL.
  3. He composed a chanted version of Psalm 104.
  4. He edited The Temple Choral Service Book (1867), which included some of his music.
  5. He served as the Music Editor for Church Praise (Presbyterian Church of England, 1885) and Congregational Church Hymnal:  Or, Hymns of Worship, Praise and Prayer for Congregational Churches (Congregational Union of England and Wales, 1885).
  6. He received an honorary Doctorate of Music from Archbishop of Canterbury Archibald Campbell Tait in 1882.
  7. He received another honorary Doctorate of Music from Trinity College, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, in 1886.

Hopkins, aged 82 years, died in London on February 4, 1901.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 11, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF ANNE STEELE, FIRST IMPORTANT ENGLISH FEMALE HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF SAINT ALIJCA MARIA JADWIGA KOTOWSKA, POLISH ROMAN CATHOLIC NUN AND MARTYR, 1939

THE FEAST OF EDWIN HATCH, ANGLICAN PRIEST, SCHOLAR, AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF MARTHA COFFIN PELHAM WRIGHT; HER SISTER, LUCRETIA COFFIN MOTT; HER HUSBAND, JAMES MOTT; HIS SISTER, ABIGAIL LYDIA MOTT MOORE; AND HER HUSBAND, LINDLEY MURRAY MOORE, U.S. QUAKER ABOLITIONISTS AND FEMINISTS

THE FEAST OF PETER TAYLOR FORSYTH, SCOTTISH CONGREGATIONALIST MINISTER AND THEOLOGIAN

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Holy God, whose majesty surpasses all human definitions and capacity to grasp,

thank you for those (especially Edward John Hopkins)

who have nurtured and encouraged the reverent worship of you.

May their work inspire us to worship you in knowledge, truth, and beauty.

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 25:1-8

Psalm 145

Revelation 15:1-4

John 4:19-26

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 27, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JAMES INTERCISUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR

THE FEAST OF HENRY SLOANE COFFIN, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN THEOLOGIAN

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Feast of William Pennefather (February 5)   Leave a comment

Above:  William Pennefather

Image in the Public Domain

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WILLIAM PENNEFATHER (FEBRUARY 5, 1816-APRIL 30, 1873)

Co-Founder of Mildmay Religious and Benevolent Institutions

The Reverend William Pennefather comes to this, A GREAT CLOUD OF WITNESSES:  AN ECUMENICAL CALENDAR OF SAINTS’ DAYS AND HOLY DAYS, via two sources.  Those sources are The Hymnal (Evangelical and Reformed Church, 1941) and The Methodist Hymnal (The Methodist Church, 1966).  This post not only enrolls Pennefather in this ECUMENICAL CALENDAR, but inaugurates the newest round of additions to that calendar.

Our saint, born in Dublin, Ireland, on February 5, 1816, was a son of Richard Pennefather (Sr.) (1773-1859) and Jane Bennett, of County Cork.  Richard (Sr.) was a Baron of the Irish Court of Exchequer.  Our saint’s siblings included Richard (Jr.) (1806-1849) and Dorothea (1824-1861).  Pennefather studied at Westbury College (near Bristol) then from Trinity College, Dublin (B.A., 1840).

Pennefather, who took Anglican Holy Orders in 1841, served in Ireland through 1848.  He was Curate at Ballymacugh (-1844) then Vicar of Mellifont, near Brogheda (1844-1848).  From 1848 to 1873, our saint served in England.  He was priest at Holy Trinity Church, Walton, near Aylesbury (1848-1852); Christ Church, Barnet (1852-1864); and St. Jude’s Church, Mildmay Park, London (1864f).

Pennefather and wife Catherine King (daughter of Admiral James William King and Caroline Cleaver) became involved in charitable work.  They opened the Mildmay Religious and Benevolent Institutions in 1860.  The effects of doing so were great and far-reaching.  From this seed arose the Mildmay Deaconess Institution, the first deaconess training institution in the English-speaking world.  This deaconess house, eventually renamed St. Christopher’s Deaconess House, survived until 1940.  At Mildmay, the Pennefathers hosted ecumenical missions conferences, a niyght school for men, an orphanage for girls, an institute for troubled boys, a homeless shelter, and a clinic that provided children’s services.  The Pennefathers also nurtured what became the Young Women’s Christian Association (Y.M.C.A.).

But wait, there’s more!

Pennefather wrote hymns, most of which have fallen into obscurity.  His most popular text was “Jesus, Stand Among Us in Thy Risen Power.”  He also published Hymns, Original and Selected (1862); and Original Hymns and Thoughts in Verse (1873).

Pennefather expressed his thoughts on ecumenism in The Church of the First-Born:  A Few Thoughts on Christian Unity (1865).

Our saint, aged 57 years, died in Muswell Hill, London, England, on April 30, 1873.

Robert Braithwaite edited The Life and Letters of Rev. William Pennefather, B.A. (1878).

Information about William is much more plentiful and easier to find than about Catherine.

Jesus said that whatever one did for “the least of these,” one did for him.  The Pennefathers acted on these words.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 7, 2021 COMMON ERA

ALL SAINTS’ SUNDAY

PROPER 27:  THE TWENTY-FOURTH SUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST, YEAR B

THE FEAST OF SAINT WILLIBRORD, APOSTLE TO THE FRISIANS; AND SAINT BONIFACE OF MAINZ, APOSTLE TO THE GERMANS

THE FEAST OF BENEDICT JOSEPH FLAGET, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP OF BARDSTOWN THEN OF LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY

THE FEAST OF ELEANOR ROOSEVELT, FIRST LADY OF THE UNITED STATES, AND CIVIL RIGHTS ACTIVIST

THE FEAST OF EUGENE CARSON BLAKE, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN MINISTER, ECUMENIST, AND MORAL CRITIC

THE FEAST OF JOHN CAWOOD, ANGLICAN PRIEST AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF JOHN CHRISTIAN FREDERICK HEYER, LUTHERAN MISSIONARY IN THE UNITED STATES AND INDIA; BARTHOLOMEAUS ZIEGENBALG, JR., LUTHERAN MINISTER TO THE TAMILS; AND LUDWIG NOMMENSEN, LUTHERAN MISSIONARY TO SUMATRA AND APOSTLE TO THE BATAK

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Lord God, your Son came among us to serve and not to be served,

and to give his life for the life of the world.

Lead us by his love to serve all those to whom

the world offers no comfort and little help.

Through us give hope to the hopeless,

love to the unloved,

peace to the troubled,

and rest to the weary;

through your Son, Jesus Christ our Lord.  Amen.

Hosea 2:18-23

Psalm 94:1-14

Romans 12:9-21

Luke 6:20-36

Lutheran Book of Worship (1978), 37

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Feast of Charles Winfred Douglas (January 19)   1 comment

Above:  Portrait of Charles Winfred Douglas

Scanned from The Hymnal 1940 Companion (1949), a volume dedicated to his “dear and honored memory”

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CHARLES WINFRED DOUGLAS (FEBRUARY 15, 1867-JANUARY 18, 1944)

Episcopal Priest, Liturgist, Musicologist, Linguist, Poet, Hymn Translator, and Arranger

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He [Douglas] began his career dedicated to the Praise of God.  He ended his life with the Praise of God on his mind and pen, and in his heart.

The Hymnal 1940 Companion (1949), 422

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Canon Charles Winfred Douglas comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via two hymnals and their companion volumes.  The hymnals are, in order of publication:

  1. The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church; and
  2. The Hymnal 1940 (1943), of The Episcopal Church.

Douglas was a native of the State of New York.  He, born in Oswego on February 15, 1867, was a son of Virgil Chittendon Douglas and Caroline Church Douglas.  While an undergraduate at Syracuse University, our saint worked as the assistant organist at St. Paul’s Cathedral, Syracuse.  Douglas, upon graduating with his B.Mus. degree (1891), served as an instructor in vocal music at Syracuse University.  Starting in 1892, our saint worked as the organist and choirmaster of the Church of Zion and St. Timothy, New York, New York.  In 1893, after graduating from St. Andrew’s Divinity School, Syracuse, Douglas joined the Sacred Order of Deacons.  He was the Curate of the Church of the Redeemer, New York, New York, for a few months.  Then our saint became seriously ill.  He went to the West to recover.

Douglas’s base of operations, for a time, was Colorado.  He undertook an outdoors lifestyle, due to lung trouble.  In September 1894, our saint became a minor canon at the Cathedral of St. John in the Wilderness, Denver.  Later, he moved to Evergreen.  There Douglas founded the Mission (now Church) of the Transfiguration.  The first service occurred on December 25, 1897.  In Colorado, our saint’s doctors included Mary Josepha Williams (d. March 9, 1938).  He married her in 1896.  The couple had a son, Frederic Huntington Douglas.  Our saint, who continued his theological education at St. Matthew’s Hall, Denver, became a priest in 1899.  He served at the Mission of the Transfiguration, in an associate capacity, until 1907.  While based in Colorado, Douglas traveled in and studied music in England, France, and Germany (1903-1904, 1905-1906).

Douglas was a fine musician and musicologist.  He, a resident canon at Cathedral Church of St. Paul, Fond du Lac, Wisconsin (1907-1911), then an honorary canon there, was an expert on plainsong.  He even served as the President of the American Plainsong Society.  Our saint was also a Fellow and the Chairman of the Department of Music of the American Ecclesiological Society.  Furthermore, he taught at the Summer School of Church Music, Cambridge and Wellesley, Massachusetts (1915-1924).  Nashotah House awarded Douglas a honorary degree in music (1916).  He collaborated with Sergei Rachmaninov (1873-1943) on Songs of the Church (1920).  Douglas and Rachmaninov helped to popularize music of the Russian Orthodox Church in the United States.  Our saint also worked with Kurt Schinder (1882-1935) on Twelve Old Spanish Motets (1913-1919).

Douglas’s other published works, as author, editor, music editor, composer, or arranger, included:

  1. Cantica Eucharistica:  Choral Devotions to the Blessed Sacrament (1910);
  2. Mission Hymnal (1913);
  3. Ordinary and Canon of the Mass (1913);
  4. The Canticles at Evensong (1915);
  5. The Order of Matins (1916);
  6. The Psalms of David (1917);
  7. The Hymnal 1916 (1919);
  8. The St. Dunstan’s Psalter (1923);
  9. The Ceremonial Noted (1923);
  10. The Choral Service (1927);
  11. The American Psalter (1929);
  12. The American Missal (1931);
  13. The Monastic Diurnal (1932);
  14. The American Plainsong Psalter (1932);
  15. The St. Dunstan’s Kyrial (1933);
  16. The Midnight Mass, and Other Poems (1933);
  17. Selected Hymns and Carols (1936), with its Brief Commentary (1936);
  18. Church Music in History and Practice:  Studies in the Praise of God (1937);
  19. A Missionary Service Book (1937);
  20. The Chorales from the Organ Works of Brahms (1939-1944);
  21. Magnificat (1940); and
  22. The Hymnal 1940 (1943).

Douglas had a relationship to the Community of Saint Mary, which Harriet Starr Cannon (1823-1896) founded in 1865.  He was the director of music to the community at Peekskill, New York (1906-1944) and the chaplain to the western province, based in Kenosha, Wisconsin (1934-1944).

Douglas served in the The Episcopal Church in other capacities, too.  He was a trustee of Nashotah House.  Our saint’s legacy (as a hymn translator, a hymn tune arranger, and a hymn tune composer) enriches the denomination’s hymnals, starting with The Hymnal 1916 (1919), continuing in The Hymnal 1940 (1943), and persisting with The Hymnal 1982 (1985).

Colorado was home.  Douglas, a collector of an expert in indigenous American art, became an honorary canon at the Cathedral of St. John the Wilderness, Denver, in 1934.  Three years later, our saint returned to the Mission of the Transfiguration, Evergreen, as its vicar.  He served through 1943.  He also served as the program annotator of and sat on the governing board of the Denver Symphony Orchestra from 1937 to 1941.  Douglas, widowed in 1938, married Anne Woodward on March 27, 1940.

Douglas’s final projects were The Hymnal 1940 (1943) and The Hymnal 1940 Companion (1949).  Anne worked with him on the companion volume.  At the end of his life, our saint was reviewing corrections for The Hymnal 1940 (1943).  He and Anne were in Santa Rosa, California, working with Father Arthur W. Farlander on the companion volume on January 18, 1944.  There, Douglas, aged 76 years, died.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

SEPTEMBER 4, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF PAUL JONES, EPISCOPAL BISHOP OF UTAH, AND PEACE ACTIVIST; AND HIS COLLEAGUE, JOHN NEVIN SAYRE, EPISCOPAL PRIEST AND PEACE ACTIVIST

THE FEAST OF SAINT BIRINUS OF DORCHESTER, ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP OF DORCHESTER, AND THE “APOSTLE OF WESSEX”

THE FEAST OF E. F. SCHUMACHER, GERMAN-BRITISH ECONOMIST AND SOCIAL CRITIC

THE FEAST OF SAINT GORAZD OF PRAGUE, ORTHODOX BISHOP OF MORAVIA AND SILESIA, METROPOLITAN OF THE CZECH LANDS AND SLOVAKIA, HIERARCH OF THE ORTHODOX CHURCH IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA, AND MARTYR, 1942

THE FEAST OF WILLIAM MCKANE, SCOTTISH PRESBYTERIAN MINISTER AND BIBLICAL SCHOLAR

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Holy God, whose majesty surpasses all human definitions and capacity to grasp,

thank you for those (especially Charles Winfred Douglas)

who have nurtured and encouraged the reverent worship of you.

May their work inspire us to worship you in knowledge, truth, and beauty.

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 25:1-8

Psalm 145

Revelation 15:1-4

John 4:19-26

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 27, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JAMES INTERCISUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR

THE FEAST OF HENRY SLOANE COFFIN, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN THEOLOGIAN

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Feast of Timothy Richard Matthews (January 16)   Leave a comment

Above:  Timothy Richard Matthews

Image in the Public Domain

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TIMOTHY RICHARD MATTHEWS (NOVEMBER 4, 1826-JANUARY 5, 1910)

Anglican Priest, Organist, and Hymn Writer

Timothy Richard Matthews comes to this, A Great Cloud of Witnesses:  An Ecumenical Calendar of Saints’ Days and Holy Days, via The Hymnal (1941), of the old Evangelical and Reformed Church.

Matthews was an Anglican priest and a church musician.  Our saint, born in Colmworth (near Bedford), England, on November 4, 1826, was a son of the Rector of Colmworth.  Young Timothy graduated from Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge (A.B., 1853).  Matthews, ordained that year, took on two positions.  Our saint became the private tutor to the Reverend Lord Wriothesley Russell, a canon of St. George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle.  That year, Matthews also became the Curate of St. Mary’s, Nottingham (-1859).  While at Nottingham, he founded the Working Men’s Institute.

While tutoring Russell’s family, Matthews met Sir George Job Elvey (1816-1893).  Our saint became one of Elvey’s organ students.  The two men also became lifelong friends.  Matthews’s musical talents extended to composition.  He composed settings of Morning Prayer and Evening Prayer.  He also wrote and edited books:

  1. Tunes for Holy Worship (1859),
  2. The Village-Church Tune-Book (1859),
  3. Congregational Melodies (1862),
  4. Hymn Tunes (1867),
  5. North Coates Supplemental Tune Book (1878), and
  6. The Village Organist (1877).

Furthermore, our saint composed at least one hymn (“The Sanctuary of My Soul“) and more than 100 hymn tunes.

Matthews served as the Rector of North Coates, Lincolnshire (1859-1907).  Then he, a widower, retired and moved into the vicarage at Tetney, where his eldest son was in residence as the vicar.

Our saint, aged 83 years, died at Tetney, Lincolnshire, on January 5, 1910.

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

SEPTEMBER 2, 2021 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF THE MARTYRS OF NEW GUINEA, 1942 AND 1943

THE FEAST OF DAVID CHARLES, WELSH CALVINISTIC METHODIST MINISTER AND HYMN WRITER

THE FEAST OF DIANNA ORTIZ, U.S. ROMAN CATHOLIC NUN AND ANTI-TORTURE ACTIVIST

THE FEAST OF SAINT WILLIAM OF ROSKILDE, ENGLISH-DANISH ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP OF ROSKILDE

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Holy God, whose majesty surpasses all human definitions and capacity to grasp,

thank you for those (especially Timothy Richard Matthews)

who have nurtured and encouraged the reverent worship of you.

May their work inspire us to worship you in knowledge, truth, and beauty.

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

1 Chronicles 25:1-8

Psalm 145

Revelation 15:1-4

John 4:19-26

KENNETH RANDOLPH TAYLOR

NOVEMBER 27, 2012 COMMON ERA

THE FEAST OF SAINT JAMES INTERCISUS, ROMAN CATHOLIC MARTYR

THE FEAST OF HENRY SLOANE COFFIN, U.S. PRESBYTERIAN THEOLOGIAN

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